r.li.shannon.1grass man page

r.li.shannon — Calculates Shannon’s diversity index on a raster map


raster, landscape structure analysis, diversity index


r.li.shannon --help
r.li.shannon input=name config=name output=name  [--overwrite]  [--help]  [--verbose]  [--quiet]  [--ui]



Allow output files to overwrite existing files


Print usage summary


Verbose module output


Quiet module output


Force launching GUI dialog


input=name [required]

Name of input raster map

config=name [required]

Configuration file

output=name [required]

Name for output raster map


r.li.shannon calculates the "Shannon’s diversity index" as:

  • i: patch type
  • m: number of different patch types
  • pi: proportional abundance of patch type i


Do not use absolute path names for the config and output file/map parameters. If the "moving window" method was selected in g.gui.rlisetup, then the output will be a raster map, otherwise an ASCII file will be generated in the folder C:\Users\userxy\AppData\Roaming\GRASS7\r.li\output\ (MS-Windows) or $HOME/.grass7/r.li/output/ (GNU/Linux).

If the input raster map contains only NULL values then r.li.shannon returns NULL.


To calculate Shannon’s diversity index on map my_map, using my_conf configuration file (previously defined with g.gui.rlisetup) and saving results in my_out, run:

r.li.shannon input=my_map conf=my_conf output=my_out

Forest map (Spearfish sample dataset) example:

g.region raster=landcover.30m -p
r.mapcalc "forests = if(landcover.30m >= 41 && landcover.30m <= 43,1,null())"
r.li.shannon input=forests conf=movwindow7 out=forests_shannon_mov7
r.univar forests_shannon_mov7

Forest map (North Carolina sample dataset) example:

g.region raster=landclass96 -p
r.mapcalc "forests = if(landclass96 == 5, 1, null() )"
r.li.shannon input=forests conf=movwindow7 out=forests_shannon_mov7
# verify
r.univar forests_shannon_mov7
r.to.vect input=forests output=forests type=area
d.mon wx0
d.rast forests_shannon_mov7
d.vect forests type=boundary

See Also

r.li - package overview


McGarigal, K., and B. J. Marks. 1995. FRAGSTATS: spatial pattern analysis program for quantifying landscape structure. USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-351. (PDF)


Serena Pallecchi student of Computer Science University of Pisa (Italy).
Commission from Faunalia Pontedera (PI), Italy (www.faunalia.it)

Last changed: $Date: 2015-08-25 00:15:04 +0200 (Tue, 25 Aug 2015) $

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