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podman-container-runlabel - Man Page

Execute a command as described by a container-image label

Synopsis

podman container runlabel [options] label image [arg...]

Description

podman container runlabel reads the specified label of the image and executes it as command on the host.  If the label does not exist, Podman exits with an error.  Additional arguments are appended to the command.

Historically, container images describe the contents (e.g., layers) and how a container runtime (e.g., crun(1) or runc(1)) executes the container.  For instance, an image may set the environment and the command in its configuration.  However, a container image cannot directly specify how a container engine such as Podman executes it.  For instance, an image configuration does not include information about log drivers, namespaces, or which capabilities it needs to run correctly.

podman container runlabel addresses the limitation of container images in a simple yet efficient way.  Podman reads the contents of the label and interpret it as a command that is executed on the host.  This way an image can describe exactly how it is executed by Podman.  For instance, a label with the content /usr/bin/podman run -d --pid=host --privileged \${IMAGE} instructs the image to be executed in a detached, privileged container that is using the PID namespace of the host.  This lifts the self-description of a container image from "what" to "how".

Note that the runlabel command is intended to be run in trusted environments exclusively.  Using the command on untrusted images is not recommended.

Variables

The contents of a label may refer to the following variables which is substituted while processing the label.

IMAGE The name of the image.  When executing podman container runlabel label fedora the IMAGE variable is replaced with fedora.  Valid formats are IMAGE, $IMAGE, ${IMAGE} and =IMAGE.

NAME As specified by the --name option.  The format is identical to the one of the IMAGE attribute.

PWD Will be replaced with the current working directory.

Options

--authfile=path

Path of the authentication file. Default is ${XDG_RUNTIME_DIR}/containers/auth.json on Linux, and $HOME/.config/containers/auth.json on Windows/macOS. The file is created by podman login. If the authorization state is not found there, $HOME/.docker/config.json is checked, which is set using docker login.

Note: There is also the option to override the default path of the authentication file by setting the REGISTRY_AUTH_FILE environment variable. This can be done with export REGISTRY_AUTH_FILE=path.

--cert-dir=path

Use certificates at path (*.crt, *.cert, *.key) to connect to the registry. (Default: /etc/containers/certs.d) For details, see containers-certs.d(5). (This option is not available with the remote Podman client, including Mac and Windows (excluding WSL2) machines)

--creds=[username[:password]]

The [username[:password]] to use to authenticate with the registry, if required. If one or both values are not supplied, a command line prompt appears and the value can be entered. The password is entered without echo.

Note that the specified credentials are only used to authenticate against target registries.  They are not used for mirrors or when the registry gets rewritten (see containers-registries.conf(5)); to authenticate against those consider using a containers-auth.json(5) file.

--display

Display the label's value of the image having populated its environment variables.  The runlabel command is not executed if --display is specified.

--help, -h

Print usage statement

--name, -n=name

Use this name for creating content for the container.  If not specified, name defaults to the name of the image.

--quiet, -q

Suppress output information when pulling images

--replace

If a container exists with the current name, it is stopped, deleted and a new container is created from this image.

--tls-verify

Require HTTPS and verify certificates when contacting registries (default: true). If explicitly set to true, TLS verification is used. If set to false, TLS verification is not used. If not specified, TLS verification is used unless the target registry is listed as an insecure registry in containers-registries.conf(5)

Examples

Execute the run label of an image called foobar.

$ podman container runlabel run foobar

Execute the install label of an image called foobar with additional arguments.

$ podman container runlabel install foobar apples oranges

Display the contents of the run label of image foobar.

$ podman container runlabel --display run foobar

See Also

podman(1), crun(1), runc(8), containers-certs.d(5), containers-auth.json(5), containers-registries.conf(5)

History

August 2021, Refinements by Valentin Rothberg (rothberg at redhat dot com)

September 2018, Originally compiled by Brent Baude (bbaude at redhat dot com)

Referenced By

podman-container(1).

The man page docker-container-runlabel(1) is an alias of podman-container-runlabel(1).