r.li.patchdensity.1grass man page

r.li.patchdensity — Calculates patch density index on a raster map, using a 4 neighbour algorithm

Keywords

raster, landscape structure analysis, patch index

Synopsis

r.li.patchdensity
r.li.patchdensity --help
r.li.patchdensity input=name config=name output=name [--overwrite] [--help] [--verbose] [--quiet] [--ui]

Flags

--overwrite
Allow output files to overwrite existing files
--help
Print usage summary
--verbose
Verbose module output
--quiet
Quiet module output
--ui
Force launching GUI dialog

Parameters

input=name [required]
Name of input raster map
config=name [required]
Configuration file
output=name [required]
Name for output raster map

Description

r.li.patchdensity calculates the "patch density index", the number of patches per square kilometer, as:

PD = Npatch / A

with:

·
A:sampling area size
·
Npatch: number of patches

This index is calculated using a 4 neighbour algorithm, diagonal cells are ignored when tracing a patch.

Notes

Do not use absolute path names for the config and output file/map parameters. If the "moving window" method was selected in g.gui.rlisetup, then the output will be a raster map, otherwise an ASCII file will be generated in the folder C:\Users\userxy\AppData\Roaming\GRASS7\r.li\output\ (MS-Windows) or $HOME/.grass7/r.li/output/ (GNU/Linux).

A sample area of only NULL values is considered to have zero patches, that is, the result is always ≥ 0.

Examples

To calculate patch density index on map my_map, using my_conf configuration file (previously defined with g.gui.rlisetup) and saving results in my_out, run:

r.li.patchdensity input=my_map conf=my_conf output=my_out

Example for Spearfish forest areas:

g.region raster=landcover.30m -p
# extract forested areas:
r.category landcover.30m
r.mapcalc "forests = if(landcover.30m >= 41 && landcover.30m <= 43, 1, null())"
# patch density (7x7 moving window defined in g.gui.rlisetup):
r.li.patchdensity forests conf=movwindow7 out=forests_p_dens7
r.univar forests_p_dens7
d.rast.leg forests_p_dens7
r.to.vect forests out=forests feature=area
d.vect forests type=boundary

Forest map (North Carolina sample dataset) example:

g.region raster=landclass96 -p
r.mapcalc "forests = if(landclass96 == 5, 1, null() )"
r.li.patchdensity input=forests conf=movwindow7 out=forests_patchdensity_mov7
# verify
r.univar forests_patchdensity_mov7
r.to.vect input=forests output=forests type=area
d.mon wx0
d.rast forests_patchdensity_mov7
d.vect forests type=boundary

See Also

r.li - package overview
g.gui.rlisetup

References

McGarigal, K., and B. J. Marks. 1995. FRAGSTATS: spatial pattern analysis program for quantifying landscape structure. USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-351. (PDF)

Authors

Michael Shapiro - CERL (patch identification)
Markus Metz (statistics)

Last changed: $Date: 2014-12-19 22:55:37 +0100 (Fri, 19 Dec 2014) $

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