strongswan_pki---issue man page

pki --issue — Issue a certificate using a CA certificate and key

Synopsis

pki --issue --cakey file|--cakeyid hex --cacert file
pki --issue --options file
pki --issue -h | --help

Description

This sub-command of pki(1) is used to issue a certificate using a CA certificate and private key.

Options

-h, --help

Print usage information with a summary of the available options.

-v, --debug level

Set debug level, default: 1.

-+, --options file

Read command line options from file.

-i, --in file

Public key or PKCS#10 certificate request file to issue. If not given the key/request is read from STDIN.

-t, --type type

Type of the input. One of pub (public key), priv (private key), rsa (RSA private key), ecdsa (ECDSA private key), ed25519 (Ed25519 private key) bliss (BLISS private key) or pkcs10 (PKCS#10 certificate request), defaults to pub.

-k, --cakey file

CA private key file. Either this or --cakeyid is required.

-x, --cakeyid hex

Smartcard or TPM CA private key object handle in hex format with an optional 0x prefix. Either this or --cakey is required.

-c, --cacert file

CA certificate file. Required.

-d, --dn subject-dn

Subject distinguished name (DN) of the issued certificate.

-a, --san subjectAltName

subjectAltName extension to include in certificate. Can be used multiple times.

-l, --lifetime days

Days the certificate is valid, default: 1095. Ignored if both an absolute start and end time are given.

-F, --not-before datetime

Absolute time when the validity of the certificate begins. The datetime format is defined by the --dateform option.

-T, --not-after datetime

Absolute time when the validity of the certificate ends. The datetime format is defined by the --dateform option.

-D, --dateform form

strptime(3) format for the --not-before and --not-after options, default: %d.%m.%y %T

-s, --serial hex

Serial number in hex. It is randomly allocated by default.

-e, --flag flag

Add extendedKeyUsage flag. One of serverAuth, clientAuth, crlSign, or ocspSigning. Can be used multiple times.

-g, --digest digest

Digest to use for signature creation. One of md5, sha1, sha224, sha256, sha384, or sha512.  The default is determined based on the type and size of the signature key.

-f, --outform encoding

Encoding of the created certificate file. Either der (ASN.1 DER) or pem (Base64 PEM), defaults to der.

-b, --ca

Include CA basicConstraint extension in certificate.

-u, --crl uri

CRL distribution point URI to include in certificate. Can be used multiple times.

-I, --crlissuer issuer

Optional CRL issuer for the CRL at the preceding distribution point.

-o, --ocsp uri

OCSP AuthorityInfoAccess URI to include in certificate. Can be used multiple times.

-p, --pathlen len

Set path length constraint.

-B, --addrblock block

RFC 3779 address block to include in certificate. block is either a CIDR subnet (such as 10.0.0.0/8) or an arbitrary address range (192.168.1.7-192.168.1.13). Can be repeated to include multiple blocks. Please note that the supplied blocks are included in the certificate as is, so for standards compliance, multiple blocks must be supplied in correct order and adjacent blocks must be combined. Refer to RFC 3779 for details.

-n, --nc-permitted name

Add permitted NameConstraint extension to certificate. For DNS or email constraints, the identity type is not always detectable by the given name. Use the dns: or email: prefix to force a constraint type.

-N, --nc-excluded name

Add excluded NameConstraint extension to certificate. For DNS or email constraints, the identity type is not always detectable by the given name. Use the dns: or email: prefix to force a constraint type.

-M, --policy-mapping issuer-oid:subject-oid

Add policyMapping from issuer to subject OID.

-E, --policy-explicit len

Add requireExplicitPolicy constraint.

-H, --policy-inhibit len

Add inhibitPolicyMapping constraint.

-A, --policy-any len

Add inhibitAnyPolicy constraint.

Certificate Policy

Multiple certificatePolicy extensions can be added. Each with the following information:

-P, --cert-policy oid

OID to include in certificatePolicy extension. Required.

-C, --cps-uri uri

Certification Practice statement URI for certificatePolicy.

-U, --user-notice text

User notice for certificatePolicy.

Examples

To save repetitive typing, command line options can be stored in files. Lets assume pki.opt contains the following contents:

  --cacert ca_cert.der --cakey ca_key.der --digest sha256
  --flag serverAuth --lifetime 1460 --type pkcs10

Then the following command can be used to issue a certificate based on a given PKCS#10 certificate request and the options above:

  pki --issue --options pki.opt --in req.der > cert.der

See Also

pki(1)

Info

2016-12-13 5.5.2 strongSwan