pcp [pcp options] ps [-e] [-U [username]] [-V --version] [-c Command name] [-p pid1,pid2..] [-p pid1,pid2..] [-o col1,col2... or ALL] [-Z timezone] [-z] [-?]
The pcp-ps command is used for monitoring individual process running on the system. Using various options it helps a user to see useful information related to the processes. This information includes CPU percentage, memory and stack usage, scheduling and priority. By default pcp-ps reports live data for the local host.
When invoked via the pcp(1) command, the -h/--host, -O/--origin, -t/--interval, -Z/--timezone and several other pcp options become indirectly available; refer to PCPIntro(1) for a complete description of these options.
The additional command line options available for pcp-ps are:
Display all the process.
The termianl assoicated with the prcoess.
The cumulated CPU time in [DD-]hh:mm:ss format (time=TIME).
The command name of the task.
- -c [command name]
Display the real Command name of the tasks being monitored instead of the UID. If command name is specified, then only tasks belonging to the specified command are displayed.
- -U [username], --user-name[=username]
Display the real user name of the tasks being monitored instead of the UID. If username is specified, then only tasks belonging to the specified user are displayed.
- -V, --version
Print version number then exit.
- -p pid1,pid2.., --pid-list=pid1,pid2..
Display only processes with the listed PIDs.
- -P ppid1,ppid2.., --ppid-list=ppid1,ppid2..
Display only processes with the listed PPIDs.
It is a single argument in the form of a blank-separated or comma-separated list, which offers a way to specify individual output columns.
The argument to -o are following:
COL HEADER Description %cpu %CPU cpu utilization of the process %mem %MEM physical memory on the machine expressed as a percentage start START time the command started time TIME accumulated cpu time, user + system cls CLS scheduling class of the process cmd CMD see args. (alias args, command). pid PID The process ID ppid PPID Parent process ID pri PRI Priority of the process state S see s rss RSS the non-swapped physical memory that a task has used rtprio RTPRIO realtime priority pname Pname Process name tty TT controlling tty (terminal) uid UID see euid vsize VSZ see vsz uname USER see euser wchan WCHAN name of the kernel function in which the process is sleeping
Standard Format Specifiers
Here are the different keywords that may be used to control the output format (e.g. with option -o) or to sort the selected processes
For example: ps -o pid,user,args
|CODE HEADER Description|
|pid PID a number representing the process ID|
|%cpu %CPU cpu utilization of the process in "##.#" format.|
|Currently, it is the CPU time used divided by the time the|
|process has been running (cputime/realtime ratio), expressed as a percentage.|
|%mem %MEM ratio of the process's resident set size to the physical memory on the|
|machine, expressed as a percentage.|
|args COMMAND Command with all its arguments as a string. Modifications to the arguments|
|may be shown. The output in this column may contain spaces. A process|
|marked <defunct> is partly dead, waiting to be fully destroyed by its parent.|
|Sometimes the process args will be unavailable; when this happens,will instead print the executable name in brackets.|
|class CLS scheduling class of the process.|
|Field's possible values are:|
|- not reported|
|? unknown value|
|s S minimal state display.See also stat if you want additional information displayed.|
|euid EUID effective user ID.|
|vsz VSZ virtual memory size of the process in KiB (1024-byte units).Device mappings are currently excluded; this is subject to change.|
|euser EUSER effective user name. This will be the textual user ID, if it can be obtained and the field width permits, or a decimal representation otherwise.|
ALL option shows USER,PID,PPID,PRI,%CPU,%MEM,VSZ,RSS,S,STARTED,TIME,WCHAN and Command by default
- -Z timezone, --timezone=timezone
By default, pcp-ps reports the time of day according to the local timezone on the system where pcp-ps is run. The -Z option changes the timezone to timezone in the format of the environment variable TZ as described in environ(7).
- -z , --hostzone
Change the reporting timezone to the local timezone at the host that is the source of the performance metrics. When replaying a PCP archive that was captured in a foreign timezone, the -z option would almost always be used (the default reporting timezone is the local timezone, which may not be the same as the timezone of the PCP archive).
- -? , --help
Display usage message and exit.
pcp-ps is inspired by the ps(1) command and aims to be command line and output compatible with it.
Environment variables with the prefix PCP_ are used to parameterize the file and directory names used by PCP. On each installation, the file /etc/pcp.conf contains the local values for these variables. The $PCP_CONF variable may be used to specify an alternative configuration file, as described in pcp.conf(5).
For environment variables affecting PCP tools, see pmGetOptions(3).
PCPIntro(1), pcp(1), pcp-ps(1), python(1), pmParseInterval(3), strftime(3) and environ(7).