v.net.distance.1grass man page

v.net.distance — Computes shortest distance via the network between the given sets of features.
Finds the shortest paths from each ’from’ point to the nearest ’to’ feature and various information about this relation are uploaded to the attribute table.

Keywords

vector, network, shortest path

Synopsis

v.net.distance
v.net.distance --help
v.net.distance [-gl] input=name output=name [arc_layer=string] [arc_type=string[,string,...]] [node_layer=string] [from_layer=string] [from_cats=range] [from_where=sql_query] [to_layer=string] [to_type=string[,string,...]] [to_cats=range] [to_where=sql_query] [arc_column=name] [arc_backward_column=name] [node_column=name] [--overwrite] [--help] [--verbose] [--quiet] [--ui]

Flags

-g
Use geodesic calculation for longitude-latitude locations
-l
Write each output path as one line, not as original input segments.
--overwrite
Allow output files to overwrite existing files
--help
Print usage summary
--verbose
Verbose module output
--quiet
Quiet module output
--ui
Force launching GUI dialog

Parameters

input=name [required]
Name of input vector map
Or data source for direct OGR access
output=name [required]
Name for output vector map
arc_layer=string
Arc layer
Vector features can have category values in different layers. This number determines which layer to use. When used with direct OGR access this is the layer name.
Default: 1
arc_type=string[,string,...]
Arc type
Input feature type
Options: line, boundary
Default: line,boundary
node_layer=string
Node layer
Vector features can have category values in different layers. This number determines which layer to use. When used with direct OGR access this is the layer name.
Default: 2
from_layer=string
From layer number or name
Vector features can have category values in different layers. This number determines which layer to use. When used with direct OGR access this is the layer name.
Default: 1
from_cats=range
From category values
Example: 1,3,7-9,13
from_where=sql_query
From WHERE conditions of SQL statement without ’where’ keyword
Example: income < 1000 and inhab >= 10000
to_layer=string
Layer number or name
To layer number or name
Default: 1
to_type=string[,string,...]
To feature type
Options: point, line, boundary
Default: point
to_cats=range
To category values
Example: 1,3,7-9,13
to_where=sql_query
To WHERE conditions of SQL statement without ’where’ keyword
Example: income < 1000 and inhab >= 10000
arc_column=name
Arc forward/both direction(s) cost column (number)
arc_backward_column=name
Arc backward direction cost column (number)
node_column=name
Node cost column (number)

Description

v.net.distance finds the nearest element in set to for every point in set from.

Notes

These two sets are given by the respective layer, where and cats parameters. The type of to features is specified by to_type parameter. All from features are points. A table is linked to output map containing various information about the relation. More specifically, the table has three columns: cat, tcat and dist storing category of each from feature, category of the nearest to feature and the distance between them respectively.

Furthemore, the output map contains the shortest path between each cat, tcat pair. Each path consists of several lines. If a line is on the shortest path from a point then the category of this point is assigned to the line. Note that every line may contain more than one category value since a single line may be on the shortest path for more than one from feature. And so the shortest paths can be easily obtained by querying lines with corresponding category number. Alternatively, unique paths can be created with the -l flag where each path will be a separate single line in the output.

The costs of arcs in forward and backward direction are specified by arc_column and arc_backward_column columns respectively. If arc_backward_column is not given, the same cost is used in both directions.

v.net.distance will not work if you are trying to find the nearest neighbors within a group of nodes, i.e. where to and from are the same set of nodes, as the closest node will be the node itself and the result will be zero-length paths. In order to find nearest neighbors within a group of nodes, you can either loop through each node as to and all other nodes as from or create a complete distance matrix with v.net.allpairs and select the lowest non-zero distance for each node.

Examples

Shortest path and distance between school and nearest hospital

Find shortest path and distance from every school to the nearest hospital and show all paths.

Streets are grey lines, schools are green circles, hospitals are red crosses, shortest paths are blue lines:

# connect schools to streets as layer 2
v.net input=streets_wake points=schools_wake output=streets_net1 \
      operation=connect thresh=400 arc_layer=1 node_layer=2
# connect hospitals to streets as layer 3
v.net input=streets_net1 points=hospitals output=streets_net2 \
      operation=connect thresh=400 arc_layer=1 node_layer=3
# inspect the result
v.category in=streets_net2 op=report
# shortest paths from schools (points in layer 2) to nearest hospitals (points in layer 3)
v.net.distance in=streets_net2 out=schools_to_hospitals flayer=2 to_layer=3

Distance between point source of pollution and sample points along streams

Example with streams of the NC sample data set.

# add coordinates of pollution point source of pollution as vector
pollution.txt:
634731.563206905|216390.501834892
v.in.ascii input=pollution.txt output=pollution
# add table to vector
v.db.addtable map=pollution
# add coordinates of sample points as vector
samples.txt:
634813.332814905|216333.590706166
634893.462007813|216273.763350851
634918.660011082|216254.949609689
v.in.ascii input=samples.txt output=samples
# add table to vector
v.db.addtable map=samples
# connect samples and pollution to streams
v.net -c input=streams points=samples output=streams_samples \
         operation=connect node_layer=3 threshold=10 \
v.net -c input=streams_samples points=pollution
         output=streams_samples_pollution operation=connect \
         node_layer=4 threshold=10
# check vector layers
v.category input=streams_samples_pollution option=report
Layer/table: 1/streams_samples_pollution
type       count        min        max
point          0          0          0
line        8562      40102     101351
boundary       0          0          0
centroid       0          0          0
area           0          0          0
face           0          0          0
kernel         0          0          0
all         8562      40102     101351
Layer: 3
type       count        min        max
point          3          1          3
line           0          0          0
boundary       0          0          0
centroid       0          0          0
area           0          0          0
face           0          0          0
kernel         0          0          0
all            3          1          3
Layer: 4
type       count        min        max
point          1          1          1
line           0          0          0
boundary       0          0          0
centroid       0          0          0
area           0          0          0
face           0          0          0
kernel         0          0          0
all            1          1          1
# calculate distance between sample points and pollution point source
v.net.distance input=streams_samples_pollution \
      output=distance_samples_to_pollution from_layer=3 to_layer=4
# check results
v.report map=distance_samples_to_pollution@vnettest option=length
cat|tcat|dist|length
1|1|100.0|100.0
2|1|200.0|200.0
3|1|231.446|231.446

See Also

v.net.path, v.net.allpairs, v.net.distance, v.net.alloc

Authors

Daniel Bundala, Google Summer of Code 2009, Student
Wolf Bergenheim, Mentor
Markus Metz

Last changed: $Date: 2016-03-08 21:57:06 +0100 (Tue, 08 Mar 2016) $

Main index | Vector index | Topics index | Keywords index | Full index

© 2003-2016 GRASS Development Team, GRASS GIS 7.0.4 Reference Manual

Info

GRASS 7.0.4 Grass User's Manual