ppmtoilbm - Man Page

convert a PPM image into an ILBM file



[-maxplanes|-mp N]

[-fixplanes|-fp N]


[{-dcbits|-dcplanes} r g b]

[ -normal|-hamif|-hamforce|-24if|-24force| -dcif|-dcforce|-cmaponly ]



[-cmethod type]

[-map ppmfile]



This program is part of Netpbm(1).

ppmtoilbm reads a PPM image as input.  Produces an ILBM file as output.  ppmtoilbm understands the following ILBM types:

Chunks written: BMHD, CMAP, CAMG (only for HAM), BODY (not for colormap files) unofficial DCOL chunk for direct color ILBM.


In addition to the options common to all programs based on libnetpbm (most notably -quiet, see Common Options ), ppmtoilbm recognizes the following command line options:

Options marked with (*) can be prefixed with a "no", e.g. "-nohamif".  All options can be abbreviated to their shortest unique prefix.

-maxplanes | -mp n

(default 5, minimum 1, maximum 16) Maximum planes to write in a normal ILBM.  If the image does not fit into <n> planes, ppmtoilbm writes a HAM file (if -hamif is used), a 24bit file (if -24if is used) or a direct color file (if -dcif is used) or aborts with an error.

-fixplanes | -fp b

(min 1, max 16) If a normal ILBM is written, it will have exactly <n> planes.

-hambits | -hamplanes n

(default 6, min 3, max 16) Select number of planes for HAM picture.  The current Amiga hardware understands 6 and 8 planes, so for now you should only use this values.


Turns off -hamif/-24if/-dcif, -hamforce/-24force/-dcforce and -cmaponly.  Also sets compression type to byterun1.

This is the default.

-hamif (*)
-24if (*)
-dcif (*)

Write a HAM/24bit/direct color file if the image does not fit into <maxplanes> planes.

-hamforce (*)
-24force (*)
-dcforce (*)

Write a HAM/24bit/direct color file.

-dcbits r g b
-dcplanes r g b

(default 5, min 1, max 16).  Select number of bits for red, green and blue in a direct color ILBM.


Shortcut for: -hamplanes 6 -maxplanes 5

This is the default.


Shortcut for: -hamplanes 8 -maxplanes 8


Shortcut for: -hamplanes 6 -hamforce


Shortcut for: -hamplanes 8 -hamforce

-compress (*)

This is the default. Compress the BODY chunk.  The default compression method is byterun1.  Compression requires building the ILBM image in memory; turning compression off allows stream-writing of the image, but the resulting file will usually be 30% to 50% larger.  Another alternative is the -savemem option, this will keep memory requirements for compression at a minimum, but is very slow.

-cmethod none|byterun1

This option does the same thing as -compress.

-map ppmfile

Write a normal ILBM using the colors in <ppmfile> as the colormap.  The colormap file also determines the number of planes, a -maxplanes or -fixplanes option is ignored.


Write a colormap file: only BMHD and CMAP chunks, no BODY chunk, nPlanes = 0.


See the -compress option.


HAM pictures will always get a grayscale colormap; a real color selection algorithm might give better results.  On the other hand, this allows row-by-row operation on HAM images, and all HAM images of the same depth (no. of planes) share a common colormap, which is useful for building HAM animations.


Amiga ROM Kernel Reference Manual - Devices (3rd Ed.) Addison Wesley, ISBN 0-201-56775-X

See Also

ppm(1), ilbmtoppm(1)


For about a year in 1993-1994, there was a -savemem option.


Copyright (C) 1989 by Jef Poskanzer.

Modified October 1993 by Ingo Wilken (Ingo.Wilken@informatik.uni-oldenburg.de)

Document Source

This manual page was generated by the Netpbm tool 'makeman' from HTML source.  The master documentation is at


Referenced By


28 June 2015 netpbm documentation