Your company here — click to reach over 10,000 unique daily visitors

pmlc - Man Page

configure active Performance Co-Pilot pmlogger(s) interactively


pmlc [-eiPz?] [-h host] [-n pmnsfile] [-p port] [-Z timezone] [pid]


pmlc may be used to change those metrics and instances which a pmlogger(1) writes to a Performance Co-Pilot archive (see PCPIntro(1)), the frequency with which the metrics are collected and whether the logging is mandatory, advisory, on or off. It also reports the current logging status of metrics and instances. pmlc may be used to control pmlogger instances on remote hosts as well as those on the local host.

Normally pmlc operates on the distributed Performance Metrics Name Space (PMNS), however if the -n option is specified an alternative local PMNS is loaded from the file pmnsfile.

If the -P option is specified, pmlc will attempt to start with a connection to the primary pmlogger on the local host. If the -p option is specified, then pmlc will attempt to start with a connection to the pmlogger on this TCP/IP port. Alternatively, if pid is specified, a connection to the pmlogger instance with that process id will be attempted on startup. The -h option may only be used if -P, -p port or a pid is also specified. In that case pmlc will initially connect to the specified (remote) pmlogger instance on host rather than the local host. If the connection to the specified pmlogger instance cannot be established, pmlc will start with no connection. These options typically allow the same file of pmlc commands to be directed to multiple pmlogger instances by varying the command line arguments. Note that -P, -p port, pid and -h are used only when making an initial connection to a pmlogger instance. They are not used as defaults if subsequent connections are made interactively (see the connect command below).

By default, pmlc reports the time of day according to the local timezone on the system where pmlc is run. The -Z option changes the timezone to timezone in the format of the environment variable TZ as described in environ(7). The -z option changes the timezone to the timezone of the pmlogger instance from which information is being obtained. Only one of -z or -Z may be specified.

If standard input is from a tty, pmlc is interactive, with prompts. The -i flag may be used to force interactive behavior, and is typically used in conjunction with -e to echo all command input on standard output.


The following commands may be used:

show [ loggers ] [ @host ]

Displays the process identities of all pmlogger instances running on the local host (or host, if specified). The primary pmlogger pid is parenthesized because it can be referred to as "primary" as well as by its pid.

connect pid [ @host ]

connect primary [ @host ] Connects pmlc to the specified pmlogger process. Any existing connection to a pmlogger instance is closed first. Each pmlogger instance will accept at most one connection at a time, so if the connection is successfully established, your pmlc will be the only one controlling the pmlogger instance it is connected to.

new volume

This command works only while a connection to a pmlogger instance is established. It tells the pmlogger to close the current volume of the archive and open a new volume. Closed volumes may be compressed and/or moved to a remote system, remote storage or off-line storage, e.g. as part of a regular archive management procedure to control the size of the physical archive files on the system where pmlogger is running.


This command works only while a connection to a pmlogger instance is established. It prints information about the state of the pmlogger instance and its associated archive.

timezone local | logger | "timezone"

This command sets the time zone used when times are printed. local means use the time zone of the machine that pmlc is running on. logger means use the time zone of the machine where the pmlogger instance is running. Alternatively an explicit timezone enclosed in quotes may be supplied (refer to TZ in environ(7) for details). The default time zone is local unless one of the -z or -Z options has been supplied on the command line.


This command works only while a connection to a pmlogger instance is established, and requests the pmlogger instance to flush to disk all buffers associated with the current archive. For old-timers, sync is a synonym for flush. In current versions of pmlogger(1) all writes are unbuffered and aligned with the logical records in the external files, so this command achieves nothing, but is retained for backwards compatibility.


Disconnect pmlc from the current pmlogger instance, if any.

sleep delay

Pause pmlc for delay milliseconds. This may be helpful in scripted uses of pmlc to allow the current pmlogger instance to make progress on recent requests before interrogating the status.


Displays a summary of the available commands.

h and ? are synonyms for help.


Exits from pmlc.

The remaining commands query and change the logging state of metrics and instances. They will work only if pmlc has a connection to a pmlogger instance. Metrics may be specified as fully qualified names (e.g. hinv.ncpu) or subtrees of the PMNS (e.g. hinv) which are expanded to include all metrics in the subtree (e.g. hinv.ncpu, hinv.cpuclock, etc.). Lists of metrics may be specified by enclosing them in braces with spaces or a comma between metrics (e.g. {hinv.ncpu hinv.ndisk}). Subtrees of metrics may be included in such lists.

Each individual metric specification may be further qualified with a space or comma separated list of instances in square brackets (e.g. kernel.all.load["1 minute", "5 minute"]). External instance names or numeric internal instance identifiers or both may be used in the same list (e.g. sample.colour.[red,1,"blue"]). If an instance qualification is applied to a subtree of the PMNS all of the metrics in the subtree must have the same instance domain. Instance qualifications may not be applied to entire lists of metrics but may appear inside such lists.

If no instances are specified for a metric, all instances are used. All instances means all instances available at the time the pmlogger instance in question fetches the metrics for logging.  If an instance domain changes over time this is not always the same as the set of instances displayed by pmlc, which can only display the currently available instances. To prevent unintentional errors, only the instances that are currently available to pmlc may appear in instance specifications.

query metriclist

The current logging state of each metric (and instances, where applicable) in metriclist is displayed. This includes the logging state (e.g. on, maybe, off) and the logging interval for each metric (and instance) requested. The following abbreviations pertaining to metrics (and instances) may appear in the output: adv, advisory; mand, mandatory; nl, not logged (not in the archive); na, in the archive but not currently available from its Performance Metrics Domain Agent (PMDA). Where appropriate, an instance name will appear last on a line preceded by its numeric internal instance identifier.

[ log ] mandatory on interval metriclist

This form of the log command turns on logging for the metrics (and any instances) in metriclist. interval specifies how often the specified metrics/instances should be logged. once indicates that the metrics/instances should appear at most once in the archive. More often one would use the optional keyword every followed by a positive number and one of millisecond (or msec), second (or sec), minute (or min), hour or their plurals.

Note that the keyword default which may be used for the default interval in a pmlogger(1) configuration file cannot be used in pmlc.

Internal limitations require the interval to be less than (approximately) 74 hours. An interval value of zero is a synonym for once.

[ log ] mandatory off metriclist

This tells the pmlogger instance not to archive any of the metrics/instances in metriclist.

[ log ] mandatory maybe metriclist

This tells the pmlogger instance to honor any subsequent advisory logging requests for the metrics/instances in metriclist. If the current logging state of the metrics/instances is mandatory (either on or off) the new state will be set to maybe (effectively advisory off). If the current state of the metrics/instances is already advisory (either on or off) the state(s) for the metrics/instances will remain as they are.

[ log ] advisory on interval metriclist

[ log ] advisory off metriclist Advisory logging is only applicable if the last logging state specified for a metric/instance was "mandatory maybe" (which permits subsequent advisory logging control) or if the logging state is already advisory. These two statements turn advisory logging on or off (respectively) for the specified metrics/instances.

The interpretation for interval is as above for the mandatory case.

There is no continuation character required for commands that span lines.

The word at may be used interchangeably with @.

A request to archive all instances of a metric will supersede any prior request to log either all or specific instances of a metric (if the request specifies a permissible transition in the logging state). A request to archive specific instances of a metric when all instances of a metric are already being logged is refused by pmlogger.


The available command line options are:

-e,  --echo

Echo all command input on standard output.

-h host, --host=host

Connect pmlogger on host, rather than on the default localhost.

-i,  --interactive

Force interactive behavior.

-n pmnsfile, --namespace=pmnsfile

Load an alternative Performance Metrics Name Space (PMNS(5)) from the file pmnsfile.

-p port, --port=port

Connect to the primary pmlogger on TCP/IP port port.

-P,  --primary

Connect to the primary pmlogger.

-z,  --logzone

Use local time of the pmlogger as the reporting timezone.

-Z timezone, --timezone=timezone

Use timezone for the date and time. Timezone is in the format of the environment variable TZ as described in environ(7).

-?,  --help

Display usage message and exit.

Access Control

pmlc may have restricted access to and control over pmlogger(1) processes.

If a pmlogger(1) is unable to export its control information to the local pmcd(1), then that pmlogger(1) cannot cannot be connected to nor controlled by pmlc. In practice, this means the pmlogger(1) process has to be owned by the user “pcp” and/or the group “pcp”. If pmlogger(1) is running on the host “foo” then use “pminfo -f -h foo pmcd.pmlogger” to verify that the pmlogger(1) of interest is known to pmcd(1), alternatively pmlogger(1) instances that are not reported from the pmlc show loggers @foo command are not known to pmcd(1) on the host “foo”.

If pmlogger(1) is launched with a configuration file that contains an [access] section, then pmlc will be unable to connect to that pmlogger(1) unless the access controls allow some access from the host where pmlc is being run. Minimally this requires the enquire access to be permitted in the pmlogger(1) access control section.

If pmlc is able to connect to the pmlogger(1) of interest, then the following table summarizes the permissions needed to perform different pmlc commands:

pmlc commandRequired pmlogger access
show loggersAny
connectAny of enquire, advisory or mandatory
statusAny of enquire, advisory or mandatory
query ...Any of enquire, advisory or mandatory
log advisory ...advisory
log mandatory ...mandatory
new volumemandatory


If all instances of a metric are being logged and a request is made to log specific instances of the metric with the same state and frequency, the request may appear to succeed, even though pmlogger has refused the request. This is not normally a problem, as the required information will still be placed into the archive by pmlogger.

However in the case where the metric is to be logged once, the outcome is not what might be expected. When pmlogger receives a request to archive a metric once, it places the current value(s) of the metric into the archive as soon as it can, regardless of whether the metric is already in the archive. This may be used to force values into the archive. When a request to archive specific instances of a metric arrives and is refused because all instances of the metric are already being logged, pmlogger does not place values for the instances requested into the archive. It returns the current logging state for each instance requested to pmlc. The requested and returned states are identical, so pmlc doesn't raise an error as it should.

To ensure that only certain instances of a metric are being logged, one should always turn off logging for all instances of the metric prior to turning on logging for the specific instances required.


Most error or warning messages are self-explanatory. A message of the form
Warning: unable to change logging state for... followed by a list of metrics (and possibly instances) indicates that pmlogger refused the request for the metrics (and instances) that appear. Any metrics (and instances) that were specified but do not appear in the message have had their logging state updated successfully (no news is good news). Usually this warning results from requesting advisory logging when a mandatory control is already in place, or requesting logging for specific instances when all instances are already being logged.


If the PMLOGGER_REQUEST_TIMEOUT environment variable is not set or set to 0 (zero), then pmlc will block until a connection is established with pmlogger(1) on the requested port. If PMLOGGER_REQUEST_TIMEOUT is set to a value greater than zero, then pmlc will fail with an error after that many seconds if a connection isn't established. This may be used by administrative scripts such as pmlogger_daily(1) to poll pmlogger when is starting up until it is ready and listening on it's control port.

PCP Environment

Environment variables with the prefix PCP_ are used to parameterize the file and directory names used by PCP. On each installation, the file /etc/pcp.conf contains the local values for these variables. The $PCP_CONF variable may be used to specify an alternative configuration file, as described in pcp.conf(5).

See Also

PCPIntro(1), pmcd(1), pmlogdump(1), pmlogger(1), pcp.conf(5), pcp.env(5), PMNS(5) and environ(7).

Referenced By

PCPIntro(1), __pmConnectLogger(3), __pmControlLog(3), pmlogctl(1), pmlogextract(1), pmlogger(1), pmlogger_check(1), pmlogger_daily(1), pmlogreduce(1), pmsnap(1).

PCP Performance Co-Pilot