v.db.univar.1grass man page

v.db.univar — Calculates univariate statistics on selected table column for a GRASS vector map.

Keywords

vector, statistics, attribute table

Synopsis

v.db.univar
v.db.univar --help
v.db.univar [-eg] map=name  [layer=string]  column=name  [where=sql_query]   [percentile=float[,float,...]]   [--help]  [--verbose]  [--quiet]  [--ui]

Flags

-e

Extended statistics (quartiles and 90th percentile)

-g

Print stats in shell script style

--help

Print usage summary

--verbose

Verbose module output

--quiet

Quiet module output

--ui

Force launching GUI dialog

Parameters

map=name [required]

Name of vector map
Or data source for direct OGR access

layer=string

Layer number or name
Vector features can have category values in different layers. This number determines which layer to use. When used with direct OGR access this is the layer name.
Default: 1

column=name [required]

Name of attribute column on which to calculate statistics (must be numeric)

where=sql_query

WHERE conditions of SQL statement without ’where’ keyword
Example: income < 1000 and inhab >= 10000

percentile=float[,float,...]

Percentile to calculate (requires extended statistics flag)
Options: 0-100
Default: 90

Description

v.db.univar calculates basic univariate statistics for numeric attributes in a vector attribute table. It will calculate minimum, maximum, range, mean, standard deviation, variance, coefficient of variation, quartiles, median, and 90th percentile. It uses db.select to create list values for statistical calculations. NOTES A database connection must be defined for the selected vector layer.

Examples

Univariate statistics on attribute table column

In this example, the 30 years precipitation data table is statistically analysed (North Carolina sample dataset) and univariate statistics performed:

# show columns of attribute table connected to precipitation map
v.info -c precip_30ynormals
# univariate statistics on 30 years annual precipitation in NC
v.db.univar precip_30ynormals column=annual
 Number of values: 136
 Minimum: 947.42
 Maximum: 2329.18
 Range: 1381.76
 Mean: 1289.31147058823
 [...]

Univariate statistics on randomly sampled data points

In this example, random points are sampled from the elevation map (North Carolina sample dataset) and univariate statistics performed:

g.region raster=elevation -p
v.random output=samples n=100
v.db.addtable samples column="heights double precision"
v.what.rast samples raster=elevation column=heights
v.db.select samples
v.db.univar samples column=heights

See Also

db.univar, r.univar, v.univar, db.select, d.vect.thematic

Author

Michael Barton, Arizona State University

and authors of r.univar.sh (Markus Neteler et al.)

Last changed: $Date: 2016-11-14 00:09:36 +0100 (Mon, 14 Nov 2016) $

Source Code

Available at: v.db.univar source code (history)

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© 2003-2017 GRASS Development Team, GRASS GIS 7.2.1 Reference Manual

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