r.in.mat.1grass - Man Page

Imports a binary MAT-File(v4) to a GRASS raster.


raster, import


r.in.mat --help
r.in.mat input=name  [output=name]   [--overwrite]  [--help]  [--verbose]  [--quiet]  [--ui]



Allow output files to overwrite existing files


Print usage summary


Verbose module output


Quiet module output


Force launching GUI dialog


input=name [required]

Name of input MAT-File(v4)


Name for output raster map (override)


r.in.mat will import a GRASS raster map from a Version 4 MAT-File which was created with Matlab or Octave. Attributes such as map title and bounds will also be imported if they exist.

Specifically, the following array variables will be read:

Any other variables in the MAT-file will be simply skipped over.

The ’map_name’ variable is optional, if it exists, and is valid, the new map will be thus named. If it doesn’t exist or a name is specified with the output= option, the raster map’s name will be set to "MatFile" or the name specified respectively. (maximum 64 characters; normal GRASS naming rules apply)

The ’map_title’ variable is optional, the map’s title is set if it exists.

The ’map_northern_edge’ and like variables are mandatory unless the user is importing to a "XY" non-georeferenced location (e.g. imagery data). Latitude and longitude values should be in decimal form.


r.in.mat imports a Version 4 MAT-File. These files can be successfully created with more modern versions of Matlab and Octave (see "Examples" below).

Everything should be Endian safe, so the file to be imported can be simply copied between different system architectures without binary translation (caveat: see "Todo" below).

As there is no IEEE value for NaN in integer arrays, GRASS’s null value may be used to represent it within these maps. Usually Matlab will save any integer based matrix with NaN values as a double-precision floating point array, so this usually isn’t an issue. To save space, once the map is loaded into GRASS you can convert it back to an integer map with the following command:

r.mapcalc "int_map = int(MATFile_map)"

NaN values in either floating point or double-precision floating point matrices should translate into null values as expected.

r.in.mat must load the entire map array into memory before writing, therefore it might have problems with huge arrays. (a 3000x4000 DCELL map uses about 100mb RAM)

GRASS defines its map bounds at the outer-edge of the bounding cells, not at the coordinates of their centroids. Thus, the following Matlab commands may be used to determine and check the map’s resolution information will be correct:

    [rows cols] = size(map_data)
    x_range = map_eastern_edge - map_western_edge
    y_range = map_northern_edge - map_southern_edge
    ns_res = y_range/rows
    ew_res = x_range/cols

Remember Matlab arrays are referenced as (row,column), i.e. (y,x).

In addition, r.in.mat and r.out.mat make for a nice binary container format for transferring georeferenced maps around, even if you don’t use Matlab or Octave.


In Matlab, save with:

save filename.mat map_* -v4

In Octave, save with:

save -mat4-binary filename.mat map_*


Robust support for mixed-Endian importation. (This is a work in progress, please help by reporting any failures to the GRASS bug tracking system;
Add support for importing map history, category information, color map, etc. if they exist.
Option to import a version 5 MAT-File, with map and support information stored in a single structured array.

Known Issues

If you encounter any problems, please contact the GRASS Development Team.

See Also

r.out.mat, r.in.ascii, r.in.bin, r.mapcalc, r.null.

The Octave project


Hamish Bowman
Department of Marine Science
University of Otago
New Zealand

Source Code

Available at: r.in.mat source code (history)

Accessed: Thursday Jul 20 05:47:16 2023

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