rubber [options] sources ...
Rubber is a wrapper for LaTeX and companion programs. Its purpose is, given a LaTeX source to process, to compile it enough times to resolve all references, possibly running satellite programs such as BibTeX, makeindex, Metapost, etc. to produce appropriate data files.
The command rubber builds the specified documents completely. The source files may be either LaTeX sources (in which case the suffix .tex may be omitted) or documents in a format Rubber knows how to translate into LaTeX. If one compilation fails, the whole process stops, including the compilation of the next documents on the command line, and rubber returns a non-zero exit code.
The command rubber-pipe does the same for one document but it reads the LaTeX source from standard input and dumps the compiled document on standard output.
Some information cannot be extracted from the LaTeX sources. This is the case, for instance, with the search paths (which can be specified in environment variables like TEXINPUTS), or the style to be used with Makeindex. To address this problem, one can add information for Rubber in the comments of the LaTeX sources, see section Directives.
The options are used either to choose the action to be performed or to configure the building process. They are mostly the same in rubber and rubber-pipe. Options are parsed using GNU Getopt conventions.
- -b, --bzip2
Compress the final document (in bzip2 format). This is equivalent to saying -o bzip2 after all other options.
Remove all files produced by the compilation, instead of building the document. This option is present in rubber only. It applies to the compilation as it would be done with the other options of the command line, i.e. saying "rubber --clean foo" will not delete foo.ps, while saying "rubber --ps --clean foo" will.
- -c, --command <command>
Execute the specified command (or directive) before parsing the input files. See section Directives for details.
- -e, --epilogue <command>
Execute the specified command (or directive) after parsing the input files. See section Directives for details.
- -f, --force
Force at least one compilation of the source. This may be useful, for instance, if some unusual dependency was modified (e.g. a package in a system directory). This option is irrelevant in rubber-pipe.
- -z, --gzip
Compress the final document (in gzip format). This is equivalent to saying -o gz after all other options.
- -h, --help
Display the list of all available options and exit nicely.
Go to the directory of the source files before compiling, so that compilation results are in the same place as their sources.
- --into <directory>
Go to the specified directory before compiling, so that all files are produced there and not in the current directory.
- --jobname <name>
Specify a job name different from the base file name. This changes the name of output files and only applies to the first target.
- -k, --keep
This option is used in rubber-pipe only. With this option, the temporary files will not be removed after compiling the document and dumping the results on standard output. The temporary document is named rubtmpX.tex, where X is a number such that no file of that name exists initially.
- -n, --maxerr <num>
Set the maximum number of displayed errors. By default, up to 10 errors are reported, saying -n -1 displays all errors.
- -m, --module <module>[:<args>]
Use the specified module in addition to the document's packages. Arguments can be passed to the package by adding them after a colon, they correspond to the package options in LaTeX. The module is loaded before parsing the document's sources.
- --only <sources>
Compile the document partially, including only the specified sources. This works by inserting a call to \includeonly on the command line. The argument is a comma-separated list of file names.
- -o, --post <module>[:<args>]
Use the specified module as a post-processor. This is similar to the -m options except that the module is loaded after parsing the document.
- -d, --pdf
Produce PDF output. When this option comes after --ps (for instance in the form -pd) it is a synonym for -o ps2pdf, otherwise it acts as -m pdftex, in order to use pdfLaTeX instead of LaTeX.
- -p, --ps
Process the DVI produced by the process through dvips(1) to produce a PostScript document. This option is a synonym for -o dvips, it cannot come after --pdf.
- -q, --quiet
Decrease the verbosity level. This is the reverse of -v.
- -r, --read <file>
Read additional directives from the specified file (see also the directive "read").
- -S, --src-specials
Enable generation of source specials if the compiler supports it. This is equivalent to setting the variable src-specials to yes.
- -s, --short
Display LaTeX's error messages in a compact form (one error per line).
- -I, --texpath <directory>
Add the specified directory to TeX's search path.
Enable SyncTeX support in the LaTeX run.
Permit the document to invoke arbitrary external programs. This is potentially dangerous, only use this option for documents coming from a trusted source.
- -v, --verbose
Increase the verbosity level. Levels between 0 and 4 exist, the default level is 1 for rubber and 0 for rubber-pipe. Beware, saying -vvv makes Rubber speak a lot.
Print the version number and exit nicely.
- -W, --warn <type>
Report information of the given type if there was no error during compilation. The available types are: boxes (overfull and underfull boxes), refs (undefined or multiply defined references), misc (other warnings) and all to report all warnings.
Rubber's action is influenced by modules. Modules take care of the particular features of packages and external programs.
For every package that a document uses, Rubber looks for a module of the same name to perform the tasks that this package my require apart from the compilation by LaTeX. Modules can be added to the ones provided by default to include new features (this is the point of the module system). The standard modules are the following:
Process the .asy files generated by the LaTeX package, then triggers a recompilation.
This module handles Beamer's extra files the same way as other tables of contents.
- bibtex, biblatex
Takes care of processing the document's bibliography with BibTeX when needed. This module is automatically loaded if the document contains the macro \bibliography (see also in Directives for options).
The combine package is used to gather several LaTeX documents into a single one, and this module handles the dependencies in this case.
This modules handles graphics inclusion for the documents that use the old style \psfig macro. It is actually an interface for the graphics module, see this one for details.
Run makeglossaries and recompiles when the .glo file changes.
- graphics, graphicx
These modules identify the graphics included in the document and consider them as dependencies for compilation. They also use standard rules to build these files with external programs. See the info documentation for details.
Handle the extra files that this package produces in some cases.
- index, makeidx, nomencl
Process the document's indexes and nomenclatures with makeindex(1) when needed (see section Directives for options).
Add dependencies for files inserted via the ltxtable LaTeX package.
- minitoc, minitoc-hyper
On cleaning, remove additional files that produced to make partial tables of contents.
- moreverb, verbatim
Adds the files included with \verbatiminput and similar macros to the list of dependencies.
Handles the extra bibliographies that this package creates, and removes the extra files on cleaning.
Add additional .aux files used for external references to the list of dependencies, so recompiling is automatic when referenced document are changed.
The following modules are provided for using programs that generate a LaTeX source from a different file format:
This module's purpose is to run cweave(1) if needed before the compiling process to produce the LaTeX source. This module is automatically loaded if the file specified on the command line has .w as its suffix.
This module uses the lhs2TeX preprocessor to generate the LaTeX source from a Literate Haskell program. It is automatically triggered if the input file's name ends with .lhs.
The following modules are provided to support different kinds of post-processings. Note that the order matters when using these modules: if you want to use a processing chain like
foo.tex -> foo.dvi -> foo.ps -> foo.pdf -> foo.pdf.gz
you have to load the modules dvips, ps2pdf and gz in that order, for instance using the command line
Produce a version of the final file compressed with bzip2(1).
Runs dvipdfm(1) at the end of compilation to produce a PDF document.
Runs dvips(1) at the end of compilation to produce a PostScript document. This module is also loaded by the command line option --ps.
Produce an expanded LaTeX source by replacing \input macros by included files, bibliography macros by the bibliography produced by bibtex(1), and local classes and packages by their source. If the main file is foo.tex then then expanded file will be named foo-final.tex. See the info documentation for details.
Produce a version of the final file compressed with gzip(1).
Assuming that the compilation produces a PostScript document (for instance using module dvips), convert this document to PDF using ps2pdf(1).
The following modules are used to change the LaTeX compiler:
Use the Aleph compiler instead of TeX, i.e. compiles the document using lamed(1) instead of latex.
Use the Omega compiler instead of TeX, i.e. compiles the document using lambda(1) instead of latex. If the module dvips is used too, it will use odvips(1) to translate the DVI file. Note that this module is triggered automatically when the document uses the package omega.
Instructs Rubber to use pdflatex(1) instead of latex(1) to compile the document. By default, this produces a PDF file instead of a DVI, but when loading the module with the option dvi (for instance by saying -m pdftex:dvi) the document is compiled into DVI using pdflatex. This module is also loaded by the command line option --pdf.
Instructs Rubber to use the VTeX compiler. By default this uses vlatex as the compiler to produce PDF output. With the option ps (e.g. when saying "rubber -m vtex:ps foo.tex") the compiler used is vlatexp and the result is a PostScript file.
Instructs Rubber to use xelatex(1) instead of latex.
The automatic behavior of Rubber is based on searching for macros in the LaTeX sources. When this is not enough, directives can be added in the comments of the sources. A directive is a line like
% rubber: cmd args
The line must begin with a "%", then any sequence of "%" signs and spaces, then the text "rubber:" followed by spaces and a command name, possibly followed by spaces and arguments.
- alias <name1> <name2>
Pretend that the LaTeX macro name1 is equivalent to name2. This can be useful when defining wrappers around supported macros.
- clean <file>
Indicates that the specified file should be removed when cleaning using --clean.
- depend <file>
Consider the specified file as a dependency, so that its modification time will be checked.
- make <file> [<options>]
Declare that the specified file has to be generated. Options can specify the way it should be produced, the available options are from <file> to specify the source and with <rule> to specify the conversion rule. For instance, saying "make foo.pdf from foo.eps" indicates that foo.pdf should be produced from foo.eps, with any conversion rule that can do it. See the info documentation for details on file conversion.
- module <module> [<options>]
Loads the specified module, possibly with options. This is equivalent to the command-line option --module.
- onchange <file> <command>
Execute the specified shell command after compiling if the contents of the specified file have changed. The file name ends at the first space.
- path <directory>
Adds the specified directory to the search path for TeX (and Rubber). The name of the directory is everything that follows the spaces after "path".
- produce <file>
Declares that the LaTeX run will create or update the specified file(s).
- read <file>
Read the specified file of directives. The file must contain one directive per line. Empty lines and lines that begin with "%" are ignored.
- rules <file>
Read extra conversion rules from the specified file. The format of this file is the same as that of rules.ini, see the info documentation for details.
- set <name> <value>
Set the value of a variable as a string. For details on the existing variables and their meaning, see the info documentation.
- setlist <name> <values>
Set the value of a variable as a (space-separated) list of strings. For details on the existing variables and their meaning, see the info documentation.
Mark the document as requiring external programs (shell-escape or write18). Rubber does not actually enable this unless called with the option --unsafe.
Enable SyncTeX support in the LaTeX run.
- watch <file>
Watch the specified file for changes. If the contents of this file has changed after a compilation, then another compilation is triggered. This is useful in the case of tables of contents, for instance.
If a command has the form foo.bar, it is considered a command bar for the module foo. If this module is not registered when the directive is found, then the command is silently ignored. For the standard modules, the directives are the following:
- biblatex.path <directory>
Adds the specified directory to the search path for BibTeX databases (.bib files).
- bibtex.crossrefs <number>
Set the minimum number of crossref required for automatic inclusion of the referenced entry in the citation list. This sets the option -min-crossrefs when calling bibtex(1).
- bibtex.path <directory>
Adds the specified directory to the search path for BibTeX databases (.bib files).
- bibtex.stylepath <directory>
Adds the specified directory to the search path for BibTeX styles (.bst files).
- bibtex.tool <command>
Use a different bibliography tool instead of BibTeX.
- dvipdfm.options <options>
Pass the specified command-line switches to dvipdfm.
- dvips.options <options>
Pass the specified command-line switches to dvips.
- index.tool (index) <name>
Specifies which tool is to be used to process the index. The currently supported tools are makeindex(1) (the default choice) and xindy(1). The argument index is optional, it may be used to specify the list of indexes the command applies to. When present, it must be enclosed in parentheses; the list is comma-separated. When the argument is not present, the command applies to all indices.
- index.language (index) <language>
Selects the language used for sorting the index. This only applies when using xindy(1) as the indexing tool. The optional argument has the same semantics as above.
- index.modules (index) <module>...
Specify which modules to use when processing an index with xindy(1). The optional argument has the same semantics as above.
- index.order (index) <options>
Modifies the sorting options for the indexes. The arguments are words (separated by spaces) among standard, german and letter. This only applies when using makeindex(1). The optional argument has the same semantics as above.
- index.path (index) <directory>
Adds the specified directory to the search path for index styles (.ist files). The optional argument has the same semantics as above.
- index.style (index) <style>
Specifies the index style to be used. The optional argument has the same semantics as above.
- makeidx.language, .modules, .order, .path, .style, .tool
These directives are the same as for the index module, except that they don't accept the optional argument.
- multibib.crossrefs, .path, .stylepath, .tool
These directives are the same as for the bibtex module but they apply to bibliographies managed by the multibib package. They take an optional first argument, with the same convention as for the directives of the index module, which may be used to specify the list of bibliographies the command applies to.
There are surely a some...
This page documents Rubber version 1.5.1. The program and this man-page are maintained by Sebastian Kapfer <email@example.com>. The homepage for Rubber can be found at https://launchpad.net/rubber/.
The full documentation for rubber is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and rubber programs are properly installed at your site, the command
should give you access to the complete manual.
The man page rubber-pipe(1) is an alias of rubber(1).