ndctl-create-namespace man page

ndctl-create-namespace — provision or reconfigure a namespace

Synopsis

ndctl create-namespace [<options>]

Description

A REGION, after resolving DPA aliasing and LABEL specified boundaries, surfaces one or more "namespace" devices. The arrival of a "namespace" device currently triggers either the nd_blk or nd_pmem driver to load and register a disk/block device.

Examples

Create a maximally sized pmem namespace in memory mode

ndctl create-namespace

Convert namespace0.0 to sector mode

ndctl create-namespace -f -e namespace0.0 --mode=sector

Options

-t, --type=
Create a pmem or blk namespace (subject to available capacity). A pmem namespace supports the DAX (direct access) capability to mmap(2) persistent memory directly into a process address space. A blk namespace access persistent memory through a block-window-aperture. Compared to pmem it supports a traditional storage error model (EIO on error rather than a cpu exception on a bad memory access), but it does not support DAX.
-m, --mode=
· "raw": expose the namespace capacity directly with some limitations. Neither a raw pmem namepace nor raw blk namespace support sector atomicity by default (see "sector" mode below). A raw pmem namespace may have limited support for passing a DAX mapping to other syscalls. I.e. direct-I/O to/from a DAX buffer may fail for a pmem namespace in raw mode.

· "sector" or "safe": persistent memory, given that it is byte addressable, does not support sector atomicity. The problematic aspect of sector tearing is that most applications do not know they have a atomic sector update dependency. At least a disk rarely ever tears sectors and if it does it almost certainly returns a checksum error on access. Persistent memory devices will always tear and always silently. Until an application is audited to be robust in the presence of sector-tearing "safe" mode is recommended. This imposes some performance overhead and disables the DAX capability.

· "memory": A pmem namespace in this mode supports direct I/O to/from DAX mappings. Depending on the kernel this mode may come at the cost of allocating per-pmem-page metadata. If that allocation is required the capacity can be allocated from "System RAM" or from a reserved portion of pmem (see the --map= option).

· "dax": Device DAX is the device-centric analogue of Filesystem DAX (CONFIG_FS_DAX). It allows memory ranges to be allocated and mapped without need of an intervening file system. Device DAX is strict, precise and predictable. Specifically this interface:

· Guarantees fault granularity with respect to a given page size (pte, pmd, or pud) set at configuration time.

· Enforces deterministic behavior by being strict about what fault scenarios are supported.
-s, --size=
For NVDIMM devices that support namespace labels, set the namespace size. Otherwise it defaults to the maximum size specified by platform firmware.
-e, --reconfig=
Reconfigure an existing namespace (change the mode, sector size, etc...). All namespace parameters, save uuid, default to the current attributes of the specified namespace. The namespace is then re-created with the specified modifications. The uuid is refreshed to a new value by default whenever the data layout of a namespace is changed, see --uuid= to set a specific uuid.
-u, --uuid=
This option is not recommended as a new uuid should be generated every time a namespace is (re-)created. For recovery scenarios however the uuid may be specified.
-n, --name=
For NVDIMM devices that support namespace labels, specify a human friendly name for a namespace. This name is available as device attribute for use in udev rules or elsewhere.
-l, --sector-size
Specify the logical sector size (LBA size) of the block storage device associated with a namespace.
-M, --map=
A pmem namespace in "memory" mode may require allocation of per-page metadata. The allocation can be drawn from either:

· "mem": typical system memory

· "dev": persistent memory reserved from the namespace
-f, --force
Unless this option is specified a reconfigure namespace operation will fail if the namespace is presently active. Specifying --force causes the namespace to be disabled before reconfiguring.
-v, --verbose
Emit debug messages for the namespace creation process
-r, --region=
A regionX device name, or a region id number. The keyword all can be specified to carry out the operation on every region in the system, optionally filtered by bus id (see --bus= option).
-b, --bus=
Enforce that the operation only be carried on devices that are attached to the given bus. Where bus can be a provider name or a bus id number.

See Also

ndctl-zero-labels(1), ndctl-disable-namespace(1), ndctl-enable-namespace(1), NVDIMM Namespace Specification[1]

Notes

1.

NVDIMM Namespace Specification

Referenced By

ndctl(1), ndctl-destroy-namespace(1), ndctl-list(1).

10/22/2016 ndctl 55 ndctl Manual