vgrep - Man Page
a user-friendly pager for grep
- Recursively search the current directory for a pattern and cache it:
- Display the contents of the cache:
- Open the "4th" match from the cache in the default editor:
vgrep --show 4
- Display a context of "3" lines for each match in the cache:
- Display the number of matches for each directory in the tree:
- Display the number of matches for each file in the tree:
- Start an interactive shell with cached matches:
vgrep [OPTION...] PATTERNS [FILE...]
vgrep [OPTION...] -s [COMMAND][context] [SELECTORS]
vgrep is a pager for
ripgrep and similar grep implementations, and allows for opening the indexed file locations in a user-specified editor such as vim or emacs.
vgrep is inspired by the ancient cgvg scripts but extended to perform further operations such as listing statistics of files and directory trees or showing the context lines before and after the matches.
vgrep runs on Linux, Windows and Mac OS.
vgrep is used to perform textual searches. On a technical level, vgrep serves as a front-end to grep or git-grep when invoking vgrep inside a git tree and uses
less for displaying the results. All non-vgrep flags and arguments will be passed down to grep. Results of the last search are cached, so running vgrep without a new query will load previous results and operate on them.
By default, the output will be written to less to make browsing large amounts of data more comfortable. vgrep --no-less will write to stdout.
vgrep can open the indexed file locations in an editor specified by the
EDITOR environment variable. Opening one of the file locations from the previous example may look as follows:
# export EDITOR=gedit # vgrep --show 4
The default editor of vgrep is
vim with the default flag to open a file at a specific line being
+ followed by the line number. If your editor of choice hits the rare case of a different syntax, use the
EDITORLINEFLAG environment variable to adjust. For example, a
kate user may set the environment to
vgrep does not allow for searching and opening files at the same time. For instance,
vgrep --show=files text should be split in two commands:
vgrep text and
Note that if you run
vgrep inside a terminal of VSCode or Goland, the format of listed files changes to "$PATH:$LINE" to allow for opening the matches in the editor via a simple mouse click.
Once vgreped, you can perform certain operations on the results such as limiting the range of indexed matches, listing matching files and directories and more.
Enter a vgrep command: ? vgrep command help: command[context lines] [selectors]
selectors: '3' (single), '1,2,6' (multi), '1-8' (range), 'all'
vgrep commands can be passed directly to the
--show/-s flag, for instance as
--show c5 1-10 to show the five context lines of the first ten matched lines. Furthermore, the commands can be executed in an interactive shell via the
--interactive/-i flag. Running
vgrep --interactive will enter the shell directly,
vgrep --show 1 --interactive will first open the first matched line in the editor and enter the interactive shell after.
print,p- Limit the range of matched lines to be printed.
p 1-12,20prints the first 12 lines and the 20th line.
show,s- Open the selectors in an user-specified editor (requires selectors).
context,c- Print the context lines before and after the matched lines.
c10 3-9prints 10 context lines of the matching lines 3 to 9. Unless specified, vgrep will print 5 context lines.
tree,t- Print the number of matches for each directory in the tree.
delete,d- Remove lines at selected indices from the results, for the duration of the interactive shell (requires selectors).
keep,k- Keep only lines at selected indices from the results, for the duration of the interactive shell (requires selectors).
refine,r- Keep only lines matching the provided regexp pattern from the results, for the duration of the interactive shell (requires a regexp string).
files,f- Print the number of matches for each file in the tree.
grep,g- Start a new search without leaving the interactive shell (requires arguments for a
vgrepsearch). For example,
g -i "foo bar" dir/will trigger a case-insensitive search for
foo barin the files under
dir. The cache will be updated with the results from the new search.
quit,q- Exit the interactive shell.
?- Show the help for vgrep commands.
Print the number of matches for earch directory in the tree:
$ vgrep -stree Matches Directory 37690 876 . 21 docs 5 hack 88 internal 15 internal/ansi 73 internal/colwriter 76 test 3 test/search_files 37500 vendor
Show one context line before and after each match:
$ vgrep -sc1 --- 0 .cirrus.yml ------------------------------------------------ 5 GOPROXY: https://proxy.golang.org 6 CODECOV_TOKEN: ENCRYPTED[64481ea00b08c4703bf350a2ad3d5a6fd7a00269576784b2943cce62604798e88f532e19fb66859fa68f43dbd4a0df15] 7 --- 1 .goreleaser.yml --------------------------------------------- 1 before: 2 hooks: --- 2 .goreleaser.yml --------------------------------------------- 15 amd64: x86_64 16 format: binary 17 checksum: