rg man page

rg — recursively search current directory for lines matching a pattern

TL;DR

rg pattern

rg -uu pattern

rg -t filetype pattern

rg pattern set_of_subdirs

rg pattern -g glob

rg --files-with-matches pattern

Synopsis

rg [Options] PATTERN [PATH...]

rg [Options] -e PATTERN... [PATH...]

rg [Options] -f PATTERNFILE... [PATH...]

rg [Options] --files [PATH...]

rg [Options] --type-list

command | rg [Options] PATTERN

rg [Options] --help

rg [Options] --version

Description

ripgrep (rg) recursively searches your current directory for a regex pattern. By default, ripgrep will respect your .gitignore and automatically skip hidden files/directories and binary files.

ripgrep’s default regex engine uses finite automata and guarantees linear time searching. Because of this, features like backreferences and arbitrary look-around are not supported. However, if ripgrep is built with PCRE2, then the --pcre2 flag can be used to enable backreferences and look-around.

ripgrep supports configuration files. Set RIPGREP_CONFIG_PATH to a configuration file. The file can specify one shell argument per line. Lines starting with # are ignored. For more details, see the man page or the README.

Regex Syntax

ripgrep uses Rust’s regex engine by default, which documents its syntax: https://docs.rs/regex/*/regex/#syntax

ripgrep uses byte-oriented regexes, which has some additional documentation: https://docs.rs/regex/*/regex/bytes/index.html#syntax

To a first approximation, ripgrep uses Perl-like regexes without look-around or backreferences. This makes them very similar to the "extended" (ERE) regular expressions supported by egrep, but with a few additional features like Unicode character classes.

If you’re using ripgrep with the --pcre2 flag, then please consult https://www.pcre.org or the PCRE2 man pages for documentation on the supported syntax.

Positional Arguments

PATTERN

A regular expression used for searching. To match a pattern beginning with a dash, use the -e/--regexp option.

PATH

A file or directory to search. Directories are searched recursively. Paths specified expicitly on the command line override glob and ignore rules.

Options

-A, --after-context NUM

Show NUM lines after each match.

This overrides the --context flag.

-B, --before-context NUM

Show NUM lines before each match.

This overrides the --context flag.

--block-buffered

When enabled, ripgrep will use block buffering. That is, whenever a matching line is found, it will be written to an in-memory buffer and will not be written to stdout until the buffer reaches a certain size. This is the default when ripgrep’s stdout is redirected to a pipeline or a file. When ripgrep’s stdout is connected to a terminal, line buffering will be used. Forcing block buffering can be useful when dumping a large amount of contents to a terminal.

Forceful block buffering can be disabled with --no-block-buffered. Note that using --no-block-buffered causes ripgrep to revert to its default behavior of automatically detecting the buffering strategy. To force line buffering, use the --line-buffered flag.

-b, --byte-offset

Print the 0-based byte offset within the input file before each line of output. If -o (--only-matching) is specified, print the offset of the matching part itself.

If ripgrep does transcoding, then the byte offset is in terms of the the result of transcoding and not the original data. This applies similarly to another transformation on the source, such as decompression or a --pre filter. Note that when the PCRE2 regex engine is used, then UTF-8 transcoding is done by default.

-s, --case-sensitive

Search case sensitively.

This overrides the -i/--ignore-case and -S/--smart-case flags.

--color WHEN

This flag controls when to use colors. The default setting is auto, which means ripgrep will try to guess when to use colors. For example, if ripgrep is printing to a terminal, then it will use colors, but if it is redirected to a file or a pipe, then it will suppress color output. ripgrep will suppress color output in some other circumstances as well. For example, if the TERM environment variable is not set or set to dumb, then ripgrep will not use colors.

The possible values for this flag are:

never    Colors will never be used.
auto     The default. ripgrep tries to be smart.
always   Colors will always be used regardless of where output is sent.
ansi     Like 'always', but emits ANSI escapes (even in a Windows console).

When the --vimgrep flag is given to ripgrep, then the default value for the --color flag changes to never.

--colors COLOR_SPEC ...

This flag specifies color settings for use in the output. This flag may be provided multiple times. Settings are applied iteratively. Colors are limited to one of eight choices: red, blue, green, cyan, magenta, yellow, white and black. Styles are limited to nobold, bold, nointense, intense, nounderline or underline.

The format of the flag is {type}:{attribute}:{value}. {type} should be one of path, line, column or match. {attribute} can be fg, bg or style. {value} is either a color (for fg and bg) or a text style. A special format, {type}:none, will clear all color settings for {type}.

For example, the following command will change the match color to magenta and the background color for line numbers to yellow:

rg --colors 'match:fg:magenta' --colors 'line:bg:yellow' foo.

Extended colors can be used for {value} when the terminal supports ANSI color sequences. These are specified as either x (256-color) or x,x,x (24-bit truecolor) where x is a number between 0 and 255 inclusive. x may be given as a normal decimal number or a hexadecimal number, which is prefixed by 0x.

For example, the following command will change the match background color to that represented by the rgb value (0,128,255):

rg --colors 'match:bg:0,128,255'

or, equivalently,

rg --colors 'match:bg:0x0,0x80,0xFF'

Note that the the intense and nointense style flags will have no effect when used alongside these extended color codes.

--column

Show column numbers (1-based). This only shows the column numbers for the first match on each line. This does not try to account for Unicode. One byte is equal to one column. This implies --line-number.

This flag can be disabled with --no-column.

-C, --context NUM

Show NUM lines before and after each match. This is equivalent to providing both the -B/--before-context and -A/--after-context flags with the same value.

This overrides both the -B/--before-context and -A/--after-context flags.

--context-separator SEPARATOR

The string used to separate non-contiguous context lines in the output. Escape sequences like \x7F or \t may be used. The default value is --.

-c, --count

This flag suppresses normal output and shows the number of lines that match the given patterns for each file searched. Each file containing a match has its path and count printed on each line. Note that this reports the number of lines that match and not the total number of matches.

If only one file is given to ripgrep, then only the count is printed if there is a match. The --with-filename flag can be used to force printing the file path in this case.

This overrides the --count-matches flag. Note that when --count is combined with --only-matching, then ripgrep behaves as if --count-matches was given.

--count-matches

This flag suppresses normal output and shows the number of individual matches of the given patterns for each file searched. Each file containing matches has its path and match count printed on each line. Note that this reports the total number of individual matches and not the number of lines that match.

If only one file is given to ripgrep, then only the count is printed if there is a match. The --with-filename flag can be used to force printing the file path in this case.

This overrides the --count flag. Note that when --count is combined with --only-matching, then ripgrep behaves as if --count-matches was given.

--crlf

When enabled, ripgrep will treat CRLF (\r\n) as a line terminator instead of just \n.

Principally, this permits $ in regex patterns to match just before CRLF instead of just before LF. The underlying regex engine may not support this natively, so ripgrep will translate all instances of $ to (?:\r??$). This may produce slightly different than desired match offsets. It is intended as a work-around until the regex engine supports this natively.

CRLF support can be disabled with --no-crlf.

--debug

Show debug messages. Please use this when filing a bug report.

The --debug flag is generally useful for figuring out why ripgrep skipped searching a particular file. The debug messages should mention all files skipped and why they were skipped.

To get even more debug output, use the --trace flag, which implies --debug along with additional trace data. With --trace, the output could be quite large and is generally more useful for development.

--dfa-size-limit NUM+SUFFIX?

The upper size limit of the regex DFA. The default limit is 10M. This should only be changed on very large regex inputs where the (slower) fallback regex engine may otherwise be used if the limit is reached.

The argument accepts the same size suffixes as allowed in with the --max-filesize flag.

-E, --encoding ENCODING

Specify the text encoding that ripgrep will use on all files searched. The default value is auto, which will cause ripgrep to do a best effort automatic detection of encoding on a per-file basis. Other supported values can be found in the list of labels here: https://encoding.spec.whatwg.org/#concept-encoding-get

This flag can be disabled with --no-encoding.

-f, --file PATTERNFILE ...

Search for patterns from the given file, with one pattern per line. When this flag is used multiple times or in combination with the -e/--regexp flag, then all patterns provided are searched. Empty pattern lines will match all input lines, and the newline is not counted as part of the pattern.

A line is printed if and only if it matches at least one of the patterns.

--files

Print each file that would be searched without actually performing the search. This is useful to determine whether a particular file is being search or not.

-l, --files-with-matches

Only print the paths with at least one match.

This overrides --files-without-match.

--files-without-match

Only print the paths that contain zero matches. This inverts/negates the --files-with-matches flag.

This overrides --files-with-matches.

-F, --fixed-strings

Treat the pattern as a literal string instead of a regular expression. When this flag is used, special regular expression meta characters such as .(){}*+ do not need to be escaped.

This flag can be disabled with --no-fixed-strings.

-L, --follow

When this flag is enabled, ripgrep will follow symbolic links while traversing directories. This is disabled by default. Note that ripgrep will check for symbolic link loops and report errors if it finds one.

This flag can be disabled with --no-follow.

-g, --glob GLOB ...

Include or exclude files and directories for searching that match the given glob. This always overrides any other ignore logic. Multiple glob flags may be used. Globbing rules match .gitignore globs. Precede a glob with a ! to exclude it.

--heading

This flag prints the file path above clusters of matches from each file instead of printing the file path as a prefix for each matched line. This is the default mode when printing to a terminal.

This overrides the --no-heading flag.

--hidden

Search hidden files and directories. By default, hidden files and directories are skipped. Note that if a hidden file or a directory is whitelisted in an ignore file, then it will be searched even if this flag isn’t provided.

This flag can be disabled with --no-hidden.

--iglob GLOB ...

Include or exclude files and directories for searching that match the given glob. This always overrides any other ignore logic. Multiple glob flags may be used. Globbing rules match .gitignore globs. Precede a glob with a ! to exclude it. Globs are matched case insensitively.

-i, --ignore-case

When this flag is provided, the given patterns will be searched case insensitively. The case insensitivity rules used by ripgrep conform to Unicode’s "simple" case folding rules.

This flag overrides -s/--case-sensitive and -S/--smart-case.

--ignore-file PATH ...

Specifies a path to one or more .gitignore format rules files. These patterns are applied after the patterns found in .gitignore and .ignore are applied and are matched relative to the current working directory. Multiple additional ignore files can be specified by using the --ignore-file flag several times. When specifying multiple ignore files, earlier files have lower precedence than later files.

If you are looking for a way to include or exclude files and directories directly on the command line, then used -g instead.

-v, --invert-match

Invert matching. Show lines that do not match the given patterns.

--json

Enable printing results in a JSON Lines format.

When this flag is provided, ripgrep will emit a sequence of messages, each encoded as a JSON object, where there are five different message types:

begin - A message that indicates a file is being searched and contains at least one match.

end - A message the indicates a file is done being searched. This message also include summary statistics about the search for a particular file.

match - A message that indicates a match was found. This includes the text and offsets of the match.

context - A message that indicates a contextual line was found. This includes the text of the line, along with any match information if the search was inverted.

summary - The final message emitted by ripgrep that contains summary statistics about the search across all files.

Since file paths or the contents of files are not guaranteed to be valid UTF-8 and JSON itself must be representable by a Unicode encoding, ripgrep will emit all data elements as objects with one of two keys: text or bytes. text is a normal JSON string when the data is valid UTF-8 while bytes is the base64 encoded contents of the data.

The JSON Lines format is only supported for showing search results. It cannot be used with other flags that emit other types of output, such as --files, --files-with-matches, --files-without-match, --count or --count-matches. ripgrep will report an error if any of the aforementioned flags are used in concert with --json.

Other flags that control aspects of the standard output such as --only-matching, --heading, --replace, --max-columns, etc., have no effect when --json is set.

A more complete description of the JSON format used can be found here: https://docs.rs/grep-printer/*/grep_printer/struct.JSON.html

The JSON Lines format can be disabled with --no-json.

--line-buffered

When enabled, ripgrep will use line buffering. That is, whenever a matching line is found, it will be flushed to stdout immediately. This is the default when ripgrep’s stdout is connected to a terminal, but otherwise, ripgrep will use block buffering, which is typically faster. This flag forces ripgrep to use line buffering even if it would otherwise use block buffering. This is typically useful in shell pipelines, e.g., tail -f something.log | rg foo --line-buffered | rg bar.

Forceful line buffering can be disabled with --no-line-buffered. Note that using --no-line-buffered causes ripgrep to revert to its default behavior of automatically detecting the buffering strategy. To force block buffering, use the --block-buffered flag.

-n, --line-number

Show line numbers (1-based). This is enabled by default when searching in a terminal.

-x, --line-regexp

Only show matches surrounded by line boundaries. This is equivalent to putting ^...$ around all of the search patterns. In other words, this only prints lines where the entire line participates in a match.

This overrides the --word-regexp flag.

-M, --max-columns NUM

Don’t print lines longer than this limit in bytes. Longer lines are omitted, and only the number of matches in that line is printed.

When this flag is omitted or is set to 0, then it has no effect.

-m, --max-count NUM

Limit the number of matching lines per file searched to NUM.

--max-depth NUM

Limit the depth of directory traversal to NUM levels beyond the paths given. A value of zero only searches the explicitly given paths themselves.

For example, rg --max-depth 0 dir/ is a no-op because dir/ will not be descended into. rg --max-depth 1 dir/ will search only the direct children of dir.

--max-filesize NUM+SUFFIX?

Ignore files larger than NUM in size. This does not apply to directories.

The input format accepts suffixes of K, M or G which correspond to kilobytes, megabytes and gigabytes, respectively. If no suffix is provided the input is treated as bytes.

Examples: --max-filesize 50K or --max-filesize 80M

--mmap

Search using memory maps when possible. This is enabled by default when ripgrep thinks it will be faster.

Memory map searching doesn’t currently support all options, so if an incompatible option (e.g., --context) is given with --mmap, then memory maps will not be used.

Note that ripgrep may abort unexpectedly when --mmap if it searches a file that is simultaneously truncated.

This flag overrides --no-mmap.

-U, --multiline

Enable matching across multiple lines.

When multiline mode is enabled, ripgrep will lift the restriction that a match cannot include a line terminator. For example, when multiline mode is not codepoint other than \n. Similarly, the regex \n is explicitly forbidden, and if you try to use it, ripgrep will return an error. However, when multiline and regexes like \n are permitted.

An important caveat is that multiline mode does not change the match semantics of .. Namely, in most regex matchers, a . will by default match any character other than \n, and this is true in ripgrep as well. In order to make . match \n, you must enable the "dot all" flag inside the regex. For example, both (?s). and (?s:.) have the same semantics, where . will match any character, including \n. Alternatively, the --multiline-dotall flag may be passed to make the "dot all" behavior the default. This flag only applies when multiline search is enabled.

There is no limit on the number of the lines that a single match can span.

WARNING: Because of how the underlying regex engine works, multiline searches may be slower than normal line-oriented searches, and they may also use more memory. In particular, when multiline mode is enabled, ripgrep requires that each file it searches is laid out contiguously in memory (either by reading it onto the heap or by memory-mapping it). Things that cannot be memory-mapped (such as stdin) will be consumed until EOF before searching can begin. In general, ripgrep will only do these things when necessary. Specifically, if the --multiline flag is provided but the regex does not contain patterns that would match \n characters, then ripgrep will automatically avoid reading each file into memory before searching it. Nevertheless, if you only care about matches spanning at most one line, then it is always better to disable multiline mode.

This flag can be disabled with --no-multiline.

--multiline-dotall

This flag enables "dot all" in your regex pattern, which causes . to match newlines when multiline searching is enabled. This flag has no effect if multiline searching isn’t enabled with the --multiline flag.

Normally, a . will match any character except newlines. While this behavior typically isn’t relevant for line-oriented matching (since matches can span at most one line), this can be useful when searching with the -U/--multiline flag. By default, the multiline mode runs without this flag.

This flag is generally intended to be used in an alias or your ripgrep config file if you prefer "dot all" semantics by default. Note that regardless of whether this flag is used, "dot all" semantics can still be controlled via inline flags in the regex pattern itself, e.g., (?s:.) always enables "dot all" whereas (?-s:.) always disables "dot all".

This flag can be disabled with --no-multiline-dotall.

--no-config

Never read configuration files. When this flag is present, ripgrep will not respect the RIPGREP_CONFIG_PATH environment variable.

If ripgrep ever grows a feature to automatically read configuration files in pre-defined locations, then this flag will also disable that behavior as well.

--no-filename

Never print the file path with the matched lines. This is the default when ripgrep is explicitly instructed to search one file or stdin.

This flag overrides --with-filename.

--no-heading

Don’t group matches by each file. If --no-heading is provided in addition to the -H/--with-filename flag, then file paths will be printed as a prefix for every matched line. This is the default mode when not printing to a terminal.

This overrides the --heading flag.

--no-ignore

Don’t respect ignore files (.gitignore, .ignore, etc.). This implies --no-ignore-parent and --no-ignore-vcs.

This flag can be disabled with the --ignore flag.

--no-ignore-global

Don’t respect ignore files that come from "global" sources such as git’s core.excludesFile configuration option (which defaults to $HOME/.config/git/ignore).

This flag can be disabled with the --ignore-global flag.

--no-ignore-messages

Suppresses all error messages related to parsing ignore files such as .ignore or .gitignore.

This flag can be disabled with the --ignore-messages flag.

--no-ignore-parent

Don’t respect ignore files (.gitignore, .ignore, etc.) in parent directories.

This flag can be disabled with the --ignore-parent flag.

--no-ignore-vcs

Don’t respect version control ignore files (.gitignore, etc.). This implies --no-ignore-parent for VCS files. Note that .ignore files will continue to be respected.

This flag can be disabled with the --ignore-vcs flag.

-N, --no-line-number

Suppress line numbers. This is enabled by default when not searching in a terminal.

--no-messages

Suppress all error messages related to opening and reading files. Error messages related to the syntax of the pattern given are still shown.

This flag can be disabled with the --messages flag.

--no-mmap

Never use memory maps, even when they might be faster.

This flag overrides --mmap.

--no-pcre2-unicode

When PCRE2 matching is enabled, this flag will disable Unicode mode, which is otherwise enabled by default. If PCRE2 matching is not enabled, then this flag has no effect.

When PCRE2’s Unicode mode is enabled, several different types of patterns become Unicode aware. This includes \b, \B, \w, \W, \d, \D, \s and \S. Similarly, the . meta character will match any Unicode codepoint instead of any byte. Caseless matching will also use Unicode simple case folding instead of ASCII-only case insensitivity.

Unicode mode in PCRE2 represents a critical trade off in the user experience of ripgrep. In particular, unlike the default regex engine, PCRE2 does not support the ability to search possibly invalid UTF-8 with Unicode features enabled. Instead, PCRE2 requires that everything it searches when Unicode mode is enabled is valid UTF-8. (Or valid UTF-16/UTF-32, but for the purposes of ripgrep, we only discuss UTF-8.) This means that if you have PCRE2’s Unicode mode enabled and you attempt to search invalid UTF-8, then the search for that file will halt and print an error. For this reason, when PCRE2’s Unicode mode is enabled, ripgrep will automatically "fix" invalid UTF-8 sequences by replacing them with the Unicode replacement codepoint.

If you would rather see the encoding errors surfaced by PCRE2 when Unicode mode is enabled, then pass the --no-encoding flag to disable all transcoding.

Related flags: --pcre2

This flag can be disabled with --pcre2-unicode.

-0, --null

Whenever a file path is printed, follow it with a NUL byte. This includes printing file paths before matches, and when printing a list of matching files such as with --count, --files-with-matches and --files. This option is useful for use with xargs.

--null-data

Enabling this option causes ripgrep to use NUL as a line terminator instead of the default of \n.

This is useful when searching large binary files that would otherwise have very long lines if \n were used as the line terminator. In particular, ripgrep requires that, at a minimum, each line must fit into memory. Using NUL instead can be a useful stopgap to keep memory requirements low and avoid OOM (out of memory) conditions.

This is also useful for processing NUL delimited data, such as that emitted when using ripgrep’s -0/--null flag or find’s --print0 flag.

Using this flag implies -a/--text.

--one-file-system

When enabled, ripgrep will not cross file system boundaries relative to where the search started from.

Note that this applies to each path argument given to ripgrep. For example, in the command rg --one-file-system /foo/bar /quux/baz, ripgrep will search both /foo/bar and /quux/baz even if they are on different file systems, but will not cross a file system boundary when traversing each path’s directory tree.

This is similar to find’s -xdev or -mount flag.

This flag can be disabled with --no-one-file-system.

-o, --only-matching

Print only the matched (non-empty) parts of a matching line, with each such part on a separate output line.

--passthru

Print both matching and non-matching lines.

Another way to achieve a similar effect is by modifying your pattern to match the empty string. For example, if you are searching using rg foo then using rg "^|foo" instead will emit every line in every file searched, but only occurrences of foo will be highlighted. This flag enables the same behavior without needing to modify the pattern.

--path-separator SEPARATOR

Set the path separator to use when printing file paths. This defaults to your platform’s path separator, which is / on Unix and \ on Windows. This flag is intended for overriding the default when the environment demands it (e.g., cygwin). A path separator is limited to a single byte.

-P, --pcre2

When this flag is present, ripgrep will use the PCRE2 regex engine instead of its default regex engine.

This is generally useful when you want to use features such as look-around or backreferences.

Note that PCRE2 is an optional ripgrep feature. If PCRE2 wasn’t included in your build of ripgrep, then using this flag will result in ripgrep printing an error message and exiting.

Related flags: --no-pcre2-unicode

This flag can be disabled with --no-pcre2.

--pre COMMAND

For each input FILE, search the standard output of COMMAND FILE rather than the contents of FILE. This option expects the COMMAND program to either be an absolute path or to be available in your PATH. Either an empty string COMMAND or the --no-pre flag will disable this behavior.

WARNING: When this flag is set, ripgrep will unconditionally spawn a
process for every file that is searched. Therefore, this can incur an
unnecessarily large performance penalty if you don't otherwise need the
flexibility offered by this flag.

A preprocessor is not run when ripgrep is searching stdin.

When searching over sets of files that may require one of several decoders as preprocessors, COMMAND should be a wrapper program or script which first classifies FILE based on magic numbers/content or based on the FILE name and then dispatches to an appropriate preprocessor. Each COMMAND also has its standard input connected to FILE for convenience.

For example, a shell script for COMMAND might look like:

case "$1" in
*.pdf)
    exec pdftotext "$1" -
    ;;
*)
    case $(file "$1") in
    *Zstandard*)
        exec pzstd -cdq
        ;;
    *)
        exec cat
        ;;
    esac
    ;;
esac

The above script uses pdftotext to convert a PDF file to plain text. For all other files, the script uses the file utility to sniff the type of the file based on its contents. If it is a compressed file in the Zstandard format, then pzstd is used to decompress the contents to stdout.

This overrides the -z/--search-zip flag.

--pre-glob GLOB ...

This flag works in conjunction with the --pre flag. Namely, when one or more --pre-glob flags are given, then only files that match the given set of globs will be handed to the command specified by the --pre flag. Any non-matching files will be searched without using the preprocessor command.

This flag is useful when searching many files with the --pre flag. Namely, it permits the ability to avoid process overhead for files that don’t need preprocessing. For example, given the following shell script, pre-pdftotext:

#!/bin/sh
pdftotext "$1" -

then it is possible to use --pre pre-pdftotext --pre-glob '*.pdf' to make it so ripgrep only executes the pre-pdftotext command on files with a .pdf extension.

Multiple --pre-glob flags may be used. Globbing rules match .gitignore globs. Precede a glob with a ! to exclude it.

This flag has no effect if the --pre flag is not used.

-p, --pretty

This is a convenience alias for --color always --heading --line-number. This flag is useful when you still want pretty output even if you’re piping ripgrep to another program or file. For example: rg -p foo | less -R.

-q, --quiet

Do not print anything to stdout. If a match is found in a file, then ripgrep will stop searching. This is useful when ripgrep is used only for its exit code (which will be an error if no matches are found).

When --files is used, then ripgrep will stop finding files after finding the first file that matches all ignore rules.

--regex-size-limit NUM+SUFFIX?

The upper size limit of the compiled regex. The default limit is 10M.

The argument accepts the same size suffixes as allowed in the --max-filesize flag.

-e, --regexp PATTERN ...

A pattern to search for. This option can be provided multiple times, where all patterns given are searched. Lines matching at least one of the provided patterns are printed. This flag can also be used when searching for patterns that start with a dash.

For example, to search for the literal -foo, you can use this flag:

rg -e -foo

You can also use the special -- delimiter to indicate that no more flags will be provided. Namely, the following is equivalent to the above:

rg -- -foo
-r, --replace REPLACEMENT_TEXT

Replace every match with the text given when printing results. Neither this flag nor any other ripgrep flag will modify your files.

Capture group indices (e.g., $5) and names (e.g., $foo) are supported in the replacement string.

Note that the replacement by default replaces each match, and NOT the entire line. To replace the entire line, you should match the entire line.

This flag can be used with the -o/--only-matching flag.

-z, --search-zip

Search in compressed files. Currently gz, bz2, xz, lzma and lz4 files are supported. This option expects the decompression binaries to be available in your PATH.

This flag can be disabled with --no-search-zip.

-S, --smart-case

Searches case insensitively if the pattern is all lowercase. Search case sensitively otherwise.

This overrides the -s/--case-sensitive and -i/--ignore-case flags.

--sort SORTBY

This flag enables sorting of results in ascending order. The possible values for this flag are:

path        Sort by file path.
modified    Sort by the last modified time on a file.
accessed    Sort by the last accessed time on a file.
created     Sort by the cretion time on a file.
none        Do not sort results.

If the sorting criteria isn’t available on your system (for example, creation time is not available on ext4 file systems), then ripgrep will attempt to detect this and print an error without searching any results. Otherwise, the sort order is unspecified.

To sort results in reverse or descending order, use the --sortr flag. Also, this flag overrides --sortr.

Note that sorting results currently always forces ripgrep to abandon parallelism and run in a single thread.

--sortr SORTBY

This flag enables sorting of results in descending order. The possible values for this flag are:

path        Sort by file path.
modified    Sort by the last modified time on a file.
accessed    Sort by the last accessed time on a file.
created     Sort by the cretion time on a file.
none        Do not sort results.

If the sorting criteria isn’t available on your system (for example, creation time is not available on ext4 file systems), then ripgrep will attempt to detect this and print an error without searching any results. Otherwise, the sort order is unspecified.

To sort results in ascending order, use the --sort flag. Also, this flag overrides --sort.

Note that sorting results currently always forces ripgrep to abandon parallelism and run in a single thread.

--stats

Print aggregate statistics about this ripgrep search. When this flag is present, ripgrep will print the following stats to stdout at the end of the search: number of matched lines, number of files with matches, number of files searched, and the time taken for the entire search to complete.

This set of aggregate statistics may expand over time.

Note that this flag has no effect if --files, --files-with-matches or --files-without-match is passed.

This flag can be disabled with --no-stats.

-a, --text

Search binary files as if they were text. When this flag is present, ripgrep’s binary file detection is disabled. This means that when a binary file is searched, its contents may be printed if there is a match. This may cause escape codes to be printed that alter the behavior of your terminal.

When binary file detection is enabled it is imperfect. In general, it uses a simple heuristic. If a NUL byte is seen during search, then the file is considered binary and search stops (unless this flag is present).

Note that when the -u/--unrestricted flag is provided for a third time, then this flag is automatically enabled.

This flag can be disabled with --no-text.

-j, --threads NUM

The approximate number of threads to use. A value of 0 (which is the default) causes ripgrep to choose the thread count using heuristics.

--trim

When set, all ASCII whitespace at the beginning of each line printed will be trimmed.

This flag can be disabled with --no-trim.

-t, --type TYPE ...

Only search files matching TYPE. Multiple type flags may be provided. Use the --type-list flag to list all available types.

--type-add TYPE_SPEC ...

Add a new glob for a particular file type. Only one glob can be added at a time. Multiple --type-add flags can be provided. Unless --type-clear is used, globs are added to any existing globs defined inside of ripgrep.

Note that this MUST be passed to every invocation of ripgrep. Type settings are NOT persisted.

Example:

rg --type-add 'foo:*.foo' -tfoo PATTERN.

--type-add can also be used to include rules from other types with the special include directive. The include directive permits specifying one or more other type names (separated by a comma) that have been defined and its rules will automatically be imported into the type specified. For example, to create a type called src that matches C++, Python and Markdown files, one can use:

--type-add 'src:include:cpp,py,md'

Additional glob rules can still be added to the src type by using the --type-add flag again:

--type-add 'src:include:cpp,py,md' --type-add 'src:*.foo'

Note that type names must consist only of Unicode letters or numbers. Punctuation characters are not allowed.

--type-clear TYPE ...

Clear the file type globs previously defined for TYPE. This only clears the default type definitions that are found inside of ripgrep.

Note that this MUST be passed to every invocation of ripgrep. Type settings are NOT persisted.

--type-list

Show all supported file types and their corresponding globs.

-T, --type-not TYPE ...

Do not search files matching TYPE. Multiple type-not flags may be provided. Use the --type-list flag to list all available types.

-u, --unrestricted ...

Reduce the level of "smart" searching. A single -u won’t respect .gitignore (etc.) files. Two -u flags will additionally search hidden files and directories. Three -u flags will additionally search binary files.

-uu is roughly equivalent to grep -r and -uuu is roughly equivalent to grep -a -r.

--vimgrep

Show results with every match on its own line, including line numbers and column numbers. With this option, a line with more than one match will be printed more than once.

-H, --with-filename

Display the file path for matches. This is the default when more than one file is searched. If --heading is enabled (the default when printing to a terminal), the file path will be shown above clusters of matches from each file; otherwise, the file name will be shown as a prefix for each matched line.

This flag overrides --no-filename.

-w, --word-regexp

Only show matches surrounded by word boundaries. This is roughly equivalent to putting \b before and after all of the search patterns.

This overrides the --line-regexp flag.

Exit Status

If ripgrep finds a match, then the exit status of the program is 0. If no match could be found, then the exit status is non-zero.

Configuration Files

ripgrep supports reading configuration files that change ripgrep’s default behavior. The format of the configuration file is an "rc" style and is very simple. It is defined by two rules:

1. Every line is a shell argument, after trimming ASCII whitespace.

2. Lines starting with # (optionally preceded by any amount of ASCII whitespace) are ignored.

ripgrep will look for a single configuration file if and only if the RIPGREP_CONFIG_PATH environment variable is set and is non-empty. ripgrep will parse shell arguments from this file on startup and will behave as if the arguments in this file were prepended to any explicit arguments given to ripgrep on the command line.

For example, if your ripgreprc file contained a single line:

--smart-case

then the following command

RIPGREP_CONFIG_PATH=wherever/.ripgreprc rg foo

would behave identically to the following command

rg --smart-case foo

another example is adding types

--type-add
web:*.{html,css,js}*

would behave identically to the following command

rg --type-add 'web:*.{html,css,js}*' foo

same with using globs

--glob=!git/*

or

--glob
!git/*

would behave identically to the following command

rg --glob '!git/*' foo

ripgrep also provides a flag, --no-config, that when present will suppress any and all support for configuration. This includes any future support for auto-loading configuration files from pre-determined paths.

Conflicts between configuration files and explicit arguments are handled exactly like conflicts in the same command line invocation. That is, this command:

RIPGREP_CONFIG_PATH=wherever/.ripgreprc rg foo --case-sensitive

is exactly equivalent to

rg --smart-case foo --case-sensitive

in which case, the --case-sensitive flag would override the --smart-case flag.

Shell Completion

Shell completion files are included in the release tarball for Bash, Fish, Zsh and PowerShell.

For bash, move rg.bash to $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/bash_completion or /etc/bash_completion.d/.

For fish, move rg.fish to $HOME/.config/fish/completions.

For zsh, move _rg to one of your $fpath directories.

Caveats

ripgrep may abort unexpectedly when using default settings if it searches a file that is simultaneously truncated. This behavior can be avoided by passing the --no-mmap flag which will forcefully disable the use of memory maps in all cases.

Version

0.10.0 -SIMD -AVX (compiled) +SIMD +AVX (runtime)

Homepage

https://github.com/BurntSushi/ripgrep

Please report bugs and feature requests in the issue tracker.

Authors

Andrew Gallant <jamslam@gmail.com>

Info

09/08/2018