perf-c2c man page

perf-c2c — Shared Data C2C/HITM Analyzer.

Synopsis

perf c2c record [<options>] <command>
perf c2c record [<options>] — [<record command options>] <command>
perf c2c report [<options>]

Description

C2C stands for Cache To Cache.

The perf c2c tool provides means for Shared Data C2C/HITM analysis. It allows you to track down the cacheline contentions.

The tool is based on x86’s load latency and precise store facility events provided by Intel CPUs. These events provide: - memory address of the access - type of the access (load and store details) - latency (in cycles) of the load access

The c2c tool provide means to record this data and report back access details for cachelines with highest contention - highest number of HITM accesses.

The basic workflow with this tool follows the standard record/report phase. User uses the record command to record events data and report command to display it.

Record Options

-e, --event=

Select the PMU event. Use perf mem record -e list to list available events.

-v, --verbose

Be more verbose (show counter open errors, etc).

-l, --ldlat

Configure mem-loads latency.

-k, --all-kernel

Configure all used events to run in kernel space.

-u, --all-user

Configure all used events to run in user space.

Report Options

-k, --vmlinux=<file>

vmlinux pathname

-v, --verbose

Be more verbose (show counter open errors, etc).

-i, --input

Specify the input file to process.

-N, --node-info

Show extra node info in report (see Node Info section)

-c, --coalesce

Specify sorting fields for single cacheline display. Following fields are available: tid,pid,iaddr,dso (see Coalesce)

-g, --call-graph

Setup callchains parameters. Please refer to perf-report man page for details.

--stdio

Force the stdio output (see Stdio Output)

--stats

Display only statistic tables and force stdio mode.

--full-symbols

Display full length of symbols.

--no-source

Do not display Source:Line column.

--show-all

Show all captured HITM lines, with no regard to HITM % 0.0005 limit.

-f, --force

Don’t do ownership validation.

-d, --display

Switch to HITM type (rmt, lcl) to display and sort on. Total HITMs as default.

C2C Record

The perf c2c record command setup options related to HITM cacheline analysis and calls standard perf record command.

Following perf record options are configured by default: (check perf record man page for details)

-W,-d,--phys-data,--sample-cpu

Unless specified otherwise with -e option, following events are monitored by default:

cpu/mem-loads,ldlat=30/P
cpu/mem-stores/P

User can pass any perf record option behind -- mark, like (to enable callchains and system wide monitoring):

$ perf c2c record -- -g -a

Please check Record Options section for specific c2c record options.

C2C Report

The perf c2c report command displays shared data analysis. It comes in two display modes: stdio and tui (default).

The report command workflow is following: - sort all the data based on the cacheline address - store access details for each cacheline - sort all cachelines based on user settings - display data

In general perf report output consist of 2 basic views: 1) most expensive cachelines list 2) offsets details for each cacheline

For each cacheline in the 1) list we display following data: (Both stdio and TUI modes follow the same fields output)

Index
- zero based index to identify the cacheline
Cacheline
- cacheline address (hex number)
Total records
- sum of all cachelines accesses
Rmt/Lcl Hitm
- cacheline percentage of all Remote/Local HITM accesses
LLC Load Hitm - Total, Lcl, Rmt
- count of Total/Local/Remote load HITMs
Store Reference - Total, L1Hit, L1Miss
  Total - all store accesses
  L1Hit - store accesses that hit L1
  L1Hit - store accesses that missed L1
Load Dram
- count of local and remote DRAM accesses
LLC Ld Miss
- count of all accesses that missed LLC
Total Loads
- sum of all load accesses
Core Load Hit - FB, L1, L2
- count of load hits in FB (Fill Buffer), L1 and L2 cache
LLC Load Hit - Llc, Rmt
- count of LLC and Remote load hits

For each offset in the 2) list we display following data:

HITM - Rmt, Lcl
- % of Remote/Local HITM accesses for given offset within cacheline
Store Refs - L1 Hit, L1 Miss
- % of store accesses that hit/missed L1 for given offset within cacheline
Data address - Offset
- offset address
Pid
- pid of the process responsible for the accesses
Tid
- tid of the process responsible for the accesses
Code address
- code address responsible for the accesses
cycles - rmt hitm, lcl hitm, load
  - sum of cycles for given accesses - Remote/Local HITM and generic load
cpu cnt
  - number of cpus that participated on the access
Symbol
  - code symbol related to the 'Code address' value
Shared Object
  - shared object name related to the 'Code address' value
Source:Line
  - source information related to the 'Code address' value
Node
  - nodes participating on the access (see NODE INFO section)

Node Info

The Node field displays nodes that accesses given cacheline offset. Its output comes in 3 flavors: - node IDs separated by , - node IDs with stats for each ID, in following format: Node{cpus %hitms %stores} - node IDs with list of affected CPUs in following format: Node{cpu list}

User can switch between above flavors with -N option or use n key to interactively switch in TUI mode.

Coalesce

User can specify how to sort offsets for cacheline.

Following fields are available and governs the final output fields set for caheline offsets output:

tid   - coalesced by process TIDs
pid   - coalesced by process PIDs
iaddr - coalesced by code address, following fields are displayed:
           Code address, Code symbol, Shared Object, Source line
dso   - coalesced by shared object

By default the coalescing is setup with pid,iaddr.

Stdio Output

The stdio output displays data on standard output.

Following tables are displayed: Trace Event Information - overall statistics of memory accesses

Global Shared Cache Line Event Information
- overall statistics on shared cachelines
Shared Data Cache Line Table
- list of most expensive cachelines
Shared Cache Line Distribution Pareto
- list of all accessed offsets for each cacheline

Tui Output

The TUI output provides interactive interface to navigate through cachelines list and to display offset details.

For details please refer to the help window by pressing ? key.

Credits

Although Don Zickus, Dick Fowles and Joe Mario worked together to get this implemented, we got lots of early help from Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo, Stephane Eranian, Jiri Olsa and Andi Kleen.

C2C Blog

Check Joe’s blog on c2c tool for detailed use case explanation: https://joemario.github.io/blog/2016/09/01/c2c-blog/

See Also

perf-record(1), perf-mem(1)

Info

12/10/2018 perf Manual