npm-update - Man Page

Name

npm-update — Update a package

Synopsis

npm update [-g] [<pkg>...]

aliases: up, upgrade

Description

This command will update all the packages listed to the latest version (specified by the tag config), respecting semver.

It will also install missing packages. As with all commands that install packages, the --dev flag will cause devDependencies to be processed as well.

If the -g flag is specified, this command will update globally installed packages.

If no package name is specified, all packages in the specified location (global or local) will be updated.

As of npm@2.6.1, the npm update will only inspect top-level packages. Prior versions of npm would also recursively inspect all dependencies. To get the old behavior, use npm --depth 9999 update.

As of npm@5.0.0, the npm update will change package.json to save the  new version as the minimum required dependency. To get the old behavior,  use npm update --no-save.

Example

IMPORTANT VERSION NOTE: these examples assume npm@2.6.1 or later.  For older versions of npm, you must specify --depth 0 to get the behavior described below.

For the examples below, assume that the current package is app and it depends on dependencies, dep1 (dep2, .. etc.).  The published versions of dep1 are:

{
  "dist-tags": { "latest": "1.2.2" },
  "versions": [
    "1.2.2",
    "1.2.1",
    "1.2.0",
    "1.1.2",
    "1.1.1",
    "1.0.0",
    "0.4.1",
    "0.4.0",
    "0.2.0"
  ]
}

Caret Dependencies

If app's package.json contains:

"dependencies": {
  "dep1": "^1.1.1"
}

Then npm update will install dep1@1.2.2, because 1.2.2 is latest and 1.2.2 satisfies ^1.1.1.

Tilde Dependencies

However, if app's package.json contains:

"dependencies": {
  "dep1": "~1.1.1"
}

In this case, running npm update will install dep1@1.1.2.  Even though the latest tag points to 1.2.2, this version does not satisfy ~1.1.1, which is equivalent to >=1.1.1 <1.2.0.  So the highest-sorting version that satisfies ~1.1.1 is used, which is 1.1.2.

Caret Dependencies below 1.0.0

Suppose app has a caret dependency on a version below 1.0.0, for example:

"dependencies": {
  "dep1": "^0.2.0"
}

npm update will install dep1@0.2.0, because there are no other versions which satisfy ^0.2.0.

If the dependence were on ^0.4.0:

"dependencies": {
  "dep1": "^0.4.0"
}

Then npm update will install dep1@0.4.1, because that is the highest-sorting version that satisfies ^0.4.0 (>= 0.4.0 <0.5.0)

Updating Globally-Installed Packages

npm update -g will apply the update action to each globally installed package that is outdated -- that is, has a version that is different from wanted.

Note: Globally installed packages are treated as if they are installed with a caret semver range specified. So if you require to update to latest you may need to run npm install -g [<pkg>...]

NOTE: If a package has been upgraded to a version newer than latest, it will be downgraded.

See Also

  • npm help install
  • npm help outdated
  • npm help shrinkwrap
  • npm help registry
  • npm help folders
  • npm help ls

Info

March 2020