r.in.bin.1grass man page

r.in.bin — Import a binary raster file into a GRASS raster map layer.

Keywords

raster, import

Synopsis

r.in.bin
r.in.bin --help
r.in.bin [-fdsbh] input=name output=name [title=phrase] [bytes=integer] [header=integer] [bands=integer] [order=string] [north=float] [south=float] [east=float] [west=float] [rows=integer] [cols=integer] [anull=float] [flip=string[,string,...]] [--overwrite] [--help] [--verbose] [--quiet] [--ui]

Flags

-f
Import as floating-point data (default: integer)
-d
Import as double-precision floating-point data (default: integer)
-s
Signed data (two’s complement)
-b
Byte swap the data during import
-h
Get region info from Gmt style header
--overwrite
Allow output files to overwrite existing files
--help
Print usage summary
--verbose
Verbose module output
--quiet
Quiet module output
--ui
Force launching GUI dialog

Parameters

input=name [required]
Name of binary raster file to be imported
output=name [required]
Output name or prefix if several bands are imported
title=phrase
Title for resultant raster map
bytes=integer
Number of bytes per cell
Options: 1, 2, 4, 8
header=integer
Header size in bytes
Default: 0
bands=integer
Number of bands in input file
Bands must be in band-sequential order
Default: 1
order=string
Output byte order
Options: big, little, native, swap
Default: native
north=float
Northern limit of geographic region (outer edge)
south=float
Southern limit of geographic region (outer edge)
east=float
Eastern limit of geographic region (outer edge)
west=float
Western limit of geographic region (outer edge)
rows=integer
Number of rows
cols=integer
Number of columns
anull=float
Set Value to NULL
flip=string[,string,...]
Flip input horizontal and/or vertical
Options: h, v
h: Flip input horizontal (East - West)
v: Flip input vertical (North - South)

Description

r.in.bin allows a user to create a (binary) GRASS raster map layer from a variety of binary raster data formats.

The -s flag is used for importing two’s-complement signed data.

The -h flag is used to read region information from a Generic Mapping Tools (Gmt) type binary header. It is compatible with Gmt binary grid types 1 and 2.

The north, south, east, and west field values entered are the coordinates of the edges of the geographic region. The rows and cols field values entered describe the dimensions of the matrix of data to follow. If input is a Gmt binary array (-h flag), the six dimension fields are obtained from the Gmt header. If the bytes field is entered incorrectly an error will be generated suggesting a closer bytes value.

r.in.bin can be used to import numerous binary arrays including: ETOPO30, ETOPO-5, ETOPO-2, Globe DEM, BIL, Avhrr and Gmt binary arrays (ID 1 & 2).

Notes

If optional parameters are not supplied, r.in.bin attempts to calculate them. For example if the rows and columns parameters are not entered, r.in.bin automatically calculates them by subtracting south from north and west from east. This will only produce correct results if the raster resolution equals 1. Also, if the north, south, east, and west parameters are not entered, r.in.bin assigns them from the rows and columns parameters. In the above Avhrr example, the raster would be assigned a north=128, south=0, east=128, west=0.

The geographic coordinates north, south, east, and west describe the outer edges of the geographic region. They run along the edges of the cells at the edge of the geographic region and not through the center of the cells at the edges.

Eastern limit of geographic region (in projected coordinates must be east of the west parameter value, but in geographical coordinates will wrap around the globe; user errors can be detected by comparing the ewres and nsres values of the imported map layer carefully).
Western limit of geographic region (in projected coordinates must be west of the east parameter value, but in geographical coordinates will wrap around the globe; user errors can be detected by comparing the ewres and nsres values of the imported map layer carefully).

Notes on (non)signed data:

If you use the -s flag the highest bit is the sign bit. If this is 1 the data is negative, and the data interval is half of the unsigned (not exactly).

This flag is only used if bytes= 1. If bytes= is greater than 1 the flag is ignored.

Examples

Gtopo30 Dem

The following is a sample call of r.in.bin to import Gtopo30 Dem data:

r.in.bin -sb input=E020N90.DEM output=gtopo30 bytes=2 north=90 south=40
east=60 west=20 r=6000 c=4800

(you can add "anull=-9999" if you want sea level to have a NULL value)

Gmt

The following is a sample call of r.in.bin to import a Gmt type 1 (float) binary array:

r.in.bin -hf input=sample.grd output=sample.grass

(-b could be used to swap bytes if required)

Avhrr

The following is a sample call of r.in.bin to import an Avhrr image:

r.in.bin in=p07_b6.dat out=avhrr c=128 r=128

Etopo2

The following is a sample call of r.in.bin to import Etopo2 DEM data (here full data set):

r.in.bin ETOPO2.dos.bin out=ETOPO2min r=5400 c=10800 n=90 s=-90 w=-180 e=180 bytes=2
r.colors ETOPO2min rules=terrain

Topex/Srtm30 Plus

The following is a sample call of r.in.bin to import SRTM30 PLUS data:

r.in.bin -sb input=e020n40.Bathmetry.srtm output=e020n40_topex \
         bytes=2 north=40 south=-10 east=60 west=20 r=6000 c=4800
r.colors e020n40_topex rules=etopo2

Gpcp

The following is a sample call of r.in.bin to import Gpcp 1DD v1.2 data:

YEAR="2000"
MONTH="01"
# number of days of this month
MDAYS=`date -d"${YEAR}-${MONTH}-01 + 1 month - 1 day" +%d`
r.in.bin in=gpcp_1dd_v1.2_p1d.${YEAR}${MONTH} out=gpcp_${YEAR}.${MONTH}. \
         order=big bytes=4 -f header=1440 anull=-99999 \
         n=90 s=-90 w=0 e=360 rows=180 cols=360 bands=$MDAYS

The following is a sample call of r.in.bin to import Gpcp v2.2 data:

r.in.bin in=gpcp_v2.2_psg.1979 out=gpcp_1979. \
         order=big bytes=4 -f header=576 anull=-99999 \
         n=90 s=-90 w=0 e=360 rows=72 cols=144 bands=12

See Also

r.import, r.out.bin, r.in.ascii, r.out.ascii, r.in.gdal, r.out.gdal, r.in.srtm

Authors

Jacques Bouchard, France (bouchard@onera.fr)
Bob Covill, Canada (bcovill@tekmap.ns.ca)
Markus Metz
Man page: Zsolt Felker (felker@c160.pki.matav.hu)

Last changed: $Date: 2016-01-13 10:20:46 +0100 (Wed, 13 Jan 2016) $

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GRASS 7.0.4 Grass User's Manual