perf-script man page
perf-script — Read perf.data (created by perf record) and display trace output
perf script [<options>] perf script [<options>] record <script> [<record-options>] <command> perf script [<options>] report <script> [script-args] perf script [<options>] <script> <required-script-args> [<record-options>] <command> perf script [<options>] <top-script> [script-args]
This command reads the input file and displays the trace recorded.
There are several variants of perf script:
'perf script' to see a detailed trace of the workload that was recorded.
You can also run a set of pre-canned scripts that aggregate and summarize the raw trace data in various ways (the list of scripts is available via 'perf script -l'). The following variants allow you to record and run those scripts:
'perf script record <script> <command>' to record the events required for 'perf script report'. <script> is the name displayed in the output of 'perf script --list' i.e. the actual script name minus any language extension. If <command> is not specified, the events are recorded using the -a (system-wide) 'perf record' option.
'perf script report <script> [args]' to run and display the results of <script>. <script> is the name displayed in the output of 'perf script --list' i.e. the actual script name minus any language extension. The perf.data output from a previous run of 'perf script record <script>' is used and should be present for this command to succeed. [args] refers to the (mainly optional) args expected by the script.
'perf script <script> <required-script-args> <command>' to both record the events required for <script> and to run the <script> using 'live-mode' i.e. without writing anything to disk. <script> is the name displayed in the output of 'perf script --list' i.e. the actual script name minus any language extension. If <command> is not specified, the events are recorded using the -a (system-wide) 'perf record' option. If <script> has any required args, they should be specified before <command>. This mode doesn't allow for optional script args to be specified; if optional script args are desired, they can be specified using separate 'perf script record' and 'perf script report' commands, with the stdout of the record step piped to the stdin of the report script, using the '-o -' and '-i -' options of the corresponding commands.
'perf script <top-script>' to both record the events required for <top-script> and to run the <top-script> using 'live-mode' i.e. without writing anything to disk. <top-script> is the name displayed in the output of 'perf script --list' i.e. the actual script name minus any language extension; a <top-script> is defined as any script name ending with the string 'top'.
[<record-options>] can be passed to the record steps of 'perf script record' and 'live-mode' variants; this isn't possible however for <top-script> 'live-mode' or 'perf script report' variants.
See the 'SEE ALSO' section for links to language-specific information on how to write and run your own trace scripts.
Any command you can specify in a shell.
- -D, --dump-raw-trace=
Display verbose dump of the trace data.
- -L, --Latency=
Show latency attributes (irqs/preemption disabled, etc).
- -l, --list=
Display a list of available trace scripts.
- -s [lang], --script=
Process trace data with the given script ([lang]:script[.ext]). If the string lang is specified in place of a script name, a list of supported languages will be displayed instead.
- -g, --gen-script=
Generate perf-script.[ext] starter script for given language, using current perf.data.
Force system-wide collection. Scripts run without a <command> normally use -a by default, while scripts run with a <command> normally don’t - this option allows the latter to be run in system-wide mode.
- -i, --input=
Input file name. (default: perf.data unless stdin is a fifo)
- -d, --debug-mode
Do various checks like samples ordering and lost events.
- -F, --fields
Comma separated list of fields to print. Options are: comm, tid, pid, time, cpu, event, trace, ip, sym, dso, addr, symoff, srcline, period, iregs, brstack, brstacksym, flags, bpf-output, brstackinsn, callindent, insn, insnlen. Field list can be prepended with the type, trace, sw or hw, to indicate to which event type the field list applies. e.g., -F sw:comm,tid,time,ip,sym and -F trace:time,cpu,trace
perf script -F <fields>
is equivalent to:
i.e., the specified fields apply to all event types if the type string is not given.
The arguments are processed in the order received. A later usage can reset a prior request. e.g.:
The first -F suppresses trace events (field list is ""), but then the second invocation sets the fields to comm,tid,time,ip,sym. In this case a warning is given to the user:
"Overriding previous field request for all events."
Alternatively, consider the order:
For the 'wildcard' option if a user selected field is invalid for an event type, a message is displayed to the user that the option is ignored for that type. For example:
$ perf script -F comm,tid,trace 'trace' not valid for hardware events. Ignoring. 'trace' not valid for software events. Ignoring.
Alternatively, if the type is given an invalid field is specified it is an error. For example:
perf script -v -F sw:comm,tid,trace 'trace' not valid for software events.
At this point usage is displayed, and perf-script exits.
The flags field is synthesized and may have a value when Instruction Trace decoding. The flags are "bcrosyiABEx" which stand for branch, call, return, conditional, system, asynchronous, interrupt, transaction abort, trace begin, trace end, and in transaction, respectively. Known combinations of flags are printed more nicely e.g. "call" for "bc", "return" for "br", "jcc" for "bo", "jmp" for "b", "int" for "bci", "iret" for "bri", "syscall" for "bcs", "sysret" for "brs", "async" for "by", "hw int" for "bcyi", "tx abrt" for "bA", "tr strt" for "bB", "tr end" for "bE". However the "x" flag will be display separately in those cases e.g. "jcc (x)" for a condition branch within a transaction.
The callindent field is synthesized and may have a value when Instruction Trace decoding. For calls and returns, it will display the name of the symbol indented with spaces to reflect the stack depth.
When doing instruction trace decoding insn and insnlen give the instruction bytes and the instruction length of the current instruction.
Finally, a user may not set fields to none for all event types. i.e., -F "" is not allowed.
The brstack output includes branch related information with raw addresses using the /v/v/v/v/cycles syntax in the following order: FROM: branch source instruction TO : branch target instruction M/P/-: M=branch target mispredicted or branch direction was mispredicted, P=target predicted or direction predicted, -=not supported X/- : X=branch inside a transactional region, -=not in transaction region or not supported A/- : A=TSX abort entry, -=not aborted region or not supported cycles
The brstacksym is identical to brstack, except that the FROM and TO addresses are printed in a symbolic form if possible.
When brstackinsn is specified the full assembler sequences of branch sequences for each sample is printed. This is the full execution path leading to the sample. This is only supported when the sample was recorded with perf record -b or -j any.
- -k, --vmlinux=<file>
Look for files with symbols relative to this directory.
- -G, --hide-call-graph
When printing symbols do not display call chain.
Stop display of callgraph at these symbols
- -C, --cpu
Only report samples for the list of CPUs provided. Multiple CPUs can be provided as a comma-separated list with no space: 0,1. Ranges of CPUs are specified with -: 0-2. Default is to report samples on all CPUs.
- -c, --comms=
Only display events for these comms. CSV that understands file://filename entries.
Only show events for given process ID (comma separated list).
Only show events for given thread ID (comma separated list).
- -I, --show-info
Display extended information about the perf.data file. This adds information which may be very large and thus may clutter the display. It currently includes: cpu and numa topology of the host system. It can only be used with the perf script report mode.
Try to resolve the path of [kernel.kallsyms]
--show-task-events Display task related events (e.g. FORK, COMM, EXIT).
--show-mmap-events Display mmap related events (e.g. MMAP, MMAP2).
--show-namespace-events Display namespace events i.e. events of type PERF_RECORD_NAMESPACES.
--show-switch-events Display context switch events i.e. events of type PERF_RECORD_SWITCH or PERF_RECORD_SWITCH_CPU_WIDE.
Demangle symbol names to human readable form. It’s enabled by default, disable with --no-demangle.
Demangle kernel symbol names to human readable form (for C++ kernels).
--header Show perf.data header.
--header-only Show only perf.data header.
Options for decoding instruction tracing data. The options are:
i synthesize instructions events b synthesize branches events c synthesize branches events (calls only) r synthesize branches events (returns only) x synthesize transactions events e synthesize error events d create a debug log g synthesize a call chain (use with i or x) l synthesize last branch entries (use with i or x) s skip initial number of events
The default is all events i.e. the same as --itrace=ibxe
In addition, the period (default 100000) for instructions events can be specified in units of:
i instructions t ticks ms milliseconds us microseconds ns nanoseconds (default)
Also the call chain size (default 16, max. 1024) for instructions or transactions events can be specified.
Also the number of last branch entries (default 64, max. 1024) for instructions or transactions events can be specified.
It is also possible to skip events generated (instructions, branches, transactions) at the beginning. This is useful to ignore initialization code.
skips the first million instructions.
To disable decoding entirely, use --no-itrace.
Show the full path for source files for srcline output.
Set the stack depth limit when parsing the callchain, anything beyond the specified depth will be ignored. This is a trade-off between information loss and faster processing especially for workloads that can have a very long callchain stack. Note that when using the --itrace option the synthesized callchain size will override this value if the synthesized callchain size is bigger.
Use 9 decimal places when displaying time (i.e. show the nanoseconds)
- -f, --force
Don’t do ownership validation.
Only analyze samples within given time window: <start>,<stop>. Times have the format seconds.microseconds. If start is not given (i.e., time string is ,x.y) then analysis starts at the beginning of the file. If stop time is not given (i.e, time string is x.y,) then analysis goes to end of file.
Set the maximum number of program blocks to print with brstackasm for each sample.
If a callgraph address belongs to an inlined function, the inline stack will be printed. Each entry has function name and file/line.
perf-record(1), perf-script-perl(1), perf-script-python(1)
perf-script-perl(1), perf-script-python(1), perf-trace(1).