nbdkit-eval-plugin - Man Page

write a shell script plugin on the command line

Synopsis

 nbdkit eval get_size='SCRIPT' pread='SCRIPT' pwrite='SCRIPT' [...]

Description

nbdkit-eval-plugin is an nbdkit(1) plugin which allows you to write custom plugins as shell scripts snippets ‘eval’d on the command line.

A common alternative to this plugin is nbdkit-sh-plugin(1).  Both plugins share the same source code and work in almost the same way. You should read nbdkit-sh-plugin(1) first.  It is easier to describe the differences between the two plugins and look at the examples below.

Examples

Create a 64M read-only disk of zeroes:

 nbdkit eval get_size=' echo 64M ' \
                pread=' dd if=/dev/zero count=$3 iflag=count_bytes '

The following command is the eval plugin equivalent of nbdkit-file-plugin(1) (except not as fast and missing many features):

 nbdkit eval \
   config='ln -sf "$(realpath "$3")" $tmpdir/file' \
   get_size='stat -Lc %s $tmpdir/file' \
   pread='dd if=$tmpdir/file skip=$4 count=$3 iflag=count_bytes,skip_bytes' \
   pwrite='dd of=$tmpdir/file seek=$4 conv=notrunc oflag=seek_bytes' \
   file=disk.img

Parameters

after_fork=SCRIPT
cache=SCRIPT
can_cache=SCRIPT
can_extents=SCRIPT
can_fast_zero=SCRIPT
can_flush=SCRIPT
can_fua=SCRIPT
can_multi_conn=SCRIPT
can_trim=SCRIPT
can_write=SCRIPT
can_zero=SCRIPT
close=SCRIPT
config=SCRIPT
config_complete=SCRIPT
default_export=SCRIPT
dump_plugin=SCRIPT
export_description=SCRIPT
extents=SCRIPT
flush=SCRIPT
get_ready=SCRIPT
get_size=SCRIPT
is_rotational=SCRIPT
list_exports=SCRIPT
default_export=SCRIPT
open=SCRIPT
pread=SCRIPT
preconnect=SCRIPT
pwrite=SCRIPT
thread_model=SCRIPT
trim=SCRIPT
unload=SCRIPT
zero=SCRIPT

Define the script associated with each method.  SCRIPT is a fragment of shell script which is executed when nbdkit wants to invoke the associated method.

If you are typing these commands at the shell, be careful about quoting.  Normally you will need to enclose SCRIPT in '...' (single quotes) to prevent it from being modified by your shell.

The script fragment behaves the same way as the corresponding method in nbdkit-sh-plugin(1).  In particular, parameters are identical, $tmpdir is present and used in the same way, the exit code must be one of the valid exit codes described in that manual page, and error handling works the same way too.

Note that a config callback will only handle keys not recognized as callback names; when picking key=value pairs that you want your script fragment to understand, be aware that if a future nbdkit release creates a callback by that name, your config script fragment will no longer see that key.

All of these parameters are optional.

missing=SCRIPT

The parameter missing defines a script that will be called in place of any other callback not explicitly provided.  If omitted, this defaults to the script “exit 2”.

Environment Variables

tmpdir

This is defined to the name of a temporary directory which can be used by the script snippets.  It is deleted when nbdkit exits.

Files

/bin/sh

Shell script fragments are executed using /bin/sh.

$plugindir/nbdkit-eval-plugin.so

The plugin.

Use nbdkit --dump-config to find the location of $plugindir.

Version

nbdkit-eval-plugin first appeared in nbdkit 1.18.

See Also

nbdkit(1), nbdkit-plugin(3), nbdkit-sh-plugin(1). nbdkit-cc-plugin(1).

Authors

Richard W.M. Jones

License

Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY RED HAT AND CONTRIBUTORS ''AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL RED HAT OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

Referenced By

nbdkit(1), nbdkit-plugin(3), nbdkit-release-notes-1.18(1), nbdkit-sh-plugin(3), nbdkit-tmpdisk-plugin(1).

2021-10-19 nbdkit-1.29.1