yt-dlp - Man Page

A youtube-dl fork with additional features and patches

Examples (TL;DR)


yt-dlp [Options] URL [URL...]


yt-dlp is a youtube-dl ( fork based on the now inactive youtube-dlc ( The main focus of this project is adding new features and patches while also keeping up to date with the original project


General Options

-h,  --help

Print this help text and exit


Print program version and exit

-U,  --update

Update this program to the latest version


Do not check for updates (default)

--update-to [CHANNEL]@[TAG]

Upgrade/downgrade to a specific version. CHANNEL can be a repository as well. CHANNEL and TAG default to "stable" and "latest" respectively if omitted; See "Update" for details. Supported channels: stable, nightly

-i,  --ignore-errors

Ignore download and postprocessing errors. The download will be considered successful even if the postprocessing fails


Continue with next video on download errors; e.g. to skip unavailable videos in a playlist (default)


Abort downloading of further videos if an error occurs (Alias: --no-ignore-errors)


Display the current user-agent and exit


List all supported extractors and exit


Output descriptions of all supported extractors and exit

--use-extractors NAMES

Extractor names to use separated by commas. You can also use regexes, "all", "default" and "end" (end URL matching); e.g. --ies "holodex.*,end,youtube". Prefix the name with a "-" to exclude it, e.g. --ies default,-generic. Use --list-extractors for a list of extractor names. (Alias: --ies)

--default-search PREFIX

Use this prefix for unqualified URLs. E.g. "gvsearch2:python" downloads two videos from google videos for the search term "python". Use the value "auto" to let yt-dlp guess ("auto_warning" to emit a warning when guessing). "error" just throws an error. The default value "fixup_error" repairs broken URLs, but emits an error if this is not possible instead of searching


Don't load any more configuration files except those given by --config-locations. For backward compatibility, if this option is found inside the system configuration file, the user configuration is not loaded. (Alias: --no-config)


Do not load any custom configuration files (default). When given inside a configuration file, ignore all previous --config-locations defined in the current file

--config-locations PATH

Location of the main configuration file; either the path to the config or its containing directory ("-" for stdin). Can be used multiple times and inside other configuration files


Do not extract the videos of a playlist, only list them


Fully extract the videos of a playlist (default)


Download livestreams from the start. Currently only supported for YouTube (Experimental)


Download livestreams from the current time (default)

--wait-for-video MIN[-MAX]

Wait for scheduled streams to become available. Pass the minimum number of seconds (or range) to wait between retries


Do not wait for scheduled streams (default)


Mark videos watched (even with --simulate)


Do not mark videos watched (default)


Whether to emit color codes in output, optionally prefixed by the STREAM (stdout or stderr) to apply the setting to. Can be one of "always", "auto" (default), "never", or "no_color" (use non color terminal sequences). Can be used multiple times

--compat-options OPTS

Options that can help keep compatibility with youtube-dl or youtube-dlc configurations by reverting some of the changes made in yt-dlp. See "Differences in default behavior" for details


Create aliases for an option string. Unless an alias starts with a dash "-", it is prefixed with "--". Arguments are parsed according to the Python string formatting mini-language. E.g. --alias get-audio,-X "-S=aext:{0},abr -x --audio-format {0}" creates options "--get-audio" and "-X" that takes an argument (ARG0) and expands to "-S=aext:ARG0,abr -x --audio-format ARG0". All defined aliases are listed in the --help output. Alias options can trigger more aliases; so be careful to avoid defining recursive options. As a safety measure, each alias may be triggered a maximum of 100 times. This option can be used multiple times

Network Options

--proxy URL

Use the specified HTTP/HTTPS/SOCKS proxy. To enable SOCKS proxy, specify a proper scheme, e.g. socks5://user:pass@ Pass in an empty string (--proxy "") for direct connection

--socket-timeout SECONDS

Time to wait before giving up, in seconds

--source-address IP

Client-side IP address to bind to

-4,  --force-ipv4

Make all connections via IPv4

-6,  --force-ipv6

Make all connections via IPv6


Enable file:// URLs. This is disabled by default for security reasons.


--geo-verification-proxy URL

Use this proxy to verify the IP address for some geo-restricted sites. The default proxy specified by --proxy (or none, if the option is not present) is used for the actual downloading

--xff VALUE

How to fake X-Forwarded-For HTTP header to try bypassing geographic restriction. One of "default" (only when known to be useful), "never", an IP block in CIDR notation, or a two-letter ISO 3166-2 country code

Video Selection

-I,  --playlist-items ITEM_SPEC

Comma separated playlist_index of the items to download. You can specify a range using "[START]:[STOP][:STEP]". For backward compatibility, START-STOP is also supported. Use negative indices to count from the right and negative STEP to download in reverse order. E.g. "-I 1:3,7,-5::2" used on a playlist of size 15 will download the items at index 1,2,3,7,11,13,15

--min-filesize SIZE

Abort download if filesize is smaller than SIZE, e.g. 50k or 44.6M

--max-filesize SIZE

Abort download if filesize is larger than SIZE, e.g. 50k or 44.6M

--date DATE

Download only videos uploaded on this date. The date can be "YYYYMMDD" or in the format [now|today|yesterday][-N[day|week|month|year]]. E.g. "--date today-2weeks" downloads only videos uploaded on the same day two weeks ago

--datebefore DATE

Download only videos uploaded on or before this date. The date formats accepted is the same as --date

--dateafter DATE

Download only videos uploaded on or after this date. The date formats accepted is the same as --date

--match-filters FILTER

Generic video filter. Any "Output Template" field can be compared with a number or a string using the operators defined in "Filtering Formats". You can also simply specify a field to match if the field is present, use "!field" to check if the field is not present, and "&" to check multiple conditions. Use a "" to escape "&" or quotes if needed. If used multiple times, the filter matches if atleast one of the conditions are met. E.g. --match-filter !is_live --match-filter "like_count>?100 & description~='(?i)& dogs" matches only videos that are not live OR those that have a like count more than 100 (or the like field is not available) and also has a description that contains the phrase "cats & dogs" (caseless). Use "--match-filter -" to interactively ask whether to download each video


Do not use any --match-filter (default)

--break-match-filters FILTER

Same as "--match-filters" but stops the download process when a video is rejected


Do not use any --break-match-filters (default)


Download only the video, if the URL refers to a video and a playlist


Download the playlist, if the URL refers to a video and a playlist

--age-limit YEARS

Download only videos suitable for the given age

--download-archive FILE

Download only videos not listed in the archive file. Record the IDs of all downloaded videos in it


Do not use archive file (default)

--max-downloads NUMBER

Abort after downloading NUMBER files


Stop the download process when encountering a file that is in the archive


Alters --max-downloads, --break-on-existing, --break-match-filter, and autonumber to reset per input URL


--break-on-existing and similar options terminates the entire download queue

--skip-playlist-after-errors N

Number of allowed failures until the rest of the playlist is skipped

Download Options

-N,  --concurrent-fragments N

Number of fragments of a dash/hlsnative video that should be downloaded concurrently (default is 1)

-r,  --limit-rate RATE

Maximum download rate in bytes per second, e.g. 50K or 4.2M

--throttled-rate RATE

Minimum download rate in bytes per second below which throttling is assumed and the video data is re-extracted, e.g. 100K

-R,  --retries RETRIES

Number of retries (default is 10), or "infinite"

--file-access-retries RETRIES

Number of times to retry on file access error (default is 3), or "infinite"

--fragment-retries RETRIES

Number of retries for a fragment (default is 10), or "infinite" (DASH, hlsnative and ISM)

--retry-sleep [TYPE:]EXPR

Time to sleep between retries in seconds (optionally) prefixed by the type of retry (http (default), fragment, file_access, extractor) to apply the sleep to. EXPR can be a number, linear=START[:END[:STEP=1]] or exp=START[:END[:BASE=2]]. This option can be used multiple times to set the sleep for the different retry types, e.g. --retry-sleep linear=1::2 --retry-sleep fragment:exp=1:20


Skip unavailable fragments for DASH, hlsnative and ISM downloads (default) (Alias: --no-abort-on-unavailable-fragments)


Abort download if a fragment is unavailable (Alias: --no-skip-unavailable-fragments)


Keep downloaded fragments on disk after downloading is finished


Delete downloaded fragments after downloading is finished (default)

--buffer-size SIZE

Size of download buffer, e.g. 1024 or 16K (default is 1024)


The buffer size is automatically resized from an initial value of --buffer-size (default)


Do not automatically adjust the buffer size

--http-chunk-size SIZE

Size of a chunk for chunk-based HTTP downloading, e.g. 10485760 or 10M (default is disabled). May be useful for bypassing bandwidth throttling imposed by a webserver (experimental)


Download playlist videos in random order


Process entries in the playlist as they are received. This disables n_entries, --playlist-random and --playlist-reverse


Process videos in the playlist only after the entire playlist is parsed (default)


Set file xattribute ytdl.filesize with expected file size


Use the mpegts container for HLS videos; allowing some players to play the video while downloading, and reducing the chance of file corruption if download is interrupted. This is enabled by default for live streams


Do not use the mpegts container for HLS videos. This is default when not downloading live streams

--download-sections REGEX

Download only chapters that match the regular expression. A "" prefix denotes time-range instead of chapter. Negative timestamps are calculated from the end. "from-url" can be used to download between the "start_time" and "end_time" extracted from the URL. Needs ffmpeg. This option can be used multiple times to download multiple sections, e.g. --download-sections "*10:15-inf" --download-sections "intro"

--downloader [PROTO:]NAME

Name or path of the external downloader to use (optionally) prefixed by the protocols (http, ftp, m3u8, dash, rstp, rtmp, mms) to use it for. Currently supports native, aria2c, avconv, axel, curl, ffmpeg, httpie, wget. You can use this option multiple times to set different downloaders for different protocols. E.g. --downloader aria2c --downloader "dash,m3u8:native" will use aria2c for http/ftp downloads, and the native downloader for dash/m3u8 downloads (Alias: --external-downloader)

--downloader-args NAME:ARGS

Give these arguments to the external downloader. Specify the downloader name and the arguments separated by a colon ":". For ffmpeg, arguments can be passed to different positions using the same syntax as --postprocessor-args. You can use this option multiple times to give different arguments to different downloaders (Alias: --external-downloader-args)

Filesystem Options

-a,  --batch-file FILE

File containing URLs to download ("-" for stdin), one URL per line. Lines starting with "#", ";" or "]" are considered as comments and ignored


Do not read URLs from batch file (default)

-P,  --paths [TYPES:]PATH

The paths where the files should be downloaded. Specify the type of file and the path separated by a colon ":". All the same TYPES as --output are supported. Additionally, you can also provide "home" (default) and "temp" paths. All intermediary files are first downloaded to the temp path and then the final files are moved over to the home path after download is finished. This option is ignored if --output is an absolute path

-o,  --output [TYPES:]TEMPLATE

Output filename template; see "Output Template" for details

--output-na-placeholder TEXT

Placeholder for unavailable fields in "Output Template" (default: "NA")


Restrict filenames to only ASCII characters, and avoid "&" and spaces in filenames


Allow Unicode characters, "&" and spaces in filenames (default)


Force filenames to be Windows-compatible


Make filenames Windows-compatible only if using Windows (default)

--trim-filenames LENGTH

Limit the filename length (excluding extension) to the specified number of characters

-w,  --no-overwrites

Do not overwrite any files


Overwrite all video and metadata files. This option includes --no-continue


Do not overwrite the video, but overwrite related files (default)

-c,  --continue

Resume partially downloaded files/fragments (default)


Do not resume partially downloaded fragments. If the file is not fragmented, restart download of the entire file


Use .part files instead of writing directly into output file (default)


Do not use .part files - write directly into output file


Use the Last-modified header to set the file modification time (default)


Do not use the Last-modified header to set the file modification time


Write video description to a .description file


Do not write video description (default)


Write video metadata to a .info.json file (this may contain personal information)


Do not write video metadata (default)


Write playlist metadata in addition to the video metadata when using --write-info-json, --write-description etc. (default)


Do not write playlist metadata when using --write-info-json, --write-description etc.


Remove some internal metadata such as filenames from the infojson (default)


Write all fields to the infojson


Retrieve video comments to be placed in the infojson. The comments are fetched even without this option if the extraction is known to be quick (Alias: --get-comments)


Do not retrieve video comments unless the extraction is known to be quick (Alias: --no-get-comments)

--load-info-json FILE

JSON file containing the video information (created with the "--write-info-json" option)

--cookies FILE

Netscape formatted file to read cookies from and dump cookie jar in


Do not read/dump cookies from/to file (default)

--cookies-from-browser BROWSER[+KEYRING][:PROFILE][::CONTAINER]

The name of the browser to load cookies from. Currently supported browsers are: brave, chrome, chromium, edge, firefox, opera, safari, vivaldi. Optionally, the KEYRING used for decrypting Chromium cookies on Linux, the name/path of the PROFILE to load cookies from, and the CONTAINER name (if Firefox) ("none" for no container) can be given with their respective seperators. By default, all containers of the most recently accessed profile are used. Currently supported keyrings are: basictext, gnomekeyring, kwallet, kwallet5, kwallet6


Do not load cookies from browser (default)

--cache-dir DIR

Location in the filesystem where yt-dlp can store some downloaded information (such as client ids and signatures) permanently. By default ${XDG_CACHE_HOME}/yt-dlp


Disable filesystem caching


Delete all filesystem cache files

Thumbnail Options


Write thumbnail image to disk


Do not write thumbnail image to disk (default)


Write all thumbnail image formats to disk


List available thumbnails of each video. Simulate unless --no-simulate is used

Internet Shortcut Options


Write an internet shortcut file, depending on the current platform (.url, .webloc or .desktop). The URL may be cached by the OS


Write a .url Windows internet shortcut. The OS caches the URL based on the file path


Write a .webloc macOS internet shortcut


Write a .desktop Linux internet shortcut

Verbosity and Simulation Options

-q,  --quiet

Activate quiet mode. If used with --verbose, print the log to stderr


Deactivate quiet mode. (Default)


Ignore warnings

-s,  --simulate

Do not download the video and do not write anything to disk


Download the video even if printing/listing options are used


Ignore "No video formats" error. Useful for extracting metadata even if the videos are not actually available for download (experimental)


Throw error when no downloadable video formats are found (default)


Do not download the video but write all related files (Alias: --no-download)

-O,  --print [WHEN:]TEMPLATE

Field name or output template to print to screen, optionally prefixed with when to print it, separated by a ":". Supported values of "WHEN" are the same as that of --use-postprocessor (default: video). Implies --quiet. Implies --simulate unless --no-simulate or later stages of WHEN are used. This option can be used multiple times

--print-to-file [WHEN:]TEMPLATE FILE

Append given template to the file. The values of WHEN and TEMPLATE are same as that of --print. FILE uses the same syntax as the output template. This option can be used multiple times

-j,  --dump-json

Quiet, but print JSON information for each video. Simulate unless --no-simulate is used. See "Output Template" for a description of available keys

-J,  --dump-single-json

Quiet, but print JSON information for each url or infojson passed. Simulate unless --no-simulate is used. If the URL refers to a playlist, the whole playlist information is dumped in a single line


Force download archive entries to be written as far as no errors occur, even if -s or another simulation option is used (Alias: --force-download-archive)


Output progress bar as new lines


Do not print progress bar


Show progress bar, even if in quiet mode


Display progress in console titlebar

--progress-template [TYPES:]TEMPLATE

Template for progress outputs, optionally prefixed with one of "download:" (default), "download-title:" (the console title), "postprocess:", or "postprocess-title:". The video's fields are accessible under the "info" key and the progress attributes are accessible under "progress" key. E.g. --console-title --progress-template "download-title:%("

-v,  --verbose

Print various debugging information


Print downloaded pages encoded using base64 to debug problems (very verbose)


Write downloaded intermediary pages to files in the current directory to debug problems


Display sent and read HTTP traffic


--encoding ENCODING

Force the specified encoding (experimental)


Explicitly allow HTTPS connection to servers that do not support RFC 5746 secure renegotiation


Suppress HTTPS certificate validation


Use an unencrypted connection to retrieve information about the video (Currently supported only for YouTube)

--add-headers FIELD:VALUE

Specify a custom HTTP header and its value, separated by a colon ":". You can use this option multiple times


Work around terminals that lack bidirectional text support. Requires bidiv or fribidi executable in PATH

--sleep-requests SECONDS

Number of seconds to sleep between requests during data extraction

--sleep-interval SECONDS

Number of seconds to sleep before each download. This is the minimum time to sleep when used along with --max-sleep-interval (Alias: --min-sleep-interval)

--max-sleep-interval SECONDS

Maximum number of seconds to sleep. Can only be used along with --min-sleep-interval

--sleep-subtitles SECONDS

Number of seconds to sleep before each subtitle download

Video Format Options

-f,  --format FORMAT

Video format code, see "Format Selection" for more details

-S,  --format-sort SORTORDER

Sort the formats by the fields given, see "Sorting Formats" for more details


Force user specified sort order to have precedence over all fields, see "Sorting Formats" for more details (Alias: --S-force)


Some fields have precedence over the user specified sort order (default)


Allow multiple video streams to be merged into a single file


Only one video stream is downloaded for each output file (default)


Allow multiple audio streams to be merged into a single file


Only one audio stream is downloaded for each output file (default)


Prefer video formats with free containers over non-free ones of same quality. Use with "-S ext" to strictly prefer free containers irrespective of quality


Don't give any special preference to free containers (default)


Make sure formats are selected only from those that are actually downloadable


Check all formats for whether they are actually downloadable


Do not check that the formats are actually downloadable

-F,  --list-formats

List available formats of each video. Simulate unless --no-simulate is used

--merge-output-format FORMAT

Containers that may be used when merging formats, separated by "/", e.g. "mp4/mkv". Ignored if no merge is required. (currently supported: avi, flv, mkv, mov, mp4, webm)

Subtitle Options


Write subtitle file


Do not write subtitle file (default)


Write automatically generated subtitle file (Alias: --write-automatic-subs)


Do not write auto-generated subtitles (default) (Alias: --no-write-automatic-subs)


List available subtitles of each video. Simulate unless --no-simulate is used

--sub-format FORMAT

Subtitle format; accepts formats preference, e.g. "srt" or "ass/srt/best"

--sub-langs LANGS

Languages of the subtitles to download (can be regex) or "all" separated by commas, e.g. --sub-langs "en.*,ja". You can prefix the language code with a "-" to exclude it from the requested languages, e.g. --sub-langs all,-live_chat. Use --list-subs for a list of available language tags

Authentication Options

-u,  --username USERNAME

Login with this account ID

-p,  --password PASSWORD

Account password. If this option is left out, yt-dlp will ask interactively

-2,  --twofactor TWOFACTOR

Two-factor authentication code

-n,  --netrc

Use .netrc authentication data

--netrc-location PATH

Location of .netrc authentication data; either the path or its containing directory. Defaults to ~/.netrc

--netrc-cmd NETRC_CMD

Command to execute to get the credentials for an extractor.

--video-password PASSWORD

Video password (vimeo, youku)

--ap-mso MSO

Adobe Pass multiple-system operator (TV provider) identifier, use --ap-list-mso for a list of available MSOs

--ap-username USERNAME

Multiple-system operator account login

--ap-password PASSWORD

Multiple-system operator account password. If this option is left out, yt-dlp will ask interactively


List all supported multiple-system operators

--client-certificate CERTFILE

Path to client certificate file in PEM format. May include the private key

--client-certificate-key KEYFILE

Path to private key file for client certificate

--client-certificate-password PASSWORD

Password for client certificate private key, if encrypted. If not provided, and the key is encrypted, yt-dlp will ask interactively

Post-Processing Options

-x,  --extract-audio

Convert video files to audio-only files (requires ffmpeg and ffprobe)

--audio-format FORMAT

Format to convert the audio to when -x is used. (currently supported: best (default), aac, alac, flac, m4a, mp3, opus, vorbis, wav). You can specify multiple rules using similar syntax as --remux-video

--audio-quality QUALITY

Specify ffmpeg audio quality to use when converting the audio with -x. Insert a value between 0 (best) and 10 (worst) for VBR or a specific bitrate like 128K (default 5)

--remux-video FORMAT

Remux the video into another container if necessary (currently supported: avi, flv, gif, mkv, mov, mp4, webm, aac, aiff, alac, flac, m4a, mka, mp3, ogg, opus, vorbis, wav). If target container does not support the video/audio codec, remuxing will fail. You can specify multiple rules; e.g. "aac>m4a/mov>mp4/mkv" will remux aac to m4a, mov to mp4 and anything else to mkv

--recode-video FORMAT

Re-encode the video into another format if necessary. The syntax and supported formats are the same as --remux-video

--postprocessor-args NAME:ARGS

Give these arguments to the postprocessors. Specify the postprocessor/executable name and the arguments separated by a colon ":" to give the argument to the specified postprocessor/executable. Supported PP are: Merger, ModifyChapters, SplitChapters, ExtractAudio, VideoRemuxer, VideoConvertor, Metadata, EmbedSubtitle, EmbedThumbnail, SubtitlesConvertor, ThumbnailsConvertor, FixupStretched, FixupM4a, FixupM3u8, FixupTimestamp and FixupDuration. The supported executables are: AtomicParsley, FFmpeg and FFprobe. You can also specify "PP+EXE:ARGS" to give the arguments to the specified executable only when being used by the specified postprocessor. Additionally, for ffmpeg/ffprobe, "_i"/"_o" can be appended to the prefix optionally followed by a number to pass the argument before the specified input/output file, e.g. --ppa "Merger+ffmpeg_i1:-v quiet". You can use this option multiple times to give different arguments to different postprocessors. (Alias: --ppa)

-k,  --keep-video

Keep the intermediate video file on disk after post-processing


Delete the intermediate video file after post-processing (default)


Overwrite post-processed files (default)


Do not overwrite post-processed files


Embed subtitles in the video (only for mp4, webm and mkv videos)


Do not embed subtitles (default)


Embed thumbnail in the video as cover art


Do not embed thumbnail (default)


Embed metadata to the video file. Also embeds chapters/infojson if present unless --no-embed-chapters/--no-embed-info-json are used (Alias: --add-metadata)


Do not add metadata to file (default) (Alias: --no-add-metadata)


Add chapter markers to the video file (Alias: --add-chapters)


Do not add chapter markers (default) (Alias: --no-add-chapters)


Embed the infojson as an attachment to mkv/mka video files


Do not embed the infojson as an attachment to the video file

--parse-metadata [WHEN:]FROM:TO

Parse additional metadata like title/artist from other fields; see "Modifying Metadata" for details. Supported values of "WHEN" are the same as that of --use-postprocessor (default: pre_process)

--replace-in-metadata [WHEN:]FIELDS REGEX REPLACE

Replace text in a metadata field using the given regex. This option can be used multiple times. Supported values of "WHEN" are the same as that of --use-postprocessor (default: pre_process)


Write metadata to the video file's xattrs (using dublin core and xdg standards)

--concat-playlist POLICY

Concatenate videos in a playlist. One of "never", "always", or "multi_video" (default; only when the videos form a single show). All the video files must have same codecs and number of streams to be concatable. The "pl_video:" prefix can be used with "--paths" and "--output" to set the output filename for the concatenated files. See "Output Template" for details

--fixup POLICY

Automatically correct known faults of the file. One of never (do nothing), warn (only emit a warning), detect_or_warn (the default; fix file if we can, warn otherwise), force (try fixing even if file already exists)

--ffmpeg-location PATH

Location of the ffmpeg binary; either the path to the binary or its containing directory

--exec [WHEN:]CMD

Execute a command, optionally prefixed with when to execute it, separated by a ":". Supported values of "WHEN" are the same as that of --use-postprocessor (default: after_move). Same syntax as the output template can be used to pass any field as arguments to the command. If no fields are passed, %(filepath,_filename|)q is appended to the end of the command. This option can be used multiple times


Remove any previously defined --exec

--convert-subs FORMAT

Convert the subtitles to another format (currently supported: ass, lrc, srt, vtt) (Alias: --convert-subtitles)

--convert-thumbnails FORMAT

Convert the thumbnails to another format (currently supported: jpg, png, webp). You can specify multiple rules using similar syntax as --remux-video


Split video into multiple files based on internal chapters. The "chapter:" prefix can be used with "--paths" and "--output" to set the output filename for the split files. See "Output Template" for details


Do not split video based on chapters (default)

--remove-chapters REGEX

Remove chapters whose title matches the given regular expression. The syntax is the same as --download-sections. This option can be used multiple times


Do not remove any chapters from the file (default)


Force keyframes at cuts when downloading/splitting/removing sections. This is slow due to needing a re-encode, but the resulting video may have fewer artifacts around the cuts


Do not force keyframes around the chapters when cutting/splitting (default)

--use-postprocessor NAME[:ARGS]

The (case sensitive) name of plugin postprocessors to be enabled, and (optionally) arguments to be passed to it, separated by a colon ":". ARGS are a semicolon ";" delimited list of NAME=VALUE. The "when" argument determines when the postprocessor is invoked. It can be one of "pre_process" (after video extraction), "after_filter" (after video passes filter), "video" (after --format; before --print/--output), "before_dl" (before each video download), "post_process" (after each video download; default), "after_move" (after moving video file to it's final locations), "after_video" (after downloading and processing all formats of a video), or "playlist" (at end of playlist). This option can be used multiple times to add different postprocessors

SponsorBlock Options

Make chapter entries for, or remove various segments (sponsor, introductions, etc.) from downloaded YouTube videos using the SponsorBlock API (

--sponsorblock-mark CATS

SponsorBlock categories to create chapters for, separated by commas. Available categories are sponsor, intro, outro, selfpromo, preview, filler, interaction, music_offtopic, poi_highlight, chapter, all and default (=all). You can prefix the category with a "-" to exclude it. See [1] for description of the categories. E.g. --sponsorblock-mark all,-preview [1]

--sponsorblock-remove CATS

SponsorBlock categories to be removed from the video file, separated by commas. If a category is present in both mark and remove, remove takes precedence. The syntax and available categories are the same as for --sponsorblock-mark except that "default" refers to "all,-filler" and poi_highlight, chapter are not available

--sponsorblock-chapter-title TEMPLATE

An output template for the title of the SponsorBlock chapters created by --sponsorblock-mark. The only available fields are start_time, end_time, category, categories, name, category_names. Defaults to "[SponsorBlock]: %(category_names)l"


Disable both --sponsorblock-mark and --sponsorblock-remove

--sponsorblock-api URL

SponsorBlock API location, defaults to

Extractor Options

--extractor-retries RETRIES

Number of retries for known extractor errors (default is 3), or "infinite"


Process dynamic DASH manifests (default) (Alias: --no-ignore-dynamic-mpd)


Do not process dynamic DASH manifests (Alias: --no-allow-dynamic-mpd)


Split HLS playlists to different formats at discontinuities such as ad breaks


Do not split HLS playlists to different formats at discontinuities such as ad breaks (default)

--extractor-args IE_KEY:ARGS

Pass ARGS arguments to the IE_KEY extractor. See "Extractor Arguments" for details. You can use this option multiple times to give arguments for different extractors


You can configure yt-dlp by placing any supported command line option to a configuration file. The configuration is loaded from the following locations:

  1. Main Configuration:

    • The file given by --config-location
  2. Portable Configuration: (Recommended for portable installations)

    • If using a binary, yt-dlp.conf in the same directory as the binary
    • If running from source-code, yt-dlp.conf in the parent directory of yt_dlp
  3. Home Configuration:

    • yt-dlp.conf in the home path given by -P
    • If -P is not given, the current directory is searched
  4. User Configuration:

    • ${XDG_CONFIG_HOME}/yt-dlp.conf
    • ${XDG_CONFIG_HOME}/yt-dlp/config (recommended on Linux/macOS)
    • ${XDG_CONFIG_HOME}/yt-dlp/config.txt
    • ${APPDATA}/yt-dlp.conf
    • ${APPDATA}/yt-dlp/config (recommended on Windows)
    • ${APPDATA}/yt-dlp/config.txt
    • ~/yt-dlp.conf
    • ~/yt-dlp.conf.txt
    • ~/.yt-dlp/config
    • ~/.yt-dlp/config.txt See also: Notes about environment variables
  5. System Configuration:

    • /etc/yt-dlp.conf
    • /etc/yt-dlp/config
    • /etc/yt-dlp/config.txt

E.g. with the following configuration file yt-dlp will always extract the audio, not copy the mtime, use a proxy and save all videos under YouTube directory in your home directory:

# Lines starting with # are comments

# Always extract audio

# Do not copy the mtime

# Use this proxy

# Save all videos under YouTube directory in your home directory
-o ~/YouTube/%(title)s.%(ext)s

Note: Options in configuration file are just the same options aka switches used in regular command line calls; thus there must be no whitespace after - or --, e.g. -o or --proxy but not - o or -- proxy. They must also be quoted when necessary as-if it were a UNIX shell.

You can use --ignore-config if you want to disable all configuration files for a particular yt-dlp run. If --ignore-config is found inside any configuration file, no further configuration will be loaded. For example, having the option in the portable configuration file prevents loading of home, user, and system configurations. Additionally, (for backward compatibility) if --ignore-config is found inside the system configuration file, the user configuration is not loaded.

Configuration file encoding

The configuration files are decoded according to the UTF BOM if present, and in the encoding from system locale otherwise.

If you want your file to be decoded differently, add # coding: ENCODING to the beginning of the file (e.g. # coding: shift-jis). There must be no characters before that, even spaces or BOM.

Authentication with netrc

You may also want to configure automatic credentials storage for extractors that support authentication (by providing login and password with --username and --password) in order not to pass credentials as command line arguments on every yt-dlp execution and prevent tracking plain text passwords in the shell command history. You can achieve this using a .netrc file ( on a per-extractor basis. For that you will need to create a .netrc file in --netrc-location and restrict permissions to read/write by only you:

touch ${HOME}/.netrc
chmod a-rwx,u+rw ${HOME}/.netrc

After that you can add credentials for an extractor in the following format, where extractor is the name of the extractor in lowercase:

machine <extractor> login <username> password <password>


machine youtube login password my_youtube_password
machine twitch login my_twitch_account_name password my_twitch_password

To activate authentication with the .netrc file you should pass --netrc to yt-dlp or place it in the configuration file.

The default location of the .netrc file is ~ (see below).

As an alternative to using the .netrc file, which has the disadvantage of keeping your passwords in a plain text file, you can configure a custom shell command to provide the credentials for an extractor. This is done by providing the --netrc-cmd parameter, it shall output the credentials in the netrc format and return 0 on success, other values will be treated as an error. {} in the command will be replaced by the name of the extractor to make it possible to select the credentials for the right extractor.

E.g. To use an encrypted .netrc file stored as .authinfo.gpg

yt-dlp --netrc-cmd 'gpg --decrypt ~/.authinfo.gpg'

Notes about environment variables

  • Environment variables are normally specified as ${VARIABLE}/$VARIABLE on UNIX and %VARIABLE% on Windows; but is always shown as ${VARIABLE} in this documentation
  • yt-dlp also allow using UNIX-style variables on Windows for path-like options; e.g. --output, --config-location
  • If unset, ${XDG_CONFIG_HOME} defaults to ~/.config and ${XDG_CACHE_HOME} to ~/.cache
  • On Windows, ~ points to ${HOME} if present; or, ${USERPROFILE} or ${HOMEDRIVE}${HOMEPATH} otherwise
  • On Windows, ${USERPROFILE} generally points to C:\Users\<user name> and ${APPDATA} to ${USERPROFILE}\AppData\Roaming

Output Template

The -o option is used to indicate a template for the output file names while -P option is used to specify the path each type of file should be saved to.

The simplest usage of -o is not to set any template arguments when downloading a single file, like in yt-dlp -o funny_video.flv "https://some/video" (hard-coding file extension like this is not recommended and could break some post-processing).

It may however also contain special sequences that will be replaced when downloading each video. The special sequences may be formatted according to Python string formatting operations (, e.g. %(NAME)s or %(NAME)05d. To clarify, that is a percent symbol followed by a name in parentheses, followed by formatting operations.

The field names themselves (the part inside the parenthesis) can also have some special formatting:

  1. Object traversal: The dictionaries and lists available in metadata can be traversed by using a dot . separator; e.g. %(tags.0)s, %(subtitles.en.-1.ext)s. You can do Python slicing with colon :; E.g. %(id.3:7:-1)s, %(formats.:.format_id)s. Curly braces {} can be used to build dictionaries with only specific keys; e.g. %(formats.:.{format_id,height})#j. An empty field name %()s refers to the entire infodict; e.g. %(.{id,title})s. Note that all the fields that become available using this method are not listed below. Use -j to see such fields
  2. Addition: Addition and subtraction of numeric fields can be done using + and - respectively. E.g. %(playlist_index+10)03d, %(n_entries+1-playlist_index)d
  3. Date/time Formatting: Date/time fields can be formatted according to strftime formatting ( by specifying it separated from the field name using a >. E.g. %(duration>%H-%M-%S)s, %(upload_date>%Y-%m-%d)s, %(epoch-3600>%H-%M-%S)s
  4. Alternatives: Alternate fields can be specified separated with a ,. E.g. %(release_date>%Y,upload_date>%Y|Unknown)s
  5. Replacement: A replacement value can be specified using a & separator according to the str.format mini-language ( If the field is not empty, this replacement value will be used instead of the actual field content. This is done after alternate fields are considered; thus the replacement is used if any of the alternative fields is not empty. E.g. %(chapters&has chapters|no chapters)s, %(title&TITLE={:>20}|NO TITLE)s
  6. Default: A literal default value can be specified for when the field is empty using a | separator. This overrides --output-na-placeholder. E.g. %(uploader|Unknown)s
  7. More Conversions: In addition to the normal format types diouxXeEfFgGcrs, yt-dlp additionally supports converting to B = Bytes, j = json (flag # for pretty-printing, + for Unicode), h = HTML escaping, l = a comma separated list (flag # for \n newline-separated), q = a string quoted for the terminal (flag # to split a list into different arguments), D = add Decimal suffixes (e.g. 10M) (flag # to use 1024 as factor), and S = Sanitize as filename (flag # for restricted)
  8. Unicode normalization: The format type U can be used for NFC Unicode normalization ( The alternate form flag (#) changes the normalization to NFD and the conversion flag + can be used for NFKC/NFKD compatibility equivalence normalization. E.g. %(title)+.100U is NFKC

To summarize, the general syntax for a field is:


Additionally, you can set different output templates for the various metadata files separately from the general output template by specifying the type of file followed by the template separated by a colon :. The different file types supported are subtitle, thumbnail, description, annotation (deprecated), infojson, link, pl_thumbnail, pl_description, pl_infojson, chapter, pl_video. E.g. -o "%(title)s.%(ext)s" -o "thumbnail:%(title)s\%(title)s.%(ext)s" will put the thumbnails in a folder with the same name as the video. If any of the templates is empty, that type of file will not be written. E.g. --write-thumbnail -o "thumbnail:" will write thumbnails only for playlists and not for video.

Note: Due to post-processing (i.e. merging etc.), the actual output filename might differ. Use --print after_move:filepath to get the name after all post-processing is complete.

The available fields are:

All the fields in Filtering Formats can also be used

Available for the video that belongs to some logical chapter or section:

Available for the video that is an episode of some series or programme:

Available for the media that is a track or a part of a music album:

Available only when using --download-sections and for chapter: prefix when using --split-chapters for videos with internal chapters:

Available only when used in --print:

Available only after the video is downloaded (post_process/after_move):

Available only in --sponsorblock-chapter-title:

Each aforementioned sequence when referenced in an output template will be replaced by the actual value corresponding to the sequence name. E.g. for -o %(title)s-%(id)s.%(ext)s and an mp4 video with title yt-dlp test video and id BaW_jenozKc, this will result in a yt-dlp test video-BaW_jenozKc.mp4 file created in the current directory.

Note: Some of the sequences are not guaranteed to be present since they depend on the metadata obtained by a particular extractor. Such sequences will be replaced with placeholder value provided with --output-na-placeholder (NA by default).

Tip: Look at the -j output to identify which fields are available for the particular URL

For numeric sequences you can use numeric related formatting (; e.g. %(view_count)05d will result in a string with view count padded with zeros up to 5 characters, like in 00042.

Output templates can also contain arbitrary hierarchical path, e.g. -o "%(playlist)s/%(playlist_index)s - %(title)s.%(ext)s" which will result in downloading each video in a directory corresponding to this path template. Any missing directory will be automatically created for you.

To use percent literals in an output template use %%. To output to stdout use -o -.

The current default template is %(title)s [%(id)s].%(ext)s.

In some cases, you don't want special characters such as 中, spaces, or &, such as when transferring the downloaded filename to a Windows system or the filename through an 8bit-unsafe channel. In these cases, add the --restrict-filenames flag to get a shorter title.

Output template examples

$ yt-dlp --print filename -o "test video.%(ext)s" BaW_jenozKc
test video.webm    # Literal name with correct extension

$ yt-dlp --print filename -o "%(title)s.%(ext)s" BaW_jenozKc
youtube-dl test video ''_ä↭.webm    # All kinds of weird characters

$ yt-dlp --print filename -o "%(title)s.%(ext)s" BaW_jenozKc --restrict-filenames
youtube-dl_test_video_.webm    # Restricted file name

# Download YouTube playlist videos in separate directory indexed by video order in a playlist
$ yt-dlp -o "%(playlist)s/%(playlist_index)s - %(title)s.%(ext)s" ""

# Download YouTube playlist videos in separate directories according to their uploaded year
$ yt-dlp -o "%(upload_date>%Y)s/%(title)s.%(ext)s" ""

# Prefix playlist index with " - " separator, but only if it is available
$ yt-dlp -o "%(playlist_index&{} - |)s%(title)s.%(ext)s" BaW_jenozKc ""

# Download all playlists of YouTube channel/user keeping each playlist in separate directory:
$ yt-dlp -o "%(uploader)s/%(playlist)s/%(playlist_index)s - %(title)s.%(ext)s" ""

# Download Udemy course keeping each chapter in separate directory under MyVideos directory in your home
$ yt-dlp -u user -p password -P "~/MyVideos" -o "%(playlist)s/%(chapter_number)s - %(chapter)s/%(title)s.%(ext)s" ""

# Download entire series season keeping each series and each season in separate directory under C:/MyVideos
$ yt-dlp -P "C:/MyVideos" -o "%(series)s/%(season_number)s - %(season)s/%(episode_number)s - %(episode)s.%(ext)s" ""

# Download video as "C:\MyVideos\uploader\title.ext", subtitles as "C:\MyVideos\subs\uploader\title.ext"
# and put all temporary files in "C:\MyVideos\tmp"
$ yt-dlp -P "C:/MyVideos" -P "temp:tmp" -P "subtitle:subs" -o "%(uploader)s/%(title)s.%(ext)s" BaW_jenoz --write-subs

# Download video as "C:\MyVideos\uploader\title.ext" and subtitles as "C:\MyVideos\uploader\subs\title.ext"
$ yt-dlp -P "C:/MyVideos" -o "%(uploader)s/%(title)s.%(ext)s" -o "subtitle:%(uploader)s/subs/%(title)s.%(ext)s" BaW_jenozKc --write-subs

# Stream the video being downloaded to stdout
$ yt-dlp -o - BaW_jenozKc

Format Selection

By default, yt-dlp tries to download the best available quality if you don't pass any options. This is generally equivalent to using -f bestvideo*+bestaudio/best. However, if multiple audiostreams is enabled (--audio-multistreams), the default format changes to -f bestvideo+bestaudio/best. Similarly, if ffmpeg is unavailable, or if you use yt-dlp to stream to stdout (-o -), the default becomes -f best/bestvideo+bestaudio.

Deprecation warning: Latest versions of yt-dlp can stream multiple formats to the stdout simultaneously using ffmpeg. So, in future versions, the default for this will be set to -f bv*+ba/b similar to normal downloads. If you want to preserve the -f b/bv+ba setting, it is recommended to explicitly specify it in the configuration options.

The general syntax for format selection is -f FORMAT (or --format FORMAT) where FORMAT is a selector expression, i.e. an expression that describes format or formats you would like to download.

The simplest case is requesting a specific format; e.g. with -f 22 you can download the format with format code equal to 22. You can get the list of available format codes for particular video using --list-formats or -F. Note that these format codes are extractor specific.

You can also use a file extension (currently 3gp, aac, flv, m4a, mp3, mp4, ogg, wav, webm are supported) to download the best quality format of a particular file extension served as a single file, e.g. -f webm will download the best quality format with the webm extension served as a single file.

You can use -f - to interactively provide the format selector for each video

You can also use special names to select particular edge case formats:

For example, to download the worst quality video-only format you can use -f worstvideo. It is however recommended not to use worst and related options. When your format selector is worst, the format which is worst in all respects is selected. Most of the time, what you actually want is the video with the smallest filesize instead. So it is generally better to use -S +size or more rigorously, -S +size,+br,+res,+fps instead of -f worst. See Sorting Formats for more details.

You can select the n'th best format of a type by using best<type>.<n>. For example, best.2 will select the 2nd best combined format. Similarly, bv*.3 will select the 3rd best format that contains a video stream.

If you want to download multiple videos, and they don't have the same formats available, you can specify the order of preference using slashes. Note that formats on the left hand side are preferred; e.g. -f 22/17/18 will download format 22 if it's available, otherwise it will download format 17 if it's available, otherwise it will download format 18 if it's available, otherwise it will complain that no suitable formats are available for download.

If you want to download several formats of the same video use a comma as a separator, e.g. -f 22,17,18 will download all these three formats, of course if they are available. Or a more sophisticated example combined with the precedence feature: -f 136/137/mp4/bestvideo,140/m4a/bestaudio.

You can merge the video and audio of multiple formats into a single file using -f <format1>+<format2>+... (requires ffmpeg installed); e.g. -f bestvideo+bestaudio will download the best video-only format, the best audio-only format and mux them together with ffmpeg.

Deprecation warning: Since the below described behavior is complex and counter-intuitive, this will be removed and multistreams will be enabled by default in the future. A new operator will be instead added to limit formats to single audio/video

Unless --video-multistreams is used, all formats with a video stream except the first one are ignored. Similarly, unless --audio-multistreams is used, all formats with an audio stream except the first one are ignored. E.g. -f bestvideo+best+bestaudio --video-multistreams --audio-multistreams will download and merge all 3 given formats. The resulting file will have 2 video streams and 2 audio streams. But -f bestvideo+best+bestaudio --no-video-multistreams will download and merge only bestvideo and bestaudio. best is ignored since another format containing a video stream (bestvideo) has already been selected. The order of the formats is therefore important. -f best+bestaudio --no-audio-multistreams will download only best while -f bestaudio+best --no-audio-multistreams will ignore best and download only bestaudio.

Filtering Formats

You can also filter the video formats by putting a condition in brackets, as in -f "best[height=720]" (or -f "[filesize>10M]" since filters without a selector are interpreted as best).

The following numeric meta fields can be used with comparisons <, <=, >, >=, = (equals), != (not equals):

  • filesize: The number of bytes, if known in advance
  • filesize_approx: An estimate for the number of bytes
  • width: Width of the video, if known
  • height: Height of the video, if known
  • aspect_ratio: Aspect ratio of the video, if known
  • tbr: Average bitrate of audio and video in KBit/s
  • abr: Average audio bitrate in KBit/s
  • vbr: Average video bitrate in KBit/s
  • asr: Audio sampling rate in Hertz
  • fps: Frame rate
  • audio_channels: The number of audio channels
  • stretched_ratio: width:height of the video's pixels, if not square

Also filtering work for comparisons = (equals), ^= (starts with), $= (ends with), *= (contains), ~= (matches regex) and following string meta fields:

  • url: Video URL
  • ext: File extension
  • acodec: Name of the audio codec in use
  • vcodec: Name of the video codec in use
  • container: Name of the container format
  • protocol: The protocol that will be used for the actual download, lower-case (http, https, rtsp, rtmp, rtmpe, mms, f4m, ism, http_dash_segments, m3u8, or m3u8_native)
  • language: Language code
  • dynamic_range: The dynamic range of the video
  • format_id: A short description of the format
  • format: A human-readable description of the format
  • format_note: Additional info about the format
  • resolution: Textual description of width and height

Any string comparison may be prefixed with negation ! in order to produce an opposite comparison, e.g. !*= (does not contain). The comparand of a string comparison needs to be quoted with either double or single quotes if it contains spaces or special characters other than ._-.

Note: None of the aforementioned meta fields are guaranteed to be present since this solely depends on the metadata obtained by particular extractor, i.e. the metadata offered by the website. Any other field made available by the extractor can also be used for filtering.

Formats for which the value is not known are excluded unless you put a question mark (?) after the operator. You can combine format filters, so -f "bv[height<=?720][tbr>500]" selects up to 720p videos (or videos where the height is not known) with a bitrate of at least 500 KBit/s. You can also use the filters with all to download all formats that satisfy the filter, e.g. -f "all[vcodec=none]" selects all audio-only formats.

Format selectors can also be grouped using parentheses; e.g. -f "(mp4,webm)[height<480]" will download the best pre-merged mp4 and webm formats with a height lower than 480.

Sorting Formats

You can change the criteria for being considered the best by using -S (--format-sort). The general format for this is --format-sort field1,field2....

The available fields are:

  • hasvid: Gives priority to formats that have a video stream
  • hasaud: Gives priority to formats that have an audio stream
  • ie_pref: The format preference
  • lang: The language preference
  • quality: The quality of the format
  • source: The preference of the source
  • proto: Protocol used for download (https/ftps > http/ftp > m3u8_native/m3u8 > http_dash_segments> websocket_frag > mms/rtsp > f4f/f4m)
  • vcodec: Video Codec (av01 > vp9.2 > vp9 > h265 > h264 > vp8 > h263 > theora > other)
  • acodec: Audio Codec (flac/alac > wav/aiff > opus > vorbis > aac > mp4a > mp3 > ac4 > eac3 > ac3 > dts > other)
  • codec: Equivalent to vcodec,acodec
  • vext: Video Extension (mp4 > mov > webm > flv > other). If --prefer-free-formats is used, webm is preferred.
  • aext: Audio Extension (m4a > aac > mp3 > ogg > opus > webm > other). If --prefer-free-formats is used, the order changes to ogg > opus > webm > mp3 > m4a > aac
  • ext: Equivalent to vext,aext
  • filesize: Exact filesize, if known in advance
  • fs_approx: Approximate filesize calculated from the manifests
  • size: Exact filesize if available, otherwise approximate filesize
  • height: Height of video
  • width: Width of video
  • res: Video resolution, calculated as the smallest dimension.
  • fps: Framerate of video
  • hdr: The dynamic range of the video (DV > HDR12 > HDR10+ > HDR10 > HLG > SDR)
  • channels: The number of audio channels
  • tbr: Total average bitrate in KBit/s
  • vbr: Average video bitrate in KBit/s
  • abr: Average audio bitrate in KBit/s
  • br: Equivalent to using tbr,vbr,abr
  • asr: Audio sample rate in Hz

Deprecation warning: Many of these fields have (currently undocumented) aliases, that may be removed in a future version. It is recommended to use only the documented field names.

All fields, unless specified otherwise, are sorted in descending order. To reverse this, prefix the field with a +. E.g. +res prefers format with the smallest resolution. Additionally, you can suffix a preferred value for the fields, separated by a :. E.g. res:720 prefers larger videos, but no larger than 720p and the smallest video if there are no videos less than 720p. For codec and ext, you can provide two preferred values, the first for video and the second for audio. E.g. +codec:avc:m4a (equivalent to +vcodec:avc,+acodec:m4a) sets the video codec preference to h264 > h265 > vp9 > vp9.2 > av01 > vp8 > h263 > theora and audio codec preference to mp4a > aac > vorbis > opus > mp3 > ac3 > dts. You can also make the sorting prefer the nearest values to the provided by using ~ as the delimiter. E.g. filesize~1G prefers the format with filesize closest to 1 GiB.

The fields hasvid and ie_pref are always given highest priority in sorting, irrespective of the user-defined order. This behaviour can be changed by using --format-sort-force. Apart from these, the default order used is: lang,quality,res,fps,hdr:12,vcodec:vp9.2,channels,acodec,size,br,asr,proto,ext,hasaud,source,id. The extractors may override this default order, but they cannot override the user-provided order.

Note that the default has vcodec:vp9.2; i.e. av1 is not preferred. Similarly, the default for hdr is hdr:12; i.e. dolby vision is not preferred. These choices are made since DV and AV1 formats are not yet fully compatible with most devices. This may be changed in the future as more devices become capable of smoothly playing back these formats.

If your format selector is worst, the last item is selected after sorting. This means it will select the format that is worst in all respects. Most of the time, what you actually want is the video with the smallest filesize instead. So it is generally better to use -f best -S +size,+br,+res,+fps.

Tip: You can use the -v -F to see how the formats have been sorted (worst to best).

Format Selection examples

# Download and merge the best video-only format and the best audio-only format,
# or download the best combined format if video-only format is not available
$ yt-dlp -f "bv+ba/b"

# Download best format that contains video,
# and if it doesn't already have an audio stream, merge it with best audio-only format
$ yt-dlp -f "bv*+ba/b"

# Same as above
$ yt-dlp

# Download the best video-only format and the best audio-only format without merging them
# For this case, an output template should be used since
# by default, bestvideo and bestaudio will have the same file name.
$ yt-dlp -f "bv,ba" -o "%(title)s.f%(format_id)s.%(ext)s"

# Download and merge the best format that has a video stream,
# and all audio-only formats into one file
$ yt-dlp -f "bv*+mergeall[vcodec=none]" --audio-multistreams

# Download and merge the best format that has a video stream,
# and the best 2 audio-only formats into one file
$ yt-dlp -f "bv*+ba+ba.2" --audio-multistreams

# The following examples show the old method (without -S) of format selection
# and how to use -S to achieve a similar but (generally) better result

# Download the worst video available (old method)
$ yt-dlp -f "wv*+wa/w"

# Download the best video available but with the smallest resolution
$ yt-dlp -S "+res"

# Download the smallest video available
$ yt-dlp -S "+size,+br"

# Download the best mp4 video available, or the best video if no mp4 available
$ yt-dlp -f "bv*[ext=mp4]+ba[ext=m4a]/b[ext=mp4] / bv*+ba/b"

# Download the best video with the best extension
# (For video, mp4 > mov > webm > flv. For audio, m4a > aac > mp3 ...)
$ yt-dlp -S "ext"

# Download the best video available but no better than 480p,
# or the worst video if there is no video under 480p
$ yt-dlp -f "bv*[height<=480]+ba/b[height<=480] / wv*+ba/w"

# Download the best video available with the largest height but no better than 480p,
# or the best video with the smallest resolution if there is no video under 480p
$ yt-dlp -S "height:480"

# Download the best video available with the largest resolution but no better than 480p,
# or the best video with the smallest resolution if there is no video under 480p
# Resolution is determined by using the smallest dimension.
# So this works correctly for vertical videos as well
$ yt-dlp -S "res:480"

# Download the best video (that also has audio) but no bigger than 50 MB,
# or the worst video (that also has audio) if there is no video under 50 MB
$ yt-dlp -f "b[filesize<50M] / w"

# Download largest video (that also has audio) but no bigger than 50 MB,
# or the smallest video (that also has audio) if there is no video under 50 MB
$ yt-dlp -f "b" -S "filesize:50M"

# Download best video (that also has audio) that is closest in size to 50 MB
$ yt-dlp -f "b" -S "filesize~50M"

# Download best video available via direct link over HTTP/HTTPS protocol,
# or the best video available via any protocol if there is no such video
$ yt-dlp -f "(bv*+ba/b)[protocol^=http][protocol!*=dash] / (bv*+ba/b)"

# Download best video available via the best protocol
# (https/ftps > http/ftp > m3u8_native > m3u8 > http_dash_segments ...)
$ yt-dlp -S "proto"

# Download the best video with either h264 or h265 codec,
# or the best video if there is no such video
$ yt-dlp -f "(bv*[vcodec~='^((he|a)vc|h26[45])']+ba) / (bv*+ba/b)"

# Download the best video with best codec no better than h264,
# or the best video with worst codec if there is no such video
$ yt-dlp -S "codec:h264"

# Download the best video with worst codec no worse than h264,
# or the best video with best codec if there is no such video
$ yt-dlp -S "+codec:h264"

# More complex examples

# Download the best video no better than 720p preferring framerate greater than 30,
# or the worst video (still preferring framerate greater than 30) if there is no such video
$ yt-dlp -f "((bv*[fps>30]/bv*)[height<=720]/(wv*[fps>30]/wv*)) + ba / (b[fps>30]/b)[height<=720]/(w[fps>30]/w)"

# Download the video with the largest resolution no better than 720p,
# or the video with the smallest resolution available if there is no such video,
# preferring larger framerate for formats with the same resolution
$ yt-dlp -S "res:720,fps"

# Download the video with smallest resolution no worse than 480p,
# or the video with the largest resolution available if there is no such video,
# preferring better codec and then larger total bitrate for the same resolution
$ yt-dlp -S "+res:480,codec,br"

Modifying Metadata

The metadata obtained by the extractors can be modified by using --parse-metadata and --replace-in-metadata

--replace-in-metadata FIELDS REGEX REPLACE is used to replace text in any metadata field using python regular expression ( Backreferences ( can be used in the replace string for advanced use.

The general syntax of --parse-metadata FROM:TO is to give the name of a field or an output template to extract data from, and the format to interpret it as, separated by a colon :. Either a python regular expression ( with named capture groups, a single field name, or a similar syntax to the output template (only %(field)s formatting is supported) can be used for TO. The option can be used multiple times to parse and modify various fields.

Note that these options preserve their relative order, allowing replacements to be made in parsed fields and viceversa. Also, any field thus created can be used in the output template and will also affect the media file's metadata added when using --embed-metadata.

This option also has a few special uses:

Note: Metadata modification happens before format selection, post-extraction and other post-processing operations. Some fields may be added or changed during these steps, overriding your changes.

For reference, these are the fields yt-dlp adds by default to the file metadata:

Metadata fieldsFrom
titletrack or title
description, synopsisdescription
purl, commentwebpage_url
artistartist, creator, uploader or uploader_id
episode_idepisode or episode_id
language of each streamthe format's language

Note: The file format may not support some of these fields

Modifying metadata examples

# Interpret the title as "Artist - Title"
$ yt-dlp --parse-metadata "title:%(artist)s - %(title)s"

# Regex example
$ yt-dlp --parse-metadata "description:Artist - (?P<artist>.+)"

# Set title as "Series name S01E05"
$ yt-dlp --parse-metadata "%(series)s S%(season_number)02dE%(episode_number)02d:%(title)s"

# Prioritize uploader as the "artist" field in video metadata
$ yt-dlp --parse-metadata "%(uploader|)s:%(meta_artist)s" --embed-metadata

# Set "comment" field in video metadata using description instead of webpage_url,
# handling multiple lines correctly
$ yt-dlp --parse-metadata "description:(?s)(?P<meta_comment>.+)" --embed-metadata

# Do not set any "synopsis" in the video metadata
$ yt-dlp --parse-metadata ":(?P<meta_synopsis>)"

# Remove "formats" field from the infojson by setting it to an empty string
$ yt-dlp --parse-metadata "video::(?P<formats>)" --write-info-json

# Replace all spaces and "_" in title and uploader with a `-`
$ yt-dlp --replace-in-metadata "title,uploader" "[ _]" "-"

Extractor Arguments

Some extractors accept additional arguments which can be passed using --extractor-args KEY:ARGS. ARGS is a ; (semicolon) separated string of ARG=VAL1,VAL2. E.g. --extractor-args "youtube:player-client=android_embedded,web;include_live_dash" --extractor-args "funimation:version=uncut"

Note: In CLI, ARG can use - instead of _; e.g. youtube:player-client" becomes youtube:player_client"

The following extractors use this feature:


  • lang: Prefer translated metadata (title, description etc) of this language code (case-sensitive). By default, the video primary language metadata is preferred, with a fallback to en translated. See ( for list of supported content language codes
  • skip: One or more of hls, dash or translated_subs to skip extraction of the m3u8 manifests, dash manifests and auto-translated subtitles ( respectively
  • player_client: Clients to extract video data from. The main clients are web, android and ios with variants _music, _embedded, _embedscreen, _creator (e.g. web_embedded); and mweb and tv_embedded (agegate bypass) with no variants. By default, ios,android,web is used, but tv_embedded and creator variants are added as required for age-gated videos. Similarly, the music variants are added for urls. You can use all to use all the clients, and default for the default clients.
  • player_skip: Skip some network requests that are generally needed for robust extraction. One or more of configs (skip client configs), webpage (skip initial webpage), js (skip js player). While these options can help reduce the number of requests needed or avoid some rate-limiting, they could cause some issues. See #860 ( for more details
  • comment_sort: top or new (default) - choose comment sorting mode (on YouTube's side)
  • max_comments: Limit the amount of comments to gather. Comma-separated list of integers representing max-comments,max-parents,max-replies,max-replies-per-thread. Default is all,all,all,all

    • E.g. all,all,1000,10 will get a maximum of 1000 replies total, with up to 10 replies per thread. 1000,all,100 will get a maximum of 1000 comments, with a maximum of 100 replies total
  • formats: Change the types of formats to return. dashy (convert HTTP to DASH), duplicate (identical content but different URLs or protocol; includes dashy), incomplete (cannot be downloaded completely - live dash and post-live m3u8)
  • innertube_host: Innertube API host to use for all API requests; e.g., Note that cookies exported from one subdomain will not work on others
  • innertube_key: Innertube API key to use for all API requests

youtubetab (YouTube playlists, channels, feeds, etc.)

  • skip: One or more of webpage (skip initial webpage download), authcheck (allow the download of playlists requiring authentication when no initial webpage is downloaded. This may cause unwanted behavior, see #1122 ( for more details)
  • approximate_date: Extract approximate upload_date and timestamp in flat-playlist. This may cause date-based filters to be slightly off


  • fragment_query: Passthrough any query in mpd/m3u8 manifest URLs to their fragments if no value is provided, or else apply the query string given as fragment_query=VALUE. Does not apply to ffmpeg
  • variant_query: Passthrough the master m3u8 URL query to its variant playlist URLs if no value is provided, or else apply the query string given as variant_query=VALUE
  • hls_key: An HLS AES-128 key URI or key (as hex), and optionally the IV (as hex), in the form of (URI|KEY)[,IV]; e.g. generic:hls_key=ABCDEF1234567980,0xFEDCBA0987654321. Passing any of these values will force usage of the native HLS downloader and override the corresponding values found in the m3u8 playlist
  • is_live: Bypass live HLS detection and manually set live_status - a value of false will set not_live, any other value (or no value) will set is_live


  • language: Audio languages to extract, e.g. funimation:language=english,japanese
  • version: The video version to extract - uncut or simulcast

crunchyrollbeta (Crunchyroll)

  • format: Which stream type(s) to extract (default: adaptive_hls). Potentially useful values include adaptive_hls, adaptive_dash, vo_adaptive_hls, vo_adaptive_dash, download_hls, download_dash, multitrack_adaptive_hls_v2
  • hardsub: Preference order for which hardsub versions to extract, or all (default: None = no hardsubs), e.g. crunchyrollbeta:hardsub=en-US,None


  • video_types: Types of videos to download - one or more of episodes, movies, clips, trailers


  • segment_duration: Segment duration in milliseconds for HLS-DMC formats. Use it at your own risk since this feature may result in your account termination.


  • check_all: Try to check more at the cost of more requests. One or more of thumbnails, captures


  • comment_sort: hot (default), you (cookies needed), top, new - choose comment sorting mode (on GameJolt's side)


  • res: resolution to ignore - one or more of sd, hd, fhd
  • vcodec: vcodec to ignore - one or more of h264, h265, dvh265
  • dr: dynamic range to ignore - one or more of sdr, hdr10, dv


  • api_hostname: Hostname to use for mobile API requests, e.g.
  • app_version: App version to call mobile APIs with - should be set along with manifest_app_version, e.g. 20.2.1
  • manifest_app_version: Numeric app version to call mobile APIs with, e.g. 221


  • tab: Which tab to download - one of new, top, videos, podcasts, streams, stacks

stacommu, wrestleuniverse

  • device_id: UUID value assigned by the website and used to enforce device limits for paid livestream content. Can be found in browser local storage


  • client_id: Client ID value to be sent with GraphQL requests, e.g. twitch:client_id=kimne78kx3ncx6brgo4mv6wki5h1ko

nhkradirulive (NHK らじる★らじる LIVE)

  • area: Which regional variation to extract. Valid areas are: sapporo, sendai, tokyo, nagoya, osaka, hiroshima, matsuyama, fukuoka. Defaults to tokyo

Note: These options may be changed/removed in the future without concern for backward compatibility


You can install yt-dlp using the binaries, pip ( or one using a third-party package manager. See the wiki ( for detailed instructions


You can use yt-dlp -U to update if you are using the release binaries

If you installed with pip (, simply re-run the same command that was used to install the program

For other third-party package managers, see the wiki ( or refer their documentation

There are currently two release channels for binaries, stable and nightly. stable is the default channel, and many of its changes have been tested by users of the nightly channel. The nightly channel has releases built after each push to the master branch, and will have the most recent fixes and additions, but also have more risk of regressions. They are available in their own repo (

When using --update/-U, a release binary will only update to its current channel. --update-to CHANNEL can be used to switch to a different channel when a newer version is available. --update-to [CHANNEL@]TAG can also be used to upgrade or downgrade to specific tags from a channel.

You may also use --update-to <repository> (<owner>/<repository>) to update to a channel on a completely different repository. Be careful with what repository you are updating to though, there is no verification done for binaries from different repositories.

Example usage: * yt-dlp --update-to nightly change to nightly channel and update to its latest release * yt-dlp --update-to stable@2023.02.17 upgrade/downgrade to release to stable channel tag 2023.02.17 * yt-dlp --update-to 2023.01.06 upgrade/downgrade to tag 2023.01.06 if it exists on the current channel * yt-dlp --update-to example/yt-dlp@2023.03.01 upgrade/downgrade to the release from the example/yt-dlp repository, tag 2023.03.01

Note: The manpages, shell completion (autocomplete) files etc. are available inside the source tarball (


Python versions 3.7+ (CPython and PyPy) are supported. Other versions and implementations may or may not work correctly.

While all the other dependencies are optional, ffmpeg and ffprobe are highly recommended





To use or redistribute the dependencies, you must agree to their respective licensing terms.

The standalone release binaries are built with the Python interpreter and the packages marked with * included.

If you do not have the necessary dependencies for a task you are attempting, yt-dlp will warn you. All the currently available dependencies are visible at the top of the --verbose output


Standalone PyInstaller Builds

To build the standalone executable, you must have Python and pyinstaller (plus any of yt-dlp's optional dependencies if needed). Once you have all the necessary dependencies installed, simply run The executable will be built for the same architecture (x86/ARM, 32/64 bit) as the Python used.

python3 -m pip install -U pyinstaller -r requirements.txt
python3 devscripts/

On some systems, you may need to use py or python instead of python3. accepts any arguments that can be passed to pyinstaller, such as --onefile/-F or --onedir/-D, which is further documented here (

Note: Pyinstaller versions below 4.4 do not support ( Python installed from the Windows store without using a virtual environment.

Important: Running pyinstaller directly without using is not officially supported. This may or may not work correctly.

Platform-independent Binary (UNIX)

You will need the build tools python (3.7+), zip, make (GNU), pandoc* and pytest*.

After installing these, simply run make.

You can also run make yt-dlp instead to compile only the binary without updating any of the additional files. (The build tools marked with * are not needed for this)

Standalone Py2Exe Builds (Windows)

While we provide the option to build with py2exe (, it is recommended to build using PyInstaller instead since the py2exe builds cannot contain pycryptodomex/certifi and needs VC++14 on the target computer to run.

If you wish to build it anyway, install Python and py2exe, and then simply run py2exe

py -m pip install -U py2exe -r requirements.txt
py devscripts/
py py2exe

Forking the project

If you fork the project on GitHub, you can run your fork's build workflow to automatically build the selected version(s) as artifacts. Alternatively, you can run the release workflow or enable the nightly workflow to create full (pre-)releases.


Note that all plugins are imported even if not invoked, and that there are no checks performed on plugin code. Use plugins at your own risk and only if you trust the code!

Plugins can be of <type>s extractor or postprocessor. - Extractor plugins do not need to be enabled from the CLI and are automatically invoked when the input URL is suitable for it. - Extractor plugins take priority over builtin extractors. - Postprocessor plugins can be invoked using --use-postprocessor NAME.

Plugins are loaded from the namespace packages yt_dlp_plugins.extractor and yt_dlp_plugins.postprocessor.

In other words, the file structure on the disk looks something like:


yt-dlp looks for these yt_dlp_plugins namespace folders in many locations (see below) and loads in plugins from all of them.

See the wiki for some known plugins (

Installing Plugins

Plugins can be installed using various methods and locations.

  1. Configuration directories: Plugin packages (containing a yt_dlp_plugins namespace folder) can be dropped into the following standard configuration locations:

    • User Plugins

      • ${XDG_CONFIG_HOME}/yt-dlp/plugins/<package name>/yt_dlp_plugins/ (recommended on Linux/macOS)
      • ${XDG_CONFIG_HOME}/yt-dlp-plugins/<package name>/yt_dlp_plugins/
      • ${APPDATA}/yt-dlp/plugins/<package name>/yt_dlp_plugins/ (recommended on Windows)
      • ${APPDATA}/yt-dlp-plugins/<package name>/yt_dlp_plugins/
      • ~/.yt-dlp/plugins/<package name>/yt_dlp_plugins/
      • ~/yt-dlp-plugins/<package name>/yt_dlp_plugins/
    • System Plugins

      • /etc/yt-dlp/plugins/<package name>/yt_dlp_plugins/
      • /etc/yt-dlp-plugins/<package name>/yt_dlp_plugins/
  2. Executable location: Plugin packages can similarly be installed in a yt-dlp-plugins directory under the executable location (recommended for portable installations):

    • Binary: where <root-dir>/yt-dlp.exe, <root-dir>/yt-dlp-plugins/<package name>/yt_dlp_plugins/
    • Source: where <root-dir>/yt_dlp/, <root-dir>/yt-dlp-plugins/<package name>/yt_dlp_plugins/
  3. pip and other locations in PYTHONPATH

    • Plugin packages can be installed and managed using pip. See yt-dlp-sample-plugins ( for an example.

      • Note: plugin files between plugin packages installed with pip must have unique filenames.
    • Any path in PYTHONPATH is searched in for the yt_dlp_plugins namespace folder.

      • Note: This does not apply for Pyinstaller/py2exe builds.

.zip, .egg and .whl archives containing a yt_dlp_plugins namespace folder in their root are also supported as plugin packages. * e.g. ${XDG_CONFIG_HOME}/yt-dlp/plugins/ where contains yt_dlp_plugins/<type>/

Run yt-dlp with --verbose to check if the plugin has been loaded.

Developing Plugins

See the yt-dlp-sample-plugins ( repo for a template plugin package and the Plugin Development ( section of the wiki for a plugin development guide.

All public classes with a name ending in IE/PP are imported from each file for extractors and postprocessors repectively. This respects underscore prefix (e.g. _MyBasePluginIE is private) and __all__. Modules can similarly be excluded by prefixing the module name with an underscore (e.g.

To replace an existing extractor with a subclass of one, set the plugin_name class keyword argument (e.g. class MyPluginIE(ABuiltInIE, plugin_name='myplugin') will replace ABuiltInIE with MyPluginIE). Since the extractor replaces the parent, you should exclude the subclass extractor from being imported separately by making it private using one of the methods described above.

If you are a plugin author, add yt-dlp-plugins ( as a topic to your repository for discoverability.

See the Developer Instructions ( on how to write and test an extractor.

Embedding Yt-Dlp

yt-dlp makes the best effort to be a good command-line program, and thus should be callable from any programming language.

Your program should avoid parsing the normal stdout since they may change in future versions. Instead they should use options such as -J, --print, --progress-template, --exec etc to create console output that you can reliably reproduce and parse.

From a Python program, you can embed yt-dlp in a more powerful fashion, like this:

from yt_dlp import YoutubeDL

URLS = ['']
with YoutubeDL() as ydl:

Most likely, you'll want to use various options. For a list of options available, have a look at yt_dlp/ or help(yt_dlp.YoutubeDL) in a Python shell. If you are already familiar with the CLI, you can use devscripts/ ( to translate any CLI switches to YoutubeDL params.

Tip: If you are porting your code from youtube-dl to yt-dlp, one important point to look out for is that we do not guarantee the return value of YoutubeDL.extract_info to be json serializable, or even be a dictionary. It will be dictionary-like, but if you want to ensure it is a serializable dictionary, pass it through YoutubeDL.sanitize_info as shown in the example below

Embedding examples

Extracting information

import json
import yt_dlp

URL = ''

# ℹ️ See help(yt_dlp.YoutubeDL) for a list of available options and public functions
ydl_opts = {}
with yt_dlp.YoutubeDL(ydl_opts) as ydl:
    info = ydl.extract_info(URL, download=False)

    # ℹ️ ydl.sanitize_info makes the info json-serializable

Download using an info-json

import yt_dlp

INFO_FILE = 'path/to/'

with yt_dlp.YoutubeDL() as ydl:
    error_code = ydl.download_with_info_file(INFO_FILE)

print('Some videos failed to download' if error_code
      else 'All videos successfully downloaded')

Extract audio

import yt_dlp

URLS = ['']

ydl_opts = {
    'format': 'm4a/bestaudio/best',
    # ℹ️ See help(yt_dlp.postprocessor) for a list of available Postprocessors and their arguments
    'postprocessors': [{  # Extract audio using ffmpeg
        'key': 'FFmpegExtractAudio',
        'preferredcodec': 'm4a',

with yt_dlp.YoutubeDL(ydl_opts) as ydl:
    error_code =

Filter videos

import yt_dlp

URLS = ['']

def longer_than_a_minute(info, *, incomplete):
    """Download only videos longer than a minute (or with unknown duration)"""
    duration = info.get('duration')
    if duration and duration < 60:
        return 'The video is too short'

ydl_opts = {
    'match_filter': longer_than_a_minute,

with yt_dlp.YoutubeDL(ydl_opts) as ydl:
    error_code =

Adding logger and progress hook

import yt_dlp

URLS = ['']

class MyLogger:
    def debug(self, msg):
        # For compatibility with youtube-dl, both debug and info are passed into debug
        # You can distinguish them by the prefix '[debug] '
        if msg.startswith('[debug] '):

    def info(self, msg):

    def warning(self, msg):

    def error(self, msg):

# ℹ️ See "progress_hooks" in help(yt_dlp.YoutubeDL)
def my_hook(d):
    if d['status'] == 'finished':
        print('Done downloading, now post-processing ...')

ydl_opts = {
    'logger': MyLogger(),
    'progress_hooks': [my_hook],

with yt_dlp.YoutubeDL(ydl_opts) as ydl:

Add a custom PostProcessor

import yt_dlp

URLS = ['']

# ℹ️ See help(yt_dlp.postprocessor.PostProcessor)
class MyCustomPP(yt_dlp.postprocessor.PostProcessor):
    def run(self, info):
        self.to_screen('Doing stuff')
        return [], info

with yt_dlp.YoutubeDL() as ydl:
    # ℹ️ "when" can take any value in yt_dlp.utils.POSTPROCESS_WHEN
    ydl.add_post_processor(MyCustomPP(), when='pre_process')

Use a custom format selector

import yt_dlp

URLS = ['']

def format_selector(ctx):
    """ Select the best video and the best audio that won't result in an mkv.
    NOTE: This is just an example and does not handle all cases """

    # formats are already sorted worst to best
    formats = ctx.get('formats')[::-1]

    # acodec='none' means there is no audio
    best_video = next(f for f in formats
                      if f['vcodec'] != 'none' and f['acodec'] == 'none')

    # find compatible audio extension
    audio_ext = {'mp4': 'm4a', 'webm': 'webm'}[best_video['ext']]
    # vcodec='none' means there is no video
    best_audio = next(f for f in formats if (
        f['acodec'] != 'none' and f['vcodec'] == 'none' and f['ext'] == audio_ext))

    # These are the minimum required fields for a merged format
    yield {
        'format_id': f'{best_video["format_id"]}+{best_audio["format_id"]}',
        'ext': best_video['ext'],
        'requested_formats': [best_video, best_audio],
        # Must be + separated list of protocols
        'protocol': f'{best_video["protocol"]}+{best_audio["protocol"]}'

ydl_opts = {
    'format': format_selector,

with yt_dlp.YoutubeDL(ydl_opts) as ydl:

New Features

See changelog or commits ( for the full list of changes

Features marked with a * have been back-ported to youtube-dl

Differences in default behavior

Some of yt-dlp's default options are different from that of youtube-dl and youtube-dlc:

For ease of use, a few more compat options are available:

Deprecated Options

These are all the deprecated options and the current alternative to achieve the same effect

Almost redundant options

While these options are almost the same as their new counterparts, there are some differences that prevents them being redundant

-j, --dump-json                  --print "%()j"
-F, --list-formats               --print formats_table
--list-thumbnails                --print thumbnails_table --print playlist:thumbnails_table
--list-subs                      --print automatic_captions_table --print subtitles_table

Redundant options

While these options are redundant, they are still expected to be used due to their ease of use

--get-description                --print description
--get-duration                   --print duration_string
--get-filename                   --print filename
--get-format                     --print format
--get-id                         --print id
--get-thumbnail                  --print thumbnail
-e, --get-title                  --print title
-g, --get-url                    --print urls
--match-title REGEX              --match-filter "title ~= (?i)REGEX"
--reject-title REGEX             --match-filter "title !~= (?i)REGEX"
--min-views COUNT                --match-filter "view_count >=? COUNT"
--max-views COUNT                --match-filter "view_count <=? COUNT"
--break-on-reject                Use --break-match-filter
--user-agent UA                  --add-header "User-Agent:UA"
--referer URL                    --add-header "Referer:URL"
--playlist-start NUMBER          -I NUMBER:
--playlist-end NUMBER            -I :NUMBER
--playlist-reverse               -I ::-1
--no-playlist-reverse            Default
--no-colors                      --color no_color

Developer options

These options are not intended to be used by the end-user

--test                           Download only part of video for testing extractors
--load-pages                     Load pages dumped by --write-pages
--youtube-print-sig-code         For testing youtube signatures
--allow-unplayable-formats       List unplayable formats also
--no-allow-unplayable-formats    Default

Old aliases

These are aliases that are no longer documented for various reasons

--avconv-location                --ffmpeg-location
--clean-infojson                 --clean-info-json
--cn-verification-proxy URL      --geo-verification-proxy URL
--dump-headers                   --print-traffic
--dump-intermediate-pages        --dump-pages
--force-write-download-archive   --force-write-archive
--load-info                      --load-info-json
--no-clean-infojson              --no-clean-info-json
--no-split-tracks                --no-split-chapters
--no-write-srt                   --no-write-subs
--prefer-unsecure                --prefer-insecure
--rate-limit RATE                --limit-rate RATE
--split-tracks                   --split-chapters
--srt-lang LANGS                 --sub-langs LANGS
--trim-file-names LENGTH         --trim-filenames LENGTH
--write-srt                      --write-subs
--yes-overwrites                 --force-overwrites

Sponskrub Options

Support for SponSkrub ( has been deprecated in favor of the --sponsorblock options

--sponskrub                      --sponsorblock-mark all
--no-sponskrub                   --no-sponsorblock
--sponskrub-cut                  --sponsorblock-remove all
--no-sponskrub-cut               --sponsorblock-remove -all
--sponskrub-force                Not applicable
--no-sponskrub-force             Not applicable
--sponskrub-location             Not applicable
--sponskrub-args                 Not applicable

No longer supported

These options may no longer work as intended

--prefer-avconv                  avconv is not officially supported by yt-dlp (Alias: --no-prefer-ffmpeg)
--prefer-ffmpeg                  Default (Alias: --no-prefer-avconv)
-C, --call-home                  Not implemented
--no-call-home                   Default
--include-ads                    No longer supported
--no-include-ads                 Default
--write-annotations              No supported site has annotations now
--no-write-annotations           Default
--compat-options seperate-video-versions  No longer needed


These options were deprecated since 2014 and have now been entirely removed

-A, --auto-number                -o "%(autonumber)s-%(id)s.%(ext)s"
-t, -l, --title, --literal       -o "%(title)s-%(id)s.%(ext)s"


See for instructions on Opening an Issue and Contributing code to the project


See the Wiki ( for more information