plowup man page

plowup — Simple upload manager for file sharing websites




plowup is a command-line tool designed for automatic upload on file-sharing websites. It acts like a web browser, retrieving pages and filling HTML forms.

Currently supported hosting sites list is available in README file.

Anonymous upload is not allowed by all sites, some of them may require authentication. See specific module options below.


Common options

-i, --interface=IFACE

If your machine has several network interfaces, force using IFACE interface.

-r, --max-retries=N

Set maximum retries for upload failures. Apply on module exit value: 1 (fatal error), 3 (network error), 7 (captcha error). Default option value is 0 (no retry) and applies for one single upload.

-t, --timeout=SECS

Cancel upload download after SECS seconds of waits. Apply on module exit value: 10 (temporary unavailable error). This error mainly occurs on remote upload operations. Default option value is disabled (no timeout, infinite) and applies for one single upload.


Cache policy regarding module storage space. Each module is able to save data (credentials, authentication session, or tokens) in order to be reused later. Available values:
none : module storage file is deleted before each item processing. Temporary directory is used.

session (default) : module storage file is deleted at the end of plowup execution. Temporary directory is used.
shared : module storage file is global and located (in ~/.config/plowshare/storage/). It can be accessed by any other instance of plow* scripts. Warning: There is no atomicity (or file locking) on concurrent access.

Example: Multiple file upload using a premium account. If supported by module, login stage could be performed once.

Captcha options


Use service to solve captchas.


Use service to solve captchas.


Use Captcha Brotherhood service to solve captchas.


Use CaptchaCoin service to solve captchas.


Use Death by Captcha service to solve captchas.


Force specific captcha solving method. Available values:
imgur : upload image to service, print image url in console and prompt for manual entering. Useful for NAS and embedded devices.

none : abort if captcha solving is requested (even if automatic solving service is available).
online : use captcha solving website only (9kweu, Antigate, CaptchaBrotherhood, CaptchaCoin or DeathByCaptcha account required).
fb : display image in framebuffer console and prompt for manual entering. Looks for framebuffer viewers: fbi, fim. FRAMEBUFFER environment variable can contain device file. Default is /dev/fb0.
nox : display image in console (text) and prompt for manual entering. Looks for ascii viewers: img2txt, aview, tiv.
x11 : display image in an X11 window and prompt for manual entering. Looks for viewers: display, feh, sxiv, qiv.


Call external program or script for solving captchas. Provided executable can be located in PATH environment variable.

Three arguments are given:
$1 module name (lowercase). For example: mediafire.

$2 image filename (with full path).
$3 hint or captcha type (string). For example: recaptcha, solvemedia or digits-4.

Return value (on stdout) and exit status:
0 : solving success. Captcha Word(s) must be echo'ed.
2 : external solver is not able to solve requested captcha. Let plowup continue solving it normally (will consider --captchamethod if specified).
7 : external solver failed. Note: this exit code is eligible with retry policy (-r/--max-retries).

Note: plowup legacy exit errors can also be returned, for example: 1 (fatal) or 3 (network).

Tuning settings


Limit upload maximum speed in bytes per second. Suffixes are:
k  for kilobytes (kB i.e. 1000),

M  for megabytes (MB i.e. 1000^2),
K or Ki  for kibibytes (KB or KiB i.e. 1024),
m or Mi  for mebibytes (mB or MiB i.e. 1024^2).


Limit upload minimum speed in bytes per second (for a delay of 30 seconds). Suffixes are the same than --max-rate.


Directory for temporary files: cookies, images, ...


Format destination filename (applies on each file argument). Can be useful is you want to append or prepend a string to all your files. Default format string is "%f". Interpreted sequences are:


raw % character


destination (remote) filename


destination (remote) filename (without extension)


destination (remote) filename (without extension, greedy)


MD5 hash (32-digit hexadecimal number, lowercase letters)


source (local) filename


module name


file size (in bytes)


extension (without dot character) of %f (not greedy)


Print results (on stdout) in a given format (for each successful upload). Default format string is "%L%M%u%n". Interpreted sequences are:


raw % character


admin url or admin code (rare case)


same as %a but url is escaped for JSON usage


empty if %a is empty, or alias to "#ADM %a%n".


delete url


same as %d but url is escaped for JSON usage


empty if %d is empty, or alias to "#DEL %d%n".


destination (remote) filename


source (local) filename


module name




filesize (positive interger in bytes)


tabulation character


download url


same as %u but url is escaped for JSON usage

Logging options

-v, --verbose=LEVEL

Set output verbosity level:
0  none,

1  errors,
2  notice (default behavior),
3  debug,
4  report (very noisy, log HTML pages).

-q, --quiet

Alias for -v0. Do not print any debug messages.

Miscellaneous options


Disables log messages (stderr only) output coloring.


Do not use curl config file (~/.curlrc).


Force using an alternate curl configuration file. Replaces ~/.curlrc if it exists. This option has no effect when --no-curlrc is defined.


Do not consider any configuration file.


Force using an alternate configuration file (instead of per-user or systemwide plowshare.conf). This option has no effect when --no-plowsharerc is defined.


Display all supported module names (one per line) and exit. Useful for wrappers.

Generic program information

-h, --help

Display main help and exit.

-H, --longhelp

Display complete help (with module options) and exit.


Output version information and exit.

Module Options

Common options

-a, --auth=USER:PASSWORD

Use premium account.

-b, --auth-free=USER:PASSWORD

Use free account.

-d, --description=DESCRIPTION

Set file description.


Folder to upload files into. Usually a (leaf) folder name (no hierarchy assumed).

-p, --link-password=PASSWORD

Protect your files with a password. May require premium account.


<From> field for notification email.


<To> field for notification email.

Advanced options


Asynchronous remote upload (only start upload, don't wait for link).


Do not allow others to download the file.

All switches are not implemented nor required for all modules. See long help message for detailed modules option list.


1) Upload a single file anonymously

$ plowup bayfiles /tmp/

# Add a text description
$ plowup -d "Important document" megashares /path/myfile.tex

# Abort slow upload (if rate is below limit during 30 seconds)
$ plowup --min-rate 100k mediafire /path/

2) Upload a single file with authentication

# Change destination filename
$ plowup -a 'myuser:mypassword' turbobit /path/myfile.txt:anothername.txt

3) Remote upload

Note: URL fetching is rarely implemented by modules.

# Feature dedicated to premium members
$ plowup -a myuser:mypassword rapidgator \

# Change destination filename
$ plowup -a myuser:mypassword rapidgator \



Systemwide configuration file.


This is the per-user configuration file.

The file format is described in plowshare.conf(5).


Additional directory considered when searching for executable. See --captchaprogram switch.


User directory considered when searching for modules at startup (plowup will try to open ~/.config/plowshare/modules/config). One file per module (hoster).


Directory used for storing data (one file per module) among sessions. See --cache=shared switch.

Exit Codes

Possible exit codes are:




Fatal error. Upstream site updated or unexpected result.


No available module (provided module name does not exist).


Network error. Mostly curl related.


Authentication failed (bad login/password).


Timeout reached (refer to -t/--timeout command-line option).


Maximum tries reached (refer to -r/--max-retries command-line option).


Captcha generic error.


System generic error.


Feature (upload service) seems temporarily unavailable from upstream (user account may be temporarily banned).


Authentication required (example: anonymous users can't do remote upload).


Can't upload too big file (hoster limitation or requires more permissions).


Unknown command line parameter or incompatible options.


Asynchronous remote upload started (can't predict final status).

If plowup is invoked with multiple files and one or several errors occur, the first error code is returned added with 100.


Plowshare was initially written by Arnau Sanchez. See the AUTHORS file for a list of some of the many other contributors.

Plowshare is (C) 2010-2015 The Plowshare Team

See Also

plowdown(1), plowdel(1), plowlist(1), plowprobe(1), plowshare.conf(5).

Referenced By

plowdel(1), plowdown(1), plowlist(1), plowprobe(1), plowshare.conf(5).

February 5, 2015 GPL Plowshare for Bash 4