racluster man page

racluster — aggregate argus(8) data files.

Synopsis

racluster [-f conf] [-m agr(s)] [-M mode(s)] [raoptions] [-- filter-expression]

Description

Racluster reads argus data from an argus-data source, and clusters/merges the records based on the flow key criteria specified either on the command line, or in a racluster configuration file, and outputs a valid argus-stream. This tool is primarily used for data mining, data management and report generation.

The default action is to merge status records from the same flow and argus probe, providing in some cases huge data reduction with limited loss of flow information.  Racluster provides the ability to modify the flow model key, either using the "-m" option, or in the racluster.conf file, allowing records to be clustered based on any number of attributes.  This supports the development of important reports, such as MPLS LSP usage statistics, DiffServe flow marking policy verification, VLAN group behavior, IP distance related measurements, routing loop detection, traceroute path data recovery, and complex availability/reachability reports, to name just a few useful applications.

Please see racluster.5 for detailed information regarding racluster configuration.  

Options

Racluster, like all ra based clients, supports a number of ra options including filtering of input argus records through a terminating filter expression, and the ability to specify the output style, format and contents for printing data.  See ra(1) for a complete description of ra options. racluster(1) specific options are:

-m aggregation object

Supported aggregation objects are:

none

use a null flow key.

srcid

argus source identifier.

smac

source mac(ether) addr.

dmac

destination mac(ether) addr.

soui

oui portion of the source mac(ether) addr.

doui

oui portion of the destination mac(ether) addr.

smpls

source mpls label.

dmpls

destination label addr.

svlan

source vlan label.

dvlan

destination vlan addr.

saddr/[l|m]

source IP addr/[cidr len | m.a.s.k].

daddr/[l|m]

destination IP addr/[cidr len | m.a.s.k].

matrix/l

sorted src and dst IP addr/cidr len.

proto

transaction protocol.

sport

source port number. Implies use of 'proto'.

dport

destination port number. Implies use of 'proto'.

stos

source TOS byte value.

dtos

destination TOS byte value.

sttl

src -> dst TTL value.

dttl

dst -> src TTL value.

stcpb

src -> dst TCP base sequence number.

dtcpb

dst -> src TCP base sequence number.

inode[/l|m]]

intermediate node IP addr/[cidr len | m.a.s.k], source of ICMP mapped events.

sco

source ARIN country code, if present.

dco

destination ARIN country code, if present.

sas

source node origin AS number, if available.

das

destination node origin AS number, if available.

ias

intermediate node origin AS number, if available.

-M modes

Supported modes are:

correct

Attempt to correct the direction of flows by also searching the reverse flow key, if a match isn't found in the cache.  This mode is on by default when using the default full 5-tuple flow key definitions.

nocorrect

Turn off flow correction for direction.  This mode is used by default if the flow key has been changed.

norep

Do not generate an aggregate statistic for each flow.  This is used primarily when the output represents a single object.  Primarily used when merging status records to generate single flows that represent single transactions.

rmon

Generate data suitable for producing RMON types of metrics.

ind

Process each input file independantly, so that after the end of each inputfile, racluster flushes its output.

replace

Replace each inputfile contents, with the aggregated output. The initial file compression status is maintained

-V

Verbose operation, printing a line of output for each input file processed. Very useful when using the ra() -R option.

Invocation

A sample invocation of racluster(1).  This call reads argus(8) data from inputfile and aggregates the TCP protocol based argus(8) data. By default, racluster(1) merges using the standard 5-tuple flow key. This method is used to merge multiple status records into a single flow record per transaction.

% ra -r argus.tcp.2012.02.13.12.20.00 
    StartTime      Dur Trans      Flgs  Proto        SrcAddr  Sport   Dir        DstAddr  Dport  TotPkts State 
 12:23:07.268    0.997     1  e i         tcp   192.168.0.68.59016     ->  208.59.201.75.http        298   CON
 12:23:08.294    1.000     1  e           tcp   192.168.0.68.59016     ->  208.59.201.75.http        111   CON
 12:23:09.294    0.991     1  e d         tcp   192.168.0.68.59016     ->  208.59.201.75.http        637   CON
 12:23:10.331    0.330     1  e           tcp   192.168.0.68.59016     ->  208.59.201.75.http         89   CON
 12:23:32.183    0.010     1  e           tcp   192.168.0.68.59016     ->  208.59.201.75.http          3   FIN

% racluster -r argus.tcp.2012.02.13.12.20.00
    StartTime      Dur Trans      Flgs  Proto        SrcAddr  Sport   Dir        DstAddr  Dport  TotPkts State 
 12:23:07.268   24.925     5  e d         tcp   192.168.0.68.59016     ->  208.59.201.75.http       1138   FIN

A sample invocation of racluster(1).  This call reads argus(8) data from inputfile and aggregates the TCP protocol based argus(8) data, based on the source and destination address matrix and the protocol.  It reports the metrics as a percent of the total.  

% racluster -r argus.2012.02.13.17.20.00 -m saddr/16 daddr proto -% \
       -s stime dur trans proto saddr dir daddr pkts state - tcp and port https

    StartTime      Dur   pTrans  Proto        SrcAddr  Dir        DstAddr  pTotPkts State 
 17:49:54.225    8.101   33.333    tcp 192.168.0.0/16   ->   17.154.66.18    23.372   FIN
 17:48:42.607  179.761   13.333    tcp 192.168.0.0/16   ->  17.172.224.25    31.052   FIN
 17:50:01.113    0.803    6.667    tcp 192.168.0.0/16   -> 17.250.248.161     5.676   FIN
 17:49:54.525    1.153    6.667    tcp 192.168.0.0/16   ->  64.12.173.137     5.509   FIN
 17:50:35.411  101.133   26.667    tcp 192.168.0.0/16   ->  184.28.150.87    19.199   RST
 17:49:56.061   73.415    6.667    tcp 192.168.0.0/16   ->   205.188.8.47    11.018   RST
 17:49:55.677    0.434    6.667    tcp 192.168.0.0/16   -> 205.188.101.10     4.174   FIN

See Also

racluster(5), ra(1), rarc(5), argus(8),

Files

Authors

Carter Bullard (carter@qosient.com).

Bugs

Referenced By

rabins(1), racluster(5), ratop(1).

07 October 2003 racluster 3.0.8