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virt-p2v-make-kiwi - Man Page

Build the virt-p2v kiwi configuration


 virt-p2v-make-kiwi [--inject-ssh-identity path] [-o kiwi-folder]


virt-p2v(1) converts a physical machine to run virtualized on KVM, managed by libvirt, OpenStack, oVirt, Red Hat Enterprise Virtualisation (RHEV), or one of the other targets supported by virt-v2v(1).

Kiwi is a tool used mainly by SUSE Linux Enterprise and openSUSE to build live CDs, make appliances and so on. It is driven by a few files including an xml description of the machine.

virt-p2v-make-kiwi builds a folder containing all the pieces needed for kiwi to build a bootable P2V live CD ISO, USB key, or PXE image.  This tool only builds the kiwi configuration, but this manual page describes some of the ways you can use the kiwi configuration.

The root user on the disk image uses p2v as its initial password.

Building the Kiwi Configuration

Using virt-p2v-make-kiwi is very simple:


will build a kiwi configuration based on the current machine’s distribution.

To control the name of the output folder, use the -o parameter.

Building a Live CD / ISO

Once you have the kiwi configuration folder, you can use kiwi(1) to make a live CD:

 sudo kiwi --build p2v.kiwi -d build --type iso

Before running this, you may have to tweak the config.xml file to change the locale and keyboard mapping to the one you need.

If running on a SUSE Linux Entreprise Server, add the path to your packages repositories using the --ignore-repos and --add-repo kiwi parameters.

The generated ISO image will be placed in the build folder.

Building a Bootable USB Key

Use the dd(1) program to write the ISO created above to a USB key:

 sudo dd if=path/to/p2v.iso of=/dev/sdX

Building a Pxe Boot Image

To create a PXE boot image, run kiwi in such a way:

 sudo kiwi --build $PWD/p2v.kiwi -d build --add-profile netboot --type pxe

For more details on how to use the generated image, report to the kiwi documentation on PXE images: https://doc.opensuse.org/projects/kiwi/doc/#chap.pxe

Adding an SSH Identity

You can inject an SSH identity (private key) file to the kiwi config and hence into the ISO using the --inject-ssh-identity option.  Note that you cannot inject a key once the ISO has been built.

First create a key pair.  It must have an empty passphrase:

 ssh-keygen -t rsa -N '' -f id_rsa

This creates a private key (id_rsa) and a public key (id_rsa.pub) pair.  The public key should be appended to the authorized_keys file on the virt-v2v conversion server (usually to /root/.ssh/authorized_keys).

The private key should be added to the kiwi config and then discarded:

 virt-p2v-make-kiwi [...] --inject-ssh-identity id_rsa
 rm id_rsa

The ISO can then be built from the kickstart in the usual way (see above), and it will contain the embedded SSH identity (/var/tmp/id_rsa).

When booting virt-p2v, specify the URL of the injected file like this:

 │         User name: [root_____________________________] │
 │                                                        │
 │          Password: [    <leave this field blank>     ] │
 │                                                        │
 │  SSH Identity URL: [file:///var/tmp/id_rsa___________] │

or if using the kernel command line, add:


For more information, see "SSH IDENTITIES" in virt-p2v(1).



Display help.

--inject-ssh-identity id_rsa

Add an SSH identity (private key) file into the kickstart. See "Adding an SSH Identity" above.

--output OUTPUT

Write kiwi configuration to the OUTPUT folder.  If not specified, the default is p2v.kiwi in the current directory.


Display version number and exit.



The virt-p2v(1) binary which is copied into the kiwi configuration.

The location of the binary can be changed by setting the VIRT_P2V_DATA_DIR environment variable.


Various data files that are used to make the kiwi appliance.

The location of these files can be changed by setting the VIRT_P2V_DATA_DIR environment variable.

Environment Variables


The directory where virt-p2v-make-kiwi looks for data files and the virt-p2v binary (see "Files" above).  If not set, a compiled-in location is used.

See Also

virt-p2v(1), virt-p2v-make-disk(1), virt-v2v(1), kiwi(1), http://libguestfs.org/.


Cédric Bosdonnat


This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program.  If not, see <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.


To get a list of bugs against libguestfs (which include virt-p2v), use this link: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/buglist.cgi?component=libguestfs&product=Virtualization+Tools

To report a new bug against libguestfs, use this link: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/enter_bug.cgi?component=libguestfs&product=Virtualization+Tools

When reporting a bug, please supply:

Referenced By

guestfs-release-notes-1.34(1), virt-p2v(1), virt-p2v-make-disk(1).

2024-03-25 virt-p2v-1.42.3 Virtualization Support