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ioctl_xfs_fsgeometry - Man Page

report XFS filesystem layout and features


#include <xfs/xfs_fs.h>

int ioctl(int fd, XFS_IOC_FSGEOMETRY, struct xfs_fsop_geom *arg);
int ioctl(int fd, XFS_IOC_FSGEOMETRY_V4, struct xfs_fsop_geom_v4 *arg);
int ioctl(int fd, XFS_IOC_FSGEOMETRY_V1, struct xfs_fsop_geom_v1 *arg);


Report the details of an XFS filesystem layout, features, and other descriptive items. This information is conveyed in a structure of the following form:

struct xfs_fsop_geom {
	__u32         blocksize;
	__u32         rtextsize;
	__u32         agblocks;
	__u32         agcount;
	__u32         logblocks;
	__u32         sectsize;
	__u32         inodesize;
	__u32         imaxpct;
	__u64         datablocks;
	__u64         rtblocks;
	__u64         rtextents;
	__u64         logstart;
	unsigned char uuid[16];
	__u32         sunit;
	__u32         swidth;
	__s32         version;
	__u32         flags;
	__u32         logsectsize;
	__u32         rtsectsize;
	__u32         dirblocksize;
	/* struct xfs_fsop_geom_v1 stops here. */

	__u32         logsunit;
	/* struct xfs_fsop_geom_v4 stops here. */

	__u32         sick;
	__u32         checked;
	__u64         reserved[17];

blocksize is the size of a fundamental filesystem block, in bytes.

rtextsize is the size of an extent on the realtime volume, in bytes.

agblocks is the size of an allocation group, in units of filesystem blocks.

agcount is the number of allocation groups in the filesystem.

logblocks is the size of the log, in units of filesystem blocks.

sectsize is the smallest amount of data that can be written to the data device atomically, in bytes.

inodesize is the size of an inode record, in bytes.

imaxpct is the maximum percentage of the filesystem that can be allocated to inode record blocks.

datablocks is the size of the data device, in units of filesystem blocks.

rtblocks is the size of the realtime device, in units of filesystem blocks.

rtextents is the number of extents that can be allocated on the realtime device.

logstart is the start of the log, in units of filesystem blocks. If the filesystem has an external log, this will be zero.

uuid is the universal unique identifier of the filesystem.

sunit is what the filesystem has been told is the size of a RAID stripe unit on the underlying data device, in filesystem blocks.

swidth is what the filesystem has been told is the width of a RAID stripe on the underlying data device, in units of RAID stripe units.

version is the version of this structure. This value will be XFS_FSOP_GEOM_VERSION.

flags tell us what features are enabled on the filesystem. Refer to the section Filesystem Feature Flags below for more information about each feature.

logsectsize is the smallest amount of data that can be written to the log device atomically, in bytes.

rtsectsize is the smallest amount of data that can be written to the realtime device atomically, in bytes.

dirblocksize is the size of directory blocks, in bytes.

logsunit is what the filesystem has been told is the size of a RAID stripe unit on the underlying log device, in filesystem blocks. This field is meaningful only if the flag XFS_FSOP_GEOM_FLAGS_LOGV2 is set.

The fields sick and checked indicate the relative health of various whole-filesystem metadata. Please see the section XFS Metadata Health Reporting for more details.

reserved is set to zero.

Filesystem Feature Flags

Filesystem features are reported to userspace as a combination the following flags:


Extended attributes are present.


Files on this filesystem support up to 2^32 hard links. If this flag is not set, files on this filesystem support only up to 2^16 hard links.


Quotas are enabled.


Inodes are aligned for better performance.


Filesystem tries to align data block allocations to RAID stripe units for better performance.




Filesystem supports unwritten extents.


Directories are in version 2 format and maintain free space data for better performance. Version 1 format directories are no longer supported.


Log uses the V2 format.


The log device has a sector size larger than 512 bytes.


Filesystem contains V2 extended attributes.


Project IDs can be as large as 2^32. If this flag is not set, the filesystem supports only 2^16 project IDs.


Case-insensitive lookups are supported on directories.


On-disk superblock counters are updated only at unmount time.


Metadata blocks are self describing and contain checksums.


Directories contain inode types in directory entries.


Filesystem maintains an index of free inodes.


Filesystem may allocate discontiguous inode chunks when free space is fragmented.


Filesystem stores reverse mappings of blocks to owners.


Filesystem supports sharing blocks between files.

XFS Metadata Health Reporting

The online filesystem checking utility scans metadata and records what it finds in the kernel incore state. The following scheme is used for userspace to read the incore health status of the filesystem:

The following flags apply to these fields:


Inode and space summary counters.


User quota information.


Group quota information.


Project quota information.


Free space bitmap for the realtime device.


Free space summary for the realtime device.

Return Value

On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set to indicate the error.


Error codes can be one of, but are not limited to, the following:


The kernel was not able to copy into the userspace buffer.


Metadata checksum validation failed while performing the query.


Metadata corruption was encountered while performing the query.


An I/O error was encountered while performing the query.

Conforming to

This API is specific to XFS filesystem on the Linux kernel.

See Also


Referenced By


2019-06-17 XFS