Your company here — click to reach over 10,000 unique daily visitors

nice - Man Page

run a program with modified scheduling priority

Examples (TL;DR)


nice [OPTION] [COMMAND [ARG]...]


Run COMMAND with an adjusted niceness, which affects process scheduling. With no COMMAND, print the current niceness.  Niceness values range from -20 (most favorable to the process) to 19 (least favorable to the process).

Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.

-n,  --adjustment=N

add integer N to the niceness (default 10)


display this help and exit


output version information and exit

Your shell may have its own version of nice, which usually supersedes the version described here.  Please refer to your shell's documentation for details about the options it supports.

Exit status


if the nice command itself fails


if COMMAND is found but cannot be invoked


if COMMAND cannot be found


the exit status of COMMAND otherwise


Written by David MacKenzie.

Reporting Bugs

GNU coreutils online help: <https://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>
Report any translation bugs to <https://translationproject.org/team/>

See Also

nice(2), renice(1)

Full documentation <https://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/nice>
or available locally via: info '(coreutils) nice invocation'

Referenced By

at(1), chrt(1), conntrackd.conf(5), corosync.conf(5), gamemodelist(1), getpriority(2), make.conf(5), makehistory(8), newscache.conf(5), nice(2), niceload(1), ovs-ctl(8), ps(1), q4wine-helper(1), renice(1), rlwrap(1), sched(7), schedtool(8), skill(1), taskset(1), tvtime-configure(1), uclampset(1), unzip(1), xscreensaver(1), zipinfo(1).

July 2024 GNU coreutils 9.5