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po2debconf - Man Page

merge master templates file and PO files


po2debconf [-v] [-h] [--podir=DIR] [-o FILE] [-e STRING] master


This program reads all PO files and a single templates file, and produces a Debconf templates file containing all translations, similar to the one produced by debconf-mergetemplate(1) (from the debconf-utils package).  PO files are by default searched in the po subdirectory below the location of the master file.

To help the language code transition for Norwegian Bokmål, the no and nb language codes are handled specially.  If no.po exists, it should be renamed to nb.po.  Using nb.po will make both -no and -nb translations available in the templates file.

Lines beginning with a number sign (#) are comments in templates files. They are useful to give hints to translators, and are discarded by po2debconf. Special comments have been introduced in po-debconf 1.0.  They are in the form #flag:directive.  The #flag:partial is the only directive interpreted by po2debconf.  Normally when a field is composed of several paragraphs (like __Choices and _Description), it is translated if all paragraphs are translated.  When a field contains #flag:partial, translated strings may be mixed with untranslated strings.


-h,  --help

Display a usage summary and exit.

-v,  --verbose

Process in verbose mode.


Set directory for PO files.  Default is to search PO files in the po subdirectory below the location of the master file.

-o, --output=FILE

Set output filename (default is standard output).

-e, --encoding=STRING

Convert encoding.  Argument can take 3 values: utf8 (convert to UTF-8), po (do not change encoding) and popular (convert encoding of input files depending on their language; the PODEBCONF_ENCODINGS environment variable must point to a name of a file containing the encoding map).

Such a filename looks like:

  #   Number is comment sign
  cs       ISO-8859-2
  da       ISO-8859-1
  de       ISO-8859-1
  el       ISO-8859-7


Default encoding used to be popular, and has been switched to utf8 since po-debconf 0.9.0.

Output Format

Since debconf 1.2.0, templates format has changed, encoding is part of field names, i.e. they are foo-lang.encoding.  When older debconf encounter such fields, they are silently ignored, which means that original text is displayed.

If present, a po/output file can override defaults for encoding and output format.  It contains a single line with two fields. The first field is the output format (currently valid values are 1 for fields in the form foo-lang, and 2 for foo-lang.encoding) and the second field is the encoding, e.g.

   echo '2 utf8' > po/output

let po2debconf convert text to UTF-8.

When encoding is set to po or utf8, output format is always set to 2, so that older debconf do not try to display text with wrong encodings.

See Also

debconf-gettextize(1), debconf-updatepo(1), po-debconf(7).


  Denis Barbier <barbier@linuxfr.org>

Referenced By

debconf-gettextize(1), debconf-updatepo(1), dh_installdebconf(1).

2024-01-25 po-debconf