ualpn [-4|--ipv4] [-6|--ipv6] [-b|--bind address[@port]] [-c|--connect address[@port]] [-d|--daemon] [-l|--logfile file] [-m|--max-auths N] [-n|--num-workers N] [-p|--pidfile file] [-P|--proxy N] [-r|--chroot dir] [-s|--sock path] [-S|--sock-mode mode] [-t|--terminate] [-u|--user user[:group]] [-v|--verbose ...] [-V|--version] [-?|--help]
ualpn is a lightweight proxying ACMEv2 tls-alpn-01 challenge responder compliant with RFC8737 (https://tools.ietf.org/html/RFC8737) and RFC8738 (https://tools.ietf.org/html/RFC8738).
Depending on how it is invoked, ualpn runs in either client or server mode. In client mode ualpn connects to a running server mode instance of itself through a unix domain socket, in order to add or remove ACMEv2 authorizations. See Client Mode below.
In server mode ualpn listens for incoming connections (by default on port 443, which is mandatory for tls-alpn-01 challenges). It then handles any such connection in one of two different ways:
- if the connection begins with a "ClientHello" TLS handshake packet including a "acme-tls/1" RFC7301 Application Level Protocol Negotiation extension and a RFC6066 Server Name Indication extension matching an identifier for which it has an authorization, ualpn performs the tls-alpn-01 handshake and closes the connection;
- otherwise ualpn transparently proxies the connection to one of the backend servers it is configured with. By default ualpn adds PROXY v1 headers (http://www.haproxy.org/download/1.8/doc/proxy-protocol.txt) in order to safely transport connection information such as the client’s address to the backend. The PROXY protocol is currently supported by apache, nginx and several other server programs.
The event-driven implementation is based on libev (http://libev.schmorp.de) and considerably reduces the cost of context switches and memory usage. In addition on systems such as Linux supporting the splice() system call, ualpn is able to move network data without copying it to/from kernel/user address space.
- -4, --ipv4
Only listen to IPv4 connections
- -6, --ipv6
Only listen to IPv6 connections
- -b, --bind address[@port]
Enable server mode and listen to address. The address must be specified in numeric format using the standard IPv4 or IPv6 notation. Optionally, a port number can be given (default is 443). This flag can be specified multiple times to listen to multiple IP addresses. If this flag is not specified and server mode was enabled by some other option, ualpn listens to the wildcard interface; otherwise it runs in client mode (see Client Mode below).
- -c, --connect address[@port]
Enable server mode and add a new backend. The backend address must be specified in numeric format using the standard IPv4 or IPv6 notation. Optionally, a port number can be given (default is 443). This flag can be specified multiple times to add multiple backends. This flag must be specified at least once in server mode.
- -d, --daemon
Enable server mode and fork in the background
- -l, --logfile file
Log to file. By default ualpn logs to syslog if -d, --daemon was specified or stderr otherwise. See also -v, --verbose
- -m, --max-auths N
Enable server mode and allow managing ACMEv2 tls-alpn-01 challenges for up to N different identifiers (default 100)
- -n, --num-workers N
Enable server mode and spawn N worker processes (default 2) to handle connections. Note that worker processes are single threaded but thanks to the event based implementation each can handle several (potentially thousands) connections concurrently.
- -p, --pidfile file
Specify pidfile location (default /var/run/ualpn.pid)
- -P, --proxy N
Enable server mode and disable (0) or specify (1, 2) the PROXY header version (default 1). The backend server needs to be configured accordingly:
- -r, --chroot dir
Enable server mode and specify a directory to chroot to. If logging to syslog it is necessary to ensure that a syslogd(8) socket is available at /dev/log in the chroot directory, otherwise ualpn will not produce any log output.
- -s, --sock path
Specify unix socket path (default /var/run/ualpn.sock)
- -S, --sock-mode mode
Enable server mode and specify socket access permissions (default 644)
- -t, --terminate
Try to terminate a running ualpn server. This is achieved by looking up the process id stored by the server in the pidfile (see -p, --pidfile) and signalling it to terminate.
- -u, --user user[:group]
Enable server mode and drop user (and optionally group) privileges to those of user after binding the sockets. Also affects the ownership of the unix socket, pidfile and logfile (if any).
- -v, --verbose
By default ualpn only produces logs upon errors or warnings. When this option is specified ualpn also logs notice messages. This option can be specified more than once to increase verbosity and include information (twice) or debug (three times) messages.
- -V, --version
Print program version on stderr and exit.
- -?, --help
Print a brief usage text on stderr and exit.
In client mode ualpn pipes stdin/stdout to/from the unix socket of the running server instance of itself. The protocol is ASCII text based, case sensitive, line oriented, with two commands:
auth identifier authorization
The auth command instructs the running ualpn server to handle ACMEv2 tls-alpn-01 challenges for identifier, which can be a string representing either a domain (type dns according to RFC8555 section 9.7.8) or an IP address (type ip according to RFC8738 section 6). authorization must contain the base64url encoding of the SHA-256 digest of the key authorization computed according to RFC8737 section 3 (note the uacme software executes hook scripts with the correct authorization passed as the 5th argument). Upon successful invocation of the auth command ualpn generates a self signed certificate as required by the tls-alpn-01 challenge, and then uses it to perform tls-alpn-01 handshakes for the given identifier.
The unauth command instructs the running ualpn server to no longer handle ACMEv2 tls-alpn-01 challenges for identifier.
ualpn responds to both commands with a line beginning with either "OK" or "ERR", followed by a space and additional error information.
ualpn -vv -d -u nobody:nogroup -c 127.0.0.1@4443 -S 666
start ualpn as a daemon, binding to the default port 443 on the wildcard interface. Proxy connections to port 4443 on 127.0.0.1 After opening the sockets, drop the user privileges and run as nobody:nogroup. Allow anyone on the local host to access the unix socket. Also increase the verbosity to include notice and information messages.
echo "auth www.example.com DEi0apzMOdMT2DAro57oIvn-wEzPiYcAYDh2Cvjra3I" | ualpn
Instruct the running ualpn server to handle ACMEv2 tls-alpn-01 challenges for www.example.com with the given key authorization.
echo "unauth www.example.com" | ualpn
Instruct the running ualpn server to no longer handle ACMEv2 tls-alpn-01 challenges for www.example.com
Failure (syntax or usage error; configuration error; processing failure; unexpected error).
Example Uacme Hook Script
The ualpn.sh hook script included in the distribution can be used to automate the certificate issuance with uacme, provided ualpn is listening on port 443 of the webserver for the domain being validated
#!/bin/sh ARGS=5 E_BADARGS=85
if test $# -ne "$ARGS" then echo "Usage: $(basename "$0") method type ident token auth" 1>&2 exit $E_BADARGS fi
METHOD=$1 TYPE=$2 IDENT=$3 TOKEN=$4 AUTH=$5
if [ "$TYPE" != "tls-alpn-01" ]; then exit 1 fi
case "$METHOD" in "begin") UALPN_OUT=$(echo "auth $IDENT $AUTH" | ualpn) if [ "x$UALPN_OUT" = "xOK" ]; then exit 0 else exit 1 fi ;; "done"|"failed") UALPN_OUT=$(echo "unauth $IDENT" | ualpn) if [ "x$UALPN_OUT" = "xOK" ]; then exit 0 else exit 1 fi ;; *) echo "$0: invalid method" 1>&2 exit 1 esac
If you believe you have found a bug, please create a new issue at https://github.com/ndilieto/uacme/issues with any applicable information.
ualpn was written by Nicola Di Lieto
Copyright © 2019-2023 Nicola Di Lieto <firstname.lastname@example.org>
This file is part of uacme.
uacme is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
uacme is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program. If not, see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/.