sympa - Man Page

Command line utility to manage Sympa

Synopsis ] [ -f, --file=another.sympa.conf ] [ -l--lang=lang ] [ -m, --mail ] [ -h--help ] [ -v--version ]

--import=listname ] [ --open_list=list[@robot] [--notify] ] [ --close_list=list[@robot] ] [ --purge_list=list[@robot] ] [ --lowercase ] [ --make_alias_file ] [ --dump_users --list=list@domain|ALL [ --role=roles ] ] [ --restore_users --list=list@domain|ALL [ --role=roles ] ] [ --show_pending_lists=robot ] [ --rebuildarc=list[@robot] ]


NOTE: On overview of Sympa documentation see sympa_toc(1). is invoked from command line then performs various administration tasks.

Options may run with following options in general.

-d,  --debug

Enable debug mode.

-f,  --config=file

Force Sympa to use an alternative configuration file instead of /etc/sympa/sympa.conf.

-l,  --lang=lang

Set this option to use a language for Sympa. The corresponding gettext catalog file must be located in $LOCALEDIR directory.


Sets Sympa log level.

With the following options will run in batch mode:

--add_list=family_name --robot=robot_name --input_file=/path/to/file.xml

Add the list described by the file.xml under robot_name, to the family family_name.

--change_user_email --current_email=xx --new_email=xx

Changes a user email address in all Sympa  databases (subscriber_table, list config, etc) for all virtual robots.

--close_family=family_name --robot=robot_name

Close lists of family_name family under robot_name.


Close the list (changing its status to closed), remove aliases and remove subscribers from DB (a dump is created in the list directory to allow restoring the list)


Load sympa.conf and each robot.conf into database.

--copy_list=listname@robot --new_listname=newlistname --new_listrobot=newrobot

Copy a list.

--create_list --robot=robot_name --input_file=/path/to/file.xml

Create a list with the XML file under robot robot_name.


Obsoleted option.  Use --dump_users.

--dump_users --list=list@domain|ALL [ --role=roles ]

Dumps users of a list or all lists.

--role may specify member, owner, editor or any of them separated by comma (,). Only member is chosen by default.

Users are dumped in files role.dump in each list directory.

Note: On Sympa prior to 6.2.31b.1, subscribers were dumped in subscribers.db.dump file, and owners and moderators could not be dumped.

See also --restore_users.

Note: This option replaced --dump on Sympa 6.2.34.


Check if sympa.conf, robot.conf of virtual robots and database structure are correct.  If any errors occur, exits with non-zero status.


Import subscribers in the list. Data are read from standard input. The imported data should contain one entry per line : the first field is an email address, the second (optional) field is the free form name. Fields are spaces-separated.

Use --quiet to prevent welcome emails.


    ## Data to be imported
    ## email        gecos           John - accountant     Mary - secretary
--instantiate_family=family_name --robot=robot_name --input_file=/path/to/file.xml [ --close_unknown ] [ --quiet ]

Instantiate family_name lists described in the file.xml under robot_name. The family directory must exist; automatically close undefined lists in a new instantiation if --close_unknown is specified; do not print report if --quiet is specified.


Lowercases email addresses in database.

--make_alias_file [ --robot robot ]

Create an aliases file in /tmp/ with all list aliases. It uses the list_aliases.tt2 template  (useful when list_aliases.tt2 was changed).


Rewrite password in user_table of database using MD5 fingerprint. YOU CAN'T UNDO unless you save this table first.

Note that this option was obsoleted. Use upgrade_sympa_password(1).

--modify_list=family_name --robot=robot_name --input_file=/path/to/file.xml

Modify the existing list installed under the robot robot_name and that belongs to the family family_name. The new description is in the file.xml.

--open_list=list[@robot] [--notify]

Restore the closed list (changing its status to open), add aliases and restore users to DB (dump files in the list directory are imported).

The --notify is optional. If present, the owner(s) of the list will be notified.


Remove the list (remove archive, configuration files, users and owners in admin table. Restore is not possible after this operation.


Print all pending lists for the robot, with informations.


Rebuild the archives of the list.

--reload_list_config [ --list=mylist@mydom ] [ --robot=mydom ]

Recreates all config.bin files or cache in list_table. You should run this command if you edit authorization scenarios. The list and robot parameters are optional.

--rename_list=listname@robot --new_listname=newlistname --new_listrobot=newrobot

Renames a list or move it to another virtual robot.

--send_digest [ --keep_digest ]

Send digest right now. If --keep_digest is specified, stocked digest will not be removed.

--restore_users --list=list@domain|ALL [ --role=roles ]

Restore users from files dumped by --dump_users.

Note: This option was added on Sympa 6.2.34.

--sync_include=listname@robot [ --role=role ]

Trigger update of the list users included from data sources.

--sync_list_db [ --list=listname@robot ]

Syncs filesystem list configs to the database cache of list configs, optionally syncs an individual list if specified.


Note: This option was deprecated.

Test the database message buffer size.

--upgrade [ --from=X ] [ --to=Y ]

Runs Sympa maintenance script to upgrade from version X to version Y.

--upgrade_shared [ --list=X ] [ --robot=Y ]

Note: This option was deprecated. See upgrade_shared_repository(1).

Rename files in shared.

With following options will print some information and exit.

-h,  --help

Print this help message.


Output a MD5 digest of a password (useful for SOAP client trusted application).

-v,  --version

Print the version number.


/etc/sympa/sympa.conf main configuration file.

See Also



This program was originally written by:

Serge Aumont

Comite Reseau des Universites

Olivier Salauen

Comite Reseau des Universites

As of Sympa 6.2b.4, it was split into three programs: command line utility, daemon and daemon.

Referenced By

sympa_msg(8), sympa_toc(1).

2021-10-05 sympa 6.2.66