pr3287 man page

pr3287 — IBM host printing tool

Synopsis

pr3287 [ options ] [ L: ] [[ LUname [, LUname ...]@] hostname [: port ]]

Description

pr3287 opens a telnet connection to an IBM host, and emulates an IBM 3287 printer. It implements RFCs 2355 (TN3270E), 1576 (TN3270) and 1646 (LU name selection).

If the hostname is prefixed with L:, the connection will be made through an SSL tunnel. pr3287 also supports TELNET START-TLS option negotiation without any need for command-line options.

A specific LU name to use may be specified by prepending it to the hostname with an `@'. Multiple LU names to try can be separated by commas. An empty LU can be placed in the list with an extra comma.

The port to connect to defaults to telnet. This can be overridden by appending a port to the hostname with a colon `:'.

Options

pr3287 understands the following options:

-accepthostname spec
Specifies a particular hostname to accept when validating the name presented in the host's SSL certificate, instead of comparing to the name or address used to make the connection. spec can either be any, which disables name validation, DNS:hostname, which matches a particular DNS hostname, or IP:address, which matches a particular numeric IPv4 or IPv6 address.
-assoc LUname
Causes the session to be associated with the specified LUname.
-blanklines
In LU3 formatted mode, print blank lines even if they are all NULLs or control characters. (This is a violation of the 3270 printer protocol, but some hosts require it.)
-cadir directory
Specifies a directory containing CA (root) certificates to use when verifying a certificate provided by the host.
-cafile filename
Specifies a PEM-format file containing CA (root) certificates to use when verifying a certificate provided by the host.
-certfile filename
Specifies a file containing a certificate to provide to the host, if requested. The default file type is PEM.
-certfiletype type
Specifies the type of the certificate file specified by -certfile. Type can be pem or asn1.
-chainfile filename
Specifies a certificate chain file in PEM format, containing a certificate to provide to the host if requested, as well as one or more intermediate certificates and the CA certificate used to sign that certificate. If -chainfile is specified, it overrides -certfile.
-charset name
Specifies an alternate host code page (input EBCDIC mapping). The default maps the U.S. English (037) code page to the current locale character encoding. pr3287 generally supports the same host character sets as x3270.
-command command
Specifies the command to run for each print job. The default is lpr.
-crlf
Causes newline characters in the output to be expanded to carriage-return/linefeed sequences.
-crthru

In unformatted 3270 mode, causes EBCDIC CR orders to be passed to directly to the printer as ASCII CR characters, and the output buffer to be flushed, instead of being specially interpreted by pr3287.

By default, EBCDIC CRs cause the (virtual) print head to return to column 0, so that subsequent text overwrites what is already in the buffer, and the buffer is flushed only when an EBCDIC NL or EM order is received.

-daemon
Causes pr3287 to become a daemon (background) process.
-eojtimeout seconds
Causes pr3287 to complete the print job after seconds seconds of inactivity.
-emflush
Causes pr3287 to flush any pending printer output whenever an EM (End of Medium) order arrives in unformatted 3270 mode. This can help preserve multi-page output with hosts that do not clear the 3270 buffer between pages. (Note: This option is defined for historical purposes only; -emflush is now the default.)
-noemflush
Causes pr3287 not to flush any pending printer output when an EM (End of Medium) order arrives in unformatted 3270 mode.
-ignoreeoj
Ignore TN3270E PRINT-EOJ commands, relying on UNBIND commands to indicate the ends of print jobs.
-ffeoj
Causes pr3287 to add a FF (formfeed) at the end of each print job.
-ffskip
Causes pr3287 to ignore a FF (formfeed) order if it occurs at the top of a page.
-ffthru
In SCS mode, causes pr3287 to pass FF (formfeed) orders through to the printer as ASCII formfeed characters, rather than simulating them based on the values of the MPL (maximum presentation line) and TM (top margin) parameters.
-keyfile filename
Specifies a file containing the private key for the certificate file (specified via -certfile or -chainfile). The default file type is PEM.
-keyfiletype type
Specifies the type of the private key file specified by -keyfile. Type can be pem or asn1.
-keypasswd type:value
Specifies the password for the private key file, if it is encrypted. The argument can be file:filename, specifying that the password is in a file, or string:string, specifying the password on the command-line directly.
-mpp n
Specifies a non-default value for the Maximum Presentation Position (the line length for unformatted Write commands). The default is 132. The minimum is 40 and the maximum is 256.
-proxy type:host[:port]
Causes pr3287 to connect via the specified proxy, instead of using a direct connection. The host can be an IP address or hostname. The optional port can be a number or a service name. For a list of supported proxy types, see Proxy below.
-reconnect
Causes pr3287 to reconnect to the host, whenever the connection is broken. There is a 5-second delay between reconnect attempts, to reduce network thrashing for down or misconfigured hosts.
-selfsignedok
Allow self-signed host certificates.
-skipcc
For unformatted writes, skip ASA carriage control characters (e.g., blank for single-space, 0 for double-space, 1 for formfeed, etc.) in the first position of each line of host output.
-trace
Turns on data stream tracing. Trace information is usually saved in the file /tmp/x3trc.pid.
-tracedir dir
Specifies the directory to save trace files in, instead of /tmp.
-trnpre file
Specifies a file containing data that will be sent to the printer before each print job. The file contents are treated as transparent data, i.e., they are not translated in any way.
-trnpost file
Specifies a file containing data that will be sent to the printer after each print job. The file contents are treated as transparent data, i.e., they are not translated in any way.
-v
Display build and version information and exit.
-verifycert
Verify the host certificate for tunneled SSL and negotiated SSL/TLS connections.
-xtable file

Specifies a file containing transparent data translations. The file specifies EBCDIC characters that will be translated into transparent ASCII data (data that will not be further translated and will not count as taking up column(s) on the print line). Any printable ECBDIC code can be translated to zero or more ASCII characters.

The table consists of lines that look like:

ebcdic ebcdic-code ascii ascii-code...

The ebcdic-code can be specified in hexadecimal X'nn' notation or as numbers in decimal, octal (with a leading 0) or hexadecimal (with a leading 0x). The ascii-codes can be specified as numbers in decimal, octal or hexadecimal, control codes such as ^X, symbolic control codes such as CR or Escape, or as double-quoted strings, following the full C-language conventions, such as \r for a carriage return. Comments begin with #, ! or //.

Here are some examples of translations.
# Expand EBCDIC D to an escape sequence.
ebcdic X'C4' ascii Esc "]1,3" 0x6d
# Delete EBCDIC B's
ebcdic X'C2' ascii

The full list of symbolic control codes is: BS CR BEL ESC ESCAPE FF HT LF NL NUL SPACE TAB VT.

Signals

SIGINT, SIGHUP and SIGTERM cause the current print job to be flushed (any pending data to be printed) and pr3287 to exit.

SIGUSR1 causes the current print job to be flushed without otherwise affecting the pr3287 process.

Proxy

The -proxy option causes pr3287 to use a proxy server to connect to the host. The syntax of the option is:

type:host[:port]

The supported values for type are:

Proxy TypeProtocolDefault Port
httpRFC 2817 HTTP tunnel (squid)3128
passthruSun in.telnet-gwnone
socks4SOCKS version 41080
socks5SOCKS version 5 (RFC 1928)1080
telnetNo protocol (just send connect host port)none

The special types socks4a and socks5d can also be used to force the proxy server to do the hostname resolution for the SOCKS protocol.

See Also

x3270(1), c3270(1), telnet(1), tn3270(1)
Data Stream Programmer's Reference, IBM GA23-0059
Character Set Reference, IBM GA27-3831
3174 Establishment Controller Functional Description, IBM GA23-0218
RFC 1576, TN3270 Current Practices
RFC 1646, TN3270 Extensions for LUname and Printer Selection
RFC 2355, TN3270 Enhancements

Copyrights

Copyright 1993-2014, Paul Mattes.
Copyright 1990, Jeff Sparkes.
Copyright 1989, Georgia Tech Research Corporation (GTRC), Atlanta, GA
30332.
All rights reserved.

Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:

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Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
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Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
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Neither the names of Paul Mattes, Jeff Sparkes, GTRC nor the names of their contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific prior written permission.

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY PAUL MATTES, JEFF SPARKES AND GTRC `AS IS' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL PAUL MATTES, JEFF SPARKES OR GTRC BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

Version

pr3287 3.5ga8

Referenced By

c3270(1), x3270(1).

09 May 2016