rhash - Man Page

calculate/check CRC32, MD5, SHA1, GOST, TTH, BTIH or other hash sums.


rhash [ option ]... [ file ]...


RHash (Recursive Hasher) computes and verifies various message digests (hash sums) of files or strings. Supported message digests include CRC32, CRC32C, MD4, MD5, SHA1, SHA256, SHA512, SHA3, Tiger, DC++ TTH, BTIH, AICH, ED2K, GOST R 34.11-*, RIPEMD-160, HAS-160, EDON-R 256/512, Whirlpool, Snefru-128/256.

The program can create and verify Magnet links  and eDonkey ed2k:// links, see --magnet and --ed2k-link options.

A dash string parameter `-' is interpreted as stdin file.

By default rhash prints sums in SFV format with CRC32 hash sum only. The format can be changed by options --bsd, --magnet, --simple, --printf, --template. To output all sums use the `-a' option.

The default output format can be changed by renaming the program or placing a hardlink/symlink to it with a filename containing strings `crc32', `crc32c', `md4', `md5', `sha1', `sha256' `sha512', `tiger', `tth', `btih', `aich', `ed2k', `ed2k-link', `gost12-256', `gost12-512', `gost94', `gost94-cryptopro', `ripemd160', `has160', `whirlpool', `edonr256', `edonr512', `snefru128', `snefru256', `sfv' or `magnet'.

Program Mode Options

The default mode is to print hash sums for all files and directory trees specified by command line. The mode can be set by the following options.

-c, --check

Check hash files specified by command line. RHash can verify hash files in SFV and BSD formats, standard MD5 and SHA1 files, and text files containing magnet or ed2k links (one link per line). Empty lines and lines starting with `;' or `#' are skipped. In fact RHash can verify most hash files generated by itself without formatting options --printf and --template.

-u, --update

Update hash files specified by command line. The program calculates and appends hashes to the updated hash file in the format specified by formatting options. Hashes are calculated for those files from the same directory as the hash file, which are yet not present in it.

-k, --check-embedded

Verify files by crc32 sum embedded in their names.


Create a torrent file for each processed file.

-h, --help

Help: print help screen and exit.

-V, --version

Version: print version and exit.

-B, --benchmark

Run benchmark for selected algorithm(s).

Hash Sums Options

-C, --crc32

CRC32: calculate and print CRC32 hash sum.


CRC32C: calculate and print CRC32C hash sum.


MD4: calculate and print MD4 hash sum.

-M, --md5

MD5: calculate and print MD5 hash sum.

-H, --sha1

SHA1: calculate and print SHA1 hash sum.

--sha224, --sha256, --sha384, --sha512

Calculate specified SHA2 hash sum.

--sha3-224, --sha3-256, --sha3-384, --sha3-512

Calculate specified SHA3 hash sum.


Tiger: calculate and print Tiger hash sum.

-T, --tth

TTH: calculate and print DC++ TTH sum.


BTIH: calculate and print BitTorrent Info Hash.

-A, --aich

AICH: calculate and print AICH hash.

-E, --ed2k

ED2K: calculate and print eDonkey 2000 hash sum.

-L, --ed2k-link

eDonkey link: calculate and print eDonkey link.

-W, --whirlpool

Whirlpool: calculate and print Whirlpool hash sum.

-G, --gost12-256

GOST-2012: calculate and print 256-bit GOST R 34.11-2012 hash,  the Russian GOST standard hash function.


GOST-2012: calculate and print 512-bit GOST R 34.11-2012 hash,  the Russian GOST standard hash function.


GOST-94: calculate and print GOST R 34.11-94 hash,  the deprecated Russian standard hash function.


GOST-94-CRYPTOPRO: calculate and print CryptoPro version of the deprecated Russian GOST R 34.11-94 hash function.


RIPEMD-160: calculate and print RIPEMD-160 hash sum.


HAS-160: calculate and print HAS-160 hash sum.

--snefru128, --snefru256

SNEFRU: calculate and print SNEFRU-128/256 hash sums.

--edonr256, --edonr512

EDON-R: calculate and print EDON-R 256/512 hash sums.

-a, --all

Calculate all supported hash sums.


List names of all supported hashes, one per line.

Miscellaneous Options

-r, --recursive

Recursively process directories, specified by command line.


Process given file as a file-list. Lines of this file are interpreted as paths to files to be processed. Multiple file lists can be specified at command line.

-m, --message=<text>

Calculate hash sums of the text message.


Follow symbolic links when processing directories recursively.

-v, --verbose

Be verbose.


Show percents, while calculating or checking sums


Don't print OK messages for successfully verified files.

-i, --ignore-case

Ignore case of filenames when updating crc files.


Print per-file and the total processing speed.

-e, --embed-crc

Rename files by inserting crc32 sum into name.


Insert specified <delimiter> before a crc sum in the --embed-crc mode,  default is white space. The <delimiter> can be a character or empty string.


Use specified path separator to display paths.

-q, --accept=<list>

Set a comma-delimited list of extensions of the files to process.


Set a comma-delimited list of extensions of the files to exclude from processing.

-t, --crc-accept=<list>

Set a comma-delimited list of extensions of the hash files to verify.


Descend at most <levels> (a non-negative integer) levels of directories below  the command line arguments. `--maxdepth 0' means only apply the tests and  actions to the command line arguments.

-o, --output=<file-path>

Set the file to output calculated hashes and verification results to.

-l, --log=<file-path>

Set the file to log errors and verbose information to.


Specify which hash functions should be calculated using the OpenSSL library. The <list> is a comma delimited list of hash names, but only those supported by openssl are allowed, e.g. md4, md5, sha1, sha256, ripemd160. See openssl documentation for the full list.


Reverse bytes in hexadecimal output of the GOST hash sum. The most significant bytes of the hash will be printed first. Default order is the least significant bytes first.


Turn on torrent batch mode (implies torrent mode). Calculates batch-torrent for the files specified at command line and saves the torrent file to the file-path. The option -r <directory> can be useful in this mode.


Generate BTIH for a private BitTorrent tracker.


Set the piece length value for torrent file.


Add a tracker announce URL to the created torrent file(s). Several URLs can be passed by specifying the option mutltiple times. This option doesn't change the BTIH hash.


Switch benchmark output format to be a machine-readable tab-delimited text with hash function name, speed, cpu clocks per byte. This option works only if the --benchmark option was specified.

-- (double dash)

Mark the end of command line options. All parameters following the double dash are interpreted as files or directories. It is typically used to process filenames starting with a dash `-'. Alternatively you can specify './' or full path before such files, so they will not look like options anymore.

Output Format Options


Print hash sums in the SFV (Simple File Verification) output format (default).  But unlike common SFV file, not only CRC32, but any hash sums specified by options can be printed.

-g, --magnet

Print hash sums formatted as magnet links.


Use BSD output format. Each hash sum is printed on separate line after hash name and file's path, enclosed in parentheses.


Use simple output format. Each line will consist of filename and hash sums specified by options.


Print hash sums in upper case.


Print hash sums in lower case.


Read printf-like template from given <file>. See the --printf option.

-p, --printf=<format>

Format: print format string the standard output, interpreting `\'  escapes and `%' directives. The escapes and directives are:




Carriage return.


Horizontal tab.


A literal backslash (`\').




The character which octal ASCII code is NNN.


The character which hexadecimal ASCII code is NN.

A `\' character followed by any other character is treated as an ordinary character, so they both are printed.


A literal percent sign.


File's path.


File's name.


URL-encoded filename.


File's size in bytes.


File's last modification time.

%a or %A

AICH hash sum.

%c or %C

CRC32 hash sum.  Use %c for lowercase and %C for uppercase characters.

%g or %G

GOST R 34.11-94 hash.

%h or %H

SHA1 hash.

%e or %E

ED2K hash sum.

%l or %L

EDonkey ed2k://... link.

%m or %M

MD5 hash.

%r or %R

RIPEMD-160 hash.

%t or %T

TTH sum.

%w or %W

Whirlpool hash.

%{crc32}, %{crc32c}, %{md4}, %{md5}, %{sha1}, %{tiger}, %{tth}, %{btih}, %{ed2k}, %{aich}, %{whirlpool}, %{ripemd160}, %{has160}, %{gost94}, %{gost94-cryptopro}, %{gost12-256}, %{gost12-512}, %{sha-224}, %{sha-256}, %{sha-384}, %{sha-512}, %{sha3-224}, %{sha3-256}, %{sha3-384}, %{sha3-512}, %{edon-r256}, %{edon-r512}, %{snefru128}, %{snefru256}

Print the specified hash sum. The hash is printed in uppercase, if the name of the hash sum starts with a capital letter, e.g. %{TTH}, %{Sha-512}.

%x<hash>, %b<hash>, %B<hash>, %@<hash>

Use one of these prefixes to output a hash sum in hexadecimal, base32, base64 or raw (binary) format respectively, e.g. %b{md4}, %BH or %xT.

Config File

RHash looks for a config file at $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/rhash/rhashrc, $HOME/.rhashrc and /etc/rhashrc.

The config file consists of lines formatted as

variable = value

where the variable can be a name of any command line option, like magnet, printf, percents, etc. A boolean variable can be set to true by a value `on', `yes' or `true', any other value sets the variable to false.

Empty lines and lines starting with `#' or `;' are ignored.

Example config file:

# This is a comment line
percents = on
crc-accept = .sfv,.md5,.sha1,.sha256,.sha512,.tth,.magnet


Aleksey Kravchenko <rhash.admin@gmail.com>

See Also

md5sum(1) cksfv(1) ed2k_hash(1)


Bug reports are welcome! Send them by email  or post to the SourceForge Bug Tracking System http://sourceforge.net/projects/rhash/

Referenced By

The man pages ed2k-link(1), edonr256-hash(1), edonr512-hash(1), gost-hash(1), has160-hash(1), magnet-link(1), sfv-hash(1), tiger-hash(1), tth-hash(1) and whirlpool-hash(1) are aliases of rhash(1).

APR 2010 Linux User Manuals