get_robust_list man page

get_robust_list, set_robust_list — get/set list of robust futexes


#include <linux/futex.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <syscall.h>

long get_robust_list(int pid, struct robust_list_head **head_ptr,
 size_t *len_ptr);
long set_robust_list(struct robust_list_head *head, size_t len);

Note: There are no glibc wrappers for these system calls; see Notes.


The robust futex implementation needs to maintain per-thread lists of the robust futexes which are to be unlocked when the thread exits. These lists are managed in user space; the kernel is notified about only the location of the head of the list.

The get_robust_list() system call returns the head of the robust futex list of the thread whose thread ID is specified in pid. If pid is 0, the head of the list for the calling thread is returned. The list head is stored in the location pointed to by head_ptr. The size of the object pointed to by **head_ptr is stored in len_ptr.

Permission to employ get_robust_list() is governed by a ptrace access mode PTRACE_MODE_READ_REALCREDS check; see ptrace(2).

The set_robust_list() system call requests the kernel to record the head of the list of robust futexes owned by the calling thread. The head argument is the list head to record. The len argument should be sizeof(*head).

Return Value

The set_robust_list() and get_robust_list() system calls return zero when the operation is successful, an error code otherwise.


The set_robust_list() system call can fail with the following error:

len does not equal sizeof(struct robust_list_head).

The get_robust_list() system call can fail with the following errors:

The calling process does not have permission to see the robust futex list of the thread with the thread ID pid, and does not have the CAP_SYS_PTRACE capability.
No thread with the thread ID pid could be found.
The head of the robust futex list can't be stored at the location head.


These system calls were added in Linux 2.6.17.


These system calls are not needed by normal applications. No support for them is provided in glibc. In the unlikely event that you want to call them directly, use syscall(2).

A thread can have only one robust futex list; therefore applications that wish to use this functionality should use the robust mutexes provided by glibc.

See Also


Documentation/robust-futexes.txt and Documentation/robust-futex-ABI.txt in the Linux kernel source tree

Referenced By

capabilities(7), futex(2), futex(7), gettid(2), ptrace(2), syscalls(2).

Explore man page connections for get_robust_list(2).

set_robust_list(2) is an alias of get_robust_list(2).

Linux System Calls 2016-07-17