pwncat - Man Page

Description

usage: pwncat [options] hostname port

pwncat [options] -l [hostname] port pwncat [options] -z hostname port pwncat [options] -L [addr:]port hostname port pwncat [options] -R addr:port hostname port pwncat -V, --version pwncat -h, --help

Enhanced and comptaible Netcat implementation written in Python (2 and 3) with connect, zero-i/o, listen and forward modes and techniques to detect and evade firewalls and intrusion detection/prevention systems.

If no mode arguments are specified, pwncat will run in connect mode and act as a client to connect to a remote endpoint. If the connection to the remote endoint is lost, pwncat will quit. See options for how to automatically reconnect.

positional arguments

hostname

Address to listen, forward, scan or connect to.

port

[All modes] Single port to listen, forward or connect to. [Zero-I/O mode] Specify multiple ports to scan: Via list:  4444,4445,4446 Via range: 4444-4446 Via incr:  4444+2

mode arguments

-l, --listen

[Listen mode]: Start a server and listen for incoming connections. If using TCP and a connected client disconnects or the connection is interrupted otherwise, the server will quit. See -k/--keep-open to change this behaviour.

-z, --zero

[Zero-I/0 mode]: Connect to a remote endpoint and report status only. Used for port scanning. See --banner for version detection.

-L [addr:]port, --local [addr:]port

[Local forward mode]: This mode will start a server and a client internally. The internal server will listen locally on specified addr/port (given by --local [addr:]port). The server will then forward traffic to the internal client which connects to another server specified by hostname/port given via positional arguments. (I.e.: proxies a remote service to a local address)

-R addr:port, --remote addr:port

[Remote forward mode]: This mode will start two clients internally. One is connecting to the target and one is connecting to another pwncat/netcat server you have started somewhere. Once connected, it will then proxy traffic between you and the target. This mode should be applied on machines that block incoming traffic and only allow outbound. The connection to your listening server is given by -R/--remote addr:port and the connection to the target machine via the positional arguments.

optional arguments

-e cmd, --exec cmd

Execute shell command. Only for connect or listen mode.

-C lf, --crlf lf

Specify, 'lf', 'crlf' or 'cr' to always force replacing line endings for input and outout accordingly. Specify 'no' to completely remove any line feeds. By default it will not replace anything and takes what is entered (usually CRLF on Windows, LF on Linux and some times CR on MacOS).

-n, --nodns

Do not resolve DNS.

--send-on-eof

Buffer data received on stdin until EOF and send everything in one chunk.

--no-shutdown

Do not shutdown into half-duplex mode. If this option is passed, pwncat won't invoke shutdown on a socket after seeing EOF on stdin. This is provided for backward-compatibility with OpenBSD netcat, which exhibits this behavior.

-v, --verbose

Be verbose and print info to stderr. Use -v, -vv, -vvv or -vvvv for more verbosity. The server performance will decrease drastically if you use more than three times.

--info type

Show additional info about sockets, IPv4/6 or TCP opts applied to the current socket connection. Valid parameter are 'sock', 'ipv4', 'ipv6', 'tcp' or 'all'. Note, you must at least be in INFO verbose mode in order to see them (-vv).

-c str, --color str

Colored log output. Specify 'always', 'never' or 'auto'. In 'auto' mode, color is displayed as long as the output goes to a terminal. If it is piped into a file, color will automatically be disabled. This mode also disables color on Windows by default. (default: auto)

--safe-word str

All modes: If pwncat is started with this argument, it will shut down as soon as it receives the specified string. The --keep-open (server) or --reconn (client) options will be ignored and it won't listen again or reconnect to you. Use a very unique string to not have it shut down accidentally by other input.

protocol arguments

-4

Only Use IPv4 (default: IPv4 and IPv6 dualstack).

-6

Only Use IPv6 (default: IPv4 and IPv6 dualstack).

-u, --udp

Use UDP for the connection instead of TCP.

-T str, --tos str

Specifies IP Type of Service (ToS) for the connection. Valid values are the tokens 'mincost', 'lowcost', 'reliability', 'throughput' or 'lowdelay'.

--http

Connect / Listen mode (TCP and UDP): Hide traffic in http packets to fool Firewalls/IDS/IPS.

--https

Connect / Listen mode (TCP and UDP): Hide traffic in https packets to fool Firewalls/IDS/IPS.

-H [str [str ...]], --header [str [str ...]]

Add HTTP headers to your request when using --http(s).

command & control arguments

--self-inject cmd:host:port[s]

Listen mode (TCP only): If you are about to inject a reverse shell onto the victim machine (via php, bash, nc, ncat or similar), start your listening server with this argument. This will then (as soon as the reverse shell connects) automatically deploy and background-run an unbreakable pwncat reverse shell onto the victim machine which then also connects back to you with specified arguments. Example: '--self-inject /bin/bash:10.0.0.1:4444' It is also possible to launch multiple reverse shells by specifying multiple ports. Via list:  --self-inject /bin/sh:10.0.0.1:4444,4445,4446 Via range: --self-inject /bin/sh:10.0.0.1:4444-4446 Via incr:  --self-inject /bin/sh:10.0.0.1:4444+2 Note: this is currently an experimental feature and does not work on Windows remote hosts yet.

pwncat scripting engine

--script-send file

All modes (TCP and UDP): A Python scripting engine to define your own custom transformer function which will be executed before sending data to a remote endpoint. Your file must contain the exact following function which will: be applied as the transformer: def transform(data, pse):

# NOTE: the function name must be 'transform'

# NOTE: the function param name must be 'data' # NOTE: indentation must be 4 spaces # ... your transformations goes here return data

You can also define as many custom functions or classes

within this file, but ensure to prefix them uniquely to not collide with pwncat's function or classes, as the file will be called with exec().

--script-recv file

All modes (TCP and UDP): A Python scripting engine to define your own custom transformer function which will be executed after receiving data from a remote endpoint. Your file must contain the exact following function which will: be applied as the transformer: def transform(data, pse):

# NOTE: the function name must be 'transform'

# NOTE: the function param name must be 'data' # NOTE: indentation must be 4 spaces # ... your transformations goes here return data

You can also define as many custom functions or classes

within this file, but ensure to prefix them uniquely to not collide with pwncat's function or classes, as the file will be called with exec().

zero-i/o mode arguments

--banner

Zero-I/O (TCP and UDP): Try banner grabbing during port scan.

listen mode arguments

-k, --keep-open

Listen mode (TCP only): Re-accept new clients in listen mode after a client has disconnected or the connection is unterrupted otherwise. (default: server will quit after connection is gone)

--rebind [x]

Listen mode (TCP and UDP): If the server is unable to bind, it will re-initialize itself x many times before giving up. Omit the quantifier to rebind endlessly or specify a positive integer for how many times to rebind before giving up. See --rebind-robin for an interesting use-case. (default: fail after first unsuccessful try).

--rebind-wait s

Listen mode (TCP and UDP): Wait x seconds between re-initialization. (default: 1)

--rebind-robin port

Listen mode (TCP and UDP): If the server is unable to initialize (e.g: cannot bind and --rebind is specified, it it will shuffle ports in round-robin mode to bind to. Use comma separated string such as '80,81,82,83', a range of ports '80-83' or an increment '80+3'. Set --rebind to at least the number of ports to probe +1 This option requires --rebind to be specified.

connect mode arguments

--source-addr addr

Specify source bind IP address for connect mode.

--source-port port

Specify source bind port for connect mode.

--reconn [x]

Connect mode (TCP and UDP): If the remote server is not reachable or the connection is interrupted, the client will connect again x many times before giving up. Omit the quantifier to retry endlessly or specify a positive integer for how many times to retry before giving up. (default: quit if the remote is not available or the connection was interrupted) This might be handy for stable TCP reverse shells ;-) Note on UDP: By default UDP does not know if it is connected, so it will stop at the first port and assume it has a connection. Consider using --udp-sconnect with this option to make UDP aware of a successful connection.

--reconn-wait s

Connect mode (TCP and UDP): Wait x seconds between re-connects. (default: 1)

--reconn-robin port

Connect mode (TCP and UDP): If the remote server is not reachable or the connection is interrupted and --reconn is specified, the client will shuffle ports in round-robin mode to connect to. Use comma separated string such as '80,81,82,83', a range of ports '80-83' or an increment '80+3'. Set --reconn to at least the number of ports to probe +1 This helps reverse shell to evade intrusiona prevention systems that will cut your connection and block the outbound port. This is also useful in Connect or Zero-I/O mode to figure out what outbound ports are allowed.

--ping-init

Connect mode (TCP and UDP): UDP is a stateless protocol unlike TCP, so no handshake communication takes place and the client just sends data to a server without being "accepted" by the server first. This means a server waiting for an UDP client to connect to, is unable to send any data to the client, before the client hasn't send data first. The server simply doesn't know the IP address before an initial connect. The --ping-init option instructs the client to send one single initial ping packet to the server, so that it is able to talk to the client. This is a way to make a UDP reverse shell work. See --ping-word for what char/string to send as initial ping packet (default: '\0')

--ping-intvl s

Connect mode (TCP and UDP): Instruct the client to send ping intervalls every s sec. This allows you to restart your UDP server and just wait for the client to report back in. This might be handy for stable UDP reverse shells ;-) See --ping-word for what char/string to send as initial ping packet (default: '\0')

--ping-word str

Connect mode (TCP and UDP): Change the default character '\0' to use for upd ping. Single character or strings are supported.

--ping-robin port

Connect mode (TCP and UDP): Instruct the client to shuffle the specified ports in round-robin mode for a remote server to ping. This might be handy to scan outbound allowed ports. Use comma separated string such as '80,81,82,83', a range of ports '80-83' or an increment '80+3'. Use --ping-intvl 0 to be faster.

--udp-sconnect

Connect mode (UDP only): Emulating stateful behaviour for UDP connect phase by sending an initial packet to the server to validate if it is actually connected. By default, UDP will simply issue a connect and is not aware if it is really connected or not. The default connect packet to be send is '\0', you can change this with --udp-sconnect-word.

--udp-sconnect-word [str]

Connect mode (UDP only): Change the the data to be send for UDP stateful connect behaviour. Note you can also omit the string to send an empty packet (EOF), but be aware that some servers such as netcat will instantly quit upon receive of an EOF packet. The default is to send a null byte sting: '\0'.

misc arguments

-h, --help

Show this help message and exit

-V, --version

Show version information and exit

Info

June 2020 https://github.com/cytopia/pwncat