sacct - Man Page

displays accounting data for all jobs and job steps in the Slurm job accounting log or Slurm database

Examples (TL;DR)

Synopsis

sacct [Options...]

Description

Accounting information for jobs invoked with Slurm are either logged in the job accounting log file or saved to the Slurm database, as configured with the AccountingStorageType parameter.

The sacct command displays job accounting data stored in the job accounting log file or Slurm database in a variety of forms for your analysis.  The sacct command displays information on jobs, job steps, status, and exitcodes by default.  You can tailor the output with the use of the --format= option to specify the fields to be shown.

Job records consist of a primary entry for the job as a whole as well as entries for job steps. The Job Launch page has a more detailed description of each type of job step. <https://slurm.schedmd.com/job_launch.html#job_record>

For the root user, the sacct command displays job accounting data for all users, although there are options to filter the output to report only the jobs from a specified user or group.

For the non-root user, the sacct command limits the display of job accounting data to jobs that were launched with their own user identifier (UID) by default.  Data for other users can be displayed with the --allusers, --user, or --uid options.

Elapsed time fields are presented as [days-]hours:minutes:seconds[.microseconds]. Only 'CPU' fields will ever have microseconds.

The default input file is the file named in the AccountingStorageLoc parameter in slurm.conf.

NOTE: If designated, the slurmdbd.conf option PrivateData may further restrict the accounting data visible to users which are not SlurmUser, root, or a user with AdminLevel=Admin. See the slurmdbd.conf man page for additional details on restricting access to accounting data.

NOTE: The contents of Slurm's database are maintained in lower case. This may result in some sacct output differing from that of other Slurm commands.

NOTE: Much of the data reported by sacct has been generated by the wait3() and getrusage() system calls. Some systems gather and report incomplete information for these calls; sacct reports values of 0 for this missing data. See your systems getrusage (3) man page for information about which data are actually available on your system.

Options

-A,  --accounts=<account_list>

Displays jobs when a comma separated list of accounts are given as the argument.

-L,  --allclusters

Display jobs ran on all clusters. By default, only jobs ran on the cluster from where sacct is called are displayed.

-X,  --allocations

Only show statistics relevant to the job allocation itself, not taking steps into consideration.

NOTE: Without including steps, utilization statistics for job allocation(s) will be reported as zero.

-a,  --allusers

Displays all users' jobs when run by user root or if PrivateData is not configured to jobs. Otherwise display the current user's jobs

-x,  --associations=<assoc_list>

Displays the statistics only for the jobs running under the association ids specified by the assoc_list operand, which is a comma-separated list of association ids.  Space characters are not allowed in the assoc_list. Default is all associations.

-B,  --batch-script

This option will print the batch script of job if the job used one. If the job didn't have a script 'NONE' is output.
NOTE: AccountingStoreFlags=job_script is required for this.
NOTE: Requesting specific job(s) with '-j' is required for this.

-b,  --brief

Displays a brief listing consisting of JobID, State, and ExitCode.

-M,  --clusters=<cluster_list>

Displays the statistics only for the jobs started on the clusters specified by the cluster_list operand, which is a comma-separated list of clusters.  Space characters are not allowed in the cluster_list. A value of 'all' will query to run on all clusters. The default is current cluster you are executing the sacct command on or all clusters in the federation when executed on a federated cluster. This option implicitly sets the --local option.

-c,  --completion

Use job completion data instead of job accounting.  The JobCompType parameter in the slurm.conf file must be defined to a non-none option. Does not support federated cluster information (local data only).

-C,  --constraints=<constraint_list>

Comma separated list to filter jobs based on what constraints/features the job requested.  Multiple options will be treated as 'and' not 'or', so the job would need all constraints specified to be returned not one or the other.

--delimiter=<characters>

ASCII characters used to separate the fields when specifying the -p or -P options. The default delimiter is a '|'. This option is ignored if -p or -P options are not specified.

-D,  --duplicates

If Slurm job ids are reset, some job numbers will probably appear more than once in the accounting log file but refer to different jobs. Such jobs can be distinguished by the "submit" time stamp in the data records.

When data for specific jobs are requested with the --jobs option, sacct returns the most recent job with that number. This behavior can be overridden by specifying --duplicates, in which case all records that match the selection criteria will be returned.

NOTE: Revoked federated sibling jobs are hidden unless the --duplicates option is specified.

-E,  --endtime=<end_time>

Select jobs in any state before the specified time.  If states are given with the -s option return jobs in this state before this period. See the Default Time Window for more details.

Valid time formats are:
HH:MM[:SS][AM|PM]
MMDD[YY][-HH:MM[:SS]]
MM.DD[.YY][-HH:MM[:SS]]
MM/DD[/YY][-HH:MM[:SS]]
YYYY-MM-DD[THH:MM[:SS]]
today, midnight, noon, fika (3 PM), teatime (4 PM)
now[{+|-}count[seconds(default)|minutes|hours|days|weeks]]

--env-vars

This option will print the running environment of a batch job, otherwise 'NONE' is output.
NOTE: AccountingStoreFlags=job_env is required for this.
NOTE: Requesting specific job(s) with '-j' is required for this.

--federation

Show jobs from the federation if a member of one.

-f,  --file=<file>

Causes the sacct command to read job accounting data from the named file instead of the current Slurm job accounting log file. Only applicable when running the jobcomp/filetxt plugin. Setting this flag implicitly enables the -c flag.

-F,  --flags=<flag_list>

Comma separated list to filter jobs based on what various ways the jobs were handled.  Current flags are SchedSubmit, SchedMain, SchedBackfill.  These particular options describe the scheduler that started the job.

-o,  --format

Comma separated list of fields. (use "--helpformat" for a list of available fields).

NOTE: When using the format option for listing various fields you can put a %NUMBER afterwards to specify how many characters should be printed.

e.g. format=name%30 will print 30 characters of field name right justified.  A %-30 will print 30 characters left justified.

When set, the SACCT_FORMAT environment variable will override the default format.  For example:

SACCT_FORMAT="jobid,user,account,cluster"

-g,  --gid=, --group=<gid_or_group_list>

Displays the statistics only for the jobs started with the GID or the GROUP specified by the gid_list or the group_list operand, which is a comma-separated list.  Space characters are not allowed. Default is no restrictions.

-h,  --help

Displays a general help message.

-e,  --helpformat

Print a list of fields that can be specified with the --format option.

Fields available:

Account             AdminComment        AllocCPUS           AllocNodes
AllocTRES           AssocID             AveCPU              AveCPUFreq
AveDiskRead         AveDiskWrite        AvePages            AveRSS
AveVMSize           BlockID             Cluster             Comment
Constraints         ConsumedEnergy      ConsumedEnergyRaw   Container
CPUTime             CPUTimeRAW          DBIndex             DerivedExitCode
Elapsed             ElapsedRaw          Eligible            End
ExitCode            Flags               GID                 Group
JobID               JobIDRaw            JobName             Layout
MaxDiskRead         MaxDiskReadNode     MaxDiskReadTask     MaxDiskWrite
MaxDiskWriteNode    MaxDiskWriteTask    MaxPages            MaxPagesNode
MaxPagesTask        MaxRSS              MaxRSSNode          MaxRSSTask
MaxVMSize           MaxVMSizeNode       MaxVMSizeTask       McsLabel
MinCPU              MinCPUNode          MinCPUTask          NCPUS
NNodes              NodeList            NTasks              Partition
Priority            QOS                 QOSRAW              Reason
ReqCPUFreq          ReqCPUFreqGov       ReqCPUFreqMax       ReqCPUFreqMin
ReqCPUS             ReqMem              ReqNodes            ReqTRES
Reservation         ReservationId       Reserved            ResvCPU
ResvCPURAW          Start               State               Submit
SubmitLine          Suspended           SystemComment       SystemCPU
Timelimit           TimelimitRaw        TotalCPU            TRESUsageInAve
TRESUsageInMax      TRESUsageInMaxNode  TRESUsageInMaxTask  TRESUsageInMin
TRESUsageInMinNode  TRESUsageInMinTask  TRESUsageInTot      TRESUsageOutAve
TRESUsageOutMax     TRESUsageOutMaxNode TRESUsageOutMaxTask TRESUsageOutMin
TRESUsageOutMinNode TRESUsageOutMinTask TRESUsageOutTot     UID
User                UserCPU             WCKey               WCKeyID
WorkDir

NOTE: When using with Ave[RSS|VM]Size or their values in TRESUsageIn[Ave|Tot].  They represent the average/total of the highest watermarks over all ranks in the step.  When using sstat they represent the average/total at the moment the command was run.

NOTE: TRESUsage*Min* values represent the lowest highwater mark in the step.

The section titled "Job Accounting Fields" describes these fields.

-j,  --jobs=<job[.step]>

Displays information about the specified job[.step] or list of job[.step]s.

The job[.step] parameter is a comma-separated list of jobs. Space characters are not permitted in this list.
NOTE: A step id of 'batch' will display the information about the batch step.
By default sacct shows only jobs with Eligible time, but with this option the non-eligible will be also shown.
NOTE: If --state is also specified, as non-eligible are not PD, then non-eligible jobs will not be displayed. See the Default Time Window for details about how this option changes the default -S and -E options.

--json

Dump job information as JSON. All other formatting arguments will be ignored.

--local

Show only jobs local to this cluster. Ignore other clusters in this federation (if any). Overrides --federation.

-l,  --long

Equivalent to specifying:

--format=jobid,jodidraw,jobname,partition,maxvmsize,maxvmsizenode, maxvmsizetask,avevmsize,maxrss,maxrssnode,maxrsstask,averss,maxpages, maxpagesnode,maxpagestask,avepages,mincpu,mincpunode,mincputask,avecpu,ntasks, alloccpus,elapsed,state,exitcode,avecpufreq,reqcpufreqmin,reqcpufreqmax, reqcpufreqgov,reqmem,consumedenergy,maxdiskread,maxdiskreadnode,maxdiskreadtask, avediskread,maxdiskwrite,maxdiskwritenode,maxdiskwritetask,avediskwrite, reqtres,alloctres,tresusageinave,tresusageinmax, tresusageinmaxn,tresusageinmaxt,tresusageinmin,tresusageinminn,tresusageinmint, tresusageintot,tresusageoutmax,tresusageoutmaxn, tresusageoutmaxt,tresusageoutave,tresusageouttot

--name=<jobname_list>

Display jobs that have any of these name(s).

-i,  --nnodes=<min[-max]>

Return jobs that ran on the specified number of nodes.

--noconvert

Don't convert units from their original type (e.g. 2048M won't be converted to 2G).

-N,  --nodelist=<node_list>

Display jobs that ran on any of these node(s). node_list can be a ranged string.

-n,  --noheader

No heading will be added to the output. The default action is to display a header.

-p,  --parsable

Output will be '|' delimited with a '|' at the end. See also the --delimiter option.

-P,  --parsable2

Output will be '|' delimited without a '|' at the end. See also the --delimiter option.

-r,  --partition

Comma separated list of partitions to select jobs and job steps from. The default is all partitions.

-q,  --qos

Only send data about jobs using these qos.  Default is all.

-R,  --reason=<reason_list>

Comma separated list to filter jobs based on what reason the job wasn't scheduled outside resources/priority.

-S,  --starttime

Select jobs in any state after the specified time. Default is 00:00:00 of the current day, unless the '-s' or '-j' options are used. If the '-s' option is used, then the default is 'now'. If states are given with the '-s' option then only jobs in this state at this time will be returned. If the '-j' option is used, then the default time is Unix Epoch 0. See the Default Time Window for more details.

Valid time formats are:
HH:MM[:SS][AM|PM]
MMDD[YY][-HH:MM[:SS]]
MM.DD[.YY][-HH:MM[:SS]]
MM/DD[/YY][-HH:MM[:SS]]
YYYY-MM-DD[THH:MM[:SS]]
today, midnight, noon, fika (3 PM), teatime (4 PM)
now[{+|-}count[seconds(default)|minutes|hours|days|weeks]]

-s,  --state=<state_list>

Selects jobs based on their state during the time period given. Unless otherwise specified, the start and end time will be the current time when the --state option is specified and only currently running jobs can be displayed. A start and/or end time must be specified to view information about jobs not currently running. See the Job State Codes section below for a list of state designators. Multiple state names may be specified using comma separators. Either the short or long form of the state name may be used (e.g. CA or CANCELLED) and the name is case insensitive (i.e. ca and CA both work).

NOTE: Note for a job to be selected in the PENDING state it must have "EligibleTime" in the requested time interval or different from "Unknown". The "EligibleTime" is displayed by the "scontrol show job" command.  For example jobs submitted with the "--hold" option will have "EligibleTime=Unknown" as they are pending indefinitely.

NOTE: When specifying states and no start time is given the default start time is 'now'.  This is only when -j is not used.  If -j is used the start time will default to 'Epoch'.  In both cases if no end time is given it will default to 'now'. See the Default Time Window for more details.

-K,  --timelimit-max

Ignored by itself, but if timelimit_min is set this will be the maximum timelimit of the range.  Default is no restriction.

-k,  --timelimit-min

Only send data about jobs with this timelimit.  If used with timelimit_max this will be the minimum timelimit of the range. Default is no restriction.

-T,  --truncate

Truncate time.  So if a job started before --starttime the start time would be truncated to --starttime.  The same for end time and --endtime.

-u,  --uid=, --user=<uid_or_user_list>

Use this comma separated list of UIDs or user names to select jobs to display.  By default, the running user's UID is used.

--units=[KMGTP]

Display values in specified unit type. Takes precedence over --noconvert option.

--usage

Display a command usage summary.

--use-local-uid

When displaying UID, sacct uses the UID stored in Slurm's accounting database by default. Use this command to make Slurm use a system call to get the UID from the username. This option may be useful in an environment with multiple clusters and one database where the UID's aren't the same on all clusters.

-v,  --verbose

Primarily for debugging purposes, report the state of various variables during processing.

-V,  --version

Print version.

-W,  --wckeys=<wckey_list>

Displays the statistics only for the jobs started on the wckeys specified by the wckey_list operand, which is a comma-separated list of wckey names.  Space characters are not allowed in the wckey_list. Default is all wckeys.

--whole-hetjob[=yes|no]

When querying and filtering heterogeneous jobs with --jobs, Slurm will default to retrieving information about all the components of the job if the het_job_id (leader id) is selected. If a non-leader heterogeneous job component id is selected then only that component is retrieved by default. This behavior can be changed by using this option. If set to 'yes' (or no argument), then information about all the components will be retrieved no matter which component is selected in the job filter. If set to 'no' then only the selected heterogeneous job component(s) will be retrieved, even when selecting the leader.

--yaml

Dump job information as YAML. All other formatting arguments will be ignored.

Job Accounting Fields

Descriptions of each job accounting field can be found below. Note that the Ave*, Max* and Min* accounting fields look at the values for all the tasks of each step in a job and return the average, maximum or minimum values for the job step.

ALL

Print all fields listed below.

Account

Account the job ran under.

AdminComment

A comment string on a job that must be set by an administrator, the SlurmUser or root.

AllocCPUs

Count of allocated CPUs. Equivalent to NCPUS.

AllocNodes

Number of nodes allocated to the job/step.  0 if the job is pending.

AllocTres

Trackable resources. These are the resources allocated to the job/step after the job started running.  For pending jobs this should be blank. For more details see AccountingStorageTRES in slurm.conf.

NOTE: When a generic resource is configured with the no_consume flag, the allocation will be printed with a zero.

AssocID

Reference to the association of user, account and cluster.

AveCPU

Average (system + user) CPU time of all tasks in job.

AveCPUFreq

Average weighted CPU frequency of all tasks in job, in kHz.

AveDiskRead

Average number of bytes read by all tasks in job.

AveDiskWrite

Average number of bytes written by all tasks in job.

AvePages

Average number of page faults of all tasks in job.

AveRSS

Average resident set size of all tasks in job.

AveVMSize

Average Virtual Memory size of all tasks in job.

BlockID

The name of the block to be used (used with Blue Gene systems).

Cluster

Cluster name.

Comment

The job's comment string when the AccountingStoreFlags parameter in the slurm.conf file contains 'job_comment'.  The Comment string can be modified by invoking sacctmgr modify job or the specialized sjobexitmod command.

Constraints

Feature(s) the job requested as a constraint.

ConsumedEnergy

Total energy consumed by all tasks in a job, in joules. Value may include a unit prefix (K,M,G,T,P). Note: Only in the case of an exclusive job allocation does this value reflect the job's real energy consumption.

ConsumedEnergyRaw

Total energy consumed by all tasks in a job, in joules. Note: Only in the case of an exclusive job allocation does this value reflect the job's real energy consumption.

Container

Path to OCI Container Bundle requested.

CPUTime

Time used (Elapsed time * CPU count) by a job or step in HH:MM:SS format.

CPUTimeRAW

Time used (Elapsed time * CPU count) by a job or step in cpu-seconds.

DBIndex

Unique database index for entries in the job table.

DerivedExitCode

The highest exit code returned by the job's job steps (srun invocations).  Following the colon is the signal that caused the process to terminate if it was terminated by a signal.  The DerivedExitCode can be modified by invoking sacctmgr modify job or the specialized sjobexitmod command.

Elapsed

The job's elapsed time.

The format of this field's output is as follows:

[DD-[HH:]]MM:SS

as defined by the following:

DD

days

hh

hours

mm

minutes

ss

seconds

ElapsedRaw

The job's elapsed time in seconds.

Eligible

When the job became eligible to run. In the same format as End.

End

Termination time of the job. The output is of the format YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SS, unless changed through the SLURM_TIME_FORMAT environment variable.

ExitCode

The exit code returned by the job script or salloc, typically as set by the exit() function.  Following the colon is the signal that caused the process to terminate if it was terminated by a signal.

Flags

Job flags. Current flags are SchedSubmit, SchedMain, SchedBackfill.

GID

The group identifier of the user who ran the job.

Group

The group name of the user who ran the job.

JobID

The identification number of the job or job step.

Regular jobs are in the form:

JobID[.JobStep]

Array jobs are in the form:

ArrayJobID_ArrayTaskID

Heterogeneous jobs are in the form:

HetJobID+HetJobOffset

When printing job arrays, performance of the command can be measurably improved for systems with large numbers of jobs when a single job ID is specified. By default, this field size will be limited to 64 bytes. Use the environment variable SLURM_BITSTR_LEN to specify larger field sizes.

JobIDRaw

The identification number of the job or job step.  Prints the JobID in the form JobID[.JobStep] for regular, heterogeneous and array jobs.

JobName

The name of the job or job step. The slurm_accounting.log file is a space delimited file. Because of this if a space is used in the jobname an underscore is substituted for the space before the record is written to the accounting file. So when the jobname is displayed by sacct the jobname that had a space in it will now have an underscore in place of the space.

Layout

What the layout of a step was when it was running.  This can be used to give you an idea of which node ran which rank in your job.

MaxDiskRead

Maximum number of bytes read by all tasks in job.

MaxDiskReadNode

The node on which the maxdiskread occurred.

MaxDiskReadTask

The task ID where the maxdiskread occurred.

MaxDiskWrite

Maximum number of bytes written by all tasks in job.

MaxDiskWriteNode

The node on which the maxdiskwrite occurred.

MaxDiskWriteTask

The task ID where the maxdiskwrite occurred.

MaxPages

Maximum number of page faults of all tasks in job.

MaxPagesNode

The node on which the maxpages occurred.

MaxPagesTask

The task ID where the maxpages occurred.

MaxRSS

Maximum resident set size of all tasks in job.

MaxRSSNode

The node on which the maxrss occurred.

MaxRSSTask

The task ID where the maxrss occurred.

MaxVMSize

Maximum Virtual Memory size of all tasks in job.

MaxVMSizeNode

The node on which the maxvmsize occurred.

MaxVMSizeTask

The task ID where the maxvmsize occurred.

MCSLabel

Multi-Category Security (MCS) label associated with the job. Added to a job when the MCSPlugin is enabled in the slurm.conf.

MinCPU

Minimum (system + user) CPU time of all tasks in job.

MinCPUNode

The node on which the mincpu occurred.

MinCPUTask

The task ID where the mincpu occurred.

NCPUS

Total number of CPUs allocated to the job.  Equivalent to AllocCPUS.

NNodes

Number of nodes in a job or step.  If the job is running, or ran, this count will be the number allocated, else the number will be the number requested.

NodeList

List of nodes in job/step.

NTasks

Total number of tasks in a job or step.

Partition

Identifies the partition on which the job ran.

Priority

Slurm priority.

QOS

Name of Quality of Service.

QOSRAW

Numeric id of Quality of Service.

Reason

The last reason a job was blocked from running for something other than Priority or Resources. This will be saved in the database even if the job ran to completion.

ReqCPUFreq

Requested CPU frequency for the step, in kHz. Note: This value applies only to a job step. No value is reported for the job.

ReqCPUFreqGov

Requested CPU frequency governor for the step, in kHz. Note: This value applies only to a job step. No value is reported for the job.

ReqCPUFreqMax

Maximum requested CPU frequency for the step, in kHz. Note: This value applies only to a job step. No value is reported for the job.

ReqCPUFreqMin

Minimum requested CPU frequency for the step, in kHz. Note: This value applies only to a job step. No value is reported for the job.

ReqCPUS

Number of requested CPUs.

ReqMem

Minimum required memory for the job. It may have a letter appended to it indicating units (M for megabytes, G for gigabytes, etc.). Note: This value is only from the job allocation, not the step.

ReqNodes

Requested minimum Node count for the job/step.

ReqTres

Trackable resources. These are the minimum resource counts requested by the job/step at submission time. For more details see AccountingStorageTRES in slurm.conf.

Reservation

Reservation Name.

ReservationId

Reservation Id.

Reserved

How much wall clock time was used as reserved time for this job.  This is derived from how long a job was waiting from eligible time to when it actually started.  Format is the same as Elapsed.

ResvCPU

How many CPU seconds were used as reserved time for this job.  Format is the same as Elapsed.

ResvCPURAW

How many CPU seconds were used as reserved time for this job.  Format is in processor seconds.

Start

Initiation time of the job. In the same format as End.

State

Displays the job status, or state. See the Job State Codes section below for a list of possible states.

If more information is available on the job state than will fit into the current field width (for example, the UID that CANCELLED a job) the state will be followed by a "+".  You can increase the size of the displayed state using the "%NUMBER" format modifier described earlier.

NOTE: The RUNNING state will return suspended jobs as well.  In order to print suspended jobs you must request SUSPENDED at a different call from RUNNING.

NOTE: The RUNNING state will return any jobs completed (cancelled or otherwise) in the time period requested as the job was also RUNNING during that time.  If you are only looking for jobs that finished, please choose the appropriate state(s) without the RUNNING state.

Submit

The time the job was submitted. In the same format as End.

NOTE: If a job is requeued, the submit time is reset.  To obtain the original submit time it is necessary to use the -D or --duplicate option to display all duplicate entries for a job.

SubmitLine

The full command issued to submit the job.

Suspended

The amount of time a job or job step was suspended. Format is the same as Elapsed.

SystemComment

The job's comment string that is typically set by a plugin. Can only be modified by a Slurm administrator.

SystemCPU

The amount of system CPU time used by the job or job step. Format is the same as Elapsed.

NOTE: SystemCPU provides a measure of the task's parent process and does not include CPU time of child processes.

Timelimit

What the timelimit was/is for the job. Format is the same as Elapsed.

TimelimitRaw

What the timelimit was/is for the job. Format is in number of minutes.

TotalCPU

The sum of the SystemCPU and UserCPU time used by the job or job step. The total CPU time of the job may exceed the job's elapsed time for jobs that include multiple job steps. Format is the same as Elapsed.

NOTE: TotalCPU provides a measure of the task's parent process and does not include CPU time of child processes.

TresUsageInAve

Tres average usage in by all tasks in job. NOTE: If corresponding TresUsageInMaxTask is -1 the metric is node centric instead of task.

TresUsageInMax

Tres maximum usage in by all tasks in job. NOTE: If corresponding TresUsageInMaxTask is -1 the metric is node centric instead of task.

TresUsageInMaxNode

Node for which each maximum TRES usage out occurred.

TresUsageInMaxTask

Task for which each maximum TRES usage out occurred.

TresUsageInMin

Tres minimum usage in by all tasks in job. NOTE: If corresponding TresUsageInMinTask is -1 the metric is node centric instead of task.

TresUsageInMinNode

Node for which each minimum TRES usage out occurred.

TresUsageInMinTask

Task for which each minimum TRES usage out occurred.

TresUsageInTot

Tres total usage in by all tasks in job.

TresUsageOutAve

Tres average usage out by all tasks in job. NOTE: If corresponding TresUsageOutMaxTask is -1 the metric is node centric instead of task.

TresUsageOutMax

Tres maximum usage out by all tasks in job. NOTE: If corresponding TresUsageOutMaxTask is -1 the metric is node centric instead of task.

TresUsageOutMaxNode

Node for which each maximum TRES usage out occurred.

TresUsageOutMaxTask

Task for which each maximum TRES usage out occurred.

TresUsageOutMin

Tres minimum usage out by all tasks in job.

TresUsageOutMinNode

Node for which each minimum TRES usage out occurred.

TresUsageOutMinTask

Task for which each minimum TRES usage out occurred.

TresUsageOutTot

Tres total usage out by all tasks in job.

UID

The user identifier of the user who ran the job.

User

The user name of the user who ran the job.

UserCPU

The amount of user CPU time used by the job or job step. Format is the same as Elapsed.

NOTE: UserCPU provides a measure of the task's parent process and does not include CPU time of child processes.

WCKey

Workload  Characterization  Key.   Arbitrary  string for grouping orthogonal accounts together.

WCKeyID

Reference to the wckey.

WorkDir

The directory used by the job to execute commands.

Job State Codes

BF  BOOT_FAIL

Job terminated due to launch failure, typically due to a hardware failure (e.g. unable to boot the node or block and the job can not be requeued).

CA  CANCELLED

Job was explicitly cancelled by the user or system administrator. The job may or may not have been initiated.

CD  COMPLETED

Job has terminated all processes on all nodes with an exit code of zero.

DL  DEADLINE

Job terminated on deadline.

F   FAILED

Job terminated with non-zero exit code or other failure condition.

NF  NODE_FAIL

Job terminated due to failure of one or more allocated nodes.

OOM OUT_OF_MEMORY

Job experienced out of memory error.

PD  PENDING

Job is awaiting resource allocation.

PR  PREEMPTED

Job terminated due to preemption.

R   RUNNING

Job currently has an allocation.

RQ  REQUEUED

Job was requeued.

RS  RESIZING

Job is about to change size.

RV  REVOKED

Sibling was removed from cluster due to other cluster starting the job.

S   SUSPENDED

Job has an allocation, but execution has been suspended and CPUs have been released for other jobs.

TO  TIMEOUT

Job terminated upon reaching its time limit.

Default Time Window

The options --starttime and --endtime define the time window between which sacct is going to search. For historical and practical reasons their default values (i.e. the default time window) depends on other options: --jobs and --state.

Depending on if --jobs and/or --state are specified, the default values of --starttime  and --endtime options are:

WITHOUT EITHER --jobs NOR --state specified:
--starttime defaults to Midnight.
--endtime defaults to Now.

WITH --jobs AND WITHOUT --state specified:
--starttime defaults to Epoch 0.
--endtime defaults to Now.

WITHOUT --jobs AND WITH --state specified:
--starttime defaults to Now.
--endtime defaults to --starttime and to Now if --starttime is not specified.

WITH BOTH --jobs AND --state specified:
--starttime defaults to Epoch 0.
--endtime defaults to --starttime or to Now if --starttime is not specified.

NOTE: With -v/--verbose a message about the actual time window in use is shown.

Performance

Executing sacct sends a remote procedure call to slurmdbd. If enough calls from sacct or other Slurm client commands that send remote procedure calls to the slurmdbd daemon come in at once, it can result in a degradation of performance of the slurmdbd daemon, possibly resulting in a denial of service.

Do not run sacct or other Slurm client commands that send remote procedure calls to slurmdbd from loops in shell scripts or other programs. Ensure that programs limit calls to sacct to the minimum necessary for the information you are trying to gather.

Environment Variables

Some sacct options may be set via environment variables. These environment variables, along with their corresponding options, are listed below. (Note: Command line options will always override these settings.)

SACCT_FEDERATION

Same as --federation

SACCT_LOCAL

Same as --local

SLURM_BITSTR_LEN

Specifies the string length to be used for holding a job array's task ID expression. The default value is 64 bytes. A value of 0 will print the full expression with any length required. Larger values may adversely impact the application performance.

SLURM_CONF

The location of the Slurm configuration file.

SLURM_DEBUG_FLAGS

Specify debug flags for sacct to use. See DebugFlags in the slurm.conf(5) man page for a full list of flags. The environment variable takes precedence over the setting in the slurm.conf.

SLURM_TIME_FORMAT

Specify the format used to report time stamps. A value of standard, the default value, generates output in the form "year-month-dateThour:minute:second". A value of relative returns only "hour:minute:second" if the current day. For other dates in the current year it prints the "hour:minute" preceded by "Tomorr" (tomorrow), "Ystday" (yesterday), the name of the day for the coming week (e.g. "Mon", "Tue", etc.), otherwise the date (e.g. "25 Apr"). For other years it returns a date month and year without a time (e.g. "6 Jun 2012"). All of the time stamps use a 24 hour format.

A valid strftime() format can also be specified. For example, a value of "%a %T" will report the day of the week and a time stamp (e.g. "Mon 12:34:56").

Examples

This example illustrates the default invocation of the sacct command:

# sacct
Jobid      Jobname    Partition    Account AllocCPUS State     ExitCode
---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- --------
2          script01   srun       acct1               1 RUNNING           0
3          script02   srun       acct1               1 RUNNING           0
4          endscript  srun       acct1               1 RUNNING           0
4.0                   srun       acct1               1 COMPLETED         0

This example shows the same job accounting information with the brief option.

# sacct --brief
     Jobid     State  ExitCode
---------- ---------- --------
2          RUNNING           0
3          RUNNING           0
4          RUNNING           0
4.0        COMPLETED         0
# sacct --allocations
Jobid      Jobname    Partition Account    AllocCPUS  State     ExitCode
---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ------- ---------- --------
3          sja_init   andy       acct1            1 COMPLETED         0
4          sjaload    andy       acct1            2 COMPLETED         0
5          sja_scr1   andy       acct1            1 COMPLETED         0
6          sja_scr2   andy       acct1           18 COMPLETED         2
7          sja_scr3   andy       acct1           18 COMPLETED         0
8          sja_scr5   andy       acct1            2 COMPLETED         0
9          sja_scr7   andy       acct1           90 COMPLETED         1
10         endscript  andy       acct1          186 COMPLETED         0

This example demonstrates the ability to customize the output of the sacct command.  The fields are displayed in the order designated on the command line.

# sacct --format=jobid,elapsed,ncpus,ntasks,state
     Jobid    Elapsed      Ncpus   Ntasks     State
---------- ---------- ---------- -------- ----------
3            00:01:30          2        1 COMPLETED
3.0          00:01:30          2        1 COMPLETED
4            00:00:00          2        2 COMPLETED
4.0          00:00:01          2        2 COMPLETED
5            00:01:23          2        1 COMPLETED
5.0          00:01:31          2        1 COMPLETED

This example demonstrates the use of the -T (--truncate) option when used with -S (--starttime) and -E (--endtime). When the -T option is used, the start time of the job will be the specified -S value if the job was started before the specified time, otherwise the time will be the job's start time. The end time will be the specified -E option if the job ends after the specified time, otherwise it will be the jobs end time.

Without -T (normal operation) sacct output would be like this.

# sacct -S2014-07-03-11:40 -E2014-07-03-12:00 -X -ojobid,start,end,state
    JobID                 Start                  End        State
--------- --------------------- -------------------- ------------
2         2014-07-03T11:33:16   2014-07-03T11:59:01   COMPLETED
3         2014-07-03T11:35:21   Unknown               RUNNING
4         2014-07-03T11:35:21   2014-07-03T11:45:21   COMPLETED
5         2014-07-03T11:41:01   Unknown               RUNNING

By adding the -T option the job's start and end times are truncated to reflect only the time requested.  If a job started after the start time requested or finished before the end time requested those times are not altered.  The -T option is useful when determining exact run times during any given period.

# sacct -T -S2014-07-03-11:40 -E2014-07-03-12:00 -X -ojobid,jobname,user,start,end,state
    JobID                 Start                  End        State
--------- --------------------- -------------------- ------------
2         2014-07-03T11:40:00   2014-07-03T11:59:01   COMPLETED
3         2014-07-03T11:40:00   2014-07-03T12:00:00   RUNNING
4         2014-07-03T11:40:00   2014-07-03T11:45:21   COMPLETED
5         2014-07-03T11:41:01   2014-07-03T12:00:00   RUNNING

NOTE: If no -s (--state) option is given sacct will display eligible jobs during the specified period of time, otherwise it will return jobs that were in the state requested during that period of time.

This example demonstrates the differences running sacct with and without the --state flag for the same time period. Without the --state option, all eligible jobs in that time period are shown.

# sacct -S11:20:00 -E11:25:00 -X -ojobid,start,end,state
       JobID               Start                 End      State
------------ ------------------- ------------------- ----------
2955                    11:15:12            11:20:12  COMPLETED
2956                    11:20:13            11:25:13  COMPLETED

With the --state=pending option, only job 2956 will be shown because it had a dependency on 2955 and was still PENDING from 11:20:00 until it started at 11:21:13. Note that even though we requested PENDING jobs, the State shows as COMPLETED because that is the current State of the job.

# sacct --state=pending -S11:20:00 -E11:25:00 -X -ojobid,start,end,state
       JobID               Start                 End      State
------------ ------------------- ------------------- ----------
2956                    11:20:13            11:25:13  COMPLETED

Copying

Copyright (C) 2005-2007 Copyright Hewlett-Packard Development Company L.P.
Copyright (C) 2008-2010 Lawrence Livermore National Security. Produced at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (cf, DISCLAIMER).
Copyright (C) 2010-2022 SchedMD LLC.

This file is part of Slurm, a resource management program. For details, see <https://slurm.schedmd.com/>.

Slurm is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

Slurm is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for more details.

Files

/etc/slurm.conf

Entries to this file enable job accounting and designate the job accounting log file that collects system job accounting.

/var/log/slurm_accounting.log

The default job accounting log file. By default, this file is set to read and write permission for root only.

See Also

sstat(1), ps (1), srun(1), squeue(1), getrusage (2), time (2)

Referenced By

slurm(1), sreport(1), sstat(1).

August 2022 Slurm Commands