Your company here — click to reach over 10,000 unique daily visitors

rgblink - Man Page

Game Boy linker


rgblink[-dMtVvwx] [-l linker_script] [-m map_file] [-n sym_file] [-O overlay_file] [-o out_file] [-p pad_value] [-S spec] [-s symbol] file ...


The rgblink program links RGB object files, typically created by rgbasm(1), into a single Game Boy ROM file. The object file format is documented in rgbds(5).

ROM0 sections are placed in the first 16 KiB of the output ROM, and ROMX sections are placed in any 16 KiB “bank” except the first. If your ROM will only be 32 KiB, you can use the -t option to change this.

Similarly, WRAM0 sections are placed in the first 4 KiB of WRAM (“bank 0”), and WRAMX sections are placed in any bank of the last 4 KiB. If your ROM doesn't use banked WRAM, you can use the -w option to change this.

Also, if your ROM is designed for a monochrome Game Boy, you can make sure that you don't use any incompatible section by using the -d option, which implies -w but also prohibits the use of banked VRAM.

The input asmfile can be a path to a file, or - to read from standard input.

Note that options can be abbreviated as long as the abbreviation is unambiguous: --verb is --verbose, but --ver is invalid because it could also be --version. The arguments are as follows:

-d, --dmg

Enable DMG mode. Prohibit the use of sections that doesn't exist on a DMG, such as VRAM bank 1. This option automatically enables -w.

-l linker_script, --linkerscript linker_script

Specify a linker script file that tells the linker how sections must be placed in the ROM. The attributes assigned in the linker script must be consistent with any assigned in the code. See rgblink(5) for more information about the linker script format.

-M, --no-sym-in-map

If specified, the map file will not list symbols, only sections.

-m map_file, --map map_file

Write a map file to the given filename, listing how sections and symbols were assigned.

-n sym_file, --sym sym_file

Write a symbol file to the given filename, listing the address of all exported symbols. Several external programs can use this information, for example to help debugging ROMs.

-O overlay_file, --overlay overlay_file

If specified, sections will be overlaid "on top" of the ROM image overlay_file: empty space between sections will be filled by the corresponding bytes from overlay_file. This is useful to patch an existing ROM. Note that all sections must be fixed (forced bank and address)!

-o out_file, --output out_file

Write the ROM image to the given file.

-p pad_value, --pad pad_value

When inserting padding between sections, pad with this value. Has no effect if -O is specified. The default is 0.

-S spec, --scramble spec

Enables a different “scrambling” algorithm for placing sections. See Scrambling algorithm below for an explanation and a description of spec.

-s symbol, --smart symbol

This option is ignored. It was supposed to perform smart linking but fell into disrepair, and so has been removed. It will be reimplemented at some point.

-t, --tiny

Expand the ROM0 section size from 16 KiB to the full 32 KiB assigned to ROM. ROMX sections that are fixed to a bank other than 1 become errors, other ROMX sections are treated as ROM0. Useful for ROMs that fit in 32 KiB.

-V, --version

Print the version of the program and exit.

-v, --verbose

Verbose: enable printing more information to standard error.

-w, --wramx

Expand the WRAM0 section size from 4 KiB to the full 8 KiB assigned to WRAM. WRAMX sections that are fixed to a bank other than 1 become errors, other WRAMX sections are treated as WRAM0.

-x, --nopad

Disables padding the end of the final file. This option automatically enables -t. You can use this when not not making a ROM. When making a ROM, be careful that not using this is not a replacement for rgbfix(1)'s -p option!

Scrambling algorithm

The default section placement algorithm tries to minimize the number of banks used; “scrambling” instead places sections into a given pool of banks, trying to minimize the number of sections sharing a given bank. This is useful to catch broken bank assumptions, such as expecting two different sections to land in the same bank (that is not guaranteed unless both are manually assigned the same bank number).

A scrambling spec is a comma-separated list of region specs. A trailing comma is allowed, as well as whitespace between all specs and their components. Each region spec has the following form:


region must be one of the following (case-insensitive), while size must be a positive decimal integer between 1 and the corresponding maximum. Certain regions allow omitting the size, in which case it defaults to its max value.

Region nameMax sizeSize optional

A size of 0 disables scrambling for that region.

For example, ‘romx=64,wramx=4’ will scramble ROMX sections among ROM banks 1 to 64, WRAMX sections among RAM banks 1 to 4, and will not scramble SRAM sections.

Later region specs override earlier ones; for example, ‘romx=42, Romx=0’ disables scrambling for romx.

wramx scrambling is silently ignored if -w is passed (including if implied by -d), as WRAMX sections will be treated as WRAM0.


All you need for a basic ROM is an object file, which can be made into a ROM image like so:

$ rgblink -o bar.gb foo.o

The resulting bar.gb will not have correct checksums (unless you put them in the assembly source). You should use rgbfix(1) to fix these so that the program will actually run in a Game Boy:

$ rgbfix -v bar.gb

Here is a more complete example:

$ rgblink -o bin/game.gb -n bin/game.sym -p 0xFF obj/title.o obj/engine.o


Please report bugs on GitHub.

See Also

rgbasm(1), rgblink(5), rgbfix(1), rgbgfx(1), gbz80(7), rgbds(5), rgbds(7)


rgblink was originally written by Carsten Sørensen as part of the ASMotor package, and was later repackaged in RGBDS by Justin Lloyd. It is now maintained by a number of contributors at https://github.com/gbdev/rgbds.

Referenced By

gbz80(7), rgbasm(1), rgbasm(5), rgbds(5), rgbds(7), rgbfix(1), rgbgfx(1), rgblink(5).

December 22, 2023