v.in.lidar.1grass man page

v.in.lidar — Converts LAS LiDAR point clouds to a GRASS vector map with libLAS.


vector, import, LIDAR


v.in.lidar --help
v.in.lidar [-ptoreib] input=name output=name  [spatial=xmin,ymin,xmax,ymax[,xmin,ymin,xmax,ymax,...]]   [location=name]   [return_filter=string]   [class_filter=integer[,integer,...]]   [--overwrite]  [--help]  [--verbose]  [--quiet]  [--ui]



Print LAS file info and exit


Do not create attribute table


Override dataset projection (use location’s projection)


Limit import to the current region


Extend region extents based on new dataset


Create the location specified by the "location" parameter and exit. Do not import the vector data.


Do not build topology


Allow output files to overwrite existing files


Print usage summary


Verbose module output


Quiet module output


Force launching GUI dialog


input=name [required]

LAS input file
LiDAR input files in LAS format (*.las or *.laz)

output=name [required]

Name for output vector map


Import subregion only
Format: xmin,ymin,xmax,ymax - usually W,S,E,N


Name for new location to create


Only import points of selected return type
If not specified, all points are imported
Options: first, last, mid


Only import points of selected class(es)
Input is comma separated integers. If not specified, all points are imported.


v.in.lidar converts LiDAR point clouds in LAS format to a GRASS vector, using the libLAS library. The created vector is true 3D with x, y, z coordinates.

For larger datasets, it is recommended to not build topology (-b flag). Also, creating a table with attributes can take some time for larger datasets.

The optional spatial parameter defines spatial query extents. This parameter allows the user to restrict the region to a spatial subset while importing the data. All LiDAR points falling into this rectangle subregion are imported. The -r current region flag is identical, but uses the current region settings as the spatial bounds (see g.region).

A LiDAR pulse can have multiple returns. The first return values can be used to obtain a digital surface model (DSM) where e.g. canopy cover is represented. The last return values can be used to obtain a digital terrain model (DTM) where e.g. the forest floor instead of canopy cover is represented. The return_filter option allows selecting one of first, mid, or last returns.

LiDAR points can be already classified into standardized classes. For example, class number 2 represents ground (for other classes see LAS format specification in references). The class_filter option allows selecting one or more classes, as numbers (integers) separated by comma.

Location Creation

v.in.lidar attempts to preserve projection information when importing datasets if the source format includes projection information, and if the LAS driver supports it.  If the projection of the source dataset does not match the projection of the current location v.in.lidar will report an error message ("Projection of dataset does not appear to match current location") and then report the PROJ_INFO parameters of the source dataset.

If the user wishes to ignore the difference between the apparent coordinate system of the source data and the current location, they may pass the -o flag to override the projection check.

If the user wishes to import the data with the full projection definition, it is possible to have v.in.lidar automatically create a new location based on the projection and extents of the file being read.  This is accomplished by passing the name to be used for the new location via the location parameter.  Upon completion of the command, a new location will have been created (with only a PERMANENT mapset), and the vector map will have been imported with the indicated output name into the PERMANENT mapset.


The typical file extensions for the LAS format are .las and .laz (compressed). The compressed LAS (.laz) format can be imported only if libLAS has been compiled with laszip support. It is also recommended to compile libLAS with GDAL, needed to test for matching projections.


This example is analogous to the example used in the GRASS wiki page for importing LAS as vector points.

The sample LAS data are in the file "Serpent Mound Model LAS Data.las", available at appliedimagery.com

  # print LAS file info
  v.in.lidar -p input="Serpent Mound Model LAS Data.las"
  # create location with projection information of the LAS data
  v.in.lidar -i input="Serpent Mound Model LAS Data.las" location=Serpent_Mound
  # quit and restart GRASS in the newly created location "Serpent_Mound"
  # real import of LiDAR LAS data, without topology and without attribute table
  v.in.lidar -tb input="Serpent Mound Model LAS Data.las" output=Serpent_Mound_Model_pts


ASPRS LAS format
LAS library
LAS library C API documentation


Markus Metz
based on v.in.ogr

Last changed: $Date: 2015-02-13 16:16:22 +0100 (Fri, 13 Feb 2015) $

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