nbdkit --filter=log PLUGIN [logfile=FILE | logscript=SCRIPT] [logappend=BOOL] [PLUGIN-ARGS...]
nbdkit-log-filter is a filter that logs all transactions to a file or external script.
When used as the first filter, it can show the original client requests. As a later filter, it can show how earlier filters have modified the original request.
logfile=FILE, logs are written to a log file with the format described in "Log File Format" below.
logscript=SCRIPT, logs invoke the external script. See "Log Script" below.
An alternative to this filter is simply to run nbdkit with the -f and -v flags which enable verbose debugging to stderr. This logs many aspects of nbdkit operation, but requires running nbdkit in the foreground. The log filter uses a more parsimonious and more easily parsable format and works when nbdkit runs in the background.
logscript or both can be given. If neither then the filter is inactive.
The file where the log is written. See "Log File Format" below.
(nbdkit ≥ 1.24)
Log lines invoke an external script. See "Log Script" below.
(nbdkit ≥ 1.8)
This only affects
false(the default), if the file already exists it will be truncated. If
true, the filter appends to the existing log file.
Serve the file disk.img, and log each client transaction in the file disk.log:
nbdkit --filter=log file disk.img logfile=disk.log
Repeat the task, but with the cow (copy-on-write) filter to perform local caching of data served from the original plugin:
nbdkit --filter=cow --filter=log file disk.img logfile=disk.log2
After running a client that performs the same operations under each of the two servers, you can compare disk.log and disk.log2 to see the impact of the caching.
Log File Format
An example logging session of a client that requests an export list before performing a single successful read is:
2020-08-06 02:07:23.080415 ListExports id=1 readonly=0 tls=0 ... 2020-08-06 02:07:23.080502 ...ListExports id=1 exports=("") return=0 2020-08-06 02:07:23.080712 connection=1 Connect export="" tls=0 size=0x400 minsize=0x1 prefsize=0x200 maxsize=0xffffffff write=1 flush=1 rotational=0 trim=1 zero=2 fua=2 extents=1 cache=2 fast_zero=1 2020-08-06 02:07:23.080907 connection=1 Read id=1 offset=0x0 count=0x200 ... 2020-08-06 02:07:23.080927 connection=1 ...Read id=1 return=0 2020-08-06 02:07:23.081255 connection=1 Disconnect transactions=1
All lines start with a timestamp in
YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:ZZ.MS format.
For connected calls,
connection=N is present to distinguish between clients.
The action follows. Currently the following actions are logged: ListExports, Ready, Fork, Preconnect, Connect, Read, Write, Zero, Trim, Extents, Cache, Flush and Disconnect.
Some actions are logged across two lines showing the call and return value. Because nbdkit handles requests in parallel different requests may be intermingled. Use the
id=N field for correlation, it is unique per connection.
Strings and lists are shell-quoted.
logscript=SCRIPT is given on the command line then log entries are passed to the external script.
The script is passed several shell variables:
The action name, like
The connection ID identifying the client, only for connected calls like
For messages of type
"LEAVE"which fail (
$return = -1), this contains the errno as a string, for example
The transaction ID, used to correlate actions which are split into two messages
For messages of type
"LEAVE"this is the return code, usually
0for success and
-1if there was an error.
The message type:
- other shell variables
Other parameters like
offset=Nare turned into shell variables
Note the return value of the script is ignored. Log scripts cannot modify or interrupt request processing.
Log script examples
nbdkit -f --filter=log null 10M \ logscript='echo $connection $type $id $act $offset >&2'
might print lines like:
PRINT Ready 1 ENTER 1 Read 0x0 1 ENTER 2 Write 0x200 1 LEAVE 2 Write 1 LEAVE 1 Read
corresponding to log file lines:
Ready thread_model=3 connection=1 Read id=1 offset=0x0 count=0x200 ... connection=1 Write id=2 offset=0x200 count=0x200 ... connection=1 ...Write id=2 connection=1 ...Read id=1
This script will trigger a message when any client reads:
nbdkit -f --filter=log memory 10M \ logscript=' if [ "$act" = "Read" -a "$type" = "ENTER" ]; then echo Client is reading $count bytes from $offset >&2 fi '
- logfile=FILE parameter
This filter writes to the file specified by the
nbdkit --dump-configto find the location of
nbdkit-log-filter first appeared in nbdkit 1.4.
nbdkit(1), nbdkit-file-plugin(1), nbdkit-cow-filter(1), nbdkit-filter(3), nbdkit-stats-filter(1).
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nbdkit(1), nbdkit-filter(3), nbdkit-fua-filter(1), nbdkit-release-notes-1.24(1), nbdkit-release-notes-1.30(1), nbdkit-release-notes-1.4(1), nbdkit-release-notes-1.8(1), nbdkit-stats-filter(1).