virt-v2v [-i* options] -o rhv-upload [-oc ENGINE_URL] -os STORAGE [-op PASSWORD] [-of raw] [-oo rhv-cafile=FILE] [-oo rhv-cluster=CLUSTER] [-oo rhv-direct] [-oo rhv-disk-uuid=UUID ...] [-oo rhv-verifypeer] virt-v2v [-i* options] -o rhv -os [esd:/path|/path] virt-v2v [-i* options] -o vdsm [-oo vdsm-image-uuid=UUID] [-oo vdsm-vol-uuid=UUID] [-oo vdsm-vm-uuid=UUID] [-oo vdsm-ovf-output=DIR]
This page documents how to use virt-v2v(1) to convert guests to an oVirt or RHV management instance. There are three output modes that you can select, but only -o rhv-upload should be used normally, the other two are deprecated:
- -o rhv-upload -os STORAGE
Full description: “Output to RHV”
This is the modern method for uploading to oVirt/RHV via the REST API. It requires oVirt/RHV ≥ 4.2.
- -o rhv -os esd:/path
- -o rhv -os /path
Full description: “Output to Export Storage Domain”
This is the old method for uploading to oVirt/RHV via the Export Storage Domain (ESD). The ESD can either be accessed over NFS (using the -os esd:/path form) or if you have already NFS-mounted it somewhere specify the path to the mountpoint as -os /path.
The Export Storage Domain was deprecated in oVirt 4, and so we expect that this method will stop working at some point in the future.
- -o vdsm
This is the old method used internally by the RHV-M user interface. It is never intended to be used directly by end users.
Output to RHV
This new method to upload guests to oVirt or RHV directly via the REST API requires oVirt/RHV ≥ 4.2.
You need to specify -o rhv-upload as well as the following extra parameters:
- -oc https://ovirt-engine.example.com/ovirt-engine/api
The URL of the REST API which is usually the server name with
/ovirt-engine/apiappended, but might be different if you installed oVirt Engine on a different path.
You can optionally add a username and port number to the URL. If the username is not specified then virt-v2v defaults to using
admin@internalwhich is the typical superuser account for oVirt instances.
- -of raw
Currently you must use -of raw and you cannot use -oa preallocated.
These restrictions will be loosened in a future version.
- -op password-file
A file containing a password to be used when connecting to the oVirt engine. Note the file should contain the whole password, without any trailing newline, and for security the file should have mode
0600so that others cannot read it.
- -os ovirt-data
The storage domain.
- -oo rhv-cafile=ca.pem
The ca.pem file (Certificate Authority), copied from /etc/pki/ovirt-engine/ca.pem on the oVirt engine.
If -oo rhv-verifypeer is enabled then this option can be used to control which CA is used to verify the client’s identity. If this option is not used then the system’s global trust store is used.
- -oo rhv-cluster=CLUSTERNAME
Set the RHV Cluster Name. If not given it uses
- -oo rhv-disk-uuid=UUID
This option can used to manually specify UUIDs for the disks when creating the virtual machine. If not specified, the oVirt engine will generate random UUIDs for the disks. Please note that:
- you must pass as many -oo rhv-disk-uuid=UUID options as the amount of disks in the guest
- the specified UUIDs are used as they are, without checking whether they are already used by other disks
This option is considered advanced, and to be used mostly in combination with --no-copy.
- -oo rhv-direct
If this option is given then virt-v2v will attempt to directly upload the disk to the oVirt node, otherwise it will proxy the upload through the oVirt engine. Direct upload requires that you have network access to the oVirt nodes. Non-direct upload is slightly slower but should work in all situations.
- -oo rhv-verifypeer
Verify the oVirt/RHV server’s identity by checking the server‘s certificate against the Certificate Authority.
Output to Export Storage Domain
This section only applies to the -o rhv output mode. If you use virt-v2v from the RHV-M user interface, then behind the scenes the import is managed by VDSM using the -o vdsm output mode (which end users should not try to use directly).
You have to specify -o rhv and an -os option that points to the RHV-M Export Storage Domain. You can either specify the NFS server and mountpoint, eg.
-os rhv-storage:/rhv/export, or you can mount that first and point to the directory where it is mounted, eg.
-os /tmp/mnt. Be careful not to point to the Data Storage Domain by accident as that will not work.
On successful completion virt-v2v will have written the new guest to the Export Storage Domain, but it will not yet be ready to run. It must be imported into RHV using the UI before it can be used.
In RHV ≥ 2.2 this is done from the Storage tab. Select the export domain the guest was written to. A pane will appear underneath the storage domain list displaying several tabs, one of which is “VM Import”. The converted guest will be listed here. Select the appropriate guest an click “Import”. See the RHV documentation for additional details.
If you export several guests, then you can import them all at the same time through the UI.
Testing RHV conversions
If you do not have an oVirt or RHV instance to test against, then you can test conversions by creating a directory structure which looks enough like a RHV-M Export Storage Domain to trick virt-v2v:
uuid=`uuidgen` mkdir /tmp/rhv mkdir /tmp/rhv/$uuid mkdir /tmp/rhv/$uuid/images mkdir /tmp/rhv/$uuid/master mkdir /tmp/rhv/$uuid/master/vms touch /tmp/rhv/$uuid/dom_md virt-v2v [...] -o rhv -os /tmp/rhv
Debugging RHV-M import failures
When you export to the RHV-M Export Storage Domain, and then import that guest through the RHV-M UI, you may encounter an import failure. Diagnosing these failures is infuriatingly difficult as the UI generally hides the true reason for the failure.
There are several log files of interest:
In oVirt ≥ 4.1.0, VDSM preserves the virt-v2v log file for 30 days in this directory.
This directory is found on the host which performed the conversion. The host can be selected in the import dialog, or can be found under the
Eventstab in oVirt administration.
As above, this file is present on the host which performed the conversion. It contains detailed error messages from low-level operations executed by VDSM, and is useful if the error was not caused by virt-v2v, but by VDSM.
This log file is stored on the RHV-M server. It contains more detail for any errors caused by the oVirt GUI.
Richard W.M. Jones
Copyright (C) 2009-2020 Red Hat Inc.
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- The version of libguestfs.
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- Describe the bug accurately and give a way to reproduce it.
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