procServ man page

procServ — Process Server with Telnet Console and Log Access

Synopsis

procServ [Options] -P endpoint... command args...

procServ [Options] endpoint command args...

Description

procServ(1) creates a run time environment for a command (e.g. a soft IOC). It forks a server run as a daemon into the background, which creates a child process running command with all remaining args from the command line. The server provides control access (stdin/stdout) to the child process console by offering a telnet connection at the specified endpoint(s).

An endpoint can either be a TCP server socket (specified by the port number) or a UNIX domain socket (where available). See Endpoint Specification below for details. For security reasons, control access is restricted to connections from localhost (127.0.0.1), so that a prior login in to the host machine is required. (See --allow option.)

The first variant allows multiple endpoint declarations and treats all non-option arguments as the command line for the child process. The second variant (provided for backward compatibility) declares one endpoint with its specification taken from the first non-option argument.

procServ can be configured to write a console log of all in- and output of the child process into a file using the -L (--logfile) option. Sending the signal SIGHUP to the server will make it reopen the log file.

To facilitate running under a central console access management (like conserver), the -l (--logport) option creates an additional endpoint, which is by default public (i.e. TCP access is not restricted to connections from localhost), and provides read-only (log) access to the child’s console. The -r (--restrict) option restricts both control and log access to connections from localhost.

Both control and log endpoints allow multiple connections, which are handled transparently: all input from control connections is forwarded to the child process, all output from the child is forwarded to all control and log connections (and written to the log file). All diagnostic messages from the procServ server process start with "@@@" to be clearly distinguishable from child process messages. A name specified by the -n (--name) option will replace the command string in many messages for increased readability.

The server will by default automatically respawn the child process when it dies. To avoid spinning, a minimum time between child process restarts is honored (default: 15 seconds, can be changed using the --holdoff option). This behavior can be toggled online using the toggle command ^T, the default may be changed using the --noautorestart option. You can restart a running child manually by sending a signal to the child process using the kill command ^X. With the child process being shut down, the server accepts two commands: ^R or ^X to restart the child, and ^Q to quit the server. The -w (--wait) option starts the server in this shut down mode, waiting for a control connection to issue a manual start command to spawn the child.

Any connection (control or log) can be disconnected using the client’s disconnect sequence. Control connections can also be disconnected by sending the logout command character that can be specified using the -x (--logoutcmd) option.

To block input characters that are potentially dangerous to the child (e.g. ^D and ^C on soft IOCs), the -i (--ignore) option can be used to specify characters that are silently ignored when coming from a control connection.

To facilitate being started and stopped as a standard system service, the -p (--pidfile) option tells the server to create a PID file containing the PID of the server process. The -I (--info-file) option writes a file listing the server PID and a list of all endpoints.

The -d (--debug) option runs the server in debug mode: the daemon process stays in the foreground, printing all regular log content plus additional debug messages to stdout.

Endpoint Specification

Both control and log endpoints may be bound to either TCP or UNIX sockets (where supported). Allowed endpoint specifications are:

<port>

Bind to either 0.0.0.0:<port> (any) or 127.0.0.1:<port> (localhost) depending on the type of endpoint and the setting of -r (--restrict) and --allow options.

<ifaceaddr>:<port>

Bind to the specified interface address and <port>. The interface IP address <ifaceaddr> must be given in numeric form. Uses 127.0.0.1 (localhost) for security reasons unless the --allow option is also used.

unix:</path/to/socket>

Bind to a named unix domain socket that will be created at the specified absolute or relative path. The server process must have permission to create files in the enclosing directory. The socket file will be owned by the uid and primary gid of the procServ server process with permissions 0666 (equivalent to a TCP socket bound to localhost).

unix:<user>:<group>:<perm>:</path/to/socket>

Bind to a named unix domain socket that will be created at the specified absolute or relative path. The server process must have permission to create files in the enclosing directory. The socket file will be owned by the specified <user> and <group> with <perm> permissions. Any of <user>, <group>, and/or <perm> may be omitted. E.g. "-P unix::grp:0660:/run/procServ/foo/control" will create the named socket with 0660 permissions and allow the "grp" group connect to it. This requires that procServ be run as root or a member of "grp".

unix:@</path/to/socket>

Bind to an abstract unix domain socket (Linux specific). Abstract sockets do not exist on the filesystem, and have no permissions checks. They are functionally similar to a TCP socket bound to localhost, but identified with a name string instead of a port number.

Options

--allow

Allow TCP control connections from anywhere. (Default: restrict control access to connections from localhost.) Creates a serious security hole, as telnet clients from anywhere can connect to the child’s stdin/stdout and might execute arbitrary commands on the host if the child permits. Needs to be enabled at compile-time (see Makefile). Please do not enable and use this option unless you exactly know why and what you are doing.

--autorestartcmd=char

Toggle auto restart flag when char is sent on a control connection. Use ^ to specify a control character, "" to disable. Default is ^T.

--coresize=size

Set the maximum size of core file. See getrlimit(2) documentation for details. Setting size to 0 will keep child from creating core files.

-c, --chdir=dir

Change directory to dir before starting the child. This is done each time the child is started to make sure symbolic links are properly resolved on child restart.

-d, --debug

Enter debug mode. Debug mode will keep the server process in the foreground and enables diagnostic messages that will be sent to the controlling terminal.

-e, --exec=file

Run file as executable for child. Default is command.

-f, --foreground

Keep the server process in the foreground and connected to the controlling terminal.

-h, --help

Print help message.

--holdoff=n

Wait at least n seconds between child restart attempts. (Default is 15 seconds.)

-i, --ignore=chars

Ignore all characters in chars on control connections. This can be used to shield the child process from input characters that are potentially dangerous, e.g. ^D and ^C characters that would shut down a soft IOC. Use ^ to specify control characters, ^^ to specify a single ^ character.

*-I, --info-file <file>

Write instance information to this file.

-k, --killcmd=char

Kill the child process (child will be restarted automatically by default) when char is sent on a control connection. Use ^ to specify a control character, "" for no kill command. Default is ^X.

--killsig=signal

Kill the child using signal when receiving the kill command. Default is 9 (SIGKILL).

-l, --logport=endpoint

Provide read-only log access to the child’s console on endpoint. See Endpoint Specification above. By default, TCP log endpoints allow connections from anywhere. Use the -r (--restrict) option to restrict TCP access to local connections.

-L, --logfile=file

Write a console log of all in and output to file. - selects stdout.

--logstamp[=fmt]

Prefix lines in logs with a time stamp, setting the time stamp format string to fmt. Default is "[<timefmt>] ". (See --timefmt option.)

-n, --name=title

In all server messages, use title instead of the full command line to increase readability.

--noautorestart

Do not automatically restart child process on exit.

-P, --port=endpoint

Provide control access to the child’s console on endpoint. See Endpoint Specification above. By default, TCP control endpoints are restricted to local connections. Use the --allow option to allow TCP access from anywhere.

-p, --pidfile=file

Write the PID of the server process into file.

--timefmt=fmt

Set the format string used to print time stamps to fmt. Default is "%c". (See strftime(3) documentation for details.)

-q, --quiet

Do not write informational output (server). Avoids cluttering the screen when run as part of a system script.

--restrict

Restrict TCP access (control and log) to connections from localhost.

-V, --version

Print program version.

-w, --wait

Do not start the child immediately. Instead, wait for a control connection and a manual start command.

-x, --logoutcmd=char

Log out (close client connection) when char is sent on an control connection. Use ^ to specify a control character. Default is empty.

Usage

To start a soft IOC using procServ, change the directory into the IOC’s boot directory. A typical command line would be

    procServ -n "My SoftIOC" -i ^D^C 20000 ./st.cmd

To connect to the IOC, log into the soft IOC’s host and connect to port 20000 using

    telnet localhost 20000

To connect from a remote machine, ssh to a user account on procservhost and connect to port 20000 using

    ssh -t user@procservhost telnet localhost 20000

You will be connected to the soft IOCs console and receive an informative welcome message. All output from the procServ server will start with "@@@" to allow telling it apart from messages that your IOC sends.

    > telnet localhost 20000
    Trying 127.0.0.1...
    Connected to localhost.
    Escape character is '^]'.
    @@@ Welcome to the procServ process server (procServ Version 2.1.0)
    @@@ Use ^X to kill the child, auto restart is ON, use ^T to toggle auto restart
    @@@ procServ server PID: 21413
    @@@ Startup directory: /projects/ctl/lange/epics/ioc/test314/iocBoot/iocexample
    @@@ Child "My SoftIOC" started as: ./st.cmd
    @@@ Child "My SoftIOC" PID: 21414
    @@@ procServ server started at: Fri Apr 25 16:43:00 2008
    @@@ Child "My SoftIOC" started at: Fri Apr 25 16:43:00 2008
    @@@ 0 user(s) and 0 logger(s) connected (plus you)

Type the kill command character ^X to reboot the soft IOC and get server messages about this action.

Type the telnet escape character ^] to get back to a telnet prompt then "quit" to exit telnet (and ssh when you were connecting remotely).

Though procServ was originally intended to be an environment to run soft IOCs, an arbitrary process might be started as child. It provides an environment for any program that requires access to its console, while running in the background as a daemon, and keeping a log by writing a file or through a console access and logging facility (such as conserver).

Environment Variables

PROCSERV_PID

Sets the file name to write the PID of the server process into. (See -p option.)

PROCSERV_DEBUG

If set, procServ starts in debug mode. (See -d option.)

Known Problems

None so far.

Reporting Bugs

Please report bugs using the issue tracker at https://github.com/ralphlange/procServ/issues.

Authors

Originally written by David H. Thompson (ORNL). Current author: Ralph Lange <ralph.lange@gmx.de>.

Resources

GitHub project: https://github.com/ralphlange/procServ

Copying

All copyrights reserved. Free use of this software is granted under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPLv3).

Info

01/18/2017 procServ 2.7.0 procServ Manual