pki-ca-cert - Man Page

Command-line interface for managing certificates on PKI CA.

Synopsis

pki [CLI-options] ca-cert
pki [CLI-options] ca-cert-find [command-options]
pki [CLI-options] ca-cert-show cert-ID [command-options]
pki [CLI-options] ca-cert-revoke cert-ID [command-options]
pki [CLI-options] ca-cert-hold cert-ID [command-options]
pki [CLI-options] ca-cert-release-hold cert-ID [command-options]
pki [CLI-options] ca-cert-request-profile-find [command-options]
pki [CLI-options] ca-cert-request-profile-show profile-ID [command-options]
pki [CLI-options] ca-cert-request-submit [command-options]
pki [CLI-options] ca-cert-request-review request-ID [command-options]

Description

The pki-cert commands provide command-line interfaces to manage certificates on the CA.

pki [CLI-options] ca-cert
   This command is to list available certificate commands.

pki [CLI-options] ca-cert-find [command-options]
   This command is to list certificates in the CA.

pki [CLI-options] ca-cert-show cert-ID [command-options]
   This command is to view a certificate details.

pki [CLI-options] ca-cert-revoke cert-ID
   This command is to revoke a certificate.

pki [CLI-options] ca-cert-hold cert-ID
   This command is to place a certificate on hold temporarily.

pki [CLI-options] ca-cert-release-hold cert-ID
   This command is to release a certificate that has been placed on hold.

pki [CLI-options] ca-cert-request-profile-find [command-options]
   This command is to list available certificate request templates.

pki [CLI-options] ca-cert-request-profile-show profile-ID [command-options]
   This command is to view a certificate request template.

pki [CLI-options] ca-cert-request-submit [command-options]
   This command is to submit a certificate request.

pki [CLI-options] ca-cert-request-review request-ID [command-options]
   This command is to review a certificate request.

Options

The command-options are described in pki(1).

Operations

To view available certificate commands, type pki ca-cert. To view each command's usage, type pki ca-cert-lt;commandgt; --help.

Viewing Certificates

Certificates can be viewed anonymously.

To list all certificates in the CA:

$ pki ca-cert-find

It is also possible to search for and list specific certificates by adding a search filter. Use pki ca-cert-find --help to see options.  For example, to search based on issuance date:

$ pki ca-cert-find --issuedOnFrom 2012-06-15

To list certificates with search constraints defined in a file:

$ pki ca-cert-find --input <filename>

where the file is in the following format:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="yes"?>
<CertSearchRequest>

    <serialNumberRangeInUse>true</serialNumberRangeInUse>
    <serialFrom></serialFrom>
    <serialTo></serialTo>

    <subjectInUse>false</subjectInUse>
    <eMail></eMail>
    <commonName></commonName>
    <userID></userID>
    <orgUnit></orgUnit>
    <org></org>
    <locality></locality>
    <state></state>
    <country></country>

    <matchExactly>false</matchExactly>

    <status></status>

    <revokedByInUse>false</revokedByInUse>
    <revokedBy></revokedBy>

    <revokedOnFrom>false</revokedOnFrom>
    <revokedOnTo></revokedOnTo>

    <revocationReasonInUse>false</revocationReasonInUse>
    <revocationReason></revocationReason>

    <issuedByInUse>false</issuedByInUse>
    <issuedBy></issuedBy>

    <issuedOnInUse>false</issuedOnInUse>
    <issuedOnFrom></issuedOnFrom>
    <issuedOnTo></issuedOnTo>

    <validNotBeforeInUse>false</validNotBeforeInUse>
    <validNotBeforeFrom></validNotBeforeFrom>
    <validNotBeforeTo></validNotBeforeTo>

    <validNotAfterInUse>false</validNotAfterInUse>
    <validNotAfterFrom></validNotAfterFrom>
    <validNotAfterTo></validNotAfterTo>

    <validityLengthInUse>false</validityLengthInUse>
    <validityOperation></validityOperation>
    <validityCount></validityCount>
    <validityUnit></validityUnit>

    <certTypeInUse>false</certTypeInUse>
    <certTypeSubEmailCA></certTypeSubEmailCA>
    <certTypeSubSSLCA></certTypeSubSSLCA>
    <certTypeSecureEmail></certTypeSecureEmail>

</CertSearchRequest>

To view a particular certificate:

$ pki ca-cert-show <certificate ID>

Revoking Certificates

Revoking, holding, or releasing a certificate must be executed as an agent user. To revoke a certificate:

$ pki <agent authentication> ca-cert-revoke <certificate ID>

To place a certificate on hold temporarily:

$ pki <agent authentication> ca-cert-hold <certificate ID>

To release a certificate that has been placed on hold:

$ pki <agent authentication> ca-cert-release-hold <certificate ID>

Certificate Requests

To request a certificate, first generate a certificate signing request (CSR), then submit it with a certificate profile. The list of available profiles can be viewed using the following command:

$ pki ca-cert-request-profile-find

To generate a CSR, use the certutil, PKCS10Client, or CRMFPopClient, and store it into a file.

Basic requests can be submitted using the following command:

$ pki ca-cert-request-submit \
    --profile <profile ID> --request-type <type> --csr-file <CSR file> --subject <subject DN>

To submit more advanced requests, download a template of the request file for a particular profile using the following command:

$ pki ca-cert-request-profile-show <profile ID> --output <request file>

Then, edit the request file, fill in the input attributes required by the profile, and submit the request using the following command:

$ pki ca-cert-request-submit <request file>

Depending on the profile, the command may require authentication (see the profile configuration file). The CLI currently supports client certificate authentication and directory-based authentication.

To submit the certificate renewal request can be submitted using the following command:

$ pki ca-cert-request-submit --profile <Renewal Profile> --serial <Certificate ID> --renewal

Also depending on the profile, an agent may need to review and approve the request by running the following command:

$ pki <agent authentication> ca-cert-request-review <request ID> \
    --file <file to store the certificate request>

The --file and --action options are mutually exclusive (i.e. only one or the other may be specified during command invocation).

If the --file option is specified, the certificate request, as well as the defaults and constraints of the enrollment profile, will be retrieved and stored in the output file provided by the --file option. The agent can examine the file and override any values if necessary. To process the request, enter the appropriate action when prompted:

Action (approve/reject/cancel/update/validate/assign/unassign):

The request in the file will be read in, and the specified action will be applied against it.

Alternatively, when no changes to the request are necessary, the agent can process the request in a single step using the --action option with the following command:

$ pki <agent authentication> ca-cert-request-review <request ID> --action <action>

Authors

Ade Lee lt;alee@redhat.comgt;, Endi S. Dewata lt;edewata@redhat.comgt;, and Matthew Harmsen lt;mharmsen@redhat.comgt;.

Info

May 5, 2014 PKI Certificate Management Commands