v.kcv.1grass man page

v.kcv — Randomly partition points into test/train sets.


vector, statistics, points, point pattern


v.kcv --help
v.kcv map=name  [layer=string]  npartitions=integer  [column=name]   [--help]  [--verbose]  [--quiet]  [--ui]



Print usage summary


Verbose module output


Quiet module output


Force launching GUI dialog


map=name [required]

Name of vector map
Or data source for direct OGR access


Layer number or name
Vector features can have category values in different layers. This number determines which layer to use. When used with direct OGR access this is the layer name.
Default: 1

npartitions=integer [required]

Number of partitions
Must be > 1


Name for new column to which partition number is written
Default: part


v.kcv randomly divides a points lists into k sets of test/train data (for npartitions-fold cross validation). Test partitions are mutually exclusive. That is, a point will appear in only one test partition and k-1 training partitions. The module generates a random point using the selected random number generator and then finds the closest point to it. This site is removed from the candidate list (meaning that it will not be selected for any other test set) and saved in the first test partition file. This is repeated until enough points have been selected for the test partition. The number of points chosen for test partitions depends upon the number of sites available and the number of partitions chosen (this number is made as consistent as possible while ensuring that all sites will be chosen for testing). This process of filling up a test partition is done k times.


An ideal random sites generator will follow a Poisson distribution and will only be as random as the original sites. This module simply divides vector points up in a random manner.

Be warned that random number generation occurs over the intervals defined by the current region of the map.

This program may not work properly with Lat-long data.


All examples are based on the North Carolina sample dataset.

g.copy vect=geonames_wake,my_geonames_wake
v.kcv map=my_geonames_wake column=part npartitions=10
g.copy vect=geodetic_pts,my_geodetic_pts
v.kcv map=my_geodetic_pts column=part npartitions=10

See Also

v.random, g.region


James Darrell McCauley,
when he was at: Agricultural Engineering Purdue University

27 Jan 1994: fixed RAND_MAX for Solaris 2.3
13 Sep 2000: released under GPL
Updated to 5.7 Radim Blazek 10 / 2004
OGR support by Martin Landa (2009)
Speed-up by Jan Vandrol and Jan Ruzicka (2013)

Last changed: $Date: 2014-11-28 17:22:17 +0100 (Fri, 28 Nov 2014) $

Source Code

Available at: v.kcv source code (history)

Main index | Vector index | Topics index | Keywords index | Graphical index | Full index

© 2003-2017 GRASS Development Team, GRASS GIS 7.2.1 Reference Manual


GRASS 7.2.1 Grass User's Manual