strongswan_pki - Man Page

Simple public key infrastructure (PKI) management tool


pkicommand [option ...]
pki-h | --help


pki is a suite of commands that allow you to manage a simple public key infrastructure (PKI).

Generate RSA and ECDSA key pairs, create PKCS#10 certificate requests containing subjectAltNames, create X.509 self-signed end-entity and root CA certificates, issue end-entity and intermediate CA certificates signed by the private key of a CA and containing subjectAltNames, CRL distribution points and URIs of OCSP servers. You can also extract raw public keys from private keys, certificate requests and certificates and compute two kinds of SHA-1-based key IDs.

The pki command now supports certificate enrollment via the Simple Certificate Enrollment Protocol (SCEP) as defined by RFC 8894, replacing the obsoleted ipsec scepclient tool. Additionally the Enrollment over Secure Transport (EST) protocol (RFC 7030) is supported, too.


-h,  --help

Prints usage information and a short summary of the available commands.

-g,  --gen

Generate a new private key.

-s,  --self

Create a self-signed certificate.

-i,  --issue

Issue a certificate using a CA certificate and key.

-c,  --signcrl

Issue a CRL using a CA certificate and key.

-z,  --acert

Issue an attribute certificate.

-r,  --req

Create a PKCS#10 certificate request.

-7,  --pkcs7

Provides PKCS#7 wrap/unwrap functions.

-k,  --keyid

Calculate key identifiers of a key or certificate.

-a,  --print

Print a credential (key, certificate etc.) in human readable form.

-d,  --dn

Extract the subject DN of an X.509 certificate.

-p,  --pub

Extract a public key from a private key or certificate.

-v,  --verify

Verify a certificate using a CA certificate.

-S,  --scep

Enroll an X.509 certificate with a SCEP server.

-C,  --scepca

Get CA [and RA] certificate[s] from a SCEP server.

-E,  --est

Enroll an X.509 certificate with an EST server.

-e,  --estca

Get CA certificate[s] from an EST server.


Generating a CA Certificate

The first step is to generate a private key using the --gen command. By default this generates a 2048-bit RSA key.

  pki --gen > ca_key.der

This key is used to create the self-signed CA certificate, using the --self command. The distinguished name should be adjusted to your needs.

  pki --self --ca --in ca_key.der \
      --dn "C=CH, O=strongSwan, CN=strongSwan CA" > ca_cert.der

Generating End-Entity Certificates

With the root CA certificate and key at hand end-entity certificates for clients and servers can be issued. Similarly intermediate CA certificates can be issued, which in turn can issue other certificates. To generate a certificate for a server, we start by generating a private key.

  pki --gen > server_key.der

The public key will be included in the certificate so lets extract that from the private key.

  pki --pub --in server_key.der > server_pub.der

The following command will use the CA certificate and private key to issue the certificate for this server. Adjust the distinguished name, subjectAltName(s) and flags as needed (check pki --issue(8) for more options).

  pki --issue --in server_pub.der --cacert ca_cert.der \
      --cakey ca_key.der --dn "C=CH, O=strongSwan, CN=VPN Server" \
      --san --flag serverAuth > server_cert.der

Instead of storing the public key in a separate file, the output of --pub may also be piped directly into the above command.

Generating Certificate Revocation Lists (CRL)

If end-entity certificates have to be revoked, CRLs may be generated using the --signcrl command.

  pki --signcrl --cacert ca_cert.der --cakey ca_key.der \
      --reason superseded --cert server_cert.der > crl.der

The certificate given with --cacert must be either a CA certificate or a certificate with the crlSign extended key usage (--flag crlSign). URIs to CRLs may be included in issued certificates with the --crl option.

See Also

pki --gen(1), pki --self(1), pki --issue(1), pki --signcrl(1), pki --acert(1), pki --req(1), pki --pkcs7(1), pki --keyid(1), pki --print(1), pki --dn(1), pki --pub(1), pki --verify(1), pki --scep(1) pki --scepca(1) pki --est(1) pki --estca(1)


2022-08-22 5.9.11 strongSwan