exit man page


This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.

exit — cause the shell to exit


exit [n]


The exit utility shall cause the shell to exit with the exit status specified by the unsigned decimal integer n. If n is specified, but its value is not between 0 and 255 inclusively, the exit status is undefined.

A trap on EXIT shall be executed before the shell terminates, except when the exit utility is invoked in that trap itself, in which case the shell shall exit immediately.


See the Description.


Not used.

Asynchronous Events



Not used.


The standard error shall be used only for diagnostic messages.

Exit Status

The exit status shall be n, if specified. Otherwise, the value shall be the exit value of the last command executed, or zero if no command was executed. When exit is executed in a trap action, the last command is considered to be the command that executed immediately preceding the trap action.

Consequences of Errors


The following sections are informative.


Exit with a true value:

exit 0

Exit with a false value:

exit 1


As explained in other sections, certain exit status values have been reserved for special uses and should be used by applications only for those purposes:

A file to be executed was found, but it was not an executable utility.
A utility to be executed was not found.
A command was interrupted by a signal.

See Also

Section 2.14, Special Built-In Utilities


2013 IEEE/The Open Group POSIX Programmer's Manual