pki-cert man page

pki-cert — Command-Line Interface for managing certificates on the Certificate System server.

Synopsis

pki [CLI options] <subsystem>-cert
pki [CLI options] <subsystem>-cert-find [command options]
pki [CLI options] <subsystem>-cert-show <certificate ID> [command options]
pki [CLI options] <subsystem>-cert-revoke <certificate ID> [command options]
pki [CLI options] <subsystem>-cert-hold <certificate ID> [command options]
pki [CLI options] <subsystem>-cert-release-hold <certificate ID> [command options]
pki [CLI options] <subsystem>-cert-request-profile-find [command options]
pki [CLI options] <subsystem>-cert-request-profile-show <profile ID> [command options]
pki [CLI options] <subsystem>-cert-request-submit [command options]
pki [CLI options] <subsystem>-cert-request-review <request ID> [command options]

Description

The pki-cert commands provide command-line interfaces to manage certificates on the specified subsystem.

Valid subsystems are ca and tps. If the <subsystem>- prefix is omitted, it will default to ca.

pki [CLI options] <subsystem>-cert

This command is to list available certificate commands for the subsystem. Different subsystems may have different certificate commands.

pki [CLI options] <subsystem>-cert-find [command options]

This command is to list certificates in the subsystem.

pki [CLI options] <subsystem>-cert-show <certificate ID> [command options]

This command is to view a certificate details in the subsystem.

pki [CLI options] <subsystem>-cert-revoke <certificate ID>

This command is to revoke a certificate.

pki [CLI options] <subsystem>-cert-hold <certificate ID>

This command is to place a certificate on hold temporarily.

pki [CLI options] <subsystem>-cert-release-hold <certificate ID>

This command is to release a certificate that has been placed on hold.

pki [CLI options] <subsystem>-cert-request-profile-find [command options]

This command is to list available certificate request templates.

pki [CLI options] <subsystem>-cert-request-profile-show <profile ID> [command options]

This command is to view a certificate request template.

pki [CLI options] <subsystem>-cert-request-submit [command options]

This command is to submit a certificate request.

pki [CLI options] <subsystem>-cert-request-review <request ID> [command options]

This command is to review a certificate request.

Options

The CLI options are described in pki(1).

Operations

To view available certificate commands, type pki <subsystem>-cert. To view each command's usage, type pki <subsystem>-cert-<command> --help.

Viewing Certificates

Certificates can be viewed anonymously.

To list all certificates in the CA:

pki ca-cert-find

It is also possible to search for and list specific certificates by adding a search filter. Use pki ca-cert-find --help to see options. For example, to search based on issuance date:

pki ca-cert-find --issuedOnFrom 2012-06-15

To list certificates with search constraints defined in a file:

pki ca-cert-find --input <filename>

where the file is in the following format:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="yes"?>
<CertSearchRequest>

    <serialNumberRangeInUse>true</serialNumberRangeInUse>
    <serialFrom></serialFrom>
    <serialTo></serialTo>

    <subjectInUse>false</subjectInUse>
    <eMail></eMail>
    <commonName></commonName>
    <userID></userID>
    <orgUnit></orgUnit>
    <org></org>
    <locality></locality>
    <state></state>
    <country></country>

    <matchExactly>false</matchExactly>

    <status></status>

    <revokedByInUse>false</revokedByInUse>
    <revokedBy></revokedBy>

    <revokedOnFrom>false</revokedOnFrom>
    <revokedOnTo></revokedOnTo>

    <revocationReasonInUse>false</revocationReasonInUse>
    <revocationReason></revocationReason>

    <issuedByInUse>false</issuedByInUse>
    <issuedBy></issuedBy>

    <issuedOnInUse>false</issuedOnInUse>
    <issuedOnFrom></issuedOnFrom>
    <issuedOnTo></issuedOnTo>

    <validNotBeforeInUse>false</validNotBeforeInUse>
    <validNotBeforeFrom></validNotBeforeFrom>
    <validNotBeforeTo></validNotBeforeTo>

    <validNotAfterInUse>false</validNotAfterInUse>
    <validNotAfterFrom></validNotAfterFrom>
    <validNotAfterTo></validNotAfterTo>

    <validityLengthInUse>false</validityLengthInUse>
    <validityOperation></validityOperation>
    <validityCount></validityCount>
    <validityUnit></validityUnit>

    <certTypeInUse>false</certTypeInUse>
    <certTypeSubEmailCA></certTypeSubEmailCA>
    <certTypeSubSSLCA></certTypeSubSSLCA>
    <certTypeSecureEmail></certTypeSecureEmail>

</CertSearchRequest>

To view a particular certificate:

pki ca-cert-show <certificate ID>

Revoking Certificates

Revoking, holding, or releasing a certificate must be executed as an agent user. To revoke a certificate:

pki <agent authentication> ca-cert-revoke <certificate ID>

To place a certificate on hold temporarily:

pki <agent authentication> ca-cert-hold <certificate ID>

To release a certificate that has been placed on hold:

pki <agent authentication> ca-cert-release-hold <certificate ID>

Certificate Requests

To request a certificate, first generate a certificate signing request (CSR), then submit it with a certificate profile. The list of available profiles can be viewed using the following command:

pki ca-cert-request-profile-find

To generate a CSR, use the certutil, PKCS10Client, or CRMFPopClient, and store it into a file.

Basic requests can be submitted using the following command:

pki ca-cert-request-submit --profile <profile ID> --request-type <type> --csr-file <CSR file> --subject <subject DN>

To submit more advanced requests, download a template of the request file for a particular profile using the following command:

pki ca-cert-request-profile-show <profile ID> --output <request file>

Then, edit the request file, fill in the input attributes required by the profile, and submit the request using the following command:

pki ca-cert-request-submit <request file>

Depending on the profile, an agent may need to review the request by running the following command:

pki <agent authentication> ca-cert-request-review <request ID> --file <file to store the certificate request>

The --file <filename> and --action <action> options are mutually exclusive (i. e. - only one or the other may be specified during command invocation).

If the --file <filename> option is specified, the certificate request, as well as the defaults and constraints of the enrollment profile, will be retrieved and stored in the output file provided by the --file option. The agent can examine the file and override any values if necessary. To process the request, enter the appropriate action when prompted:

Action (approve/reject/cancel/update/validate/assign/unassign):

The request in the file will be read in, and the specified action will be applied against it.

Alternatively, when no changes to the request are necessary, the agent can process the request in a single step using the --action <action> option with the following command:

pki <agent authentication> ca-cert-request-review <request ID> --action <action>

Authors

Ade Lee <alee@redhat.com>, Endi Dewata <edewata@redhat.com>, and Matthew Harmsen <mharmsen@redhat.com>.

Referenced By

pki(1).

May 5, 2014 version 10.2 PKI Certificate Management Commands