tpm2_pcrevent man page

tpm2_pcrevent(1) — Hashes a file and optionally extends a pcr.

Synopsis

tpm2_pcrevent [Options] File PCR_INDEX

Description

tpm2_pcrevent(1) - Hashes File if specified or stdin. It uses all of the hashing algorithms that the TPM supports.

Optionally, if a PCR index is specified, it extends that PCR for all supported algorithms with the hash digest. File and _PCR_INDEX_ arguments don't need to come in any particular order.

In either case, it outputs to stdout the hash algorithm used and the digest value, one per line:

alg:digest

Where alg is the algorithm used (like sha1) and digest is the digest resulting from the hash computation of alg on the data.

See sections 23.1 and sections 17 of the TPM2.0 Specification (https://trustedcomputinggroup.org/wp-content/uploads/TPM-Rev-2.0-Part-3-Commands-01.38.pdf)

Options

These options control extending the pcr:

Common Options

This collection of options are common to many programs and provide information that many users may expect.

TCTI Configuration

The TCTI or "Transmission Interface" is the communication mechanism with the TPM. TCTIs can be changed for communication with TPMs across different mediums.

To control the TCTI, the tools respect:

  1. The command line option -T or --tcti
  2. The environment variable: TPM2TOOLS_TCTI.

Note: The command line option always overrides the environment variable.

The current known TCTIs are:

The arguments to either the command line option or the environment variable are in the form:

<tcti-name>:<tcti-option-config>

Specifying an empty string for either the <tcti-name> or <tcti-option-config> results in the default being used for that portion respectively.

TCTI Defaults

When a TCTI is not specified, the default TCTI is searched for using dlopen(3) semantics. The tools will search for tabrmd, device and mssim TCTIs IN THAT ORDER and USE THE FIRST ONE FOUND. You can query what TCTI will be chosen as the default by using the -v option to print the version information. The "default-tcti" key-value pair will indicate which of the aforementioned TCTIs is the default.

Custom TCTIs

Any TCTI that implements the dynamic TCTI interface can be loaded. The tools internally use dlopen(3), and the raw tcti-name value is used for the lookup. Thus, this could be a path to the shared library, or a library name as understood by dlopen(3) semantics.

Tcti Options

This collection of options are used to configure the various known TCTI modules available:

Authorization Formatting

Authorization for use of an object in TPM2.0 can come in 3 different forms: 1. Password 2. HMAC 3. Sessions

NOTE: "Authorizations default to the EMPTY PASSWORD when not specified".

Passwords

Passwords are interpreted in the following forms below using prefix identifiers.

Note: By default passwords are assumed to be in the string form when they do not have a prefix.

String

A string password, specified by prefix "str:" or it's absence (raw string without prefix) is not interpreted, and is directly used for authorization.

Examples

foobar
str:foobar

Hex-string

A hex-string password, specified by prefix "hex:" is converted from a hexidecimal form into a byte array form, thus allowing passwords with non-printable and/or terminal un-friendly characters.

Example

hex:0x1122334455667788

File

A file based password, specified be prefix "file:" should be the path of a file containing the password to be read by the tool or a "-" to use stdin. Storing passwords in files prevents information leakage, passwords passed as options can be read from the process list or common shell history features.

Examples

# to use stdin and be prompted
file:-

# to use a file from a path
file:path/to/password/file

# to echo a password via stdin:
echo foobar | tpm2_tool -p file:-

# to use a bash here-string via stdin:

tpm2_tool -p file:- <<< foobar

Sessions

When using a policy session to authorize the use of an object, prefix the option argument with the session keyword. Then indicate a path to a session file that was created with tpm2_startauthsession(1). Optionally, if the session requires an auth value to be sent with the session handle (eg policy password), then append a + and a string as described in the Passwords section.

Examples

To use a session context file called session.ctx.

session:session.ctx

To use a session context file called session.ctx AND send the authvalue mypassword.

session:session.ctx+mypassword

To use a session context file called session.ctx AND send the HEX authvalue 0x11223344.

session:session.ctx+hex:11223344

PCR Authorizations

You can satisfy a PCR policy using the "pcr:" prefix and the PCR minilanguage. The PCR minilanguage is as follows: <pcr-spec>=<raw-pcr-file>

The PCR spec is documented in in the section "PCR bank specifiers".

The raw-pcr-file is an optional the output of the raw PCR contents as returned by tpm2_pcrread(1).

PCR bank specifiers (common/pcr.md)

Examples

To satisfy a PCR policy of sha256 on banks 0, 1, 2 and 3 use a specifier of:

pcr:sha256:0,1,2,3

Examples

Hash a file

echo "foo" > data
tpm2_pcrevent data

Hash a file and extend PCR 8

echo "foo" > data
tpm2_pcrevent 8 data

Returns

Tools can return any of the following codes:

Bugs

Github Issues (https://github.com/tpm2-software/tpm2-tools/issues)

Help

See the Mailing List (https://lists.01.org/mailman/listinfo/tpm2)

Info

tpm2-tools General Commands Manual