nbdkit-extentlist-filter - Man Page

place extent list over a plugin

Synopsis

 nbdkit -r --filter=extentlist plugin extentlist=FILENAME

Description

nbdkit-extentlist-filter is an nbdkit filter that lets you place a static list of extents on top of an existing plugin.  Extents record whether or not specific parts of the disk are allocated or sparse.

You can use this with plugins which cannot get extent information themselves, but where you can get this information from another source.  One place where it is useful is with nbdkit-ssh-plugin(1) because the sftp protocol does not support reading sparseness information, but you may be able to get this information directly from the source disk on the remote server using commands such as xfs_bmap(8).  A similar situation applies to nbdkit-curl-plugin(1).

Note that the extent list is read-only.  This filter does not monitor writes and trims in order to update the extent list.  What can happen is that you would write to a “hole” in the disk, but would not be able to read it back because the NBD client would still think that part of the disk is a hole.  So it is generally only safe to use this filter in read-only mode (-r option).

File Format

The list of extents is specified in a text file.  There is one extent specified per line.  Each line has the format:

 offset length type

The offset and length fields may use any format understood by nbdkit_parse_size.  The optional type field may be an integer, missing (same as 0), or a comma-separated list of the words hole and zero.  (The fields correspond to the inputs of the nbdkit_add_extent function, see nbdkit-plugin(3)).

An example of a valid set of extents covering a 10M disk where the first megabyte only is allocated data:

 0  1M
 1M 9M  hole,zero

Or you could omit the hole,zero extent since any gaps are assumed to be holes with that type:

 0  1M

The extent list need not cover the whole disk, and does not need to be in ascending order, but it must not contain overlapping extents.

Parameters

extentlist=FILENAME

Specify the file containing the extent list, in the format described in “File Format” above.

Files

$filterdir/nbdkit-extentlist-filter.so

The filter.

Use nbdkit --dump-config to find the location of $filterdir.

Version

nbdkit-extentlist-filter first appeared in nbdkit 1.18.

See Also

nbdkit(1), nbdkit-cacheextents-filter(1), nbdkit-noextents-filter(1), nbdkit-filter(3), nbdkit-plugin(3).

Authors

Richard W.M. Jones

License

Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY RED HAT AND CONTRIBUTORS ''AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL RED HAT OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

Referenced By

nbdkit(1), nbdkit-cacheextents-filter(1), nbdkit-curl-plugin(1), nbdkit-filter(3), nbdkit-noextents-filter(1), nbdkit-release-notes-1.18(1), nbdkit-ssh-plugin(1).

2020-03-31 nbdkit-1.19.6 NBDKIT