rigctl man page

rigctl — control radio transceivers and receivers

Synopsis

rigctl [OPTION]... [COMMAND]...

Description

Control radio transceivers and receivers. rigctl accepts commands from the command line as well as in interactive mode if none are provided on the command line.

Keep in mind that Hamlib is BETA level software. While a lot of backend libraries lack complete rig support, the basic functions are usually well supported. The API may change without publicized notice, while an advancement of the major version (e.g. 1.x to 3.x) indicates such a change.

Please report bugs and provide feedback at the e-mail address given in the Reporting Bugs section. Patches and code enhancements are also welcome.

Options

This program follows the usual GNU command line syntax, with long options starting with two dashes ('-').

Here is a summary of the supported options:

-m, --model=id
Select radio model number. See model list (use 'rigctl -l').

NB: rigctl (or third party software) will use rig model 2 for NET rigctl (rigctld).
-r, --rig-file=device
Use device as the file name of the port the radio is connected. Often a serial port, but could be a USB to serial adapter. Typically /dev/ttyS0, /dev/ttyS1, /dev/ttyUSB0, etc. on Linux or COM1, COM2, etc. on Win32.
-p, --ptt-file=device
Use device as the file name of the Push-To-Talk device using a device file as described above.
-d, --dcd-file=device
Use device as the file name of the Data Carrier Detect device using a device file as described above.
-P, --ptt-type=type
Use type of Push-To-Talk device. Supported types are RIG, DTR, RTS, PARALLEL, NONE, overriding PTT type defined in the rig's backend.

Some side effects of this command are that when type is set to DTR, read PTT state comes from Hamlib frontend, not read from the radio. When set to NONE, PTT state cannot be read or set even if rig backend supports reading/setting PTT status from the rig.
-D, --dcd-type=type
Use type of Data Carrier Detect device. Supported types are RIG, DSR, CTS, CD, PARALLEL, NONE.
-s, --serial-speed=baud
Set serial speed to baud rate. Uses maximum serial speed from rig backend capabilities as the default.
-c, --civaddr=id
Use id as the CI-V address to communicate with the rig. Only useful for Icom rigs.

NB: the id is in decimal notation, unless prefixed by 0x, in which case it is hexadecimal.
-t, --send-cmd-term=char
Change the termination char for text protocol when using the send_cmd command. The default value is <CR> (0x0d). Non ASCII printable characters can be specified as an ASCII number, in hexadecimal format, prepended with 0x. You may pass an empty string for no termination char. The string '-1' tells rigctl to switch to binary protocol. See the send_cmd command for further explanation.

For example, to specify a command terminator for Kenwood style text commands pass "-t ';'" to rigctl. See Examples below.
-L, --show-conf
List all config parameters for the radio defined with -m above.
-C, --set-conf=parm=val[,parm=val]*
Set config parameter. e.g. stop_bits=2

Use -L option for a list.
-l, --list
List all model numbers defined in Hamlib and exit. As of 1.2.15.1 the list is sorted by model number.

N.B. In Linux the list can be scrolled back using Shift-PageUp/ Shift-PageDown, or using the scrollbars of a virtual terminal in X or the cmd window in Windows. The output can be piped to 'more' or 'less', e.g. 'rigctl -l | more'.
-u, --dump-caps
Dump capabilities for the radio defined with -m above and exit.
-o, --vfo
Set vfo mode, requiring an extra VFO argument in front of each appropriate command. Otherwise, 'currVFO' is assumed when this option is not set.
-i, --read-history
Read previously saved command and argument history from a file (default '~/.rigctl_history') for the current session. Available when rigctl is built with Readline support (see Readline below).

N.B. To read a history file stored in another directory, set the RIGCTL_HIST_DIR environment variable, e.g. 'RIGCTL_HIST_DIR=~/tmp rigctl -i'. When RIGCTL_HIST_DIR is not set, the value of HOME is used.
-I, --save-history
Write current session and previous session(s), if -i option is given, command and argument history to a file (default '~/.rigctl_history') at the end of the current session. Complete commands with arguments are saved as a single line to be recalled and used or edited. Available when rigctl is built with Readline support (see Readline below).

N.B. To write a history file in another directory, set the RIGCTL_HIST_DIR environment variable, e.g. 'RIGCTL_HIST_DIR=~/tmp rigctl -I'. When RIGCTL_HIST_DIR is not set, the value of HOME is used.
-v, --verbose
Set verbose mode, cumulative (see Diagnostics below).
-h, --help
Show summary of these options and exit.
-V, --version
Show version of rigctl and exit.

N.B. Some options may not be implemented by a given backend and will return an error. This is most likely to occur with the --set-conf and --show-conf options.

Please note that the backend for the radio to be controlled, or the radio itself may not support some commands. In that case, the operation will fail with a Hamlib error code.

Commands

Commands can be entered either as a single char, or as a long command name. Basically, the commands do not take a dash in front of them on the command line, as the options do. They may be typed in when in interactive mode or provided as argument(s) in command line interface mode. In interactive mode commands and their arguments may be entered on a single line:

Rig command: M LSB 2400

Since most of the Hamlib operations have a set and a get method, an upper case letter will be used for set method whereas the corresponding lower case letter refers to the get method. Each operation also has a long name; in interactive mode, prepend a backslash to enter a long command name.

Example: Use '\dump_caps' to see what this radio and backend support.

Please note that the backend for the radio to be controlled, or the radio itself may not support some commands. In that case, the operation will fail with a Hamlib error message.

As an alternative to the Readline command history features a special command of a single dash ('-') may be used to read commands from standard input. Commands must be separated by whitespace similar to the commands given on the command line. Comments may be added using the '#' character, all text up until the end of the current line including the '#' character is ignored.

Example:
$ cat <<.EOF. >cmds.txt
> # File of commands

> v f m# query rig
> V VFOB F 14200000 M CW 500# set rig
> v f m# query rig

> .EOF.

$ rigctl -m1 - <cmds.txt

v VFOA

f 145000000

m FM
15000

V VFOB
F 14200000
M CW 500
v VFOB

f 14200000

m CW
500

$

Here is a summary of the supported commands (In the case of "set" commands the quoted string is replaced by the value in the description. In the case of "get" commands the quoted string is the key name of the value returned.):

Q|q, exit rigctl
Exit rigctl in interactive mode.

When rigctl is controlling the rig directly, will close the rig backend and port. When rigctl is connected to rigctld (rig model 2), the TCP/IP connection to rigctld is closed and rigctld remains running, available for another TCP/IP network connection.
F, set_freq 'Frequency'
Set 'Frequency', in Hz.
f, get_freq
Get 'Frequency', in Hz.
M, set_mode 'Mode' 'Passband'
Set 'Mode': USB, LSB, CW, CWR, RTTY, RTTYR, AM, FM, WFM, AMS, PKTLSB, PKTUSB, PKTFM, ECSSUSB, ECSSLSB, FAX, SAM, SAL, SAH, DSB.

Set 'Passband' in Hz, or '0' for the Hamlib backend default.

N.B. Passing a '?' (query) as the first argument instead of 'Mode' will return a space separated list of radio backend supported Modes. Use this to determine the supported Modes of a given radio backend.
m, get_mode
Get 'Mode' 'Passband'.

Returns Mode as a string from set_mode above and Passband in Hz.
V, set_vfo 'VFO'
Set 'VFO': VFOA, VFOB, VFOC, currVFO, VFO, MEM, Main, Sub, TX, RX.

In VFO mode only a single VFO parameter is required.
v, get_vfo
Get current 'VFO'.

Returns VFO as a string from set_vfo above.
J, set_rit 'RIT'
Set 'RIT', in Hz, can be + or -.

A value of '0' resets RIT and *should* turn RIT off. If not, file a bug report against the Hamlib backend.

N.B This functionality is under transition and in the future will need to be activated with the set_func command.
j, get_rit
Get 'RIT', in Hz.
Z, set_xit 'XIT'
Set 'XIT', in Hz can be + or -.

A value of '0' resets XIT and *should* turn XIT off. If not, file a bug report against the Hamlib backend.

N.B This functionality is under transition and in the future will need to be activated with the set_func command.
z, get_xit
Get 'XIT', in Hz.
T, set_ptt 'PTT'
Set 'PTT', 0 (RX), 1 (TX), 2 (TX mic), 3 (TX data).
t, get_ptt
Get 'PTT' status.
0x8b, get_dcd
Get 'DCD' (squelch) status, 0 (Closed) or 1 (Open)
R, set_rptr_shift 'Rptr Shift'
Set 'Rptr Shift': "+", "-" or something else for none.
r, get_rptr_shift
Get 'Rptr Shift'. Returns "+", "-" or "None".
O, set_rptr_offs 'Rptr Offset'
Set 'Rptr Offset', in Hz.
o, get_rptr_offs
Get 'Rptr Offset', in Hz.
C, set_ctcss_tone 'CTCSS Tone'
Set 'CTCSS Tone', in tenths of Hz.
c, get_ctcss_tone
Get 'CTCSS Tone', in tenths of Hz.
D, set_dcs_code 'DCS Code'
Set 'DCS Code'.
d, get_dcs_code
Get 'DCS Code'.
0x90, set_ctcss_sql 'CTCSS Sql'
Set 'CTCSS Sql' tone, in tenths of Hz.
0x91, get_ctcss_sql
Get 'CTCSS Sql' tone, in tenths of Hz.
0x92, set_dcs_sql 'DCS Sql'
Set 'DCS Sql' code.
0x93, get_dcs_sql
Get 'DCS Sql' code.
I, set_split_freq 'Tx Frequency'
Set 'TX Frequency', in Hz.
i, get_split_freq
Get 'TX Frequency', in Hz.
X, set_split_mode 'TX Mode' 'TX Passband'
Set 'TX Mode': AM, FM, CW, CWR, USB, LSB, RTTY, RTTYR, WFM, AMS, PKTLSB, PKTUSB, PKTFM, ECSSUSB, ECSSLSB, FAX, SAM, SAL, SAH, DSB.

The 'TX Passband' is the exact passband in Hz, or '0' for the Hamlib backend default.

N.B. Passing a '?' (query) as the first argument instead of 'TX Mode' will return a space separated list of radio backend supported TX Modes. Use this to determine the supported TX Modes of a given radio backend.
x, get_split_mode
Get 'TX Mode' and 'TX Passband'.

Returns TX mode as a string from set_split_mode above and TX passband in Hz.
S, set_split_vfo 'Split' 'TX VFO'
Set 'Split' mode, '0' or '1', and 'TX VFO' from set_vfo above.
s, get_split_vfo
Get 'Split' mode, '0' or '1', and 'TX VFO'.
N, set_ts 'Tuning Step'
Set 'Tuning Step', in Hz.
n, get_ts
Get 'Tuning Step', in Hz.
U, set_func 'Func' 'Func Status'
Set 'Func' 'Func Status'.

Func is one of: FAGC, NB, COMP, VOX, TONE, TSQL, SBKIN, FBKIN, ANF, NR, AIP, APF, MON, MN, RF, ARO, LOCK, MUTE, VSC, REV, SQL, ABM, BC, MBC, RIT, AFC, SATMODE, SCOPE, RESUME, TBURST, TUNER, XIT.

Func Status argument is a non null value for "activate", "de-activate" otherwise, much as TRUE/FALSE definitions in C language (true is non-zero and false is zero).

N.B. Passing a '?' (query) as the first argument instead of 'Func' will return a space separated list of radio backend supported Set functions. Use this to determine the supported functions of a given radio backend.
u, get_func 'Func'
Get 'Func Status'.

Returns 'Func Status' as a non null value for the 'Func' passed.

N.B. Passing a '?' (query) as the first argument instead of 'Func' will return a space separated list of radio backend supported Get functions. Use this to determine the supported functions of a given radio backend.
L, set_level 'Level' 'Level Value'
Set 'Level' 'Level Value'.

Level is one of: PREAMP, ATT, VOX, AF, RF, SQL, IF, APF, NR, PBT_IN, PBT_OUT, CWPITCH, RFPOWER, MICGAIN, KEYSPD, NOTCHF, COMP, AGC (0:OFF, 1:SUPERFAST, 2:FAST, 3:SLOW, 4:USER, 5:MEDIUM, 6:AUTO), BKINDL, BAL, METER, VOXGAIN, ANTIVOX, SLOPE_LOW, SLOPE_HIGH, RAWSTR, SWR, ALC, STRENGTH.

The Level Value can be a float or an integer.

N.B. Passing a '?' (query) as the first argument instead of 'Level' will return a space separated list of radio backend supported Set levels. Use this to determine the supported levels of a given radio backend.
l, get_level 'Level'
Get 'Level Value'.

Returns 'Level Value' as a float or integer for the 'Level' passed.

N.B. Passing a '?' (query) as the first argument instead of 'Level' will return a space separated list of radio backend supported Get levels. Use this to determine the supported levels of a given radio backend.
P, set_parm 'Parm' 'Parm Value'
Set 'Parm' 'Parm Value'

Parm is one of: ANN, APO, BACKLIGHT, BEEP, TIME, BAT, KEYLIGHT.

N.B. Passing a '?' (query) as the first argument instead of 'Parm' will return a space separated list of radio backend supported Set parameters. Use this to determine the supported parameters of a given radio backend.
p, get_parm 'Parm'
Get 'Parm Value'.

Returns 'Parm Value' as a float or integer for the 'Parm' passed.

N.B. Passing a '?' (query) as the first argument instead of 'Parm' will return a space separated list of radio backend supported Get parameters. Use this to determine the supported parameters of a given radio backend.
B, set_bank 'Bank'
Set 'Bank'. Sets the current memory bank number.
E, set_mem 'Memory#'
Set 'Memory#' channel number.
e, get_mem
Get 'Memory#' channel number.
G, vfo_op 'Mem/VFO Op'
Perform 'Mem/VFO Op'.

Mem VFO operation is one of: CPY, XCHG, FROM_VFO, TO_VFO, MCL, UP, DOWN, BAND_UP, BAND_DOWN, LEFT, RIGHT, TUNE, TOGGLE.

N.B. Passing a '?' (query) as the first argument instead of 'Mem/VFO Op' will return a space separated list of radio backend supported Set Mem/VFO Ops. Use this to determine the supported Mem/VFO Ops of a given radio backend.
g, scan 'Scan Fct' 'Scan Channel'
Perform 'Scan Fct' 'Scan Channel'.

Scan function/channel is one of: STOP, MEM, SLCT, PRIO, PROG, DELTA, VFO, PLT.

N.B. Passing a '?' (query) as the first argument instead of 'Scan Fct' will return a space separated list of radio backend supported Scan Functions. Use this to determine the supported Scan Functions of a given radio backend.
H, set_channel 'Channel'
Set memory 'Channel' data. Not implemented yet.
h, get_channel
Get memory 'Channel' data. Not implemented yet.
A, set_trn 'Transceive'
Set 'Transceive' mode (reporting event): OFF, RIG, POLL.

N.B. Passing a '?' (query) as the first argument instead of 'Transceive' will return a space separated list of radio backend supported Scan Transceive modes. Use this to determine the supported Transceive modes of a given radio backend.
a, get_trn
Get 'Transceive' mode (reporting event) as in set_trn above.
Y, set_ant 'Antenna'
Set 'Antenna' number (0, 1, 2, ..).
y, get_ant
Get 'Antenna' number (0, 1, 2, ..).
*, reset 'Reset'
Perform rig 'Reset'.

0 = None, 1 = Software reset, 2 = VFO reset, 4 = Memory Clear reset, 8 = Master reset. Since these values are defined as a bitmask in rig.h, it should be possible to AND these values together to do multiple resets at once, if the backend supports it or supports a reset action via rig control at all.
b, send_morse 'Morse'
Send 'Morse' symbols.
0x87, set_powerstat 'Power Status'
Set power On/Off/Standby 'Power Status'.

0 = Power Off, 1 = Power On, 2 = Power Standby. Defined as a bitmask in rig.h.
0x88, get_powerstat
Get power On/Off/Standby 'Power Status' as in set_powerstat above.
0x89, send_dtmf 'Digits'
Set DTMF 'Digits'.
0x8a, recv_dtmf
Get DTMF 'Digits'.
_, get_info
Get misc information about the rig (no VFO in 'VFO mode' or value is passed).
1, dump_caps
Not a real rig remote command, it just dumps capabilities, i.e. what the backend knows about this model, and what it can do.

TODO: Ensure this is in a consistent format so it can be read into a hash, dictionary, etc. Bug reports requested.

N.B.: This command will produce many lines of output so be very careful if using a fixed length array! For example, running this command against the Dummy backend results in over 5kB of text output.

VFO parameter not used in 'VFO mode'.
2, power2mW 'Power [0.0..1.0]' 'Frequency' 'Mode'
Returns 'Power mW'

Converts a Power value in a range of 0.0 ... 1.0 to the real transmit power in milli-Watts (integer). The frequency and mode also need to be provided as output power may vary according to these values.

VFO parameter not used in 'VFO mode'.
4, mW2power 'Power mW' 'Frequency' 'Mode'
Returns 'Power [0.0..1.0]'

Converts the real transmit power in milli-Watts (integer) to a Power value in a range of 0.0 ... 1.0. The frequency and mode also need to be provided as output power may vary according to these values.

VFO parameter not used in 'VFO mode'.
w, send_cmd 'Cmd'
Send raw command string to rig. This is useful for testing and troubleshooting rig commands and responses when developing a backend.

For binary protocols enter values as \0xAA\0xBB. Expect a 'Reply' from the rig which will likely be a binary block or an ASCII string depending on the rig's protocol (see your radio's computer control documentation).

The command terminator, set by the send-cmd-term option above, will terminate each command string sent to the radio. This character should not be a part of the input string.
pause 'Seconds'
Pause for the given whole number of seconds before sending the next command.

Examples

Start rigctl for a Yaesu FT-920 using a USB to serial adapter on Linux in interactive mode:

$ rigctl -m 114 -r /dev/ttyUSB1

Start rigctl for a Yaesu FT-920 using COM1 on Win32 while generating TRACE output to stderr:

$ rigctl -m 114 -r COM1 -vvvvv

Start rigctl for a Yaesu FT-920 using a USB to serial adapter while setting baud rate and stop bits:

$ rigctl -m 114 -r /dev/ttyUSB1 -s 4800 -C stop_bits=2

Start rigctl for an Elecraft K3 using a USB to serial adapter while specifying a command terminator for the 'w' command:

$ rigctl -m 229 -r /dev/ttyUSB0 -t';'

Connect to a running rigctld with rig model 2 ("NET rigctl") on the local host and specifying the TCP port, setting frequency and mode:

$ rigctl -m 2 -r localhost:4532 F 7253500 M LSB 0

Readline

If Readline library development files are found at configure time, rigctl will be conditonally built with Readline support for command and argument entry. Readline command key bindings are at their defaults as described in the Readline manual (http://cnswww.cns.cwru.edu/php/chet/rea…) although rigctl sets the name 'rigctl' which can be used in Conditional Init Constructs in the Readline Init File ('~/.inputrc' by default) for custom keybindings unique to rigctl.

Command history is available with Readline support as described in the Readline History manual (http://cnswww.cns.cwru.edu/php/chet/rea…). Command and argument strings are stored as single lines even when arguments are prompted for input individually. Commands and arguments are not validated and are stored as typed with values separated by a single space.

Normally session history is not saved, however, use of either of the -i/--read-history or -I/--save-history options when starting rigctl will cause any previously saved history to be read in and/or the current and any previous session history (assuming the -i and -I options are given together) will be written out when rigctl is closed. Each option is mutually exclusive, i.e. either may be given separately or in combination. This is useful to save a set of commands and then read them later but not write the modified history for a consistent set of test commands in interactive mode, for example.

History is stored in '~/.rigctl_history' by default although the destination directory may be changed by setting the RIGCTL_HIST_DIR environment variable. When RIGCTL_HIST_DIR is unset, the value of the HOME environment variable is used instead. Only the destination directory may be changed at this time.

If Readline support is not found at configure time the original internal command handler is used. Readline is not used for rigctl commands entered on the command line regardless if Readline support is built in or not.

N.B. Readline support is not included in the Windows 32 binary builds supplied by the Hamlib Project. Running rigctl on the Windows 32 platform in the 'cmd' shell does give session command line history, however, it is not saved to disk between sessions.

Diagnostics

The -v, --verbose option allows different levels of diagnostics to be output to stderr and correspond to -v for BUG, -vv for ERR, -vvv for WARN, -vvvv for VERBOSE, or -vvvvv for TRACE.

A given verbose level is useful for providing needed debugging information to the email address below. For example, TRACE output shows all of the values sent to and received from the radio which is very useful for radio backend library development and may be requested by the developers.

Exit Status

rigctl exits with:
0 if all operations completed normally;
1 if there was an invalid command line option or argument;
2 if an error was returned by Hamlib.

Bugs

set_chan has no entry method as of yet, hence left unimplemented.

This almost empty section...

Reporting Bugs

Report bugs to <hamlib-developer@lists.sourceforge.net>.

We are already aware of the bugs in the previous section :-)

Authors

Written by Stephane Fillod, Nate Bargmann, and the Hamlib Group

<http://www.hamlib.org>.

See Also

hamlib(3), rigctld(8)

Referenced By

grig(1), rigctld(8), rigmem(1), rigsmtr(1), rigswr(1).

March 12, 2013 Hamlib Radio Control Program