yuvkineco - Man Page

revert 2-3 pulldown movie


yuvkineco [options] [-C PATH]
yuvkineco [options] -O|N PATH


yuvkineco reverts to original non-interlaced frames, from NTSC video which was film sourced and 2-3 pulled down. Input fps code must be 4(29.97fps), output fps code can be selected from 1(23.97fps) to 4(29.97fps). If 2, 3 or 4 selected, duplicated  frames remain but they are reverted to non-interlaced. If input was non-interlaced only remove duplicate frames. Interlaced frame detection may fail in conditions like:
   Pull down cycle changed (video editing).
   Low quality pull down.
   Motionless scene.
If -C PATH was specified, yuvkineco outputs 2-3 pull down cycle list to the file.  You can edit this file by hand and feed it to yuvkineco with -O or -N option to correct mistake  of 1st yuvkineco. Try -C and see cycle list.
 EXAMPLE #1: for 24p movie / automatically
   lav2yuv 60i.eli | \
       yuvkineco -F 1 | yuv2lav -f a -I 0 -o 24p.avi
 EXAMPLE #2: for 30p/24p mix / automatically
   lav2yuv 60i.eli | \
       yuvkineco -F 4 | yuv2lav -f a -I 0 -o 30p.avi
 EXAMPLE #3: for 24p movie / check and repair
   lav2yuv 60i.eli | \
       yuvkineco -F 1 -C 60i.23c | \
       yuv2lav -f a -I 1 -o take1.avi
   glav -F +n take1.avi  # check and edit 60i.23c
   lav2yuv take1.avi | \
       yuvkineco -F 1 -N 60i.23c | \
       yuv2lav -f a -I 0 -o take2.avi
 EXAMPLE #4: for 24p movie / check and retry
   lav2yuv 60i.eli | \
       yuvkineco -F 1 -C 60i.23c | \
       yuv2lav -f a -I 0 -o take1.avi
   glav -F +n take1.avi  # check and edit 60i.23c
   lav2yuv 60i.eli | \
       yuvkineco -F 1 -O 60i.23c | \
       yuv2lav -f a -I 0 -o take2.avi


yuvkineco accepts the following options:


Set output fps code (default: same as input).


Specify 2-3 pull down cycle list file name to write.


Specify cycle list name to read with old yuv stream to retry.


Specify cycle list name to read with new yuv stream to repair.


Specify noise level of input (default: 10). This affects both pulldown cycle detection and deinterlacing.


Specify threshold to decide pictures in 2 frames are same (default: 4). yuvkineco compares several frames, searches pair of frame they contain same pictures, to decide which frame should be dropped. If THRESHOLD is 0, pair which has smallest difference will be selected. If 16, selected from pairs those have differences smaller than average.


yuvkineco deinterlaces each frame after 2-3 pulldown reverting process, specify how much pixels deinterlaced to decide to use or not use deinterlacing result (default: 10).  If PERMIL is 10 and 1% or more of pixels deinterlaced,  deinterlacing result will be used. If 0, always deinterlacing result will be used. If 1000, deinterlacing result will not be used, but deinterlacing process will run on all of frames. To disable deinterlacing process, specify negative value.


Set interlace information in header of output to unknown (default: non-interlaced).


yuvkineco was written by Kawamata/Hitoshi.
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For more info, see our website at


See Also


Referenced By


5 February 2002 MJPEG Tools Team MJPEG tools manual