rhash - Man Page

calculate/check CRC32, MD5, SHA1, GOST, TTH, BTIH or other message digests.


rhash [ option ]... [ file ]...


RHash (Recursive Hasher) computes and verifies various message digests and checksums of files. Supported hash algorithms include CRC32, CRC32C, MD4, MD5, SHA1, SHA256, SHA512, SHA3, Tiger, DC++ TTH, BTIH, AICH, ED2K, GOST R 34.11-*, RIPEMD-160, HAS-160, EDON-R 256/512, Whirlpool, Snefru-128/256.

The program can create and verify Magnet links and eDonkey ed2k:// links, see --magnet and --ed2k-link options.

A dash string parameter `-' is interpreted as the standard input stream (stdin).

By default rhash prints sums in SFV format with CRC32 checksum only. The format can be changed by options --bsd, --magnet, --simple, --printf, --template. To output all sums use the `-a' option.

Program Mode Options

The default mode is to print checksums for all files and directory trees specified by command line. The mode can be changed by the following options.

-c,  --check

Check hash files specified by command line. RHash can verify hash files in SFV and BSD formats, standard MD5 and SHA1 files, and text files containing magnet or ed2k links (one link per line). Empty lines and lines starting with `;' or `#' are skipped. In fact RHash can verify most hash files generated by itself without formatting options --printf and --template.

-u,  --update=<hash-file>

Update the hash file specified by the option. Checksums will be calculated for all files specified by command and not present in this hash file. The calculated checksums will be appended to the updated hash file in the format specified by formatting options. This option can be combined with --recursive, to update a hash file for whole directory trees.

-k,  --check-embedded

Verify files by crc32 sum embedded in their names.


Create a torrent file for each processed file.

-h,  --help

Help: print help screen and exit.

-V,  --version

Version: print version and exit.

-B,  --benchmark

Run benchmark for the selected hash algorithm(s).

Hash Algorithms Options

-C,  --crc32

CRC32: Select CRC32 checksum algorithm.


CRC32C: Select CRC32C checksum algorithm.


MD4: Select MD4 hash function.

-M,  --md5

MD5: Select MD5 hash function.

-H,  --sha1

SHA1: Select SHA1 hash function.

--sha224,  --sha256,  --sha384,  --sha512

Select specified SHA2 hash function.

--sha3-224,  --sha3-256,  --sha3-384,  --sha3-512

Select specified SHA3 hash function.


Tiger: Select Tiger hash function.

-T,  --tth

TTH: Select DC++ TTH hash function.


BTIH: Select BitTorrent Info Hash.

-A,  --aich

AICH: Select AICH hash function.

-E,  --ed2k

ED2K: Select eDonkey 2000 hash function.

-L,  --ed2k-link

eDonkey link: calculate and print eDonkey link.

-W,  --whirlpool

Whirlpool: Select Whirlpool hash function.

-G,  --gost12-256

GOST-2012: Select 256-bit GOST R 34.11-2012, the Russian GOST standard hash function.


GOST-2012: Select 512-bit GOST R 34.11-2012, the Russian GOST standard hash function.


GOST-94: Select GOST R 34.11-94, the deprecated Russian hash function.


GOST-94-CRYPTOPRO: Select the CryptoPro version of the deprecated Russian GOST R 34.11-94 hash function.


RIPEMD-160: Select RIPEMD-160 hash function.


HAS-160: Select HAS-160 hash function.

--snefru128,  --snefru256

SNEFRU: Select SNEFRU-128/256 hash function.

--edonr256,  --edonr512

EDON-R: Select EDON-R 256/512 hash function.

-a,  --all

Calculate all supported hash functions.


List names of all supported hash functions, one per line.

Miscellaneous Options

-r,  --recursive

Recursively process directories, specified by command line.


Process given file as a file-list. Lines of this file are interpreted as paths to files to be processed. Multiple file lists can be specified at command line.

-m,  --message=<text>

Calculate message digests of the given text message.


Follow symbolic links when processing directories recursively.

-v,  --verbose

Be verbose.

-P,  --percents

Show percents, while calculating or checking sums


Don't print OK messages for successfully verified files.

-i,  --ignore-case

Ignore case of filenames when updating crc files.


Print per-file and the total processing speed.

-e,  --embed-crc

Rename files by inserting crc32 sum into name.


Insert specified <delimiter> before a crc sum in the --embed-crc mode, default is white space. The <delimiter> can be a character or empty string.


Use specified path separator to display paths.

-q,  --accept=<list>

Set a comma-delimited list of extensions of the files to process.


Set a comma-delimited list of extensions of the files to exclude from processing.

-t,  --crc-accept=<list>

Set a comma-delimited list of extensions of the hash files to verify.


Descend at most <levels> (a non-negative integer) levels of directories below the command line arguments. `--maxdepth 0' means only apply the tests and actions to the command line arguments.

-o,  --output=<file-path>

Set the file to output calculated message digests or verification results to.

-l,  --log=<file-path>

Set the file to log errors and verbose information to.


Specify which hash functions should be calculated using the OpenSSL library. The <list> is a comma delimited list of hash function names, but only those supported by openssl are allowed: md4, md5, sha1, sha2*, ripemd160 and whirlpool.


Reverse bytes in hexadecimal output of a GOST hash functions. The most significant byte of the message digest will be printed first. Default order is the least significant byte first.


Turn on torrent batch mode (implies torrent mode). Calculates batch-torrent for the files specified at command line and saves the torrent file to the file-path. The option -r <directory> can be useful in this mode.


Generate BTIH for a private BitTorrent tracker.


Set the piece length value for torrent file.


Add a tracker announce URL to the created torrent file(s). Several URLs can be passed by specifying the option mutltiple times. This option doesn't change the BTIH message digest.


Switch benchmark output format to be a machine-readable tab-delimited text with hash function name, speed, cpu clocks per byte. This option works only if the --benchmark option was specified.

-- (double dash)

Mark the end of command line options. All parameters following the double dash are interpreted as files or directories. It is typically used to process filenames starting with a dash `-'. Alternatively you can specify './' or full path before such files, so they will not look like options anymore.

Output Format Options


Print message digests in the SFV (Simple File Verification) output format (default). But unlike common SFV file, not only CRC32, but any message digests specified by options can be printed.

-g,  --magnet

Print message digests formatted as magnet links.


Use BSD output format. Each message digest is printed on a separate line after hash function name and file's path, enclosed in parentheses.


Use simple output format. Each line will consist of filename and message digests specified by options.


Print message digests in hexadecimal format.


Print message digests in Base32 format.


Print message digests in Base64 format.


Print message digests in upper case.


Print message digests in lower case.


Read printf-like template from given <file>. See the --printf option.

-p,  --printf=<format>

Format: print format string the standard output, interpreting `\' escapes and `%' directives. The escapes and directives are:




Carriage return.


Horizontal tab.


A literal backslash (`\').




The character which octal ASCII code is NNN.


The character which hexadecimal ASCII code is NN.

A `\' character followed by any other character is treated as an ordinary character, so they both are printed.


A literal percent sign.


File's path.


File's name.

%u or %U

Prefix used to print a filename, file path or base64/raw message digest as an URL-encoded string. For example: `%uf', `%up', `%uBm', `%u@h'. Use %u for lowercase and %U for uppercase characters.


File's size in bytes.


File's last modification time.

%a or %A

AICH message digest.

%c or %C

CRC32 checksum. Use %c for lowercase and %C for uppercase characters.

%g or %G

GOST R 34.11-2012 message digest.

%h or %H

SHA1 message digest.

%e or %E

ED2K message digest.

%l or %L

EDonkey ed2k://... link.

%m or %M

MD5 message digest.

%r or %R

RIPEMD-160 message digest.

%t or %T

TTH message digest.

%w or %W

Whirlpool message digest.

%{crc32}, %{crc32c}, %{md4}, %{md5}, %{sha1}, %{tiger}, %{tth}, %{btih}, %{ed2k}, %{aich}, %{whirlpool}, %{ripemd160}, %{has160}, %{gost94}, %{gost94-cryptopro}, %{gost12-256}, %{gost12-512}, %{sha-224}, %{sha-256}, %{sha-384}, %{sha-512}, %{sha3-224}, %{sha3-256}, %{sha3-384}, %{sha3-512}, %{edon-r256}, %{edon-r512}, %{snefru128}, %{snefru256}

Print the specified message digest. It is printed in uppercase, if the hash function name starts with a capital letter, e.g. %{TTH}, %{Sha-512}.

%x<hash>, %b<hash>, %B<hash>, %@<hash>

Use one of these prefixes to output a message digest in hexadecimal, base32, base64 or raw (binary) format respectively, e.g. %b{md4}, %BH or %xT.

The default output format can also be changed by renaming the program or placing a hardlink/symlink to it with a filename containing strings `crc32', `crc32c', `md4', `md5', `sha1', `sha224' `sha256', `sha384' `sha512', `sha3-256', `sha3-512', `sha3-224', `sha3-384', `tiger', `tth', `btih', `aich', `ed2k', `ed2k-link', `gost12-256', `gost12-512', `gost94', `gost94-cryptopro', `rmd160', `has160', `whirlpool', `edonr256', `edonr512', `snefru128', `snefru256', `sfv' , `bsd' or `magnet'.

Config File

RHash looks for a config file at $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/rhash/rhashrc, $HOME/.rhashrc and /etc/rhashrc.

The config file consists of lines formatted as

variable = value

where the variable can be a name of any command line option, like magnet, printf, percents, etc. A boolean variable can be set to true by a value `on', `yes' or `true', any other value sets the variable to false.

Empty lines and lines starting with `#' or `;' are ignored.

Example config file:

# This is a comment line
percents = on
crc-accept = .sfv,.md5,.sha1,.sha256,.sha512,.tth,.magnet


Aleksey Kravchenko <rhash.admin@gmail.com>

See Also

md5sum(1) cksfv(1) ed2k_hash(1)


Bug reports are welcome! Post them to the GitHub issues page https://github.com/rhash/RHash/issues

Referenced By

The man pages ed2k-link(1), edonr256-hash(1), edonr512-hash(1), gost12-256-hash(1), gost12-512-hash(1), has160-hash(1), magnet-link(1), sfv-hash(1), tiger-hash(1), tth-hash(1) and whirlpool-hash(1) are aliases of rhash(1).

APR 2010 Linux User Manuals