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tp - Man Page

a pure perl pager


    tp -[JSenrs] [-cols] [-f STR] [-j|+ #] [-p|+/ STR] [FILE]...



Exit at end of file.

-f STR

If defined, the pager will pause when the character sequence specified by STR is encountered in the input text.

The default value when enabled is formfeed i.e; ^L; in order to mimic traditional behavior of "1" in more, but due to the pecularities of Getopt::Long> you need to use the -- argument separator in order to to trigger this e.g;

    tp -f -- foo #pauses on lines in foo with "^L" in them

You might also supply a regular expression as STR e.g;

    tp -f '[ie]t' bar #pauses on lines in bar with "it" or "et" in them

Add a column with markers indicating which lines match a search expression.


Display line numbering. Toggleable at run time with #.


Send raw control characters from input unadulterated to the terminal. By default, chracters other than tab and newline will be converted to caret notation e.g; ^@ for null or ^L for form feed.


Squeeze multiple blank lines into one.


Do not fold long lines.

-[ or --scrollbar

Display an interactive scrollbar in the right-most column.

-$ or --tail

Keep checking the displayed file for new content. Only available when paging a single file.


Set the number of columns for the pager.

If absent, the terminal is queried directly with Term::ReadKey if loaded or stty or tput, and if these fail it defaults to 80.

User Interface

C- is Control, M- is Meta/Alt, S- is Shift, and \d+ is a sequence of digits


help - h or H

close - q or Q or :q or :Q

refresh - r or C-l or C-R

flush buffer - R

save buffer - :w

open file - :e


down one line - ENTER or e or j or J or C-e or C-n or down arrow

down half page - d or C-d

down one page - SPACE f or z or C-f or C-v or M-space or PgDn

up one page - b or w or C-b or M-v or PgUp

up half page - u or C-u

up one line - k or y or K or Y or C-K or C-P or C-Y or up arrow

to bottom - G or $ or > or M-> or End

to top - g or < or M-<

left one tab - left arrow

left half screen - S-left arrow

right one tab - right arrow

right half screen Ā - S-right arrow

jump to line number - \d+

next file - :n or S-M-right arrow

previous file - :p or S-M-left arrow


Save mark - m or Ins

Goto mark - '

Special mark: Beginning of file - ^

Special mark: End of file - $

Special mark: Previous location - '

Special mark: List user-created marks - "

Special mark: \d - Top of file \d when viewing multiple files


toggle line-numbering - #

toggle folding - S

toggle raw/cooked output - C


tp checks the LESS, MORE, TPOPT, TERM and TERMCAP variables.

The TPOPT variable is used to set options explicitly for tp, by concatenating undecorated options together e.g; Sr for squished raw output.

LESS and MORE are checked for options that tp supports, and if detected they are enabled.

See Also

IO::Pager::Perl, less(1)


    Jerrad Pierce jpierce@cpan.org


Or, if you prefer:

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself, either Perl version 5.0 or, at your option, any later version of Perl 5 you may have available.


2024-01-25 perl v5.40.0 User Contributed Perl Documentation