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pamsplit - Man Page

split a multi-image Netpbm file into single-image files

Examples (TL;DR)




[ output_file_pattern]]


Minimum unique abbreviation of option is acceptable.  You may use double hyphens instead of single hyphen to denote options.  You may use white space in place of the equals sign to separate an option name from its value.


This program is part of Netpbm(1).

pamsplit reads a PNM or PAM stream as input.  It copies each image in the input into a separate file, in the same format.

netpbmfile is the file name of the input file, or - to indicate Standard Input.  The default is Standard Input.

output_file_pattern tells how to name the output files.  It is the file name of the output file, except that the first occurrence of "%d" in it is replaced by the image sequence number in unpadded ASCII decimal, with the sequence starting at 0.  If there is no "%d" in the pattern, pamsplit fails.

The default output file pattern is "image%d".

The -padname option specifies how many characters you want the image sequence number in the output file name padded with zeroes.  pamsplit adds leading zeroes to the image sequence number to get up to at least that number of characters.  This is just the number of characters in the sequence number part of the name.  For example, pamsplit - outputfile%d.ppm -padname=3 would yield output filenames outputfile000.ppm, outputfile001.ppm, etc.

Note that to do the reverse operation (combining multiple single-image Netpbm files into a multi-image one), there is no special Netpbm program.  Just use cat.

If you just want to find out basic information about the images in a stream, you can use pamfile on the stream.

To extract images from a stream and generate a single stream containing them, use pampick.

To run a program on each image in a stream without the hassle of temporary files, use pamexec.


In addition to the options common to all programs based on libnetpbm (most notably -quiet, see Common Options ), pamsplit recognizes the following command line option:


Specify the width (i.e. number of digits) of the image sequence number field in the filenames of the output files.  The image sequence will be padded with leading zeroes to achieve the stated width.

The default is no padding (equivalent to -padname=0).

The -padname option was new in Netpbm 10.23 (July 2004). Before that, there was never any padding.

See Also

pamfile(1), pampick(1), pamexec(1), pnm(1), pam(1), cat man page

Document Source

This manual page was generated by the Netpbm tool 'makeman' from HTML source.  The master documentation is at


Referenced By

pamexec(1), pampick(1), pnmsplit(1), srftopam(1), winicontopam(1).

11 August 2011 netpbm documentation