nbdkit-probing - Man Page

how to probe for nbdkit configuration and plugins

Synopsis

 nbdkit --dump-config

 nbdkit PLUGIN --dump-plugin

 nbdkit --version

 nbdkit PLUGIN --version

 nbdkit --filter=FILTER null --version

Description

You can query information about nbdkit and available plugins and filters using the nbdkit binary.  This can include whether nbdkit is installed, and whether plugins or filters and installed.

Query if nbdkit is installed

Use this command to see if the nbdkit program is installed:

 nbdkit --version

This will fail with an error and non-zero exit code if nbdkit is not installed or not working.

Query basic configuration

 nbdkit --dump-config

lists information about how nbdkit was configured.  The most important fields in the output are the name of the directory where nbdkit looks for plugins and the version of nbdkit, eg:

 plugindir=/usr/lib64/nbdkit/plugins
 version=1.20.1
 version_major=1
 version_minor=20

Test nbdkit ≥ version

To test if nbdkit ≥ a particular version is installed, use the --dump-config option and look for the version_major and version_minor fields:

 $ nbdkit --dump-config | grep ^version_minor
 version_minor=20
 $ major=$( nbdkit --dump-config | grep ^version_major | cut -d= -f2 )
 $ minor=$( nbdkit --dump-config | grep ^version_minor | cut -d= -f2 )
 $ if [ $major -eq 1 ] && [ $minor -lt 12 ]
   then echo 'nbdkit >= 1.12 is required'; exit 1; fi

These fields were first added in nbdkit 1.16.5 and were not present in earlier versions.

You can also probe the minimum version using pkg-config(1).  See “PKG-CONFIG/PKGCONF” in nbdkit-plugin(3).

Query information about a particular plugin

 nbdkit pluginname --dump-plugin

(where pluginname is the name or full path of a plugin) will dump information about that plugin, eg:

 $ nbdkit file --dump-plugin
 path=/usr/lib64/nbdkit/plugins/nbdkit-file-plugin.so
 name=file
 version=1.20.1
 api_version=1
 struct_size=176
 thread_model=serialize_requests
 [etc]

Plugins which ship with nbdkit usually have the same version as the corresponding nbdkit binary.  The nbdkit binary will always be able to utilize plugins compiled against an older version of the header; however, newer plugins may not be fully supported by an older nbdkit binary (for example, a plugin compiled with NBDKIT_API_VERSION of 2 fails to load with an older nbdkit that only knows NBDKIT_API_VERSION 1).

Detect if a plugin is installed

To find out if a plugin is installed (and working) in the plugin directory, use:

 $ nbdkit foo --version
 nbdkit: error: cannot open plugin 'foo': /usr/lib64/nbdkit/plugins/nbdkit-foo-plugin.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
 Use 'nbdkit --help' or read the nbdkit(1) manual page for documentation.

This will fail with an error and non-zero exit code if the foo plugin cannot be loaded.

Note it is better to test for the existence of plugins this way rather than just seeing if the .so file exists, because nbdkit will load the plugin and check that all its dependencies can be satisfied, and also that plugin registration works.

List all plugins in the plugin directory

You could simply get the plugin directory (from --dump-config) and list all files in this directory called nbdkit-*-plugin.so.

However a better test is to run --dump-plugin (see above) on each one to check that it is working and all of its dependencies are installed.  A complete shell script which does this is:

 #!/bin/sh -
 plugindir=`nbdkit --dump-config | grep ^plugindir= | sed 's/[^=]*=//'`
 for f in $plugindir/nbdkit-*-plugin.so; do
     if nbdkit "$f" --version >/dev/null 2>&1; then
         b=`echo "$f" | sed 's,.*/nbdkit-\(.*\)-plugin.so$,\1,'`
         echo "$b ($f)"
     fi
 done

Detect if a filter is installed

To find out if a filter is installed (and working) use --version with the null plugin and the name of the filter to test:

 nbdkit --version --filter=foo null

This will fail with an error and non-zero exit code if the foo filter cannot be loaded.

See Also

nbdkit(1).

Authors

Eric Blake

Richard W.M. Jones

Pino Toscano

License

Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY RED HAT AND CONTRIBUTORS ''AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL RED HAT OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

Referenced By

nbdkit(1), nbdkit-null-plugin(1), nbdkit-release-notes-1.18(1).

2021-09-14 nbdkit-1.27.9